DEFINITION AND CLASSIFICATION OF COMMODITIES

(Draft)

19. HIDES AND SKINS



HIDES AND SKINS


Although the commodities included in this chapter are very important, few countries are able as yet to provide reliable, complete and up-to-date information about them. In particular, the data on production are often not available; in such instances, the slaughter number is often used as a proxy for estimating the production of hides and skins.

There is no worldwide accepted unit of measurement for the production, trade or utilization data of hides and skins. They are given variously in countries' statistical series in terms of number (pieces) or of weight, while the product made from them, i.e. leather, is given in terms either of surface area or of weight. The number of hides may be confusing since the sizes of most common hides and skins differ considerably. However, if a weight basis is chosen, there is still considerable variation because of the ways in which hides and skins are cured. The most common state in which hides and skins are shipped, although by no meand universally practiced, seems to be wet-salted for cattle hides, calfskins and goatskins, though certain types of hides and skins are traded either dry-salted or pickled.

The weight of a hide or skin is determined by the structure of the collagen fibres of the skin. This structure in turn is conditioned by a number of factors, including genetics, age, sex, feed and environment. Numerous weight concepts are in use for statistical reporting purposes. Their respective numerical ratios depend on the technological treatment to which the hides or skins are subjected. The main weight concepts are as follows:




Hides and skins

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0919 CATTLE HIDES, FRESH Green hide or skin as removed from the carcass of the animal (adult bovine). Used for production data only.
0920 Hides, Wet-Salted (Cattle) Approximately 80-85% of green weight.
0921 Hides, Dry-Salted (Cattle) Includes dry and dry-salted, approximately 35% and 55% of green weight, respectively.
0922 Hides nes, Cattle Limed, pickled or otherwise preserved.

Hides and skins

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0927 SKINS, FRESH (CALVES) See 0919. From young bovine animals.
0928 Skins, Wet-Salted (Calves) See 0920.
0929 Skins, Dry-Salted (Calves) See 0921.
0930 Skins nes, Calves See 0922.

Hides and skins

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0957 BUFFALO HIDES, FRESH See 0919. Both adult and young animals.
0958 Hides, Wet-Salted (Buffalo) See 0920.
0959 Hides, Dry-Salted (Buffalo) See 0921.

Hides and skins

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
0995 SHEEPSKINS, FRESH See 0919. Both adult and young animals.
0996 Skins, Wet-Salted (Sheep) Sheep and lamb skins without wool. See 0920.
0997 Skins, Dry-Salted (Sheep) Sheep and lamb skins without wool. See 0921.
0998 Skins nes, Sheep Sheep and lamb skins without wool. See 0922.
0999 Skins with Wool, Sheep Sheep and lamb skins (excluding 1002), with wool on, salted, dried, limed, pickled or otherwise preserved.

Hides and skins

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
1002 KARAKUL SKINS Raw skins of Astrakhan, Caracul, Persian or similar lambs.

Hides and skins

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
1025 GOATSKINS, FRESH See 0919. Both adult and young animals.
1026 Skins, Wet-Salted (Goats) Includes kids. See 0920.
1027 Skins, Dry-Salted (Goats) Includes kids. See 0921.
1028 Skins nes, Goats Includes kids. See 0922.

Hides and skins

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
1044 PIGSKINS, FRESH See 0919. In many countries, pigskins are not removed from the carcasses.
1045 Skins, Wet-Salted (Pigs) See 0920.
1046 Skins, Dry-Salted (Pigs) See 0921.
1047 Skins nes, Pigs See 0922.

Hides and skins

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
1102 HORSE HIDES, FRESH See 0919. Both adult and young animals.
1103 Hides, Wet-Salted (Horses) See 0920. Includes hides of asses and mules.
1104 Hides, Dry-Salted (Horses) See 0921. Includes hides of asses and mules.
1105 Hides nes, Horses See 0922. Includes hides of asses and mules.

Hides and skins

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
1109 HIDES OF ASSES, FRESH See 0919. Both adult and young animals.
1112 HIDES OF MULES, FRESH See 0919. Both adult and young animals.

Hides and skins

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
1133 CAMEL HIDES, FRESH See 0919. Both adult and young animals.
1134 Hides, Wet-Salted (Camels) See 0920.
1135 Hides, Dry-Salted (Camels) See 0921.
1136 Hides nes, Camels See 0922.

Hides and skins

FAOSTAT
CODE
COMMODITY DEFINITIONS, COVERAGE, REMARKS
1146 RABBIT SKINS See 0919. Both adult and young animals. Trade data include processed skins, including angora.
1195 FUR SKINS High-value raw skins, e.g. mink, fox, beaver.
1213 HIDES AND SKINS NES, FRESH See 0919. Both adult and young animals. Includes, among others, chamois, antelope, crocodile and snake.
1214 Hides, Wet-Salted nes See 0920.
1215 Hides, Dry-Salted nes See 0921.
1216 Hides nes See 0922.
1217 Leather, Used and Waste Parings and other waste of leather, leather dust, powder and flour.

© FAO 1994

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