The term "LIVESTOCK" is used in a broad sense to cover all grown
animals regardless of age, location or purpose of breeding.
Non-domesticated animals are excluded under this definition unless
they are kept or raised in captivity. Domestic animals included are
large and small quadrupeds, poultry, insects (bees) and larvae of
Figures on livestock numbers should refer to live animals enumerated on a given day or on several consecutive days. The FAO practice is that figures for an indicated year relate to animals reported by countries for any day between October of the previous year and September of the year indicated.
Statistics on live animals by age, sex and utilization generally are not included in the list that follows, even though such breakdowns are extremely desirable in terms of national statistics.
For each animal species FAO proposes that information be maintained on changes in national herds during the year according to the following equation: initial herd + animals born + imports of live animals - exports of live animals - natural losses - slaughter = closing herd.
The purpose of this information is to present consistent and complete data. So far, only a few countries have been able to compile information in this format.
|COMMODITY||DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS|
|0866||CATTLE common ox (Bos taurus); zebu, humped ox (Bos indicus); Asiatic ox (subgenus Bibos); Tibetan yak (Poephagus grunniens)||Animals of the genus listed, regardless of age, sex, or purpose raised. Data are expressed in number of heads.|
|0946||BUFFALOES Indian, Asiatic, pigmy, water buffalo (Bubalus bubalus; B. arnee; B. depressicornis); African buffalo (genus Syncerus); American bison (Bison bison); European bison (Bison bonasus); beeffalo (cross between a bison and a domesticated beef animal)||See 0866. Excludes wild bisons and buffaloes.|
|0976||SHEEP Ovis spp.||See 0866. Includes Uriel, Argali, Bighorn, Karakul and Astrakhan.|
|1016||GOATS Capra spp.||See 0866. Includes Hircus, Ibex, Nubiana, Pyrenaica, Tibetana, Kashmir and Angora.|
|1034||PIGS domestic pig (Sus domestica); wild boar (Sus scrofa)||See 0866. Excludes non-domesticated wild boars.|
|1057||CHICKENS fowl (Gallus domesticus); Guinea fowl (Numida meleagris||Domesticated birds only. Data are expressed in thousands.|
|1068||DUCKS Anas spp.||See 1057.|
|1072||GEESE Anser spp.||See 1057.|
|1079||TURKEYS Meleagris gallopavo||See 1057.|
|1083||PIGEONS AND OTHER BIRDS Including inter alia: partridge (Alectoris rufa); pigeon (Columba livia); quail (Coturnis spp.); turtle dove, pheasant, etc.||See 1057.|
|1096||HORSES Equus caballus||See 0866.|
|1107||ASSES Equus asinus||See 0866.|
|1110||MULES||Includes hinnies. Mules are offspring of a male ass and a female horse (mare); a hinny is the offspring of a female ass and a male horse (stallion). Both are sterile. See 0866.|
|1126||CAMELS Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus); Arabian camel (C. dromedarius)||See 0866.|
|1157||OTHER CAMELIDS Various species of Lama: e.g. glama pacos (alpaca); peruana (llama); huanacos (guanaco>); vicugna (vicu¤a)||See 0866.|
|1140||RABBITS Oryctolagus cuniculus||See 0866. May include domesticated hares (Lepus spp.). Data are expressed in thousands.|
|1150||OTHER RODENTS||See 0866. Includes only those used mainly for meat, e.g. Guinea pig. Rodents used mainly for fur skins are included in Code 1169. Data are expressed in thousands.|
|1169||LIVE ANIMALS, NON- FOOD NES||Any animal not raised for food. External trade data also include wild animals.|
|1171||LIVE ANIMALS NES||Any other animal grown for meat, eggs, feathers and skins, e.g. ostrich, antelope, deer, reindeer, chamois.|
|1181||BEEHIVES Apis mellifica; A. dorsata; A. florea; A. indica||A beehive is an artificial habitation for bees.|