DEFINITION AND CLASSIFICATION OF COMMODITIES

(Draft)

FIBRES OF VEGETAL AND ANIMAL ORIGIN



9. FIBRES OF VEGETAL AND ANIMAL ORIGIN


VEGETAL FIBRES
Among vegetal fibres, FAO includes 12 primary crops and five derived agricultural products. The code and name of each of these crops is listed below, along with its botanical name, or names, and a short description where necessary.

Certain fibre crops yield seeds used for sowing and for processing into oil and cake, and these are listed with oil-bearing crops and derived products in Chapter 6.
FIBRES OF ANIMAL ORIGIN have many of the same uses as vegetal fibres, but are of much higher value. Both fine and coarse hair of animal origin are included in this group.

The FAO list includes 14 items of which seven are primary products. These are listed immediately following the vegetal fibres.


Fibres of vegetal and animal origin

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0767 COTTON LINT Gossypium spp Fibres from ginning seed cotton that have not been carded or combed. Trade data also include fibres that have been cleaned, bleached, dyed or rendered absorbent.
0768 Cotton, Carded or Combed Cotton (including garnetted stock and other cotton waste) which has been carded or combed, whether or not further prepared for spinning. May be bleached or dyed.
0769 Cotton Waste Waste is produced when cotton is prepared for spinning, or during spinning operations, weaving, knitting, etc., or from garnetting cotton goods.
0770 Cotton Linters Very short fibres that cover the seeds after ginning and that are very high in cellulose.

Fibres of vegetal and animal origin

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0771 [FLAX, RAW OR RETTED] Linum usitatissimum Flax Straw Flax is cultivated for seed as well as for fibre. The fibre is obtained from the stem of the plant. Data are reported in terms of straw.
0773 FLAX FIBRE AND TOW Broken, scutched, hackled etc. but not spun. Traditionally, FAO has used this commodity to identify production in its raw state; in reality, the primary agricultural product is the commodity 0771, which can either be used for the production of fibre or for other purposes.
0774 Flax Tow and Waste Includes yarn waste and garnetted stock.
0777 HEMP FIBRE AND TOW Cannabis sativa This plant is cultivated for seed as well as for fibre. The fibre is obtained from the stem of the plant. Trade data include raw, retted, scutched, combed fibre, tow and waste.
0778 KAPOK FIBRE Ceiba pentandra This plant is cultivated for seed as well as for fibre. Trade data cover only fibres that have been crushed, carded or combed for spinning.

Fibres of vegetal and animal origin

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0780 JUTE white jute (Corchorus capsularis); red jute, tossa (C. olitorius) Trade data cover raw or processed jute (but not spun), tow and waste, yarn waste and garnetted stock and may include jute-like fibres.
0782 JUTE-LIKE FIBRES Including inter alia: China jute (Abutilon avicennae); Congo jute, malva, paka (Urena lobata; U. sinuata); Indian flax (Abroma augusta); kenaf, meshta (Hibiscus cannabinus); rosella hemp (H. sabdariffa); sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea) This definition covers all textile fibres extracted from the stems of dicotyledonous plants, o/t flax, ramie, true hemp and true jute. For trade coverage see 0780.
0788 RAMIE China grass, white ramie (Boehmeria nivea); rhea, green ramie (B. tenacissima) Ramie fibre is obtained from the bast of the plant. For trade coverage see 0780
0789 SISAL Agave sisalana Sisal fibre is obtained from the leaves of the plant. It also is used as an ornamental plant. Trade data cover fibres that are raw, prepared for spinning, and tow and waste, including yarn waste and garnetted stock.
0800 AGAVE FIBRES NES Including inter alia: Haiti hemp (Agave foetida); henequen (A. fourcroydes); ixtle, tampico (A. lecheguilla); maguey (A. cantala); pita (A. americana); Salvador hemp (A. letonae) See 0789. The leaves of some agave varieties are used for the production of alcoholic beverages, such as aquamiel, mezcal, pulque and tequila.
0809 ABACA MANILA HEMP Musa textilis The fibre is obtained from stalks of certain banana trees. For trade coverage see 0789.
0813 COIR Cocos nucifera Coir fibre is obtained from the fibrous covering of the mesocarp. For trade coverage see 0789.
0821 FIBRE CROPS NES Including inter alia: alfa, esparto (Lygeum spartum; Stipa tenacissima); bowstring hemp (Sansevieria spp.); caroa (Neoglaziovia variegata); fuque fibre (Furcraea macrophylla); Mauritius hemp (F. gigantea); New Zealand flax (Phormium tenax); palma ixtle (Samuela carnerosana) Other fibres that are not identified separately because of their minor relevance at the international level. Because of their limited local importance, some countries report vegetable fibres under this commodity heading that are classified individually by FAO. The fibre is obtained from the leaves, stalks or fruit of the plant. In instances where the fibrous part is normally used for other purposes, data cover only those fibres intended for spinning. For trade coverage see 0789.

Fibres of vegetal and animal origin

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0987 WOOL, GREASY A natural fibre taken from sheep or lambs. Includes fleece-washed, shorn and pulled wool (from slaughtered animals), but does not include carded or combed wool.
0988 Wool, Degreased Includes scoured and carbonized, but does not include carded or combed wool.
1007 Wool, Shoddy Garnetted stock of wool or of fine or coarse animal hair obtained by garnetting rags or waste of spinning, weaving, knitting etc.
1008 Hair, Carded, Combed Wool and fine or coarse animal hair, carded or combed, including combed wool in fragments.
1009Wool, Hair Waste Noils of wool or animal hair not garnetted; other waste of wool and animal hair (excluding horsehair) not covered in 1007.
1010 Wool Tops Slivers consisting of long fibres laid parallel by combing and then wound into balls.
1030 FINE GOAT HAIR Hair from cashmere, angora (mohair) and similar goats. Excludes carded or combed hair.
1031 COARSE GOAT HAIR Common goat hair. Not carded or combed hair.
1100 HAIR OF HORSES Includes hair of the manes and tails of equine and bovine animals and waste therefrom. Hair from flanks included in 1219.

Fibres of vegetal and animal origin

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
1185 COCOONS, REELABLE Silkworm cocoons suitable for reeling. Foreign trade data are expressed in silk equivalent, which is 25% of their weight.
1186 Silk, Raw Obtained by reeling the filaments from cocoons. Not thrown.
1187 Cocoons Unreelable, Waste Include cocoons unsuitable for reeling and silk waste of all kinds. Not carded or combed.
1218 HAIR, FINE Fine animal hair, mainly from alpaca, llama, vicu¤a, camel and angora rabbit. Excludes carded or combed hair.
1219 HAIR, COARSE NES Hair from flanks of equines and bovines, as well as hair from other animals, such as dogs and monkeys. Excludes carded or combed hair.

© FAO 1994

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