A VALUE-CHAIN ANALYSIS OF INTERNATIONAL FISH TRADE AND FOOD SECURITY WITH AN IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF THE SMALL-SCALE SECTOR
A FAO PROJECT *
FAO and the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD) have initiated a comprehensive value-chain analysis of international fish trade with an impact assessment of the small-sale sector in developing countries . The aim is to identify ways to improve food security for local populations through more informed policy decisions.
Background: Fish exports a major source of income for developing countries
Fish exports and trade is a major source of income for developing countries. They now represent close to 50% of global fish exports with their annual net export revenues exceeding US$ 25 billion. Jobs are created in production, processing and trade, and local food-security is strengthened through the nutritional contribution of fish to human consumption.
In fish production, capture fisheries as well as fish farming, a large share is carried out by the small-scale sector. It is therefore of crucial importance to arrive at polices that safeguard the interests of the small-scale producers not only by enabling them to access international markets but also to obtain prices and margins that let them achieve long-term sustainability from an economic, social and biological resource perspective.
Project objective: Improved knowledge of value-chain dynamics
The objective of the project is to achieve a better understanding of the dynamics of relevant value-chains in international fish trade and arrive at policy recommendations. The project will analyse the distribution of benefits in the value-chain and the linkages between the relative benefits obtained and the design of the chain. Comparisons will be made between domestic, regional and international value-chains with the view to understand better how developing countries can increase the value derived from their fishery resources.
Case studies: Small-scale sector in eleven developing and five developed countries
The study will in part build on available value-chain analyses carried out by other institutions, including those concerning developed countries which will serve as a reference of comparison with value-chains in developing countries.
The study will, through the use of case studies from a minimum of eleven selected developing countries and a minimum of two studies from the small-scale sector in developed countries, analyse the factors that determine prices and margins throughout the value-chain as well as the distribution of benefits among the various stakeholders. Aquaculture and inland fisheries will be considered in addition to capture fisheries. Particular attention will be given to processing in order to compare the difference in value creation from the export of unprocessed and processed fish.
Modalities: FAO and three external experts to implement the project
A group of three international experts and FAO will be crucial in the implementation of the study. The case studies will be carried out by national consultants.
Following are the contact address of the experts involved in the implementation of the project:
FAO focal point:
Dr. Audun Lem
Professor Trond Bjorndal
University of Portsmouth
1. Dr. Madan Dey
University of Arkansas
2. Dr. Achini De Silva
Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka
International steering committee oversees the project
A steering committee consisting of representatives from international bodies working on fisheries issues monitors progress of the project. The international steering committee is composed of:
1. Dr. Blessing Mapfumo
2. Dr. Richard Abila
Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute
3. Mr. Sebastian Mathew, International Collective in Support of Fish workers, India
4. Ms. Kirsten Bjoru,
5. Dr. Audun Lem, FAO
Dissemination of results:
The results of the project report will be disseminated through complementary activities of FAO and presented at FAO conferences such as the COFI Sub-Committee on fish trade. The results will be used in follow-up work at the field-level and included in specific projects benefiting small-scale operators.
Further dissemination will be carried out at the local level in the countries of study. Particular attention will be given to providing feedback to all local informants, interviewees and their communities.
Study to be published in 2011
The results of the study will be presented through various regional and sub-regional workshops and the final report published by the end of 2011.
CASE STUDY COUNTRIES
The project involves case studies of sixteen countries, where five are industrialized and the remaining are developing countries. The industrialized countries include Japan, Canada, Norway, Iceland and Spain. The case study for Iceland and Norway are locally financed.
The developing countries are Honduras and Peru (central and south America); Morocco, Uganda, Kenya and Ghana (Africa); Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Bangladish and The Maldives (Asia).
Following are the relevant species and the name(s) of the consultant(s) for each country:
Skipjack tuna, sardine (Japanese pilchard), horse mackerel, Pacific saury, sea bream, common squid
Dr. Nobuyuki Yagi,
The University of Tokyo
Lobster, halibut, wild salmon, farmed salmon,
Professor D.V. Gordon
University of Calgary
Salted & dried cod, salmon
Dr. Erik Nesset, Aalesund University College
Dr. Ögmundur H. Knútsson, University of Akureyri.
Horse mackerel; squid; halibut; salmon; cod; anchovy; hake, octopus; sardine; Nile perch; tuna; shrimp; trout; pangasius
Professor Dr. Jose Manuel Fernandez Polanco
University of Cantabria
Anchovy, demersal fish, Hake, octopus, Sardine
Dr. David Bouras, Lincoln University, USA BourasD@lincolnu.edu
Lobster; three species from Lake Victoria: Nile perch, tilapia, dagaa
Mr. Julius Manyala
Catfish, tilapia, Nile perch, Rasterineobola argentea (Mukene), Bagrus docmak
Mr. Maurice Ssebisubi, Aquaculture Management Consultants Ltd. email@example.com
Tuna and Tilapia
Mr. Theodore-Oboo Antwi-Asare,
University of Ghana
Central and South America
Shrimp, tilapia, spiny lobster
Ms. Claudia Stella Beltrán,
scallops, shrimp, trout
Dr. Sigbjorn Tveteraas,
Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú
Ms Yvonne del Carmen Cruz Castañeda, Consultant
Pangasius, giant snakehead, sanna, ruddis, crocker
Dr. Hap Navy, Ministry of Fisheries
Shrimp, catfish, hardclam
Msc. Nguyen Thanh Hai
Vice Director of Vietnam Institute of Fisheries Economics and Planning – 10 Nguyen Cong Hoan, Ba Dinh district, Hanoi, Vietnam
Ms. Ngo Thi Thanh Huong
Vietnam Institute of Fisheries Economics and Planning
10 Nguyen Cong Hoan, Ba Dinh district, Hanoi, Vietnam
Ruhu, catla, pangas, tilapia, ilish
Dr. Ferdous Alam firstname.lastname@example.org
Sea bass, goby, grouper, shrimp, tilapia, catfish, tuna
Mrs. Amporn Laowapong,
Department of Fisheries email@example.com
Mr. Sinan Hussain, Ministry of Fisheries
 This is a follow-up to a 2004 study on the impact of international fish trade on local food security, published as FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 456
* WITH THE FINANCIAL SUPPORT OF NORAD