Aaronson, S. (1986) A role for algae as human food in antiquity. Food and Foodways 1:311-315.
Abdel-Fattah, A. F. and M. Edrees. (1973) Seasonal changes in the constituents of Ulva lactuca. Phytochemistry 12:481-485.
Abdi, H. and M. K. Sahib. (1976) Distribution of lysine in different legumes and some species of amaranthus seeds. J. Food Sci. and Tech. 13:237-239.
Abutalybov, M. G., S. M. Aslanov and E. N. Novruzov. (1978) Chemical composition of the ripe fruits of Hippophae rhamnoides L. growing in Azerbaizhan. Rastitel'nye Resursy 14 (2):220-222. (Russian)
Adams, C. F. (1975) Nutritive Value of American Foods in Common Units. Agriculture Handbook No. 456, Agricultural Research Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture.
Adams, F. S., H. Cole Jr. and L. B. Massie. (1973) Element Constitution of selected aquatic vascular plants from Pennsylvania: Submersed and floating leaved species and rooted emergent species. Environmental Pollution 5:117-147.
Adney, E. T. (1944) The Malecite Indians' names for native berries and their meanings. Acadian Naturalist 1 (3): 103-110.
Adrian, J. (1969) Tryptophan content and nutritional value of Phalaris canariensis L. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires Des Seances 55 (2):157-161. (French)
Adrian J., P. Lunven and E. Carnovale. (1969) L'alpiste-I. L'alpiste des oiseaux (Phalaris canariensis L.) Une source exceptionnelle de tryptophane. Ann. Nutr. Alim. 23:299-312. (French)
Agrawal, P. K. (1971) Effect of photoperiod on oil content, fatty acid composition and protein content of rape (Brassica napus L.) and flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) seeds. Indian J. of Expt. Biol. 9:252-254.
Aleksiuk, M. (1970) The seasonal food regime of arctic beavers. Ecology 51:264-270.
Allen, K. G. D., L. M. Klevay and H. L. Springe (1977). The zinc and copper content of seeds and nuts. Nutrition Reports International 16 (3):227-230.
Aller, W. F. (1954) Aboriginal food utilization of vegetation by the Indians of the Great Lakes Region as recorded in the Jesuit Relations. Wisconsin Archaeologist 35 (3):59-73.
Anderson, R. A. (1976) Wild rice: nutritional review. Cereal Chem. 53 (6):949-955.
Anderson, J. R. (1925) Trees and Shrubs, Food Medicinal, and Poisonous Plants of British Columbia. Department of Education, Victoria, B. C.
Anderson, J. P. (1939) Plants used by the Eskimo of the northern Bering Sea and Arctic regions of Alaska. Amer. J. Botany 26 (9): 14-16.
Anon. (1959) An Appraisal of the Health and Nutritional Status of the Eskimo. Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense, Washington.
Aoudia, M. O. and F. Gaudine. (1970) Composition and nutritive value of some foods of Algeria and wild plants of Kabylia. Ann. Nut. et I'Aliment. 24:107-112.
Arnason, T., R. J. Hebda, and T. Johns. (1981) Use of plants for food and medicine by Native Peoples of eastern Canada. Can. J. Botany 59 (11):2189-2325.
Arora, S. K. (1975) A Note on modified method to determine the acid -detergent fibre constituents in fodder samples. Indian Journal Animal Science 45 (9):692-693.
Asch, D. L. and N. B. Asch. (1985) Prehistoric plant cultivation in westcentral Illinois. In: Ford, R. I., ed. Prehistoric Food Production in North America. Anthropological Paper No. 75, Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
Asch, D. L. and N. B. Asch. (1982) A chronology for the Development of Prehistoric Horticulture in Westcentral Illinois. Center for American Archaeology Archeobotanical Laboratory Report 46.
Aslanov, S. M. and E. N. Novruzov. (1978) Seed oils of some species of the family solanaceae. Chem. Nat. Cpds. 14:678-679.
Atkinson, D. (1973) Observations on the phosphorus nutrition of two sand dune communities at Ross Links. J. Ecology 61 (1):117- 133.
Awadalla, M. Z. and P. Slump. (1974) Native Egyptian millet as supplement of wheat flour in bread. 1. Nutritional studies. Nutr. Rep. Inter. 9 (1):59-68.
Bailey, J. A. (1969) Exploratory study of nutrition of young cottontails. J. Wildlife Management 33:346-353.
Bailey, R. W. (1958) Carbohydrates in pasture species II. The soluble sugars of red clover (Trifolium pratense). J. Sci. Food Agr. 9:748-753.
Baird, E. A. and M. G. Lane. (1947) The seasonal variation in the ascorbic acid content of edible wild plants commonly found in Brunswick. Can J. of Research 25 Sec. C:95-101, June.
Bajdzajtene, Z. and V. F. Butkus. (1977) Biological and biochemical characteristics of cowberry (Content of N, P, K, Ca, Fe, Mn, CU, Mg, Na, B and ashes in berries and seeds). Lietuvos Tsr. Mokslu Akad. Darbai Trudy C Serija 2 (78):31-37, (Russian)
Barbeau, M. (1946) Maple sugar: its Native origin. Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada, 3rd Series, Section II, 40:75-86.
Barberie, M. A. (1946) Edible Wild Plants of New Brunswick as a Source of Riboflavin. (Thesis) University of New Brunswick.
Barclay, A. S. and F. R. Earle. (1974) Chemical analysis of seeds III. Oil and Protein content of 759 species. Econ. Bot 28(2): 178- 225.
Bard, G. E. (1945) The mineral nutrient content of the foliage of forest trees on three soil types of varying limestone content. Proc. Soil Sci. Soc. of America. 10:419-422.
Barnett, H. G. (1955) The Coast Salish of British Columbia. University of Oregon Press, Eugene.
Baumhoff, M. A. (1963) Ecological determinants of aboriginal Californian populations. Univ. Calif. Pubs. Amer. Archaeol. Ethnol. 49:155-236.
Beardsley, G. (1939) The groundnut as used by the Indians of eastern North America. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters, 25:507-515.
Benson, E. M., J. M. Peters M. A. Edwards and L. A. Hogan. (1973) Nutritive values. Wild edible plants of the Pacific Northwest. J. Amer. Diet. Assoc. 62:143-147.
Berkes, F. and C. S. Farkas. (1978) Eastern James Bay Cree Indians: changing patterns of wild food use and nutrition. Ecol. of Food and Nutr. 7:155-172.
Bernard, J. M. and F. A. Bernard. (1977) Winter standing crop and nutrient contents in five central New York wetlands. Torrey Bot. Club Bull. 104(1):57-59.
Bezeau, L. M., A. Johnston and S. Smoliak. (1966) Silica and protein content of mixed prairie and fescue grassland vegetation and its relationship to the incidence of silica urolithiasis. Can. J. Plant Sci. 46:625-631.
Bhatty, R. S., F. W. Sosulski and K. K. Wu. (1973) Protein and nonprotein nitrogen contents of some oilseeds and peas. Can. J. Plant Sci. 53:651-657.
Bjornland, T. and M. Aguilar-Martinez. (1976) Carotenoids in red algae. Phytochemistry 15:291-296.
Black, M. J. (1978) Plant dispersal by native North Americans in the Canadian Sub arctic. Anthropological Papers, Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan 67:255-262.
Black, M. J. (1980) Algonquin Ethnobotany: An Interpretation of Aboriginal Adaptation in Southwestern Quebec. National Museum of Man. Mercury Series. National Museums of Canada. No. 65, Ottawa.
Black, W. A. P. and F. N. Woodward. (1957) The value of seaweeds in animal feeding stuffs as a source of minerals, trace elements and vitamins. Empire J. Exp. Agr. 25 (97):51-59.
Blaisdell, J. P., A. C. Wiese and C. W. Hodgson. (1952) Variations in chemical composition of bluebunch wheatgrass, arrowleaf balsamroot and associated range plants. J. Range Management 5:346-353.
Blankinship, J. W. (1905) Native economic plants of Montana. Bull. Montana Agricultural Experiment Station 56:1-38.
Boas, F. Ethnology of the Kwakiutl. (1921) Bur. Amer. Ethnology, 35th Ann. Rep., Part 1, 1913-14. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C.
Boas, F. (1934) Geographical Names of the Kwakiutl Indians. Columbia University Contributions to Anthropology, Vol 20, Columbia University Press, New York.
Bowes, A. and C. F. Church. (1970) Food Values of Portions Commonly Used. 11th Ed. Revised by C. F. Church and H. N. Church, J. B. Lippincott Co. Philadelphia, Toronto, 180 pp.
Boyd, C. E. (1968) Fresh-water plants: a potential source of protein. Economic Botany 22:359-368.
Boyd, C. E. (1970) Production, mineral accumulation and pigment concentrations in Typha latifolia and Scirpus americanus. Ecology 51 (2):285-290.
Bradshaw, A. D., M. J. Chadwick, D. Jowett, R. W. Lodge, and R. W. Snaydon. (1960) Experimental investigations into the mineral nutrition of several grass species. Part III. Phosphate level. J. Ecology 48:631-637.
Briggs, G. M. and D. H. Calloway (1979) Bogert's Nutrition and Physical Fitness. Saunders A 12-A 28.
Brodo, I. M. and D. L. Hawksworth. (1977) Alectoria and allied genera in North America. Opera Botanica 42:1-164, Stockholm.
Brown, D. K. (1954) Vitamin, Protein and Carbohydrate Content of Some Arctic Plants from the Forth Churchill, Manitoba Region. Defense Research Northern Laboratory. Tech. Paper No. 23. Defense Research Board, Dept. of National Defense, Canada.
Brown, F. (1953) The occurrence of alpha-tocopherol in seaweed. Chemistry and Industry February: 174.
Burk, W. R. and T. K. Fitzgerald. (1981) Puffball usages among North American Indians. McIlvainea 5 (1):14-17.
Burns, T. A. and C. E. Viers Jr. (1973) Caloric and moisture content values of selected fruits and mast. J. Wildlife Management 37 (4):585-587.
Butler, M. R. (1931) Comparison of the chemical composition of some marine algae. Plant Physiology 6:295-305.
Bye, R. A. Jr. (1981) Quelites—ethnoecology of edible greens—past, present and future. J. Ethnobiology 1:109 pp.
Caffini, N. O. and C. L. Natalucci de Demolis. (1980) Carotenoides de origen floral de plantas argentinas. Phyton 38 (2):129-135. (Spanish)
Capen, R. G. and J. A. Leclerc. (1948) Wild rice and its chemical composition. J. Agr. Res. 77 (3):65-79.
Carlisle, R. J., V. H. Watson and A. W. Cole. (1980) Canopy and chemistry of pasture weeds. Weed Sci. 28 (2):139-141.
Cavalieri, A. J. and A. H. C. Huang. (1979) Evaluation of proline accumulation in the adaptation of diverse species of marsh halophytes to the saline environment. American J. of Bot. 66 (3):307-312.
Chamberlain, L. S. (1901) Plants used by the Indians of eastern North America. American Naturalist 35:1-10.
Claassen, P. W. (1919) A possible new source of food supply. Scientific Monthly 9:179-185.
