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June 2016

COUNTRIES REQUIRING EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE FOR FOOD
(total: 37 countries)

 
Click on country to see details in the GIEWS Country Briefs

AFRICA ( 28 countries )

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Nature of Food InsecurityMain ReasonsChanges from last report1
Exceptional shortfall in aggregate food production/supplies
Central African Republic
Conflict, displacements and constraints in available supplies
The Internally Displaced Person (IDP) caseload declined from 452 000 in January 2016 to 419 000 in April, but it is still higher than in August 2015, when it was estimated at 378 000, before the resurgence of inter-communal violence. As of March 2016, 1.5 million people are estimated to be in need of urgent humanitarian assistance, 18 percent more than in April 2015. The significant tightening of food supplies has driven up prices.
Zimbabwe
Drought-affected 2016 production
The El Niño-induced drought resulted in a sharp decrease in the 2016 cereal production, which follows an already below-average 2015 output. The livestock sector has also been severely affected. The number people who require assistance is estimated at 2.8 million.
Widespread lack of access
Chad
Large caseload of refugees puts additional pressure on local food supplies
Over 377 000 refugees, 94 000 IDPs, as well as the return of an estimated 80 000 Chadians, continues to add pressure on local food supplies, negatively affecting food security. Over 1 048 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Conflict and displacements in eastern provinces; Influx of refugees straining on the already limited resources of host communities; Impact of floods
As of late March, the IDP caseload was estimated at 1.8 million, 300 000 up from December 2015. About 781 000 IDPs are located in Nord-Kivu, with the rest mainly residing in Sud-Kivu, Maniema, and the former Katanga Province. An estimated 4.5 million people are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance in Eastern and Southern conflict affected provinces (September 2015). As of late March, refugees from the CAR, mainly hosted in the northern Equateur Province, were estimated at about 112 800. As of mid-March, refugees from Burundi, mainly hosted in Sud-Kivu province, were estimated at about 22 000. Torrential rains in the last quarter of 2015 and in the first quarter of 2016 resulted in floods which affected more than 770 000 people, caused the displacement of 40 000 individuals and damaged about 5 500 hectares of crop land. Destruction of food stocks has also been reported. The most affected areas are located along the river Congo Basin and in the former Katanga Province in the south.
Djibouti
Inadequate pasture availability due to consecutive unfavourable rainy seasons
About 230 000 people are severely food insecure, mainly in pastoral southeastern areas and in the Obock Region.
Eritrea
Vulnerability to food insecurity due to El Niño-related drought and economic constraints
Ethiopia
Impact of severe drought on livestock and crop production
About 10.2 million people are severely food insecure, mainly in eastern areas of Oromia, Amhara and Tigray regions as well as in Afar and northern Somali regions. In April, a revision of the Priority Hotspot woreda classification was issued by the Government, increasing the number of priority 1 woredas from 186 at the end of last year to a new total of 219.
Malawi
Sharply reduced cereal production in 2016
Maize production in 2016 is estimated at a well below-average level of 2.4 million tonnes, due to dry conditions that affected large parts of the Central and Southern regions. Despite declining seasonally from their record highs of February, maize prices remain significantly above their year-earlier levels, constraining food access and aggravating food insecurity. The number of people requiring assistance is estimated at 2.9 million.
Niger
Recurrent severe food crisis
About 677 600 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis. Approximately 60 000 Malian refugees are estimated to be living in the country. Almost 59 000 people in the southeast Diffa Region have been displaced due to fear of attacks.
Nigeria
Nationwide economic downturn, population displacements and insecurity in northern areas
About 2.2 million people have been internally displaced due to the continued conflict in the northern part of the country. About 3.4 million people, located mostly in Borno and Yobe, are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis. A recent sharp depreciation of the naira on the parallel market, coupled with persisting civil conflict in northern Nigeria, has contributed to sharp food price increases.
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South Sudan
Conflict, civil insecurity and severe economic downturn
Over 4.4 million people are severely food insecure, mainly in the conflict-affected states of Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile, but also in Northern Bahr el Ghazal State due to insecurity, trade disruptions and high market prices.
Severe localized food insecurity
Burkina Faso
In spite of the generally favourable food supply situation, the country continues to host a large number of refugees from neighbouring Mali
