Traditional Plant Foods of canadian indigenous peoples, Nutrition, Botany and Use

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APPENDIX 1

Linguistic Affiliations of Canadian Indigenous Peoples based on Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (1970), and Assembly of First Nations (personal communication).

In the table below, the Indigenous language groups of each province and territory are listed together with their linguistic affiliations at the language family level.

Table A-1.

NEWFOUNDLAND AND
LABRADOR

(Communities)

2

Innu
Algonkian

6

Inuit
Inuktitut

14

Micmac
Algonkian

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

1

Micmac
Algonkian

NOVA SCOTIA

12

Micmac
Algonkian

NEW BRUNSWICK

6

Malecite
Algonkian

9

Micmac
Algonkian

QUEBEC

2

Abenaki
Algonkian

10

Algonquin
Algonkian

12

Cree
Algonkian

1

Huron
Iroquoian

13

Inuit (communities)

Inuktitut

1

Micmac
Algonkian

2

Abenaki
Algonkian

2

Mohawk (Iroquois)

Iroquoian

7

Montagnais
Iroquoian

1

Naskapi
Algonkian

2

Ojibwa (Ojibway)

Algonkian

ONTARIO

1

Algonquin (Algonkin)

Algonkian

1*

Cayuga (Iroquois)

Iroquoian

13

Cree
Algonkian

2

Delaware
Algonkian

4*

Mohawk (Iroquois)

Iroquoian

88

Ojibwa (Ojibway)

Algonkian

1*

Oneida (Iroquois)

Iroquoian

1*

Onondaga (Iroquois)

Iroquoian

4**

Ottawa
Algonkian

2

Potawatomi
Algonkian

1*

Seneca (Iroquois)

Iroquoian

1*

Tuscarora (Iroquois)

Iroquoian

MANITOBA

2

Chipewyan
Athapaskan

22

Cree
Algonkian

4

Dakota
Siouan

28

Ojibwa (Ojibway)

Algonkian

SASKATCHEWAN

3

Assiniboin (Assiniboine)

Siouan

6

Chipewyan
Athapaskan

45

Cree
Algonkian

4

Dakota
Siouan

13

Ojibwa (Ojibway)

Algonkian

1

Sioux
Siouan

ALBERTA

3

Beaver
Athapaskan

3

Blackfoot/Blood

Algonkian

5

Chipewyan
Athapaskan

28

Cree
Algonkian

5

Stoney (Dakota Assiniboin dialect)

Siouan

1

Sarcee
Athapakan

1

Slave
Athapaskan

BRITISH COLUMBIA

2

Beaver

Bella Coola (see under Nuxalk)

Athapaskan

13

Carrier (including Wet'suwet'en)

Athapaskan

6

Chilcotin
Athapaskan

4

Comox
Salishan

3

Ditidaht (Nitinaht, also included in Nuu-chah-nulth)

Wakashan

7

Gitksan
Tsimshian

2

Haida
Haida

1

Haisla
Wakashan

36

Halkomelem (Stalo,

Cowichan)
Salishan

2

Heiltsuk (including

Owikeno)
Wakashan

13

Kwakwaka'wakw

(Southern Kwakiutl)

Wakashan

4

Kootenay (Kutenai,

Kootenai)
Kootenayan

10

Lillooet
Salishan

4

Nishga (Niska)
Tsimshian

12

Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka,

Westcoast)
Wakashan

1

Nuxalk (Bella Coola)

Salishan

1

Ojibwa (Ojibway)

Algonkian

6

Okanagan-Colville

(Okanagan)
Salishan

1

Puntlatch (language

considered extinct)

Salishan

15

Nlaka'pamux (Thompson,

Ntlakyapamuk)
Salishan

1

Nuxalk (Bella Coola)

Salishan

2

Sekani
Athapaskan

1

Sechelt (Seechelt)

Salishan

18

Shuswap
Salishan

1

Slave
Athapaskan

2

Squamish
Salishan

9

Straits Salish (including

Songish, Semiahmoo) Thompson (see under Nlaka'pamux)

Salishan

4

Tahltan
Athapaskan

7

Tsimshian

(Coast Tsimshian)

Wet'suwet'en (included under Carrier)

Tsimshian

NORTHWEST

TERRITORIES

(Communities)

58

Inuit
Inuktitut

6

Decho South Slavey

Athapaskan

3

Gwich'in (Kutchin)

Athapaskan

1

North Slave Dogrib

Athapaskan

2

Sahtú North Slavey

Athapaskan

3

South Slave Chipewyan

Athapaskan

1

Yellowknife B
Athapaskan

YUKON TERRITORY

1

Gwich'in (Kutchin)

Athapaskan

2

Han
Athapaskan

1

Kaska
Athapaskan

4

North Tutchone
Athapaskan

3

South Tutchone
Athapaskan

2

Tagish
Tlingit
 

1

Tlingit
Tlingit

*Member of Six Nations of the Grand River Band
**A11 bands partly Ojibwa (Ojibway)

TRADITIONL PLANT FOODS OF CANADIAN INDIGENOUS PEOPLES

Sources: Linguistic and cultural affiliations of Canadian Indian Bands, 1970; Indian and Inuit Communities: The National Atlas of Canada #15.1 5th ed., 1985; Indigenous Languages of Canada Languages Series, Commission of Official Languages, Ottawa; and personal communication, 1990.

TRADITIONL PLANT FOODS OF CANADIAN INDIGENOUS PEOPLES

Sources: Linguistic and cultural affiliations of Canadian Indian Bands, 1970; Indian and Inuit Communities: The National Atlas of Canada #15.15th ed., 1985; Indigenous Languages of Canada Languages Series, Commission of Official Languages, Ottawa; and personal communication, 1990.

TRADITIONL PLANT FOODS OF CANADIAN INDIGENOUS PEOPLES

Sources: Linguistic and cultural affiliations of Canadian Indian Bands, 1970; Indian and Inuit Communities: The National Atlas of Canada #15.1 5th ed., 1985; Indigenous Languages of Canada Languages Series, Commission of Official Languages, Ottawa; and personal communication, 1990.

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