Clarke, S. E. and E. W. Tisdale. (1945) The chemical composition of native forage plants of southern Alberta and Saskatchewan in relation to grazing practices. Can. Dept. Agric. Publ. No. 769, Tech. Bull. No. 54.
Clayton, J. L. and D. A. Kennedy. (1980) A comparison of the nutrient content of rocky mountain Douglas-fir and ponderosa pine trees. U. S. D. A. Forest Service. Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station Research Note, Int-281, February.
Cook, C. W. and L. E. Harris. (1950) The nutritive content of the grazing sheep's diet on summer and winter ranges of Utah. Utah Agr. Expt. Stn. Bull. No. 342.
Cook, C. W., L. A. Stoddart and L. E. Harris. (1956) Comparative nutritive value and palatability of some introduced and native forage plants for spring and summer grazing. Utah. Agr. Expt. Stn. Bull. No. 385.
Cooper, M. R. and A. W. Johnson. (1984) Poisonous Plants in Britain and their effects on Animals and Man. Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries and Food, Reference Book 161, London, U. K.
Coulson, C. B. (1953) Amino-acids in marine algae. Chemistry and Industry September: 971-972.
Coulson, C. B. (1955) Plant Proteins. V. Proteins and amino-acids of marine algae. J. Sci. Food Agr. 6:674-682.
Cox, R. L. (1983) Chemical investigations into the ichthyotoxic effect of Lomatium dissectum. Unpublished B. Sc. Thesis, Reed College, Portland.
Coxworth, E. C. M., J. M. Bell, and R. Ashford. (1969) Preliminary evaluation of Russian thistle, kochia and garden atriplex as potential high protein content seed crops for semiarid areas. Can. J. Plant Sci. 49:427-434.
Crooke, W. M., A. H. Knight and J. Keay. (1964) Mineral composition, cation-exchange properties and uronic acid content of various tissues of conifers. Forest Science 10:415- 427.
Davidson, H. (1960) Nutrient-element composition of leaves from selected species of woody ornamental plants. American Society for Horticultural Science 76:667-672.
Davidson, J. Douglas fir sugar. (1919) The Canadian Field Naturalist 33:6-9, April.
Densmore, F. (1939) Nootka and Quileute Music. Bur. Amer. Ethnol., Bull. No. 24. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C.
Densmore, F. (1928) Users of Plants by the Chippewa [Ojibwa] Indians. Bur. Amer. Ethnology, 44th Ann. Rep. (Reproduced as How Indians Use Wild Plants for Food, Medicine and Crafts, Dover Publications Inc., New York, 1974.)
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. (1970) Linguistic and Cultural Affiliations of Canadian Indian Bands. Indian Affairs Branch, Ottawa, Ont.
Deren'ko, S. A. (1978) Carotenoids of the fruit of Sorbus aucuparia. Chem. Nat. Cpds. 4:454-455.
Dolya, V. S., K. E. Koreshchuk, E. N. Shkurupii and N. A. Kaminskii. (1974) Oils of three representatives of the family cruciferae. II. Chem. Nat. Cpds. 10:447-449.
Dore, W. G. (1971) Canada onion: its method of spread into Canada. Naturalist Canadien 98:385-400.
Dore, W. G. (1970) The wild Canada onion. The Herbarist 36:34-38.
Dore, W. G. (1969) Wild-rice. Canada Department of Agriculture, Research Branch Publication No. 1393, Ottawa, Ont.
Dore, W. G. (1970) A wild ground-bean, Amphicarpa, for the garden. Greenhouse- Garden-Grass 9 (2):7-11.
Dorrell, D. G. and E. D. P. Whelan. (1978) Chemical and morphological characteristics of seeds of some sunflower species. Crop Sci. 18:969-971.
Draper, H. H. and C. C. K. Wei Wo. (1978) Metabolic Parameters: Plasma, Vitamin E and Cholesterol Levels in Alaskan Eskimos. In: Eskimos of NW Alaska—A Biol. Perspective. Jamison, Zegura, Milan, Ed. Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, Inc. Penn., 7 pp.
Drury, H. F. and S. G. Smith. (1953) Alaskan wild plants as an emergency food source. 4th Alaskan Science Conference Proceedings, pp. 155-159.
Duke, J. A. (1977) Nutritional values for crop diversification matrix. Ecol. Food Nutr. 6:39 p.
Duke, J. A. and A. A. Atchley. (1986) Handbook of Proximate Analysis Tables of Higher Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, 389 pp.
Duke, J. A., B. O. De Lumen, P. S. Reyes and R. M. Devlin. Analysis of the American "groundnut'' Apios americana Medik. (In Process).
Dykyjova, D. and S. Pribil. (1975) Energy content in the biomass of emergent macro-phytes and their ecological efficiency. Arch. Hydro. 75(1):90-108.
Earle, F. R. and Q. Jones. (1962) Analyses of seed samples from 113 plant families. Economic Botany 16:221-250.
Eberling, W. (1986) Handbook of Indian Foods and Fibers of Arid America. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley.
Edrees, M., M. S. Shaulkamy, S. S. Mabrouk and A. F. Abdel-fattah. (1975) Studies on the composition of sunflower seed heads. Qualt. Plant. Pl. Fds. Hum. Nutr. XXV (3/4):247-252.
Edwards, G. T. (1979) Indian spaghetti. The Beaver (Autumn):4-11
Eidlitz, K. (1969) Food and Emergency Food in the Circumpolar Area. Studia Ethnographica Upsaliensia, Vol. 32.
Eklund, A. and G. Agren. (1975) Nutritive value of poppy seed protein. J. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc. 52 (6): 188-190.
El'yashevych, O. H. (1973) Determination of ascorbic-acid in the fruit of the dog rose. Farmatsevtichnii zhurnal (Kiev)-Cisti 28 (2):95. (Ukrainian)
Eliseev, I. P., V. A. Fefelov and E. Yu. Skorikova. (1979) Morphological and Biochemical variability in Hippophae rhamnoides of the Taldy-kurgansk Region. Rastitel'nye Resursy 15 (4):540-544. (Russian)
Enzmann, J. W., R. D. Goodrich and J. C. Meiske. (1969) Chemical composition and nutritive value of poplar bark. J. Animal Sci. 29:653-660.
Erkama, J., A. Salminen and I. Sinkkonen. (1953) Uber den spurenelementengehalt einiger gewohnlichsten Finnischen beerenfruchte. Suomen kemistilenti. Acta 26 (b):20-22. (German)
Etherington, J. R. and M. S. Davies. (1978) Analysis of iron in organic materials: An unrecognized problem of volatility. Plant and Soil 50:497-502.
Everson, A. C. (1966) Effects of frequent clipping at different stubble heights on western wheatgrass (Agropyron smithii, Rydb.). Agronomy J. 58:33-35.
Fairbairn, C. B. and B. Thomas. (1959) The potential nutritive value of some weeds common to north-eastern England. J. British Grassland Society 14:36-46.
Falkowski, M. and I. Kukulka. (1977) Carotene content as a characteristic feature of meadow plants. Rocz, Nauk Rolniczych Seria F 79 (3):97-104. (Polish)
FAO, (1988) Traditional Food Plants. FAO Food and Nutrition Paper 42, Rome.
Feine, L. B., R. R. Harwood, C. S. Kauffman and J. P. Senft. (1979) Amaranth, gentle giant of the past and future. In: New Agricultural Crops. Ritchie, G. A. Editor. Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, USA.
Felger, R. and M. B. Moser. (1973) Eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) in the Gulf of California: Discovery of its nutritional value to the Seri Indians. Science 181:355-356.
Fenn, L. A., M. A. Norris, and N. J. Turner. (1978) Uses of Plants by Native Peoples of the Pacific Rim National Park Area. Unpublished report to Parks Canada, Western Region, Calgary, Alberta.
Fernald, M. L., A. C. Kinsey, and R. C. Rollins. (1958) Edible Wild Plants of Eastern North America. Harper & Row, Publ., New York.
Fonseca, H., J. N. Nogueira and A. M. S. Marcondes. (1969) Teor de acido ascorbico e beta-caroteno—frutas e hortalicas Brasileiras. Archivos Latino-Amer. De Nutr. 19:9-15. (Spanish)
Ford, R. I. (198 la) Gardening and farming before A. D. 1000: patterns of prehistoric cultivation north of Mexico. J. Ethnobiology 1(1):6-27. Ford, R. I. (1981b) Ethnobotany in North America: an historical phytogeographic perspective. Can. J. Botany 59:2178-2189.
Ford, R. I. (1985) Prehistoric Food Production in North America. Anthropological Papers No. 75, Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
Franke, W. and M. Lawrenz. (1980) On the contents of protein and its composition of amino acids in leaves of some medicinal and spice plants, edible as greens. Herba Hungarica 19 (1):71-82.
Franklin, Sir John. (1823, repr. 1924) Narrative of a Journey to the Polar Sea, in the years 1819, 20, 21, and 22. J. M. Dent and Sons Ltd., London.
Furr, A. K., T. F. Parkinson, F. E. Winch, Jr., C. A. Bache, W. H. Gutenmann, I. S. Pakkala and D. J. Lisk. (1979) Elemental composition of New York State maple syrups sampled near sources of air pollution. Nutrition Reports International 20(6):765-769.
Gabriel, W. J. and D. W. Seegrist. (1977) Phenotypic variation in sap sugar among sugar maple stands in northeastern United States. Proc. Northeastern Forest Tree Improvement Conference (24):41-49.
Gadzhieva, G. G. (1975) The high-vitamin sweetbriar of Azerbaidzhan. Izvestiia Akad Nauk Azerbaidzhan Skoy Ssr. Ser Biol Nauk No. 2:7-10.
Gagnon, J. D. (1966) Free amino-acid content in needles of Abies balsamea and Picea mariana growing on different sites. Nature 212:844.
Galinat, W. C. (1985) Domestication and diffusion of maize. In: Ford, R. I., ed. Pre historic Food Production in North America. Anthropological Papers No. 75, Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
Gallander, J. F. and A. C. Peng. (1980) Lipid and fatty acid compositions of different grape types. American J. Enology and Viticulture 31 (1):24-27.
Galloway, B. (1982) Upper Sto:lo Ethnobotany. Coqualeetza Education Training Centre, Sardis, B. C.
Gastler, G. F., A. L. Moxon and W. T. McKean. (1951) Composition of some plants eaten by deer in the Black Hills of South Dakota. J. Wildlife Management 15 (4):352-357.
Geographic Board, Canada. (1913) Handbook of Indians of Canada. Appendix to the Tenth Report of the Geographic Board of Canada, Ottawa.
Gerloff, G. C, D. D. Moore, and J. T. Curtis. (1964) Mineral Content of native plants of Wisconsin. Experiment Station, College of Agriculture, University of Wisconsin, Research Report 14.
Gibbons, E. (1966) Stalking the Healthful Herbs. David Mckay Co. Inc., New York, pp. 270-281.
Gietl, C. and H. Ziegler, (1980) Distribution of carbohydrate-binding proteins in different tissues of Robinia pseudoacacia L. Biochemie Und Physiologie De Pflanzen 175:58-66.
