Land use (land cover)
It should be borne in mind that definitions used by reporting countries vary considerably and items classified under the same category often relate to greatly differing kinds of land.
Definitions of land use (land cover) categories are as follows:
LAND USE COUNTRY NOTES
The following are specific country notes pertaining to land-use (land-cover) categories:
Bulgaria: starting in 1998 the country has adopted a different methodology for the calculation of the land use data.
Finland: starting in 2000 the "Permanent Pastures" category refers only to in use natural meadows and grazing land.
Greenland: "Total area" refers to area free from ice.
New Zealand: the "Permanent Crops" category includes planted production forests on farms.
Russian Federation: data on "Total area" exclude the portion of land under the White Sea and the Azov Sea.
Switzerland: data from 1992, with the exception of "Total area" are not comparable with those of the previous years because of a new statistical method recently applied by the country.
Ukraine: data on "Total area" exclude the portion of land under the Azov Sea.
USSR: data on "Total area" include the White Sea (9 million hectares) and the Azov Sea (3.73 million hectares). Data on arable land and land under permanent crops and on permanent meadows and pastures refer to the land being used by agricultural undertakings and farms, i.e. excluding State land reserves and areas belonging to nonagricultural undertakings.
The following are specific country notes:
China: data on irrigated area cover farmland only (area under orchard and pastures are excluded).
Cuba: data refer to State sector only.
Japan; Korea, Republic of; Sri Lanka: data refer to irrigated rice only.
GENERAL COUNTRY NOTES
Anguilla: data for Anguilla are included with those of Saint Kitts and Nevis.
Cyprus: as a result of the present situation in Cyprus, data refer to the government controlled area only, except for total area and Population where data refer to all Cyprus.
Czech Republic, Slovakia: starting in 1993, these independent republics, formerly Czechoslovakia, are shown separately.
Eritrea, Ethiopia: starting in 1993, Eritrea and Ethiopia, formerly Ethiopia PDR, are shown separately.
Independent republics of the USSR: starting in 1992, the independent republics Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan are shown separately in Asia, while Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, the Russian Federation and Ukraine are shown separately in Europe. Data before 1992 are shown under USSR.
Independent republics of Yugoslavia SFR: Starting in 1992, the independent republics Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro, and Slovenia are shown separately. Data for the years prior to 1992 are shown under Yugoslavia SFR.
India and Pakistan: Data relating to KashmirJammu, whose final status has not yet been determined, are generally included under India and excluded from figures for Pakistan. Data for Sikkim are included under India.
Pacific Islands: Until 1994 this heading includes data for the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia and the Republic of Palau. Starting in 1995 data for these Republics are shown separately.
Saint Helena: Data for Saint Helena include those for Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.