DEFINITION AND CLASSIFICATION OF COMMODITIES

(Draft)

15. BEVERAGES



15. BEVERAGES


This chapter includes five main groups of commodities that differ by source, use, nutritive value and in their commercial importance.

The first group includes those products usually found in nature and used mainly for drinking purposes, such as water, ice and snow. Mineral water and aerated water, even when artificially produced, are also included here.

The second group includes water to which sweeteners and flavourings have been added. This group of beverages has been gaining large markets in recent years and represents an important contribution to food consumption in some areas because of the sweetener content (up to 20 percent by weight) of these beverages.

The third group includes the most traditional alcoholic beverages consumed by humans. Typically, the alcohol content of these beverages, which is obtained through fermentation of many vegetable crops, varies between 3 and 25 percent.

The fourth group refers to undenatured ethyl alcohol with alcoholic strength by volume of less than 80 percent, and usually between 40 and 50 percent. This category includes all the distilled alcoholic beverages, whether or not sweeteners and/or flavourings have been added.

The fifth and final group includes products that are not for human consumption, but are included here because they are closely related to alcoholic beverages. In this case, the strength of alcohol by volume is 80 percent and higher. This group includes both undenatured and denatured alcohol.


Beverages

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0631 Waters, Ice and Snow Includes natural or artificial mineral waters without added sugar, sweeteners or flavourings.
0633 Beverages, Non-Alcoholic Includes sweetened or flavoured mineral waters and other non-alcoholic beverages, such as lemonade, orangeade, cola, etc. Excludes fruit and vegetable juices.

Beverages

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0026 Wheat-Fermented Beverages Low-alcohol beverages from fermented flour, e.g. Korean jakju and takju.
0039 Rice-Fermented Beverages Low-alcohol beverages, such as rice wine and sake.

Beverages

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0051 Beer of Barley Beverage that may be alcoholic or non-alcoholic that is made from fermented malted cereals (mainly barley), water and hops. Non-malted cereals may also be used. The FAO definition differs from the main international classifications in that it includes non-alcoholic beer.
0066 Beer of Maize Prepared either from malted or unmalted cereal.
0082 Beer of Millet A traditional beer prepared in African countries in which millets are cultivated. It is normally consumed while still fermenting.
0086 Beer of Sorghum A traditional beer prepared in African countries in which sorghum is cultivated. It is normally consumed while still fermenting.
0517 Cider, etc. Fermented beverages nes (e.g. cider, perry, mead), including alcoholic beverages (that are not distilled) made from cereals, roots and fruits, that are not included under other headings, e.g. beer from plantains and ginger.

Beverages

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0563 Must of Grape Grape must that has partially fermented, whether or not fermentation has been arrested, as well as unfermented grape must to which alcohol has been added.
0564 Wine Wines of fresh grapes of all qualities, including sparkling, fortified and dessert wines.
0565 Vermouths, etc. Beverages made with wine of fresh grapes and flavoured with aromatic substances.

Beverages

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0634 Beverages, Distilled Alcoholic Includes undenatured ethyl alcohol (strength by volume < 80%); spirits, liqueurs and other spirituous beverages and preparations.
0632 Alcohol, Non-Food Purposes Includes undenatured ethyl alcohol (strength by volume of > 80%) and denatured (any strength).

© FAO 1994

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