Gilmore, M. R. (1925) The ground bean and its uses. Indian Notes 2:178-182.
Gilmore, M.R.(1931) Dispersal by Indians, a factor in the extension of discontinuous distribution of certain species of native plants. Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters 13:89-94.
Gilmore, M. R. (1933) Some Chippewa uses of plants. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Sciences 17:119-143.
Golubeva, G. S. (1970) Free-amino acid content of red clover (Trifolium pratense) depending on the level of mineral nutrient. Moskovskaia Sel'skokhoziaistvennaia Akad Doklady 159:49-53.
Gorman, M. W. (1896) Economic botany of southeastern Alaska. Pittonia III, Pt. 14:64-85.
Grace, N. D. and D. Scott. (1974) Diet and mineral nutrition of sheep on undeveloped and developed tussock grassland. 1. The macro and micro element composition of blood plasma and herbage. New Zealand J. Agr. Res. 17:165-175.
Greenhouse, R. (1979) The Iron and Calcium Content of Some Traditional Pima Foods and the Effect of Preparation Methods. Thesis, Arizona State University.
Gribovskaja, I. F., N. A. Ugulava and A. V. Karjakin. (1978) Content of micro-elements and vitamins in the fruits of the dog rose. Agroximija 4:108-111. (Russian)
Griffin, L. C. and R. M. Rowlett. (1981) A "lost" Viking cereal grain. J. Ethnobiology 1 (2):200-207.
Gunther, E. (1945, rev. 1973) Ethnobotany of Western Washington. University of Washington Publications in Anthropology, 10 (1). University of Washington Press, Seattle.
Gupta, P. C. and K. Pradhan. (1975) Effect of stage of maturity on chemical composition and in vitro nutrient digestibility of non-legume forages. Indian J. Animal Sci. 45 (7):433-437.
Hall, C. F. (1865) Life with the Esquimaux: a Narrative of Arctic Experience in Search of Survivors of Sir John Franklin's expedition. London, U. K.
Hamilton, J. W. and C. S. Gilbert. (1966) Composition of three species of Vaccinium. Advancing Frontiers of Plant Science 17:71- 80.
Harrington, H. D. (1967) Edible Native Plants of the Rocky Mountains. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.
Harris, G. H. (1890) Root foods of the Seneca Indians. Proceedings of the Rochester Academy of Science 1:106-115.
Harris, P. L., M. I. Quaife and W. J. Swanson. (1950) Vitamin E content of foods. J. of Nutrition 40:367.
Harrold, R. L. and J. D. Nalewaja. (1977) Proximate, mineral and amino acid composition of 15 weed seeds. J. Animal Sci. 44 (3):389-394.
Hart, G. H., H. R. Guilbert and H. Goss. (1932) Seasonal Changes in the Chemical Composition of Range Forage and Their Relation To Nutrition of Animals. California Agr. Expt. Station, Berkeley, California, Bull. No. 543.
Hart, J. (1974) Plant Taxonomy of the Salish and Kootenai Indians of Western Montana. M. A. Thesis, University of Montana, Missoula.
Hart, J. (1976) Montana-Native Plants and Early Peoples. The Montana Historical Society and The Montana Bicentennial Administration, Helena, MT.
Hart, J. (1979) The ethnobotany of the Flathead Indians of Western Montana. Botanical Museum Leaflets, Harvard University 27 (10):261-307.
Hart, J. (1981) The ethnobotany of the Cheyenne Indians of Montana. J. Ethnopharmacology 4:1-55.
Haustveit, G. and J. K. Wold. (1970) Higher-carbon sugars of opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L.). Acta. Chem. Scand 24 (8):3059-3061.
Havera, S. P. and K. E. Smith. (1979) A Nutritional Comparison of Selected Fox Squirrel Foods. J. Wildlife Management 43 (3):691- 704.
Hawkes, E. W. (1916) The Labrador Eskimo. Canada Department of Mines, Geological Survey, Memoir 91, Ottawa, Ont.
Health and Welfare Canada. (1979) Nutritive Value of Some Common Foods. Health Services and Promotion Branch and Health Protection Branch. Minister of Supply and Services Canada.
Hearne, S. (ed. by Tyrrell, J. B.) (1911) A Journey from Prince of Wale's Fort in Hudson's Bay to the Northern Ocean in the years 1769,1770,1771, and 1772. The Champlain Society, Toronto.
Hedrick, U. P. (1972) Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications, Inc., New York.
Heiser, C. B. (1951) The sunflower among the North American Indians. Proc. Amer. Philosophical Society 95:432-448.
Heiser, C. B. (1976) The Sunflower. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.
Heiser, C. B. (1985) Some botanical considerations of the early domesticated plants north of Mexico. In: Ford, R. I., ed. Prehistoric Food Production in North America. Anthropological Papers No. 75, Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
Heller, C. A. (1976) Wild Edible and Poisonous Plants of Alaska. Cooperative Extension Service Bulletin F-40, University of Alaska, College.
Hellson, J. C. and M. Gadd. (1974) Ethnobotany of the Blackfoot Indians. National Museum of Man Mercury Series, Canadian Ethnology Service Paper No. 19, Ottawa.
Hilker, D. M. (1968) Antithiamine factors in blueberries. Internat'l Z. Vit. Forschung. 38:398-391.
Hilty, I. E., J. H. Peters, E. M. Benson, M. A. Edwards and L. T. Miller. (1972) Nutritive Values of Native Foods of Warm Springs Indians. Extension Service, Oregon State University, Extension Circular 809, July.
Ho, Y. B. (1979) Chemical composition studies on some aquatic macrophytes in three Scottish lochs. I. Chlorophyll, ash, carbon, nitrogen and phosphorous. Hydrobiologia 63 (2):161-166.
Ho, Y. B. (1979) Chemical composition studies on some aquatic macrophytes in three Scottish lochs. II. Potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium and iron. Hydrobiologia 64 (3):209-213.
Ho, Y. B. (1981) Mineral Element content in Ulva lactuca L. With reference to eutrophication in Hong Kong Coastal Waters. Hydrobiologia 77:43-47.
Ho, M. L., F. A. Farmer and H. R. Neilson. (1971) Amino acid content of birds, fish and mammals from Northern Canada. J. Can. Diet. Assoc. 32:198-203.
Hoar, W. S. and M. Barberie. (1945) Distribution of riboflavin in fresh and processed fish. Can. J. of Research 23 (Sec E):8-18.
Hoffman, I., F. S. Nowosad and W. J. Cody. (1967) Ascorbic acid and carotene values of native eastern arctic plants. Can. J. of Botany 45:1859-1862.
Holgate, K. C. (1950) Changes in the composition of maple sap during the tapping season. New York State Agr. Expt. Sta., Geneva, N. Y., Bull. No. 742.
Holman, M. B. and K. C. Egan. (1985) Processing maple sap with prehistoric techniques. J. Ethnobiology 5 (1):61-73.
Honigmann, J. J. (1946) Ethnography and Acculturation of the Fort Nelson Slave. Yale University Publications in Anthropology No. 33, Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.
Honigmann, J. J. (1946) Culture and Ethos of Kaska Society. Yale University Publications in Anthropology No. 40, Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.
Honigmann, J. J. (1961) Foodways in a Muskeg Community. Department of Northern Affairs and Natural Resources, Ottawa.
Hooper, H. M. (1984) Nutrient analysis of twenty southeast Alaska native foods. Alaska Native News, Sept. 24-28.
Hoque, T., A. H. Bhuiya and K. Ahmad. (1976) Studies on dark green leafy vegetables of Bangladesh. I Analysis for proteins and their biological values. Bangladesh J. Biol. Sci. 5 (1):31-34.
Hosie, R. C. (1969) Native Trees of Canada. Canadian Forestry Service, Department of the Environment, Ottawa.
Hoygaard, A. and H. W. Rasmussen. (1939) Vitamin C sources in Eskimo food. Nature 143:943.
Hunn, E. S. (1981) On the relative contribution of men and women to subsistence among hunter-gatherers of the Columbia Plateau: a comparison with Ethno graphic Atlas summaries. J. Ethnobiology 1 (1): 124-134.
Hunn, E. S. and D. H. French. (1981) Lomatium: a key resource for Columbia Plateau native subsistence. Northwest Science 55 (2):87- 94.
Hunter, G. and J. Tuba. (1943) Note on rose hips and evergreens as sources of vitamin C. Can. Medical Assoc. Journal 48:30-32.
Hussain, M. A. (1987) Promoting under-exploited food plants in Africa. A brief for policy makers. Food Policy and Nutrition Division, FAO, Rome.
Ifon, E. T. and O. Bassir. (1979) The nutritive value of some Nigerian leafy green vegetables—Part I: Vitamin and mineral contents. Food Chem. 4 (4):263-267.
Ikramova, M. M., A. I. Golovatyj and E. P. Trofimova. (1977) Content of vitamin C, carotene and crude fat in fruits of (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) from western Pamir. Akad. Nauk Tadzhikskoi Ssr Otdelendie Biol. Akboroti Izvestiia 4 (69):51-54. (Russian)
Indira, R. and M. S. Naik. (1971) Nutrient composition and protein quality of some minor millets. Indian J. Agr. Sci. 41:795-797.
Ingestad, T. (1957) Studies on the nutrition of forest tree seedlings. I. Mineral nutrition of birch. Physiologia Plant. 10:418-439.
Ingestad, T. (1960) Studies on the nutrition of forest tree seedlings, III. Mineral nutrition of pine. Physiologia Plant. 13:513-533.
Isik, K. (1978) White fir growth and foliar nutrient concentration in California plantations. Forest Sci. 24 (3):374- 384.
Jack, E. (1983) The Abenakis of Saint John River. Transactions of the Canadian Institute, Vol. III, 1891-92:195-205.
Jacobs, M. and M. Jacobs. (1982) Southeast Alaska Native Foods. In: Hope, A., ed. Raven's Bones, Sitka.
Jamalian, J. and P. L. Pellet. (1968) Nutritional value of Middle Eastern foodstuffs IV. Amino acid composition. J. Sci. Food Agr. 19:378-382.
Janauer, G. A. (1977) Amino acids in aquatic macrophytes. Z. Pflanzenphysiologie 82:45-50.
Jansson, O. (1974) Phylloquinone (Vitamin K1) levels in leaves of plant species differing in susceptibility to 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. Physiol. Plant 31:323-325.
Japanese Dietetic Association, (undated) Standard Table of Food Composition.
Jenks, A. E. (1977) The Wild Rice Gatherers of the Upper Lakes. J. & L. Reprint Company, Lincoln, Nebraska. Reprints in Anthropology, Vol. 9. (orig. Bur. Amer. Ethnology, Ann. Rep. Vol. 19, Pt. 2:1013-1137.)
Jhang, J. J., E. J. Staba and J. V. Kim. (1974) American and Korean ginseng tissue culture: growth, chemical analysis and plantlet production. In vitro 9:253-257.
Johansson, A. and L-A. Appelqvist. (1979) The sterol composition of freshly harvested compared to stored seeds of rape, sunflower and poppy. J. American Oil Chem. Soc. 56:995-997.
