Animal feed resources for small-scale livestock producers - Proceedings of the second PANESA workshop, held in Nairobi, Kenya, 11-15 November 1985













Table of Contents


International Development Research Centre
Centre de recherches pour le développement international

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Edited by

J.A. Kategile, A.N. Said, and B.H. Dzowela

Material contained in this report is produced as submitted and has not been subjected to peer review or rigorous editing by IDRC Communications Division staff. Unless otherwise stated, copyright for material in this report is held by the authors. Mention of proprietary names does not constitute endorsement of the product and is given only for information.

Proceedings of the second Pastures Network for Eastern and Southern Africa (PANESA) workshop, held at the International Laboratory for Research on Animal Diseases, Kabete, Nairobi, Kenya, 11-15 November 1985

IDRC-MR165e

November 1987

The International Development Research Centre is a public corporation created by the Parliament of Canada in 1970 to support research designed to adapt science and technology to the needs of developing countries. The Centre's activity is concentrated in five sectors: agriculture, food and nutrition sciences; health sciences; information sciences; social sciences; and communications. IDRC is financed solely by the Parliament of Canada; its policies, however, are set by an international Board of Governors. The Centre's headquarters are in Ottawa, Canada. Regional offices are located in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East.

Le Centre de recherches pour le développement international, société publique créée en 1970 par une loi du Parlement canadien, a pour mission d'appuyer des recherches visant a adapter la science et la technologie aux besoins des pays en vole de développement; il concentre son activité dans cinq secteurs: agriculture, alimentation et nutrition; information; santé; sciences sociales; et communications. Le CRDI est finance entièrement par le Parlement canadien, mais c'est un Conseil des gouverneurs international qui en détermine l'orientation et les politiques. Établi à Ottawa (Canada), il a des bureaux régionaux en Afrique, en Asie, en Amérique latine et au Moyen-Orient.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The editors are grateful to Mrs. C. Ogola for proof-reading and Mrs. Angela Kiura for typing.

This electronic document has been scanned using optical character recognition (OCR) software and careful manual recorrection. Even if the quality of digitalisation is high, the FAO declines all responsibility for any discrepancies that may exist between the present document and its original printed version.


Table of Contents


SESSION I: INVENTORY OF ANIMAL FEED RESOURCES

Inventory of feed resources for the smallholder farmer in Kenya

Introduction
Non-ruminant smallholder farm livestock
Smallholder ruminants in Kenya
Smallholder livestock feeding systems
Feed-resource options available to the smallholder
Conclusions
Acknowledgements
References

An inventory of livestock feed resources in Tanzania

Abstract
Introduction
Livestock feed resources
Conclusion
References

Feed resources in Ethiopia

Introduction
Present livestock production systems
Feed resources and status
Feed development constraints
Strategy for feed development

Feed resources for small-scale livestock producers in Zimbabwe

Abstract
Introduction
Geographical distribution of small-scale farmers in Zimbabwe
Livestock holdings
Arable cropping
Natural grassland or veld
The way ahead
References

Inventory of livestock feeds in Malawi

Introduction
Grazing resources
Planted forage and fodder crops
Crop residues
Concentrate feeds
Utilization of feed resources
Conclusion
References

Inventory of animal feed resources in Burundi

Abstract
Introduction

Inventory of feed resources for small-scale livestock producers in Madagascar

Introduction
Pastures
Agro-industrial by-products and crop residues
Rice straw
Cotton-seed cake
Cotton-seed
Groundnut cake
Livestock by-products
Crops used as livestock feeds
Conclusion
References

An inventory of animal feed resources for small-scale livestock producers in Botswana

Abstract
Introduction
Drought relief measures
Agro-industrial by-products
Suggestions on future research priorities
References

A year-round feeding plan for the livestock owner in Swaziland

Introduction
Pattern of pasture production in Swaziland
References

Inventory of feed resources for small-scale livestock production in Mozambique

Introduction
A brief description of Mozambique
Livestock and livestock-production systems
Natural pastures
Improved pastures and forages
Crop by-products and crop residues
Present strategies and constraints
Research priorities
References

Session I: Inventory of animal feed resources

SESSION II: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPERIENCES

Fodder for high-potential areas in Kenya

Abstract
Introduction
Types of fodder
Nutritive value
Non-conventional sources of fodder
Factors limiting increased use of fodder crops
Conclusion
References

Research on animal feed resources: Medium-potential areas of Kenya

Abstract
Introduction
Natural pasture grazing
Vegetation
Plant factors affecting nutritive value of natural herbage
Planted pastures
Crop residues
Summary
References

Research on feed resources for small ruminants on smallholder farms in Western Kenya

Abstract
Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
References

Small-ruminant production: The present situation and possible interventions for improvement

Introduction
Conclusion
References

Feed resources for dairy farmers in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

Abstract
Introduction
Conclusion
References

Maize stover improvement with legume forages

Abstract
Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusion
Acknowledgements
References

Introduction of fodder crops in rural areas of Burundi

Introduction
Conclusion
References

Research experience of reinforcing veld with legumes in Zimbabwe*

Abstract
Introduction
Productivity of reinforced veld
Discussion and conclusions
Acknowledgement
References

SESSION III: SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASPECTS

Farmer circumstances in Ethiopia and the improvement of animal feed resources

Abstract
Introduction
An overview of smallholder feeding systems in Ethiopia
Examples of feeding systems
Implications for research
Acknowledgements
References

Economics of intercropping maize with forage crops in small-scale farming systems in western Kenya

Abstract
Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References

The economics of smallholder dairy production in Hai District, Tanzania

Abstract
Introduction
Conclusions and recommendations
References

Strategies for farming systems research

Abstract
Overview of FSR
Methodological guidelines and issues
Types of on-farm research trials
The FSR unit in Zimbabwe
References

Rapportuer's report on session III - Socio-economics aspects

SESSION IV: REGIONAL/SUBREGIONAL RESEARCH PROGRAMMES

Legumes in forage research programmes for small-scale livestock producers

Abstract
Introduction
Methods of legume introduction into farming systems
Availability of germplasm for research

List of participants