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Pastures for small ruminants

A.J. Mwilawa and M.M.S. Lugenja

Ministry of Agriculture
LPRI, P.O. Box 202, Mpwapwa, Tanzania

About 99% of all sheep and goats in Tanzania are raised traditionally on natural pastures. The quality of these pastures varies with season, age and species of plants in association. Pastures in the periphery of the country and highlands are usually rich in plant species composition, making them excellent for the production of well-finished animals all year round. However, for those in the central plateau, species composition is limited and therefore the animal performance is usually poor for large parts of the year. Under natural and cultivated pasture, sheep and goats are complementary to one another in their grazing behaviour. Feeding preference does not exist under stall-feeding.

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