Johns, T. and Kubo, I. (1988) A survey of traditional methods employed for the detoxification of plant foods. J. Ethnobiol. 8:81-129.
Johnston, A. (1987) Plants and the Blackfoot. Lethbridge Historical Society, Historical Society of Alberta, Occas. Paper No. 15.
Johnston, A., L. M. Bezeau, and S. Smoliak. (1968) Chemical composition and in vitro digestibility of alpine tundra plants. J. Wildlife Management 32 (4):773-77.
Johnston, A. and L. M. Bezeau. (1962) Chemical composition of range forage plants of the Festuca Scabrella Association. Can. J. of Plant Sci. 42:105-115.
Jones, Q. and F. R. Earle. (1966) Chemical analyses of seeds II: Oil and protein content of 759 species. Economic Botany 20:127- 155.
Jones, A. (1983) Nauriat Nigihaqtuat. Plants That We Eat. (Eskimo Plant Foods). Maniilaq Association, Kotzebue, AK.
Jones, D. B., K. R. Christian and R. W. Snaydon. (1971) Chemical composition and in vitro digestibility of some weed species during summer. Australian J. Expt. Agr. and Animal Husbandry 11:403-406.
Kaldy, M. S., A. Johnston and D. B. Wilson. (1980) Nutritive value of Indian breadroot, squaw-root and Jerusalem artichoke. Economic Botany 34 (4):352-357.
Karawya, M. S., G. M. Wassel, H. H. Baghdadi and Z. F. Ahmed. (1972) Phytochemical study of certain Salsola species. General analysis, carbohydrates and lipids. PL Med. 21:173-176.
Kari, P. R. (1987) Tanaina Plantlore. Dena'ina K'et'una. An Ethnobotany of the Dena'ina Indians of Southcentral Alaska. National Park Service, Alaska Region, Anchorage.
Kartnig, Von Th. and C. Y. Ri. (1973) Thinlayer chromatography of the sugar components of the saponins from Primula veris and P. elatior. Planta Med. 23 (4):379-380. (German)
Katz, S. H., Hediger, M. L. and Valleroy, L. A. (1974) Traditional maize processing in the New World. Science 184:765- 773.
Kavasch, E. B. (1981) Guide to Northeastern Wild Edibles. Hancock House Publishers, North Vancouver, B. C.
Kaye, B. and D. W. Moodie. (1978) The psoralea food resource of the northern Plains. Plains Anthropologist 23:329-336.
Keely, P. B. (1980) Nutrient Composition of Selected Important Plant Foods of the Pre-contact Diet of the Northwest Native American People. Thesis, University of Washington.
Kennedy, B. (1974) Composition of some of the foods known to have been eaten by the Paiutes of Northern Nevada. (Unpublished Observations)
Kennedy, C. (1924) The nutritive properties of wild rice (Zizania aquatica). J. Agricultural Research 27 (4):219-224.
Khan, F. W., P. Gul and A. G. Marwat. (1977) Chemical evaluation of Quercus, Ilex seed and oil. Pakistani J. Of Forestry 27:98-100.
Kim, J., J. M. Pezzuta, D. D. Soejarto, F. A. Lang, and A. D. Kinghorn. (1988) Polypodoside A, an intensely sweet constituent of the rhizomes of Polypodium glycyrrhiza. J. Natural Products 51 (6):1166-1172.
Kindscher, K. (1987) Edible Wild Plants of the Prairie. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
King, T. R. and H. E. McClure. (1944) Chemical composition of some American wild feedstuffs. J. Agr. Res. 69 (1):33-46.
Kingsbury, J. M. (1964) Poisonous Plants of the United States and Canada. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N. J.
Koljonen, T. (1974) Selenium uptake by plants in Finland. Oikos 25:353-355.
Koltzova, M. A. (1980) Trace element content in various types of ash berries. Biol. Zhurnal Armenii 33 (1):95-99. (Russian)
Kondrashov, V. T. (1979) Hippophae rhamnoides L. of the Kaliningrad region as a source of vitamins and initial material for selection. Rastitel'nye Resursy 15 (1): 19-28. (Russian)
Konlande, J. E. and J. R. K. Robson. (1972) The nutritive value of cooked camas as consumed by Flathead Indians. Ecol. Food Nutr. 2:193-195.
Korovka, L. S. (1976) The content of ascorbic acid in wild edible plants of the Kompermjats National Region. Voprosy Pitania 6:76-77. (Russian)
'Ksan, People of. (1980) Gathering What the Great Nature Provided. Food Traditions of the Gitksan. Douglas & Mclntyre, Vancouver and University of Washington Press, Seattle.
Kubicek, F. (1977) Energy Values of selected species of the herbaceous layer and organic litter in the forest ecosystem. Biologia (Bratislava) 32 (7):505-515.
Kubota, J., S. Rieger and V. A. Lazar. (1970) Mineral composition of herbage browsed by moose in Alaska. J. Wildlife Management 34 (3):565-569.
Kuhnlein, H. V. (1984a) Traditional and contemporary Nuxalk foods. Nutr. Res. 4:789-809.
Kuhnlein, H. V. (1984b) Nutritional value of traditional food practices. In: McLoughlin, J. V. and McKenna, B. M, eds. Proceedings of the 6th International Congress Food Science and Technology, Boole Press.
Kuhnlein, H. V. (1985) Wild foods for modern diets. In: Weininger, J. and Briggs, G. M, eds. Nutrition Update Vol. II, Wiley Inc.
Kuhnlein, H. V. (1986) Food sample collection for nutrient analyses in ethnobiological studies. J. Ethnobiology 6 (1): 19-25.
Kuhnlein, H. V. (1989a) Change in use of traditional foods by the Nuxalk Native people of British Columbia in: Pelto G. H. and Vargas, L. A. Perspectives in Dietary Change. Intern. Nutr. Found., Cambridge.
Kuhnlein, H. V. (1989b) Factors influencing use of traditional foods among the Nuxalk People. J. Can. Diet. Assoc. 50:102-108.
Kuhnlein, H. V. (1989c) Nutrient values in indigenous wild berries used by the Nuxalk People of Bella Coola, British Columbia. J. Food Comp. and Analysis 2:28-36.
Kuhnlein, H. V. (1990) Unpublished Data, McGill University.
Kuhnlein, H. V. (1990) Nutrient values in indigenous wild plant greens and roots used by the Nuxalk people of Bella Coola, British Columbia. J. of Food Composition and Analysis.
Kuhnlein, H. V., D. H. Calloway and B. H. Harland. (1979) Composition of traditional Hopi foods. J. Amer. Diet. Assoc. 75 (1):37-41.
Kuhnlein, H. V., A. C. Chan, J. N. Thompson and S. Nakai. (1982) Ooligan grease: a nutritious fat used by Native people of coastal British Columbia. J. Ethnobiology 2 (2):154-161.
Kuhnlein, H. V., N. J. Turner and P. D. Kluckner. (1982) Nutritional significance of two important "root" foods (Springbank Clover and Pacific Silverweed). Ecol. of Food and Nutr. 12:89-95.
Kuhnlein, H. V. and N. J. Turner. (1987) Cow-parsnip (Heracleum lanatum): an in digenous vegetable of native people of northwestern North America. J. Ethnobiology 6 (2):309-324.
Kuhnlein, H. V. and S. A. Moody. (1989) Evaluation of the Nuxalk Food and Nutrition Program: traditional food use by a Native Indian group in Canada. J. Nutr. Educ. 21:127-132.
Kunsch, U. and A. Temperli. (1978) Influence of the ripening process and the use of nitrogen fertilizer on the content of free and bound amino acids in black elder berries. Qual. Plant.—PI Fds. Hum Nutr. 28 (3):233-240. (German)
Kvet, J. (1975) Growth and Mineral nutrients in shoots of Typha latifolia. L. Symp. Biologica Hungarica 15:113-123.
Lacey, L. (1977) Micmac Indian Medicine: a Traditional Way of Health. Formac, Antigonish, N. S.
Laforet, A., N. J. Turner and A. York. (1990) Traditional foods of the Fraser Canyon Nlaka'pamux. In: Montler, T. and T. Mattina, eds., Lawrence C. Thompson Festschrift, in press.
Lamont, S. M. (1977) The Fisherman Lake Slave and Their Environment—a Story of Floral and Faunal Resources. Unpubl. M. Sc. thesis, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon.
Larsen, B. A. and W. W. Hawkins. (1961) Nutritional value as protein of some of the nitrogenous constituents of two marine algae, Chondrus crispus and Laminaria digitata. J. Sci. Food Agr. 12:523-529.
Leaf, A. L. (1964) Pure maple syrup: nutritive value. Science 143:963-964.
Leaf, A. L. and K. G. Watterston. (1964) Chemical analysis of sugar maple sap and foliage as related to sap and sugar yields. Forest Sci. 10 (3):288-292.
Leechman, D. (1954) The Vanta Kutchin. Canada Department of Northern Affairs and National Resources, Bulletin No. 130, Anthropological Series No. 33, Ottawa.
Leighton, A. L. (1985) Wild Plant Use by the Woods Cree (Nihithawak) of East-Central Saskatchewan. Canadian Ethnology Service Paper No. 101, National Museum of Man, Mercury Series, National Museums of Canada, Ottawa.
Lepofsky, D., N. J. Turner, and H. V. Kuhnlein. (1985) Determining the availability of traditional wild plant foods: an example of Nuxalk foods, Bella Coola, B. C. Ecol. Food Nutr. 16:223-241.
Levine, R. D. (1973) Notes on a Haida Text: 1 [gathering herring spawn from Macrocystis]. The Charlottes. A Journal of the Queen Charlotte Islands. Queen Charlotte Island Museum Society 2:28-32.
Lewis, O. A. M., B. M. G. Shanley and E. F. Hennessy. (1968) The leaf protein nutritional value of four wild plants used as dietary supplements by the Zulu. In: Proteins & Food Supply in the Rep. Of South Africa. Symp. VII. Classens, J. W. and H. J. Potgieter Ed., 526 pp.
Lima, I. H., T. Richardson and M. A. Stahmann. (1965) Leaf proteins as foodstuffs: Fatty acids in some leaf protein concentrates. J. Agr. Food Chem. 13 (2):143-145.
Lindlof, B., E. Lindstrom, and A. Pehrson. (1974) Nutrient content in relation to food preferred by mountain hare. J. Wildlife Management 38 (4):875-879.
Linn, J. G., E. J. Staba, R. D. Goodrich, J. C. Meiske and D. E. Otterby. (1975) Nutritive value of dried or ensiled aquatic plants. 1. Chemical composition. J. Animal Sci. 41 (2):601-609.
Litchfield, J. H., V. G. Vely and R. C. Overbeck. (1963) Nutrient content of morel mushroom mycelium: Amino acid composition of the protein. J. Food Sci. 28:741-743.
Llano, G. A. (1944) Economic uses of lichens. Botanical Review 10:33-36.
Lopez, H., J. M. Navia, D. Clement and R. S. Harris. (1963) Nutrient composition of Cuban foods, III. Foods of vegetable origin. J. Food Sci. 28:600-610.
