Communication for development Knowledge

Posted September 1996

The Internet and Rural Development: Recommendations for Strategy and Activity

Glossary of Internet Terms


Introduction | Table of Contents | Executive Summary | Preface/Acknowledgements | Chapter 1 | Chapter 2 | Chapter 3 | Chapter 4 | Project suggestions | Bibliography/Resources | WWW sites | Glossary


Application
a tool, methodology or software resoure that enhances the use of the Internet

Cyber Cafe
a walk-in, store-front service providing Internet access and services

E-mail
Electronic mail.

Expert Systems
Computer-based systems that enable users to quickly and efficiently get answers to technical questions from large, subject-specific, information databases

FTP
File Transfer Protocol. A standard protocol and an application that permits files to be copied from one computer to another, regardless of file format or operating system.

Gopher
Utility that enables users to search for, retrieve, and view various types of information from servers on the Internet.

Host
A computer system that provides a service, such as electronic mail or access to a software archive, directly to a user.

HTML
Hypertext Markup Language. A subset of SGML used for creating electronic documents to be used on the World-Wide Web.

HTTP
Hypertext Transfer Protocol. The search and retrieval protocol used for transferring hypertext.

Hypertext
Text that contains links to other text, which allows information to be retrieved nonsequentially. A subset of hypermedia.

Hypermedia
Information in electronic form containing links to other media.

ICT
Information and Communication Technologies - generally refers to Internet-based computer technologies and applications

Information super-highway
A term coined by U.S. Vice-President Al Gore to metaphorically describe the networked convergence of computer based media, communication and information services

Internet
Worldwide collection of interconnected, heterogeneous computer networks.

Intranet
A collection of interconnected computer networks at a local level.

ISP
Internet Service Provider - a business, government or non-profit group that provides access to the Internet via telephone lines and computer modems, usually for a fee of approximately $20 US per month for basic service

Server
A computer system, directly connected to the Internet, that provides a service, such as electronic mail or access, World Wide Web pages, archives, etc., directly to a user.

Telnet
A standard protocol and an application that permits a user to log onto a remote computer system.

URL
Uniform Resource Locator, standard naming/addressing scheme on the World-Wide Web. Note that there is, in the WWW specifications, a distinction between the URI (Universal Resource Identifier), which defines the generic addressing syntax, and the URL (Uniform Resource Locator), which defines the specific access protocols.

Usenet
Worldwide conferencing system, accessible via a wide range of computer systems and networks.

WWW
World-Wide Web - global web of text, graphical, sound, video and software resources linked through hypertext.



SD Homepage Back to Top FAO Homepage