Over 33 000 Malian refugees are estimated to be living in the country. About 233 300 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Burundi
Civil insecurity and economic downturn
Disruption to markets, farming activities and livelihoods, coupled with limited humanitarian assistance and declining food import capacity continue to seriously affect food security conditions of households, especially in Kirundo, Muyinga, Rutada and Makamba provinces, as well as rural areas near Bujumbura. About 690 000 people are estimated to be severely food insecure.
Cameroon
Influx of refugees exacerbating food insecurity of the host communities; Population displacement
The number of refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR), who mainly entered East, Adamaoua and North regions, was estimated at 259 000 in mid March 2016. About 65 000 refugees from Nigeria have entered the Far North and North regions since May 2013. In February 2016, the number of food insecure people was estimated at 2.4 million, more than twice the level in June 2015. The most affected area is the Far North Region. Insecurity along the borders with Nigeria has led to the internal displacement of 170 000 persons.
Congo
Influx of refugees straining the already limited resources of host communities
As of late March 2016, about 28 600 refugees from the CAR are sheltering in the country.
Guinea
The Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic is largely contained
Ten confirmed cases of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) were reported between 17 March and 6 April 2016 in the prefectures of N’Zerekore (nine cases) and Macenta (one case) in southeastern Guinea. All neighbouring countries have re-opened their borders with Guinea, which has led to a significant increase in trade flows. About 90 700 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Kenya
Lingering effects of adverse weather on pastoral livelihoods during first semester of 2015
About 640 000 people are severely food insecure, mainly located in pastoral areas where households are recovering from previous unfavourable dry weather conditions, which caused sharp reductions in herd size.
Lesotho
Drought-reduced 2016 production and higher food prices
The El Niño-associated drought has adversely affected 2016 agricultural production. High maize prices, reflecting the elevated levels in South Africa, are further constraining food access. As a result, almost 535 000 people are food insecure.
Liberia
The EVD epidemic is largely contained
Three EVD cases were reported in Liberia between 31 March and 5 April 2016 in the capital city of Monrovia. The country is hosting about 28 818 refugees as of end-February 2016, most of them from Côte d’Ivoire. About 22 400 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the latest “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Madagascar
Drought conditions in southern areas and tighter cereal supplies
Successive poor agricultural seasons in southern regions have resulted in severe food insecurity in these areas. Nationally, an estimated 1.89 million people are food insecure and conditions are expected to worsen further this year.
Mali
Population displacements and insecurity in northern areas
About 240 700 people, located mostly in Timbuktu, Mopti and Bamako regions, are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above, according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Mauritania
Refugee caseload continues to put additional pressure on local food supplies
About 50 000 Malian refugees remain in southeastern Mauritania. Over 93 100 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above, according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Mozambique
Drought affected 2016 production and high food prices
Dry conditions have adversely impacted 2016 production in most central and southern provinces, while overall tighter supplies and the depreciation of the currency have contributed to high maize prices. Currently, an estimated 1.8 million people are food insecure.
Sierra Leone
The EVD has largely been controlled
Sierra Leone was declared free of the Ebola virus transmission in the human population in November 2015 and trade flows of agricultural commodities to Guinea, Mali and Senegal have been recovering gradually. About 420 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the latest “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Somalia
Conflict, civil insecurity and localized drought conditions
About 953 000 people are estimated to be in need of emergency assistance, mainly IDPs and drought-affected agro-pastoral communities in northern regions.
Sudan
Conflict, civil insecurity and high food prices
An estimated 4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, mainly IDPs in conflict-affected areas and pastoral communities.
Swaziland
Cereal production in 2016 forecast to have decreased sharply
El Niño-associated drought conditions have adversely affected the 2016 cereal production prospects and livestock condition. Higher food prices, reflecting the elevated levels in South Africa, are also negatively impacting access to food. Approximately 300 000 people are food insecure.
Uganda
Below-average crop production
About 393 000 people in Karamoja region are estimated to be severely food insecure following consecutive unfavourable rainy seasons.
   No change    Improving    Deteriorating+ New entry