Lund, A. P. and W. M. Sandstrom. (1943) The proteins of various tree seeds. J. Agr. Research 66 (9):349-355.
Lunde, G. and J. Lie. (1938) Vitamin C. in meeresalgen. Hoppe-seyler 's Zeitschrift F. Physiol. Chem. 254:227-240.
Macpherson, M. G. and E. G. Young. (1949) The chemical composition of marine algae. Can J. of Research 27 (C):73-77.
Madlener, J. C. (1977) The Seavegetable Book Clarkson N. Potter, Inc., New York.
Mahna, S. K. and D. Singh. (1974) Free Ascorbic acid from solanaceous plants and their mutants. Indian J. Pharmacy 36 (6): 138-140.
Makinen, K. K. and E. Soderling. (1980) A quantitative study of mannitol, sorbitol, xylitol and xylose in wild berries and commercial fruits. J. Food Sci. 45:367-371.
Mann, G. V., E. M. Scott, L. M. Hursch, C. A. Heller, J. B. Youmans, C. F. Consolazio, E. B. Bridgforth, A. L. Russel and M. Silverman. (1962) The health and nutritional status of Alaskan Eskimos. Amer. Journal of Clinical Nutr. 11:31-76.
Maries, R. J. (1984) The Ethnobotany of the Chipewyan of Northern Saskatchewan. Unpubl. M. Sc. Thesis, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon.
Marten, G. C. and R. N. Andersen. (1975) Forage nutritive value and palatability of 12 common annual weeds. Crop Sci. 15:821-827.
Martovitskaja, A. M. and A. M. Sveshnikov. (1974) The chemical composition and productivity of Helianthus tuberosus. Vestnik Sel'skokhoziaistvenna 17 (4):37-42. (Russian)
Mautz, W. W., H. Silver, J. B. Holter, H. H. Hayes and W. E. Urban Jr. (1976) Digestibility and related nutritional data for seven northern deer browse species. J. Wildlife Management 40 (4):630-638.
Mazza, G. (1982) Chemical composition of Saskatoon berries (Amelanchier alnifolia Nutt.). Journal of Food Science 47:1730- 1731.
McLean, A. and E. W. Tisdale. (1960) Chemical composition of native forage plants in British Columbia in relation to grazing practices. Can. J. Plant Sci. 40:405-423.
Meals for Millions Foundation and Save the Children Foundation. (1980) Wild Greens for the Desert People.
Medical Services Branch. (1985) Native Foods and Nutrition. An Illustrated Reference Resource. Minister of National Health and Welfare, Ottawa.
Medsger, O. P. (1974) Edible Wild Plants, (orig. publ. 1939). Collier Books, New York.
Meredith, F. I., M. H. Gaskins and G. G. Dull. (1974) Amino acid losses in turnip greens (Brassica rapa L.) during handling and processing. J. Food Sci. 39:689-691.
Miller, D. F. (1958) Composition of Cereal Grains and Forages. Publ. 585. National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Washington, D. C. 663 pp.
Miller, J. A. (1973) Naturally occurring substances that can induce tumors. In: Toxicants Occurring Naturally in Foods. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D. C.
Mitchell, H. L. (1936) Trends in the nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and calcium content of the leaves of some forest trees during the growing season. Black Rock Forest Papers 1 (6):30-44.
Moore, M. I. Sugar Maple, (undated) Forestry Service, Environment Canada, Ottawa.
Morgan, K. C, J. L. C. Wright, and F. J. Simpson. (1980) Review of chemical constituents of the red alga Palmaria palmata (Dulse). Econ. Botany 34 (1):27-50.
Morice, Rev. Father A. G. (1893) Notes archaeological, industrial and sociological on the Western Denes. Transactions of the Canadian Institute. Vol. 4:1-222.
Morton, J. F. (1975) Cattails (Typha spp.)—Weed problem or potential crop? Economic Botany 29:7-29.
Morton, J. F. (1963) Principle wild food plants of the United States excluding Alaska and Hawaii. Econ. Botany 17 (4):319-330.
Morton, J. F., G. H. Snyder, and E. A. Oelke. (1980) Wild rice—a promising gourmet crop for the Everglades. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 93:273-278.
Moss, R. (1968) Food selection and nutrition in ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus). Symp. Zool. Soc. London 21:207-216.
Mudroch, A. and J. Capobianco. (1978) Study of selected metals in marshes on Lake St. Clair, Ontario. Archives Fur Hydrobiologie 84 (1):87-108.
Munda, I. M. and F. Gubensek. (1976) The amino acid composition of some common marine algae from Iceland. Botanica Marina 19 (2):85-92.
Murav'ev, I. A. and V. V. Shatulo. (1973) Chemical composition of the berry of Oxycoccus quadripetalus Gilib. Rastitel'nye Resursy 9 (3):379-383. (Russian)
Murray, H. C. and R. Stratton. (1944) Vitamin C content of wild greens. Journal of Nutrition 28:427-430.
Muskat, E. (1963) Influence of temperature on the vitamin C content during the growth of English spinach (Rumex patientia I.). Experientia 19:355-357. (German)
Nabhan, G. P. (1989) Enduring Seeds. Native American Agriculture and Wild Plant Conservation. North Point Press, San Francisco.
National Academy of Science. (1972) Atlas of Nutritional Data on U. S. and Canadian Feed. Washington D. C.
National Research Council, Panel of the Advisory Committee on Technology Innovation. (1981) The Winged Bean. A High Protein Crop for the Tropics. 2nd ed. National Academy Press, Washington, D. C.
National Academy of Science. (1969) U. S. and Canadian Table of Feed Composition. Washington D. C.
Nelson, J. W. and L. S. Palmer. (1942) The thiamin, riboflavin, nicotinic acid, and pantothenic acid contents of wild rice (Zizania aquatica). Cereal Chem. 19 (5):539-540.
Nestler, R. B., J. V. Derby and J. B. DeWitt. (1949) Vitamin A and carotene content of some wildlife foods. J. Wildlife Management 13 (3):271-274.
Newlon, C. F., T. S. Baskett, R. P. Breitenbach and J. A. Stanford. (1964) Sustaining values of emergency foods for bobwhites. J. Wildlife Management 28 (3):532-542.
Nicholson, B. E., S. G. Harrison, G. B. Masefield, and M. Wallis. (1971) The Oxford Book of Food Plants, Oxford University Press, Oxford, U. K.
Norton, H. H. (1979) Evidence for bracken fern as a food for aboriginal peoples of western Washington. Econ. Botany 33:384- 396.
Norton, H. H. (1981) Plant use in Kaigani Haida culture: correction of an ethnohistorical oversight Econ. Botany 35:434- 449.
Nuxalk Food and Nutrition Program. (1984) Nuxalk Food and Nutrition Handbook. Malibu Printing, Richmond, B. C.
Oelke, E. A. (1976) Amino acid content in wild rice (Zizania aquatica L.) grain. Agronomy Journal 68:146-148.
Okiei, W. and I. Adamson. (1979) Nitrate-nitrite, vitamin C and in-vitro methemoglobin formation from some vegetables. Nutrition Reports International 19 (2):241-248.
Okladnikov Yu. N., Ya. B. Vorkel, I. N. Trubachev, N. V. Vlasova and G. S. Kalacheva. (1977) Introduction of chufa in man's ration as a source of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Voprosy Pitania 3:45- 48. (Russian)
Oliveira, J. S. and M. Fidalgo De Carvalho. (1975) Nutritional value of some edible leaves used in Mozambique. Economic Botany 29:255-263.
Ostgard, O. (1973) Fodder Rape: the effect of sowing methods and nitrogen fertilization on yield and chemical composition at different times of harvesting. Forskning Og Forsdek I. Landbruket 24 (6):577-599. (Norwegian)
Oswalt, W. H. (1957) A Western Eskimo ethnobotany. Anthropological Papers of the University of Alaska 6 (1): 17-36.
Oswit, J. and A. Sapek. (1976) Effect of local conditions on trace element content of plants. Zeszyty Problemowe Postepow Nauk Rolniczych 179:211-223. (Russian)
Owen, E. C. (1954) The carotene, carotenoid and chlorophyll contents of some Scottish seaweeds. J. Sci. Food Agr. 449-453.
Palmer, E. (1878) Plants used by the Indians of the United States. American Naturalist 12:593-606, 646-655.
Palmer, G. (1975) Shuswap Indian Ethnobotany. Syesis 8:29-72.
Pankov, Yu. A. and V. P. Gladchenko. (1975) Contents and dynamics of accumulation of ascorbic acids in species of dog rose in the Soviet Far East. Rastitel'nye Resursy 11 (3):394-398. (Russian)
Parker, A. C. (1910) Iroquois uses of maize and other food plants. Bulletin of the New York State Museum 144:119 pp.
Patil, B. A. and G. V. Joshi. (1967) Seasonal variations in chemical composition of Ulva lactuca and Sea Water. Indian J. of Experimental Biology 5 (4):236-238.
Payne, F. F. (1989) Eskimo of Hudson's Strait. Proceedings of the Royal Canadian Institute 3, Series 6.
Pelletier, G. and E. Donefer. (1973) Nutritive value of fresh and dried marrow-stem kale harvested at two different periods. Can J. Animal Sci. 53:257-263.
Pestemer, W. and S. Holtkamp. (1978) Influence of metobromuron (Patoran) on yield and vitamin C content of com salad. Biolotgischen Bundesanstalt Fur Land. 30 (7):97-99.
Pilnik, W. and G. J. Vervelde. (1976) Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus I.) as a source of fructose, a natural alternative sweetener. Z. Acker-und Pflanzenbau J. Agron. and Crop Sci. 142:153-162.
Porsild, A. E. (1953) Edible plants of the Arctic. Arctic 6 (1): 15-34.
Porsild, A. E. (1945) Emergency Food in Arctic Canada. Canadian Department of Mines and Resources, National Museum of Canada, Special Contribution No. 45-1, Ottawa.
Porsild, A. E. and W. J. Cody. (1980) Vascular Plants of Continental Northwest Territories, Canada. National Museum of Natural Sciences, National Museums of Canada, Ottawa.
Porsild, A. E. (1937) Edible Roots and Berries of Northern Canada. National Museum of Canada, and Canada Department of Mines and Resources, Ottawa. Porsild, A. E. (1964) Illustrated Flora of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. National Museum of Canada, Bulletin No. 146, Ottawa.
Port Simpson Curriculum Committee. (1983) Port Simpson Foods. The People of
Port Simpson and School District No. 52 (Prince Rupert), Prince Rupert, B. C. Potter, I. E. (1976) If it didn't grow by itself, you'd grow it. Organic Gard. Farming 23 (7):66.
Prange, R. K. (1980) Responses of the ostrich fern, Matteuccia struthiopteris (L.) Todaro, to lime, soil moisture, and irradiance. Proceedings of the Nova Scotia Institute of Science 30:171-181.
Pulliainen, E. (1972) Nutrition of the arctic hare (Lepus timidus) in northeastern Lapland. Ann. Zool. Fennici. 9:17-22.
