DEFINITION AND CLASSIFICATION OF COMMODITIES

(Draft)

13. TOBACCO AND RUBBER AND OTHER CROPS



13. TOBACCO, RUBBER AND OTHER CROPS


TOBACCO is an annual plant that is cultivated for its narcotic leaves, which are used for smoking, chewing or sniffing. The main varieties include Oriental, Maryland, Burley and Tropical. The partially dried leaves are fermented, cured and then further dried by various methods, including sun curing, air curing, flue curing and fire curing.

NATURAL RUBBER is obtained from the Par rubber or caoutchouc tree. Natural rubber is a milky fluid latex which exudes when the trunk of the tree is cut (tapped) and coagulates on exposure to the air. The dried latex is treated with sulphur at high temperatures in a process known as vulcanization to increase the desirable properties of the final product, including elasticity, strength and stability.

The OTHER CROPS group includes miscellaneous crops and crop products that are grown for a wide variety of uses, but do not fit logically into one of the other commodity groups. Most of the coded classes are themselves groupings of items that are not specified elsewhere.


Tobacco, rubber and other crops

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0459CHICORY ROOTS horium intybus; C. sativum Unroasted chicory roots.
0460 VEGETABLE PRODUCTS, FRESH OR DRY NE Fruit stones, kernels and other vegetable products used primarily for human food that are not specified or included elsewhere.
0461 CAROBS (Ceratonia siliqua) Carob-tree, locust bean Includes also seeds. Mainly used as an animal feed and for industrial purposes. Rich in pectin.
0677 HOPS Humulus lupulus Hop cones, fresh or dried, whether or not ground, powdered or in the form of pellets. Includes lupuline, a yellow resinous powder that covers the hop cones. Mainly used in the brewing industry to give flavour to beer.
0737 OIL OF CITRONELLA Essential oil extracted from Cymbopogon nardus.
0748 PEPPERMINT, SPEARMINT Mentha spp.: M. piperita Leaves and flowers are used in the perfumery, food and other industries.
0753 ESSENTIAL OILS NES Extracted from many plants and used mainly in the perfumery, food and other industries.

Tobacco, rubber and other crops

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0754 PYRETHRUM, DRIED FLOWERS Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium Includes leaves, stems and flowers. For insecticides, fungicides and similar products.
0755 Pyrethrum Extract Obtained from the flowers by extraction using an organic solvent.
0756 Pyrethrum Marc The waste from pyrethrum processing.

Tobacco, rubber and other crops

Tobacco leaves

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0826 TOBACCO LEAVES Nicotiana tabacum Unmanufactured dry tobacco, including refuse that is not stemmed or stripped, or is partly or wholly stemmed or stripped.
0828 Cigarettes Includes cigarettes of tobacco substitutes.
0829 Cigars and Cheroots Includes cigars, cheroots and cigarillos of tobacco substitutes.
0831 Tobacco Products nes Includes smoking, chewing, snuff tobacco, homogenized or compressed tobacco, manufactured tobacco substitutes, tobacco extracts and essences.

Tobacco, rubber and other crops

Natural rubber

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0836 NATURAL RUBBER Hevea brasiliensis Latex The liquid secreted by the rubber tree. Includes stabilized or concentrated latex and prevulcanized rubber latex. In trade figures, liquid weight is converted to dry weight at 60%.
0837 Rubber, Natural (Dry) In the form of sheets, crˆpes, re-agglomerated granules, free-flowing powders, etc.; includes technically specified natural rubber (TSNR).

Tobacco, rubber and other crops

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0839 NATURAL GUMS Including inter alia: balata (Manilkara bidentata); ceara (Manihot glaziovii); chicle gum (Achras zapota); guayule (Parthenium argentatum); gutta-percha (Palachium gutta); jelutong (Dieva costulana) Extracted from the latex of trees of various species. Although similar to rubber in many ways, natural gums are usually less elastic.
1291 ARABIC GUM Latex exuded by some acacias.
1292 OTHER RESINS Including inter alia: copaiba, copal (Copaifera spp.); gum tragacanth (some Astragalus spp.); incense (Boswellia spp.); myrrh, opopanax, Mecca balsam (Commiphora spp.); tolu balsam, peru balsam (Myroxilon balsamum; M. Pereira) Including lac (resinous substance produced by an insect on several kinds of tropical trees), gums, gum-resins and balsams (vegetable secretions which may solidify on contact with air).
1232 Food Preparations nes Including both crop and livestock products. Inter alia: homogenized composite food preparations; soups and broths; ketchup and other sauces; mixed condiments and seasonings; vinegar and substitutes; yeast and baking powders; stuffed pasta, whether or not cooked; couscous; and protein concentrates.
1293 Crude Organic Materials nes Trade data are expressed in value terms only. Including, of vegetable origin: bulbs, tubers, tuberous roots, corms, crowns and rhizomes; live plants, cuttings and slips; mushroom spawn; cut flowers and flower buds; foliage, branches and grasses, mosses and lichens; plants and parts used primarily in perfumes, pharmaceuticals, insecticides, fungicides, or for similar purposes; seaweeds and other algae; vegetable saps and extracts; materials used for plaiting, stuffing or padding; materials used primarily in brooms or brushes; and materials used primarily in dyeing and tanning.
1294 Seeds for Planting Seeds, fruits and spores used for sowing. Excludes cereals, oilseeds, pulses and spices, even if intended for sowing.
1296VEGETABLE WAXES Including inter alia: candelilla (Euphorbia antisyphilitica; Pedilanthus pavonis); carnauba (Copernicia cerifera); urucury (Attalea excelsa); palm wax (Ceroxylon andicolum) Vegetable waxes, whether crude or refined, bleached or coloured. Excludes mixtures and chemically modified waxes.

© FAO 1994

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