Communication for development Knowledge

Posted September 1996

The Internet and Rural Development: Recommendations for Strategy and Activity

Glossary of Internet Terms

Introduction | Table of Contents | Executive Summary | Preface/Acknowledgements | Chapter 1 | Chapter 2 | Chapter 3 | Chapter 4 | Project suggestions | Bibliography/Resources | WWW sites | Glossary

a tool, methodology or software resoure that enhances the use of the Internet

Cyber Cafe
a walk-in, store-front service providing Internet access and services

Electronic mail.

Expert Systems
Computer-based systems that enable users to quickly and efficiently get answers to technical questions from large, subject-specific, information databases

File Transfer Protocol. A standard protocol and an application that permits files to be copied from one computer to another, regardless of file format or operating system.

Utility that enables users to search for, retrieve, and view various types of information from servers on the Internet.

A computer system that provides a service, such as electronic mail or access to a software archive, directly to a user.

Hypertext Markup Language. A subset of SGML used for creating electronic documents to be used on the World-Wide Web.

Hypertext Transfer Protocol. The search and retrieval protocol used for transferring hypertext.

Text that contains links to other text, which allows information to be retrieved nonsequentially. A subset of hypermedia.

Information in electronic form containing links to other media.

Information and Communication Technologies - generally refers to Internet-based computer technologies and applications

Information super-highway
A term coined by U.S. Vice-President Al Gore to metaphorically describe the networked convergence of computer based media, communication and information services

Worldwide collection of interconnected, heterogeneous computer networks.

A collection of interconnected computer networks at a local level.

Internet Service Provider - a business, government or non-profit group that provides access to the Internet via telephone lines and computer modems, usually for a fee of approximately $20 US per month for basic service

A computer system, directly connected to the Internet, that provides a service, such as electronic mail or access, World Wide Web pages, archives, etc., directly to a user.

A standard protocol and an application that permits a user to log onto a remote computer system.

Uniform Resource Locator, standard naming/addressing scheme on the World-Wide Web. Note that there is, in the WWW specifications, a distinction between the URI (Universal Resource Identifier), which defines the generic addressing syntax, and the URL (Uniform Resource Locator), which defines the specific access protocols.

Worldwide conferencing system, accessible via a wide range of computer systems and networks.

World-Wide Web - global web of text, graphical, sound, video and software resources linked through hypertext.

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