Pulliainen, E. (1978) The nutritive value of rowan-berries, Sorbus aucuparia L., for birds and mammals. Aquilo. Seria Zool 18:28-32.
Pullianen, E. (1970) Winter nutrition of the rock ptarmigan, Lagopus mutus (Montin),in northern Finland. Ann. Zool. Fennici. 7:295-302.
Radu-salageanu, V. (1972) The content of soluble protein substances in the leaves of various wild and cultivated plants. Studii Si Cercetari De Biol. Ser. Bot. 24 (5):419-422. (Rumanian)
Radwan, M. A., W. D. Ellis and G. L. Crouch. (1978) Chemical composition and deer browsing of red alder foliage. U. S. D. A. Forest Service Research Papers Pnw-246 pg. 1-6.
Rattray, P. V. and J. P. Joyce. (1974) Nutritive value of white clover and perennial ryegrass IV. Utilization of dietary energy. N. Z.J. of Agr. Research 17:401-406.
Rawlence, D. J. and J. S. Whitton. (1977) Elements in aquatic macrophytes, water, plankton and sediments surveyed in three north island lakes. N. Z. J. Marine and Freshwater Research 11 (1):73-93.
Raymond, M. (1945) Notes ethnobotaniques sur les Tete-de-Boule de Manouan. Contributions de l'Institute Botanique de l'Universitt de Montréal, vol. 55:113-134.
Reagan, A. B. (1928) Plants used by the Bois Fort Chippewa (Ojibwa) Indians of Minnesota. Wisconsin Archaeologist 7:230-248.
Redhead, S. A. (1984) Mycological observations 13-14: on Hypsizygus and Tricholoma. Transactions of the Mycological Society of Japan 25:1-9.
Richardson, D. H. (1975) The Vanishing Lichens: Their History and Importance. David & Charles, London, U. K.
Richardson, J. (1823) Botanical Appendix. Appendix VII, pp. 729- 668, in J. Franklin, Narrative of a Journey to the Polar Sea, in the years 1819,20, 21, and 22. J. M. Dent and Sons Ltd., London (1924).
Riemer, D. N. and S. J. Toth. (1970) Chemical composition of five species of nymphaeaceae. Weed Sci. 18 (1):4-6.
Rivera, T. (1949) Diet of a food-gathering people, with chemical analysis of salmon and Saskatoons. In: Indians of the Urban Northwest. Smith, M. W., Ed., Oxford University Press, Toronto.
Robbins, C. T. and A. N. Moen. (1975) Composition and digestibility of several deciduous browses in the Northeast. J. Wildlife Management 39 (2):337-341.
Robinson, R. G. (1978) Chemical composition and potential uses of annual canarygrass. Agronomy Journal 70:797-800.
Robson, J. R. K., R. I. Ford, K. V. Flannery and J. E. Konlande. (1976) The nutritional significance of maize and teosinte. Ecol. Food Nutr. 4:243-249
Rodahl, K. (1945) Content of vitamin C (1-Ascorbic Acid) in arctic plants. Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. 34 (1):205-210.
Rodahl, K. (1954) Preliminary survey of dietary intakes and blood levels of cholesterol and the occurrence of cardiovascular disease in the Eskimo. Norsk Polarinstitott Skr. 102:31-51.
Ross, B. R. (1862) An account of the botanical and mineral products, useful to the Chipewyan tribes of Indians, inhabiting the McKenzie River District. The Canadian Naturalist and Geologist, and Proceedings of the Natural History Society of Montreal 7:133-137.
Rousseau, J. (1945) Le folklore botanique de Caughnawaga. Etudes Ethnobotaniques quécoise, Contributions de l'Institute Botanique de l'University de Montréal, vol. 55:7-74.
Rousseau, J. and M. Raymond. (1945) Etudes Ethnobotaniques Quibécoises. Contributions de l'Institut botanique de l'Universitée de Montréal, No. 55, Montreal.
Rousseau, J. (1953) The Annedda Mystery. "Jacques Cartier Et La Grosse Maladie" Proc. 19e Congris International De Physiologie. 117-129.
Rousseau, J. (1947) Ethnobotanique abenakise. Les Archives de Folklore, No. 2:145-182.
Rutter, J. C, W. R. Johnston and C. M. Willmer. (1977) Free sugars and organic acids in the leaves of various plant species and their compartmentation between the tissues. J. Expt. Bot. 28 (105): 1019-1028.
Rysin, L. P. and V. V. Antjuxina. (1977) Chemical composition of herbaceous under growth of the pine forests of the Moscow region. Lesovedenie 1:36-47. (Russian)
Saber, A. H., G. H. Mahran and T. El-Alfy. (1968) Phytochemical investigation of Ranunculus sceleratus L. Pl. Med. 16:231-238.
Saenko, G. N., A. V. Karyakin, V. E. Krauya and M. M. Farafonov. (1968) Distribution of certain metals in plants. Fiziologiya Rastenii 15 (1): 139-144. Translation.
Sairam, R. K. and G. C. Srivastava. (1977) Changes in oil and fatty acid composition of linens (Linum usitatissimum L.) under varying photoperiods. Current Sci. 46 (4):115.
Sanchez-Vizcaino, E., N. Smilg and C. Hernandez. (1974) Digestibility and nutritive value of byproducts of Mentha peperita. Zootecnia (Madrid) 23 (5/6): 183 -191. (Spanish)
Sawhney, P. C, S. P. S. Bedi and S. A. Khan. (1977) A note on trace element contents in the fodders of Jammu and Kashmir State. Indian J. Animal Sci. 47 (4):229-233.
Schaefer, O. (1977) Changing dietary patterns in the Canadian North: health, social and economic consequences. J. Can. Diet. Assoc. 38 (1): 17-25.
Schaefer, O. and J. Steckle (1978) Dietary habits and nutritional base of native populations of the Northwest Territories. Government of the Northwest Territories, Yellowknife.
Schelstraete, M. and B. M. Kennedy. (1980) Composition of miner's lettuce (Montia perfoliata). J. Amer. Diet. Assoc. 77:21-25.
Schintgen, C. and C. Mathis. (1975) Etude de la teneur en vitamines B1 et B2 de quelques plantes a usage Médicinal. Plantes Medicinales et Phytotherapie 9 (2): 107-117. (French)
Schmidt, D. R. (1971) Comparative yields and composition of eight tropical leafy vegetables grown at two soil fertility levels. Agronomy J. 63:546-550.
Schroeder, M., J. Deli, E. D. Schall and G. F. Warren. (1974) Seed composition of 66 weed and crop species. Weed Science 22 (4):345-348.
Scoggan, H. J. (1978-79) The Flora of Canada. Parts 1-4. National Museum of Natural Sciences Publications in Botany, No. 7 (4). National Museums of Canada, Ottawa.
Scott, E. M. and C. A. Heller. (1964) Iron deficiency in Alaskan Eskimos. Amer. J. Clinical Nutr. 14-15:284.
Scott-Brown, J. (1977) Stoney Ethnobotany: an Indication of Cultural Change. Unpubl. M. A. Thesis, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alta.
Seeger, R. and M. Beckert. (1979) Magnesium in hoheren pilzen. Zeitschrift Fur Lebensmittel-Untersuchung Und-foreschung. 168:264-281.
Sengupta, S. R. and B. Pal. (1968) Studies on less familiar foods Part II. Science and Culture 34 (10):437-439.
Serranillos, M. G. and F. Zaragoza. (1971) A study of Spanish berros (Nasturtium officinale) as food. Anal. Bromatol. 23 (4):403-415. (Spanish)
Sevenhuysen, G. P. and Bogert-O'Brien, L. A. (1987) Nutrient intake of women and school children in Northern Manitoba Native communities. J. Can. Dietet. Assoc. 48:19.
Shaftan, E. A., N. S. Mikhailova, N. D. Gol'berg and A. V. Pekhov. (1978) An investigation of the chemical composition of a CO2 Extract from a pulp of Hippophae rhamnoides. Chem. Nat. Cpds. 14:560-561.
Shapiro, D. K., V. V. Verekovskij and L. V. Aniximovsledja. (1978) A quantitative definition of tocopherols in the fruits of Hippophae rhamnoides. Voprosy Pitania 3:82-84. (Russian)
Shepherd, U. H. and D. J. F. Bowling. (1973) Active accumulation of sodium by roots of five aquatic species. New Phytology 72:1075-1080.
Sherif, M. K., R. M. Awadallah and A. E. Mohamed. (1979) Determination of trace elements of Egyptian crops by neutron activation analysis II. Trace elements in Umbelliferae and Leguminosae families. J. Radioanalytical Chemistry 53 (1-2): 145- 153.
Sherrod, L. B. (1971) Nutritive Value of Kochia scoparia. 1. Yield and chemical composition at three stages of maturity. Agronomy J. 63:343-344.
Shiber, J. and E. Washburn. (1978) Lead, mercury, and certain nutrient elements in Diva lactuca (Linnaeus) from Ras Beirut, Lebanon,. Hydrobiologia 61 (2): 187-192.
Shishmaref Day School. (1952) Eskimo Cook Book. Shishmaref, A1.
Shljapjatis Yu. (1978) Colt's Foot in the Lithuanian Ssr. 4. Accumulation dynamics of tannic substances, flavanoids and ascorbic acid. Lietuvos Tsr Mokslu Akademijos, Darbai Trudy, Serija C 3 (83):51-56. (Russian)
Shnjakina, G. P. and E. P. Malygina. (1975) Vitamins and phenolic compounds in the fruits of far eastern species of dog rose. Rastitel'nye Resursy 11 (3):390-394. (Russian)
Shokol'ko, T. L, L. F. Lunkina and M. V. Malinovskaya. (1975) Effect of periodic drying on the content of free amino acids in certain aquatic macrophytes. Hydrobiological Journal 11 (6):56- 59.
Short, H. L. (1976) Composition and squirrel use of acorns of black and white oak groups. J. Wildlife Management 40 (3):479- 483.
Shosteck, R. (1979) How good are wild foods? The Mother Earth News 60 (Nov/ Dec):111-113.
Sibbald, I. R. and K. Price. (1977) The true metabolizable energy values of the seeds of Brassica campestris, B. hirta and B. napus. Poultry Sci. 56:1329-1331.
Simson, B. W. and T. E. Timell. (1978) Polysaccharides in cambial tissues of Populus tremuloides and Tilia americana. I. Isolation, fractionation, and chemical composition of the cambial tissues. Cellulose Chem. and Tech. 12:39-50.
Sinclair, H. M. (1953) The diet of Canadian Indians and Eskimos. Nutrition Society Proceedings 12:69-82.
Sirota, G. R. and J. F. Uthe. (1979) Heavy metal residues in dulse, an edible seaweed. Aquaculture 18:41-44.
Smith, H. H. (1933) Ethnobotany of the Forest Potawatomi. Bulletin of the Public Museum of Milwaukee 7:1-230.
Smith, H. H. (1932) Ethnobotany of the Ojibwe Indians. Bulletin of the Public Museum of Milwaukee 4:327-525.
Smith, H. H. (1928) Ethnobotany of the Meskwaki Indians. Bulletin of the Public Museum of Milwaukee 4:175-326.
