The term "LIVESTOCK" is used in a broad sense to cover all grown animals regardless of age, location or purpose of breeding. Non-domesticated animals are excluded under this definition unless they are kept or raised in captivity. Domestic animals included are large and small quadrupeds, poultry, insects (bees) and larvae of insects (silkworms).

Figures on livestock numbers should refer to live animals enumerated on a given day or on several consecutive days. The FAO practice is that figures for an indicated year relate to animals reported by countries for any day between October of the previous year and September of the year indicated.

Statistics on live animals by age, sex and utilization generally are not included in the list that follows, even though such breakdowns are extremely desirable in terms of national statistics.

For each animal species FAO proposes that information be maintained on changes in national herds during the year according to the following equation: initial herd + animals born + imports of live animals - exports of live animals - natural losses - slaughter = closing herd.

The purpose of this information is to present consistent and complete data. So far, only a few countries have been able to compile information in this format.


Domesticated birds only. Data are expressed in thousands.
0866 CATTLE common ox (Bos taurus); zebu, humped ox (Bos indicus); Asiatic ox (subgenus Bibos); Tibetan yak (Poephagus grunniens) Animals of the genus listed, regardless of age, sex, or purpose raised. Data are expressed in number of heads.
0946 BUFFALOES Indian, Asiatic, pigmy, water buffalo (Bubalus bubalus; B. arnee; B. depressicornis); African buffalo (genus Syncerus); American bison (Bison bison); European bison (Bison bonasus); beeffalo (cross between a bison and a domesticated beef animal) See 0866. Excludes wild bisons and buffaloes.
0976 SHEEP Ovis spp. See 0866. Includes Uriel, Argali, Bighorn, Karakul and Astrakhan.
1016 GOATS Capra spp. See 0866. Includes Hircus, Ibex, Nubiana, Pyrenaica, Tibetana, Kashmir and Angora.
1034 PIGS domestic pig (Sus domestica); wild boar (Sus scrofa) See 0866. Excludes non-domesticated wild boars.
1057 CHICKENS fowl (Gallus domesticus); Guinea fowl (Numida meleagris
1068 DUCKS Anas spp. See 1057.
1072 GEESE Anser spp. See 1057.
1079 TURKEYS Meleagris gallopavo See 1057.
1083 PIGEONS AND OTHER BIRDS Including inter alia: partridge (Alectoris rufa); pigeon (Columba livia); quail (Coturnis spp.); turtle dove, pheasant, etc. See 1057.
1096 HORSES Equus caballus See 0866.
1107 ASSES Equus asinus See 0866.
1110 MULES Includes hinnies. Mules are offspring of a male ass and a female horse (mare); a hinny is the offspring of a female ass and a male horse (stallion). Both are sterile. See 0866.
1126 CAMELS Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus); Arabian camel (C. dromedarius) See 0866.
1157OTHER CAMELIDS Various species of Lama: e.g. glama pacos (alpaca); peruana (llama); huanacos (guanaco>); vicugna (vicu¤a) See 0866.
1140 RABBITS Oryctolagus cuniculus See 0866. May include domesticated hares (Lepus spp.). Data are expressed in thousands.
1150 OTHER RODENTS See 0866. Includes only those used mainly for meat, e.g. Guinea pig. Rodents used mainly for fur skins are included in Code 1169. Data are expressed in thousands.
1169 LIVE ANIMALS, NON- FOOD NES Any animal not raised for food. External trade data also include wild animals.
1171 LIVE ANIMALS NES Any other animal grown for meat, eggs, feathers and skins, e.g. ostrich, antelope, deer, reindeer, chamois.
1181 BEEHIVES Apis mellifica; A. dorsata; A. florea; A. indica A beehive is an artificial habitation for bees.

© FAO 1994

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