DEFINITION AND CLASSIFICATION OF COMMODITIES

(Draft)

12. STIMULANT CROPS AND DERIVED PRODUCTS



12. STIMULANT CROPS AND DERIVED PRODUCTS


COFFEE is a tropical shrub that yields fruits or cherries which are processed so as to free the seeds or "beans" from the fruit pulp and then from the mucilage and silver skin covering the beans. Coffee with the mucilage and skin retained is called parchment coffee.

By weight, the fresh cherries consist of 45-55 percent pulp, mucilage and skin, and 45-55 percent beans. The clean beand are called "green coffee" or "clean coffee" and this is considered to be a primary crop. Coffee contains caffeine, an alkaloid. Coffee is a stimulant, not a food crop.

COCOA is a rain-forest tree that is cultivated for its beans. The beand are contained in ovoid pods that grow directly on the trunk and on major branches. The beand and the white mucilage or pulp that surrounds them represent about one-third of the total weight of the pods. The fermented and dried beand are considered to be a primary crop from which various processed products are derived, including roasted beand (still in the shell) and nibs, or fragments of roasted, shelled and crushed beans. The nibs are ground to give cocoa mass, from which cocoa fat or butter is extracted by pressing. Pods, shells, pulp and cake have only limited use as an animal feed owing to their high alkaloid content.

Cocoa beand contain carbohydrates, protein and particularly fat, making them a food crop as well as a stimulant.

TEA is a shrub of the Camellia family that is cultivated for its tender leaves. The two main varieties are assamica and sinensis. The primary crop consists of the tender leaves, which may be withered, rolled, fermented and dried (black tea). Green tea is black tea that is not fermented. Tea is a stimulant, not a food crop.

Each of these crops and products appears in the list below, along with its code, name, or names, and any remarks.


Stimulant crops and derived products

Green coffee

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0656 COFFEE, GREEN Coffea spp. (arabica, robusta, liberica) Raw coffee in all forms.
0657 Coffee, Roasted With or without caffeine, and whether or not ground.
0658 Coffee Substitutes Coffee substitutes containing coffee in any proportion.
0659 Coffee Extracts Essences and concentrates, including instant coffee, roasted chicory and other coffee substitutes, extracts and essences thereof.
0660 Coffee Husks and Skins

Stimulant crops and derived products

Cocoa beans

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0661 COCOA BEANS Theobroma cacao The seeds contained in the fruit of the cacao- tree, including whole or broken, raw or roasted.
0662 Cocoa Paste Obtained by grinding roasted cocoa beans. Also called liquor. Not defatted.
0663 Cocoa Husks and Shells Including skins and other cocoa waste.
0664 Cocoa Butter Obtained by hot-pressing either cocoa paste or the whole bean. Includes the fat and oil.
0665 Cocoa Powder and Cake Wholly or partly defatted paste (cake) and cake reduced to powder, without added sugar or other sweeteners.
0666 Chocolate Products nes Includes sweetened cocoa powder, chocolate and other food preparations containing cocoa, as well as sugar confectionery containing cocoa in any amount. Excludes white chocolate (see 0168 in Chapter .).

Stimulant crops and derived products

Tea

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0667 TEA Camellia sinensis; Thea sinensis; Thea assaamica Includes green tea (unfermented), black tea (fermented), and partially fermented tea. Excludes green tea eaten as a vegetable.
0671 MATE Ilex paraguayensis The dried leaves of certain shrubs of the holly family which grow in South America. Prepared in a way similar to tea.
0672 Extracts of Tea and Mate Includes essences, concentrates and preparations of tea and maté.
0674 TEA NES Various plants used for making infusions like tea, i.e. herbal teas.

© FAO 1994

Return to top