Southgate, D. A. T. (1974) Guidelines for the preparation of Tables of Food Compoition. S. Karger, Basel.
Speck, F. G. and R. W. Dexter. (1951) Utilization of animals and plants by the Micmac Indians of New Brunswick. J. Washington Academy of Sciences 40 (8):250-259.
Speck, F. G. (1917) Medicine practices of the Northeastern Algonquians. Proceedings of the International Congress of Americanists 19:303-332.
Speck, F. G. and R. W. Dexter. (1952) Utilization of animals and plants by the Malecite Indians of New Brunswick. J. Washington Academy of Sciences 42 (1):1-7.
Spinner, G. P. and J. S. Bishop. (1950) Chemical analysis of some wildlife foods in Connecticut. J. Wildlife Management 14 (2): 175- 180.
Sreeramulu, N., G. D. Ndossi and K. Mtotomwema. (1983) Effect of cooking on the nutritive value of common food plants of Tanzania: Part 1-Vitamin C in some of the wild green leafy vegetables. Food Chemistry 10:205-210.
Srivastava, D. C, A. N. Verma, H. R. Mishra and R. K. Sharma. (1960) Growth, yield, protein and ascorbic acid content of cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) as affected by different levels of nitrogen. Plant Sci. 2:132-134.
Stanley, J. L. and G.W. Patterson. (1977) Sterols and fatty acids of some non-photosynthetic angiosperms. Phytochemistry 16:1611-1612.
Steedman, E. V., ed. (1930) The Ethnobotany of the Thompson Indians of British Columbia (based on field notes of James Teit). Bur. Amer. Ethnology, 45th Ann. Rep. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C. (repr. by Shorey Books, Seattle, WA.)
Steeves, T. A. (1952) Wild Rice—Indian food and a modem delicacy. Economic Botany 6:107-142.
Stoddard, N. B. (1962) Micmac foods. The Journal of Education 15:30-38.
Stoller, E. W. and E. J. Weber. (1975) Differential cold tolerance, starch, sugar, protein, and lipid of yellow and purple nutsedge tubers. Plant Physiology 55:859-863.
Stowe, G.C. (1940) Plants used by the Chippewa. Wisconsin Archaeologist 21:8-13.
Sukhija, P. S., A. Borthakur and I. S. Bhatia. (1980) Lipid composition of different zones of sunflower (Helianthus annuus) head during development Biochem. Physiol. Pflanzen. 175:481-484.
Sultanov, M. N. and A. V. Ragimov. (1972) A study of some indices of the chemical composition of green and spiced plants used for nutrition. Voprosy Pitania 30 (2):92-03. (Russian)
Suttles, W. P. (1955) Economic Life of the Coast Salish of Haro and Rosario Straits. Ph. D. dissertation. Univ. Washington, Seattle.
Suttles, W. P. (1951) The early diffusion of the potato among the Coast Salish. South western J. Anthropology 7 (3):272-288.
Suttles, W. P. (1987) Coast Salish Essays. Talonbooks, Vancouver and University of Washington Press, Seattle.
Swain, E. W., H. L. Wang and C. W. Hesseltine. (1978) History, Memoir Vol. 2, Part 5, New York.
Swanton, J. R. (1913) A Haida food plant. Amer. Anthropologist 15:543-544.
Szczawinski, A. F. and N. J. Turner. (1978) Edible Garden Weeds of Canada. Edible Wild Plants of Canada, No. 1. National Museum of Natural Sciences, National Museums Canada, Ottawa.
Szczawinski, A. F. and N. J. Turner. (1980) Wild Green Vegetables of Canada. Edible Wild Plants of Canada, No. 4. National Museum of Natural Sciences, National Museums Canada, Ottawa.
Tabekhia, M. M., R. B. Toma and A. R. El-Mahdy. (1978) Effect of Egyptian cooking methods on total free oxalates and mineral contents of two green leafy vegetables (Jew's Mellow and Purslane). Nutr. Rep. Inter. 18 (5):611-616.
Taira, H. (1968) Amino acid composition of different varieties of foxtail millet (Setaria italica). J. Agr. Food Chem. 16 (6): 1025- 1027.
Tanasch, L. and A. Edelbauer. (1979) Photoperiodic reaction of red clover (Trifolium proteose 1.) II. Effect of day-length on mineral composition. Die Boden Kultur 30 (3):225-233.
Teit, J. A. (1900) The Thompson Indians of British Columbia. Jesup North Pacific Expedition, American Museum of Natural History, Memoir Vol. 1, Part 4, New York.
Teit, J. A. (1909) The Shuswap. Jesup North Pacific Expedition, American Museum of Natural History, Memoir Vol. 2, Part 7, New York.
Temme, D. G., R. G. Harvey, R. S. Fawcett and A. W. Young. (1979) Effects of annual weed control on alfalfa forage quality. Agronomy J. 71:51-54.
Thomas, W. A. (1970) Weight and Calcium losses from decomposing tree leaves on land and in water. J. Appl. Ecology 7:237-241.
Tkachuk, R. and V. J. Mellish. (1977) Amino acid and proximate analyses of weed seeds. Can J. Plant Sci. 57:243-249.
Tooker, E. (1964) An Ethnography of the Huron Indians, 1615-1649. Bur. Amer. Ethnology, Bulletin 190, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C.
Torgerson, O. and W. H. Pfander. (1971) cellulose digestibility and chemical composition of Missouri deer foods. J. Wildlife Management 35:221-231.
Toth, G. Y. & J. Szabolcs. (1970) Distribution of carotenoids in flowers of Helianthus annuus, Impatiens noli-tangere, Ranunculus acre. Taraxacum officinale, and in ripe hips of Rosa canina and Rosa rubiginosa. Acta Chim Acad Sci Hung. 64 (4):393-406.
Treichler, R., R. W. Stow and A. L. Nelson. (1946) Nutrient content of some winter foods of ruffed grouse. J. Wildlife Management 10 (1):12-17.
Truscott, J. H. L., W. M. Johnstone, T. G. H. Drake, J. R. Van Haarlem, and C. L. Thomson. (1943) A Survey of the ascorbic acid content of fruits, vegetables and some native plants grown in Ontario. Canada. Can. Counc. Nutr., Dept. Nat. Health & Welfare, Ottawa.
Tuba, J., G. Hunter and J. Kastelic. (1945) Approximate nutrient composition of dried rose hips. Can J. of Research 23 (Sec. E):5- 7.
Tuba, J., G. Hunter and L. L. Kennedy. (1944) On sources of vitamin C. II. Alberta native fruits. Can. J. of Research 22 (Sec. C, No. 2):33-37.
Turner, J., D. W. Cole and S. P. Gessel. (1976) Mineral nutrient accumulation and cycling in a stand of red alder (Alnus rubra). J. Ecology 64 (3):965-974.
Turner, N. J. (1973) The ethnobotany of the Bella Coola Indians of British Columbia. Syesis 6:193-220.
Turner, N. J. (1974) Plant Taxonomic Systems and Ethnobotany of Three Contemporary Indian Groups of the Pacific Northwest (Haida, Bella Coola, and Lilloet). Syesis, Vol 7, Suppl. 1, 104 pp.
Turner, N. J. (1975) Food Plants of British Columbia Indians. Part I. Coastal Peoples. B. C. Provincial Museum Handbook No. 34, Victoria.
Turner, N. J. (1977) Economic importance of black tree lichen (Bryoriafremontii) to the Indians of western North America. Econ. Botany 31:461-470.
Turner, N. J. (1978) Food Plants of British Columbia Indians. Part II. Interior Peoples. B. C. Provincial Museum Handbook No. 36, Victoria.
Turner, N. J. (1978b) Plants of the Nootka Sound Indians as recorded by Captain Cook. In: Efrat, B. S. and Langlois, W. J., eds. Nu.tka: Captain Cook and the Spanish Explorers on the Coast. Sound Heritage 7 (1):78-88.
Turner, N. J. (1979) Plants in British Columbia Indian Technology. B. C. Provincial Museum Handbook No. 38, Victoria.
Turner, N. J. (1981) A gift for the taking: the untapped potential of some food plants of North American Native peoples. Can J. Botany 59 (11):2331-2357.
Turner, N. J. (1981b) Indian use of Shepherdia canadensis, soapberry, in western North America. Davidsonia 12 (1):1-12.
Turner, N. J. (1984) Counter-irritant and other medicinal uses of plants in Ranunculaceae by Native peoples in British Columbia and neighbouring areas. J. Ethnopharmacology 11:181-201.
Turner, N. J. (1988) Ethnobotany of coniferous trees in Thompson and Lillooet Interior Salish of British Columbia. Econ. Botany 42 (2): 177-194.
Turner, N. J. and M. A. M. Bell. (1971) The ethnobotany of the Coast Salish Indians of Vancouver Island. Econ. Botany 25 (1):63- 104.
Turner, N. J. and M. A. M. Bell. (1973) The ethnobotany of the Southern Kwakiutl Indians of British Columbia. Econ. Botany 27 (3):257-310.
Turner, N. J., R. Bouchard and D. I. D. Kennedy. (1980) Ethnobotany of the Okanagan-Colville Indians of British Columbia and Washington. B. C. Provincial Museum Occasional Paper No. 21, 179 pp.
Turner, N. J. and B. S. Efrat. (1982) Ethnobotany of the Hesquiat Indians of Vancouver Island. B. C. Provincial Museum Cultural Recovery Paper No. 2,99 pp.
Turner, N. J., L. J. M. Gottesfeld, N. V. Kuhnlein, and A. Ceska. (1991) Edible wood fern rootstocks of western North America: solving an ethnobotanical puzzle. J. Ethnobiology. (in press)
Turner, N. J. and H. V. Kuhnlein. (1983) Camas (Camassia spp.) and riceroot (Fritillaria spp.): two liliaceous "root" foods of the Northwest Coast Indians. Ecol. FoodNutr. 13:199-219.
Turner, N. J. and H. V. Kuhnlein. (1982) Two important "roof" foods of the North west Coast Indians: springbank clover (Trifolium wormskioldii) and Pacific Silverweed (Potentilla Anserina ssp. pacificd). Econ. Botany 36 (4):411-432.
Turner, N. J., H. V. Kuhnlein, and K. N. Egger. (1987) The cottonwood mushroom (Tricholoma populinum Lange): a food resource of the Interior Salish Indian peoples of British Columbia. Can J. Botany 65:921-927.
Turner, N. J. and A. F. Szczawinski. (1978) Wild Coffee and Tea Substitutes of Canada. Edible Wild Plants of Canada, No. 2. National Museum of Natural Sciences, National Museums Canada, Ottawa.
Turner, N. J. and A. F. Szczawinski. (1979) Edible Wild Fruits and Nuts of Canada. Edible Wild Plants of Canada, No. 3. National Museum of Natural Sciences, National Museums Canada, Ottawa.
Turner, N. J. and A. F. Szczawinski. (1990) Common Poisonous Plants and Mushrooms of North America. Timber Press, Portland, OR. (1991)
Turner, N. J., J. Thomas, B. F. Carlson and R. T. Ogilvie. (1983) Ethnobotany of the Nitinaht Indians of Vancouver Island. B. C. Provincial Museum Occasional Paper No. 24., 165 pp.
