The FAO Forest Products database contains annual data on the production and trade (quantity and value) in forest products from the year 1961 onwards.

The compilation of the Forest Products database has been made possible by the cooperation of governments which have supplied most of the information in the form of replies to annual questionnaires. Where countries have not reported statistics to FAO or have reported only partially, the information has been taken from national yearbooks, from reports or from unofficial publications. Where official statistics were not available an indication is given identifying the use of FAO estimates (F) or data from nonofficial sources (*).

FAO, Forestry Department thanks the countries which provided data and invites all data users to send us a suggested Forest Products data revision or other material they believe would improve these data.

The Forest Products database has been compiled by the Forestry Department of FAO in collaboration with the Economic Commission for Europe (ECE).

CUM Cubic metre
MT Metric ton
$United States dollar
FFAO estimate
* Unofficial figure
NES Not elsewhere specified


The commodity names, commodity aggregates, commodity codes are given under the selection box Item and Forest Products Classification and Definitions.

These definitions follow those contained in Classification and definitions of forest products, FAO, Rome, 1982. Since the 1990 for trade elements of the Forest Products database, Standard international trade classification (SITC), Rev. 3 has been adopted.


Industrial Roundwood
For certain countries, the production figures for sawlogs, veneer logs, logs for sleepers and other roundwood for industrial use are not distinguished.

Data on industrial roundwood production are not available for a number of countries and have been estimated by converting the volume of products to roundwood equivalent. Consumption of commodities included in total industrial roundwood cannot be calculated due to different definition of forest products between production and trade. In 1988 a number of countries that are members of the Customs Cooperation Council introduced a revised classification of products in their trade statistics , the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (HS). This has also been adopted by the United Nations in Revision 3 of the Standard international trade classification (SITC Rev. 3). Although for most forest products this is a straightforward transformation from the previous classification, in the case of industrial roundwood the subdivisions between logs, pulpwood and other industrial roundwood are not included. Thus trade time-series in these products are discontinued.

Fuelwood and Charcoal
Data on the production of these commodities are not reported for a number of countries but are known to be important in their total use of wood. Estimates for these countries are based on available survey data and are revised as new surveys become available. The annual change in production for these countries is estimated to be proportional to population change.

For Canada and the United States, in converting the volume of sawnwood reported in 1 000 board feet to cubic metres, the nominal conversion factor 2.36 m3 per 1 000 bd ft has been applied. Sawing conventions in these countries generally result in the volume being less than the nominal volume. For example, it is estimated that for the United States, taking coniferous and nonconiferous data together, the actual average volume of rough green sawnwood would be 3 percent less than the nominal volume, while the weighted average for surfaced dry coniferous and rough dry non-coniferous sawnwood would be 27 percent less than the nominal volume.

Veneer Sheets
For some countries, the reported volume of production of veneer sheets includes veneer sheets produced for plywood manufacture within the country. This has been corrected where possible.

The volume of production of non-compressed fibreboard is sometimes not distinguished from that of compressed fibreboard. These are separated where possible.

Trade data
The trade data have been compiled from 1961 till 1991 with annual questionnaire and since 1991 data from questionnaires have been integrated with trade data collected in computerreadable form by the United Nations Statistics Office. Where volumes have not been reported in standard units, standard conversion factors have been applied. Where reported volumes have been inconsistent with value, volumes have been reestimated on the basis of average unit values. In the absence of exporting country reports, estimates of their exports have been constructed from importers’ reports.

Estimates are still open to improvement and alternative information is wellcome but must be substantiated.

The unit used in the database on the value of trade is US dollars.

As a general rule, data relate to the country specified with its present de facto boundaries. Country names and continental groupings follow, in general, the nomenclature used by the Statistical Office of the United Nations.

The following notes apply to particular countries.

Belgium, Luxembourg
Production and trade are merged under BEL-LUX.

Data include those for the province of Taiwan.

Czechoslovakia, Czech Republic, Slovakia
Starting in 1993, data for the Czech Republic and Slovakia, formerly Czechoslovakia, are shown separately under those for Czechoslovakia.

Ethiopia PDR
Starting in 1993, the data refer to the new independent republics of Eritrea and Ethiopia.

Data for industrial roundwood exports are based on information provided by its trading partners.

South Africa
Data include those for Namibia.

Independent republics of the USSR
Starting in 1992, the data for Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan are shown separately in the region ‘Former USSR’. Data for the years prior to 1992 are shown under ‘USSR’.

Independent republics of Yugoslavia SFR
Starting in 1992, data for Bosnia and Herzgovina, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Slovenia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) are shown separately. These independent republics are listed below the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, for which data are given for the years prior to 1992.

Production and trade statistics are given for the calendar year. The Forest Products database provides production and trade statistics 1961 onwards. There are exceptions where data on Production or Exports (quantity, value) or Imports (quantity, value) are not available for whole mentioned period. For certain products, the data are available for shorter periods of time, for example, FAO began collecting statistics on recovered paper in 1970. On the other hand, the recent change to the Harmonized System of commodity trade classification means that some data will no longer be available on some products such as trade in sawlogs and veneer logs. The products with limited time series are displayed in the table below.

Years availableForest ProductsCodeData Series Affected
1961-1989Sawlogs+Veneer logs1868Imports, Exports
1961-1989Sawlogs+Veneer logs (C)1601Imports, Exports
1961-1989Sawlogs+Veneer logs (NC)1604Imports, Exports
1961-1989Pulpwood (Round & Split)1614Imports, Exports
1961-1989Other Indust Rowndwd1625Imports, Exports
1990 onwardsInd RWD-WIR (C)1651Production, Imports, Exports
1990 onwardsInd RWD-WIR (NC) Trop1657Production, Imports, Exports
1990 onwardsInd RWD-WIR (NC) Other1670Production, Imports, Exports
1970 onwardsRecovered Paper1669Production, Imports, Exports
1968 onwardsUnbleached sulphite pulp1660Exports
1968 onwardsBleached sulphite pulp1661Exports
1968 onwardsUnbleached sulphate pulp1662Exports
1968 onwardsBleached sulphate pulp1663Exports
1961-1994Fibreboard compressed1649Production, Imports, Exports
1995 onwardsHardboard1647Production, Imports, Exports
1995 onwardsMDF1648Production, Imports, Exports