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Directives volontaires visant à assurer la durabilité de la pêche artisanale
dans le contexte de la sécurité alimentaire et de l'éradication de la pauvreté

Participatory rural appraisal – Vulnerability study of Ayeyarwady Delta fishing communities in Myanmar and social protection opportunities

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01/06/2019

Participatory rural appraisal – Vulnerability study of Ayeyarwady Delta fishing communities in Myanmar and social protection opportunities (PRA-V study) seeks to inform fisheries management and social protection2 processes of the key vulnerability issues faced by fishers at five pilot sit es selected for fisheries co-management within the research programme of the Myanmar Department of Fisheries, WorldFish and FAO on an Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) funded project.

An analysis of the PRA-V study information leads to some broad conclusions. The PRA-V study suggests that the most vulnerable communities are in Maubin and Hinthada. In both areas, community fisheries co-management is unlikely enough to reduce household or individual vulnerability significantly. The communities in Thabaung, Labutta and Dedaye appear to offer more livelihood opportunities for local people. In these areas, improving fishing ground access would likely have a positive effect on the overall livelihoods of people. However, the remoteness of the two coastal areas could prohibit social and economic development.

The PRA-V study also explored gender vulnerability aspects, focusing on female-headed households and individual women from fisher households. Due to the patriarchal social structure and cultural norms, many female-headed households appear to be more vulnerable than male-headed households. The PRA-V study suggests that there is gender disparity in terms of vulnerability in many communities.

Recommendations for further Ayeyarwady fisheries law reforms, fisheries management and social protection interventions that would reduce fisher household vulnerability are included in the discussion section.

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