Turner, N. J., L. C. Thompson, M. T. Thompson and A. Z. York. (1990) Thompson Ethnobotany: Knowledge and Usage of Plants by the Thompson Indians of British Columbia. Royal British Columbia Museum Memoirs No. 3, Victoria.
Tyler, V. E. (1987) The Honest Herbal. George F. Stickley Company, Philadelphia, PA.
U. S. Dept, Health Education and Welfare. (1956-61) Alaska Dietary Survey. Public Health Service Pub. No. 999 Ah. 2:183-185.
U. S. Dept. of Agriculture. (1977) Composition of foods: Spices and herbs. Agriculture Handbook 8-2. U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington D. C.
U. S. Dept. of Agriculture. (1981) Composition of foods: Fruits and fruit juices. Agriculture Handbook 8-9. U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C
U. S. Dept. of Agriculture. (1982) Composition of foods: Breakfast cereals. Agriculture Handbook 8-8. U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C.
U. S. Dept. of Agriculture. (1984) Composition of foods: Nut and seed products. Agriculture Handbook 8-12. U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C.
U. S. Dept. of Agriculture. (1984) Composition of foods: Vegetable and vegetable products. Agriculture. Handbook 8-11. U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C.
U. S. Dept. of Agriculture (1986) Composition of foods: Legumes and legume products. Agriculture Handbook 8-16. U. S. Government Printing Office, Washing ton, D. C.
Unan, L. and A. Edelbauer. (1980) Investigations on the photoperiodical reaction of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) III Consequences of the second time period and the length of day on the mineral content in leaves and stems, die Boden Kultur31(3):298-312.
Valadon, L. R. G., A. M. Sellens and R. S. Mummery. (1975) The carotenoids of various berries. Ann. Bot. 39:785-790.
Valadon, L. R. G. and R. S. Mummery. (1972) Carotenoids of rowan berries. Ann. Bot. 36:471-474.
Van Camp, J. C. Jr. (1948) The nutrient element content of the foliage of certain species of minor forest vegetation. J. Forestry 46:823-826.
Van Etten, C. H. and I. A. Wolff. (1973) Natural Sulfur Compounds. In: Toxicants Occurring Naturally in Foods. National Academy of Sciences. Washington, D. C.
Van Etten, C. H., R. W. Miller, I. A. Wolff and Q. Jones. (1963) Amino acid composition of seeds from 200 angiosperm plant species. J. Agr. and Food Chem. 11 (5):399-410.
Vengris, J., M. Drake, W. G. Colby and J. Bart. (1953) Chemical composition of weeds and accompanying crop plants. Agronomy J. 45:213-218.
Vennum, T., Jr. (1988) Wild Rice and the Ojibway People. Minnesota Historical Society Press, St. Paul, MN.
Vitkus, A. A. and A. M. Melenburgas. (1971) Productivity and food substances of Isaris tinctoria L. Lietuvos Tsr Mokslu Akademijos Darbai. C. Serija 2(55): 11-16. (Polish)
Von Aderkas, P. (1984) Economic history of ostrich fern, Matteuccia struthiopteris, the edible fiddlehead. Econ. Botany 38 (1): 14-23.
Wainio, W. W. and E. B. Forbes. (1941) The chemical composition of forest fruits and nuts from Pennsylvania. J. Agr. Research 62 (10):627-635.
Walker, N. C. (1978) Trace elements in vegetation and soils over the Kay Lake uranium-nickle orebody Northern Saskatchewan, Canada. Geochem. Explor. Proc, Int. Geochem Explor. Symp. 7th:361-369.
Wallis, W. D. and R. S. Wallis. (1955) The Micmac Indians of Eastern Canada. University Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN.
Walski. T. W. and W. W. Mautz. (1977) Nutritional evaluation of three winter browse species of snowshoe hares. J. Wildlife Management 41 (1): 144-147.
Wankhede, D. B., A. Shehnaj and M. R. Raghavendra Rao. (1979) Carbohydrate composition of finger millet (Eleusine coracana) and foxtail millet (Setaria italica). Qual. Plant.-Pl. Fds. Hum. Nutr. 28 (4):293-303.
Watt, B. K. and A. C. Merrill. (1975) Composition of Foods. Agriculture Handbook No. 8, Agricultural Research Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture.
Waugh, F. W. (1916) Iroquois Foods and Food Preparation. Canada Department of Mines Geological Survey, Memoir 86, No. 12, Anthropological Series, Government Printing Bureau, Ottawa.
Weatherbee, E. E. and J. G. Bruce. (1980) Edible Wild Plants of the Great Lakes Region. Published by the Authors, Ann Arbor, MI.
Wein, E. E., Sabry, J. H. and Evers, F. T. (1989) Food health beliefs and preferences of Northern Native Canadians. Ecol. Fd. Nutr. 23:177-188.
Wells, N. and J. S. Whitton. (1970) The influence of meatworks effluents on soil and plant composition. N. Z. J. Agr. Research 13:494-502.
Wells, J. R., P. B. Kaufman and J. D. Jones. (1980) Heavy metal contents in some macrophytes from Saginaw Bay (Lake Huron, U. S. A.) Aquatic Bot. 9:185-193.
Whittemore, S. and A. N. Moen. (1980) Composition and in vitro digestibilities of various summer foods of white-tailed deer. Can. J. Animal Sci. 60:189-192.
Whyte, J. N. C. and J. R. Englar. (1976) The Content of Inorganic Elements in the Marine Alga Macrocystis integrifolia Over the Growing Season. Technical Report - Fisheries and Marine Services, Canada, No. 695, 28 pp.
Whyte, J. N. C. and J. R. Englar. (1978) Primary Organic Chemical Composition of the Marine Alga Macrocystis integrifolia Over the Growing Season. Technical Report - Fisheries and Marine Services, Canada, No. 787, 22 pp.
Whyte J. N. C. and J. R. Englar. (1978) Seasonal Changes in the Content of Non-metallic Inorganic Components in the Marine Alga Macrocystis Integrifolia. Technical Report - Fisheries and Marine Services, Canada, #765, 26 pp.
Williams, R. D. Jr. and J. E. Winstead. (1972-73) Populational variation in weights and analysis of caloric content in fruit of Acer negundo L. Castanea (37-38):125-130.
Williams, M. D. (1979) The harvesting of "slukus" (Porphyra perforata) by the Straits Salish Indians of Vancouver Island. Syesis 12:63-68.
Williams, W., A. Mclean and C. Kalnin. (1980) Nutritive characteristics of grasses on spring range in south central British Columbia in relation to time, habitat, and fall grazing. Can. J. Plant Sci. 60:131-137.
Wo, C. K. W. and H. H. Draper. (1975) Vitamin E Status of Alaskan Eskimos. Amer. J. Clinical Nutr. 28:808-813.
Wold, J. K., B. Smestad, R. Winsnes and D. Reeser. (1970) The water-soluble polysaccharide of opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L.). Acta. Chem. Scand. 24 (4):1262-1270.
Wolfe, F. H. and F. W. Wood. (1971) Non-volatile organic acid and sugar composition of Saskatoon berries (Alnifolia Sp.) [Amelanchia alnifolia] During Ripen ing. Canadian Institute of Food Technology Journal 4 (1):29- 30.
Wood, A. J., M. C. Robertson and W. D. Kitts. (1958) Studies on the nutritive value of refuse screenings I. The essential amino acid content of certain weed seeds. Can J. Animal Sci. 38:97-102.
Wu-Leung, W., F. Busson and C. Jardin. (1968) Food Composition Table for Use in Africa, Food and Agriculture Organization and U.S. Department of Health Education, and Welfare, Washington, D. C. 306 pp.
Wu-Leung, W., R. R. Butrum and F. H. Chang. (1972) Proximate composition, mineral and vitamin contents of East Asian food. Part 1. Food Composition Table for Use in East Asia. Food and Agriculture Organization and U. S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, D. C. 334 pp.
Wu-Leung, W. and M. Flores. (1961) Food Composition Table for Use in Latin America, Interdepartment Com. On Nutr. For National Defence, National Inst. Of Health, Bethesda, Md., U. S. A., 145 pp.
Wright, L., P. Wrench, R. W. Hinde and C. J. Brady. (1977) Proline accumulation in tubers of Jerusalem artichoke. Aus. J. Plant Physiol. 4:51-60.
Wright, T. Jr. (1941) A study of the fall food supply of the ring-necked pheasant and the bob-white quail in Washington County, Rhode Island. J. Wildlife Management 5 (3):279-296.
Yanovsky, E., E. K. Nelson and R. M. Kingsbury. (1932) Berries rich in calcium. Science 75:565-566.
Yanovsky, E. (1936) Food plants of the North American Indians. United States Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication No. 237, Washington, D. C.
Yanovsky, E. and R. M. Kingsbury. (1938) Analyses of some Indian food plants. J. of the Assoc, of Official Agr. Chem. 21 (4):648- 665.
Yermanos, D. M. (1966) Variability in seed oil composition of 43 Linum species. J. American Oil Chem. Soc. 43:546-549.
Zeller, S. M. and K. Togashi. (1934) The American and Japanese matsu-takes. Mycologia 26:544-558.
Zennie, T. M. and C. D. Ogzewalla. (1977) Ascorbic acid and vitamin A content of edible wild plants of Ohio and Kentucky. Economic Botany 31:76-79.
Zhmyrko, T. G., E. I. Gigienova and A. U. Umarov. (1978) Vitamins of the oil of the fruit of Hippophae rhamnoides. Chem. Nat. Cpds. 14:259-263.
Zhulidov, A. V. (1979) Geographical and local variability of the chemical composition of the fruits of Rubus idaeus L. and Fragaria vesca L. In the territory of the Russian Plain, Rastitel'nye Resury 15 (3):408-415. (Russian)
Zimmerman, D. C. and G. N. Fick. (1973) Fatty acid composition on sunflower (Helianthus animus L.) oil as influenced by seed position. J. Amer. Oil Chemists' Soc. 50 (8):273-275.
Zimna, D. (1977) On the level of iron, manganese, zinc and copper in organs of Urtica dioica L. during its growth. Akademia Medyczna W. Gdansku 7:233-239. (Russian)
In addition to these references, the following unpublished sources are cited: R. Bouchard, unpublished notes on Sechelt ethnobotany (1977) and Mainland Comox ethnobotany (1978); H. V. Kuhnlein, unpublished notes on Inuit foods of Broughton Island, Northwest Territories; L. Myers, N. J. Turner and R. J. Hebda, unpublished notes on Chilcotin ethnobotany (1988); H. I. Smith, unpublished notes on Carrier ethnobotany, National Museum of Civilization, Ottawa (ca. 1920-22); N. J. Turner, unpublished notes on Sechelt ethnobotany (1972) and Haida ethnobotany (1972); N. J. Turner, R. Bouchard, D. I. D. Kennedy and J. P. Van Eijik, unpublished manuscript on Lillooet ethnobotany (1987); and N. J. Turner and R. J. Hebda, unpublished notes on Saanich and Halkomelem ethnobotany (1988-89).