ASIA ( 7 countries )

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Nature of Food InsecurityMain ReasonsChanges from last report1
Exceptional shortfall in aggregate food production/supplies
Iraq
Escalation of conflict and large internal displacement
Over 2 million people have been displaced since January 2014. Some 1.8 million beneficiaries (IDPs, non-displaced food insecure in conflict areas and food insecure host families) are receiving food assistance. Reduced internal trade and access to stocks held in the areas under ISIL control.
Syrian Arab Republic
Worsening civil conflict
Agricultural production is significantly affected by conflict. About 13.5 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, with caseloads increasing. Although some international food assistance is being provided, Syrian refugees are also putting strain on other host communities in neighbouring countries. WFP plans to reach 4.5 million people within the country with food assistance and 2 million people in neighbouring countries.
Widespread lack of access
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Impact of drought and floods in 2015
Poor rains and limited availability of irrigation water reduced the 2015 aggregate food production. Government-distributed food rations, which provide the main access to food for 18 million people, were reduced from July 2015. Given the tight supplies, the food security situation is likely to deteriorate compared to the situation in previous years, when most households were already estimated to have borderline or poor food consumption rates.
Yemen
Conflict, poverty and high food and fuel prices
Around 21.2 million people, 82 percent of the population, require some kind of humanitarian assistance to meet their basic needs or protect their fundamental rights. According to the IPC indicative analysis of June 2015, out of the 12.9 million food insecure people (21 percent higher than the previous year), about 6.1 million were in Phase: 4 “Emergency”, while 6.8 million were in Phase: 3 “Crisis”. High risk to crops from increasing locust numbers. The full extent of infestations in the interior is not well known due to difficulties in mounting surveys in insecure and remote areas.
Severe localized food insecurity
Afghanistan
Continuing conflict and population displacement
Some 2.1 million people are classified as very severely food insecure. Over 700 000 people are internally displaced, mostly in Helmand Province. About 1.7 million people are targeted with food assistance.
Myanmar
Impact of floods in July-August 2015 and dry weather since November 2015
Nearly 1.7 million people were displaced by heavy rainfall and the passing of Cyclone Komen in July 2015. The floods caused severe damage to productive assets and resulted in a reduction of the 2015 main season paddy production. In the states of Chin and Rakhine, paddy production is estimated to have decreased by up to 16 percent, constraining food access Poor rains, coupled with higher than normal temperatures since November 2015 in the main rice-producing areas, including Chin, Rakhine, Magway, Bago, Yangon and Ayerwady, are expected to negatively impact the secondary season rice crop.
Nepal
Lingering impact of the 2015 earthquake and dry weather
An earthquake struck the country in April 2015, mostly impacting central and western parts and resulting in the loss of nearly 9 000 lives. Severe localized production shortfalls were experienced in 2015 due to damage to agriculture from the earthquake, exacerbated by dry weather. Despite improved production prospects for 2016, food insecurity persists among vulnerable groups, particularly in the areas most affected by the earthquake
   No change    Improving    Deteriorating+ New entry

LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN ( 1 country )

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Nature of Food InsecurityMain ReasonsChanges from last report1
Exceptional shortfall in aggregate food production/supplies
Haiti
Drought-affected production
Production of cereals and starchy roots in 2015 dropped to its lowest level in 12 years, following two consecutive years of El Niño-associated drought conditions. Approximately 3.6 million people are food insecure (34 percent of the population), and 1.5 million are severely food insecure and at least 200 000 people are in an extreme food emergency situation. WFP and FAO are assisting approximately 1 million people through food assistance and measures to sustain productive capacity for the upcoming 2016 agricultural season.
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   No change    Improving    Deteriorating+ New entry

NORTH AMERICA, EUROPE AND OCEANIA ( 1 country )

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Nature of Food InsecurityMain ReasonsChanges from last report1
Severe localized food insecurity
Papua New Guinea
Impact of the prolonged drought, frost and forest fires
A prolonged El Niño-driven drought and frost in 2015 affected around 2.7 million people. Heavy rains in February and March resulted in localized flooding exacerbating the existing levels of vulnerability. Severe localized cereal production shortfalls, particularly in the Highland region, are expected to worsen the food insecurity situation of vulnerable groups.
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   No change    Improving    Deteriorating+ New entry

 

COUNTRIES WITH UNFAVOURABLE PROSPECTS FOR CURRENT CROPS
(total: 3 countries)

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CountryMain ReasonsChanges from last report1
AFRICA ( 2 countries )
Central African RepublicThe widespread conflict, which caused large-scale displacements, the loss and depletion of households’ productive assets and input shortages continues to weigh on 2016 production prospects
MoroccoDrought conditions have acutely weakened 2016 production prospects, particularly of winter cereals
ASIA/NEAR EAST ( 1 country )
Timor-LesteCereal production prospects indicate a reduced 2016 crop, for the second consecutive year+
   No change    Improving    Deteriorating+ New entry

TERMINOLOGY

Countries requiring external assistance for food are expected to lack the resources to deal with reported critical problems of food insecurity. Food crises are nearly always due to a combination of factors, but for the purpose of response planning, it is important to establish whether the nature of food crises is predominantly related to lack of food availability, limited access to food, or severe but localized problems. Accordingly, the list of countries requiring external assistance is organized into three broad, not mutually exclusive, categories:

  • Countries facing an exceptional shortfall in aggregate food production/supplies as a result of crop failure, natural disasters, interruption of imports, disruption of distribution, excessive post-harvest losses, or other supply bottlenecks.

  • Countries with widespread lack of access, where a majority of the population is considered to be unable to procure food from local markets, due to very low incomes, exceptionally high food prices, or the inability to circulate within the country.

  • Countries with severe localized food insecurity due to the influx of refugees, a concentration of internally displaced persons, or areas with combinations of crop failure and deep poverty.

Unfavourable Prospects for Current Crops are countries where prospects point to a shortfall in production of current crops as a result of a reduction of the area planted and/or yields due to adverse weather conditions, plant pests, diseases and other calamities.


1. Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 1, March 2016
The maps on the GIEWS homepage indicate countries in crisis requiring external assistance for food.