Traditional Plant Foods of canadian indigenous peoples, Nutrition, Botany and Use

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APPENDIX 2
Species by Common Name

02/02/2009

Lysichiton americanus

Absinthe

Alpine knotweed

Artemisia absinthium

Polygonum alaskanum

Polygonum alpinum

Alaska carrot

Polygonum phytolaccaefolium

Hedysarum alpinum

Alpine lewisia

Alaska nagoonberry

Lewisia pygmaea

Rubus stellatus

Alpine manzanita

Alaskan blueberry

Arctostaphylos alpina

Vaccinium alaskaense

Alpine prickly gooseberry

Alaskan onion grass

Ribes montigenum

Melica subulata

Alpine spring-beauty

Alfalfa

Claytonia acutifolia

Medicago sativa

Claytonia megarhiza

Alkali bulrush

Alpine-wintergreen

Scirpus maritimus

Gaultheria humifusa

Scirpus robustus

Aleut celery
Alkanet

Angelica lucida

Anchusa officinalis

Amaranth

Alleghany birch

Amaranthus hybridus

Betula alleghaniensis

Amaranthus spinosus

Alleghany blackberry

American apple mint

Rubus allegheniensis

Mentha gentilis

Alleghany shadblow

American beechnut

Amelanchier laevis

Fagus grandifolia

Alpine bearberry

American bittersweet

Arctostaphylos alpina

Celastrus scandens

Alpine bilberry

American brooklime

Vaccinium uliginosum

Veronica americana

Alpine bistort

American bush cranberry

Polygonum viviparum

Viburnum opulus

Viburnum trilobum

Alpine cress

Arabis alpina

American cherry

Prunus serotina

Alpine dock

Rumex alpinus

American chestnut

Castanea dentata

Alpine hedysarum

Hedysarum alpinum

American elder

Sambucus canadensis

American elm

American wild gooseberry

Ulmus americana

Ribes cynosbati

American fly honeysuckle

Anemone

Lonicera canadensis

Anemone narcissiflora

American ginseng

Angelica

Panax quinquefolius

Angelica archangelica

American glasswort

Annual honesty

Salicornia pacifica

Lunaria annua

Salicornia virginica

Annual sow-thistle

American great bulrush

Sonchus oleraceus

Scirpus acutus

Scirpus lacustris

Appalachian tea

Scirpus validus

Viburnum cassinoides

American green alder

Apple mint

Alnus crispa

Mentha rotundifolia

American hazelnut

Aquatic sedge

Corylus americana

Carex aquatilis

American hornbeam

Arbor vitae

Carpinus caroliniana

Thuja occidentalis

American milkvetch

Arctic coltsfoot

Astragalus americanus

Petasites frigidus

American plum
Arctic dock

Prunus americana

Rumex arcticus

American red raspberry

Arctic greens

Rubus idaeus

Salix reticulata

American searocket

Arctic kidney lichen

Cakile edentula

Nephroma arcticum

American slough grass

Arctic net-veined willow

Beckmannia syzigachne

Salix reticulata

American speedwell

Arctic raspberry

Veronica americana

Rubus arcticus

American sycamore

Arctic willow

Platanus occidentalis

Salix arctica

American vetch
Arkansas rose

Vicia americana

Rosa arkansana

American wild carrot

Arrowhead

Daucus pusillus

Sagittaria latifolia

Arrow-arum
Basil-thyme

Peltandra virginica

Satureja acinos

Arrow-grass
Basswood

Triglochin maritima

Tilia americana

Arrow-leaved balsamroot

Bastard-toadflax

Balsamorhiza sagittata

Comandra umbellata

Arrow-leaved coltsfoot

Bayberry

Petasites sagittatus

Myrica pensylvanica

Arrow-wood

Beach asparagus

Viburnum dentatum

Salicornia pacifica

Salicornia virginica

Arum-leaved arrowhead

Sagittaria cuneata

Beach bindweed

Convolvulus soldanella

Asparagus

Asparagus officinalis

Beach knotweed

Polygonum paronychia

Atlantic yam

Dioscorea villosa

Beach lovage

Ligusticum hultenii

Bakeapple

Ligusticum scothicum

Rubus chamaemorus

Beach lupine
Baldhip rose

Lupinus littoralis

Rosa gymnocarpa

Beach pea

Ball-head waterleaf

Lathyrus japonicus

Hydrophyllum capitatum

Lathyrus maritimus

Balsam fir

Beach strawberry

Abies balsamea

Fragaria chiloensis

Balsam poplar
Beachgrass

Populus balsamifera

Ammophila breviligulata

Populus trichocarpa

Beachhead iris
Baltic rush

Iris setosa

Juncus balticus

Beaked hazelnut

Barclay's willow

Corylus cornuta

Salix barclayi

Beaked sedge

Bare-stem lomatium

Carex rostrata

Lomantium nudicaule

Bear root
Barnyard grass

Hedysarum alpinum

Echinochloa crusgalli

Bearberry

Bartram shadblow

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Amelanchier bartramiana

Bellwort

Uvularia perfoliata

Bent grass

Black crowberry

Agrostis perennens

Empetrum nigrum

Bergamont mint
Black hawthorn

Mentha citrata

Crataegus douglasii

Bigleaf maple

Black highbush blueberry

Acer macrophyllum

Vaccinium atrococcum

Bilberry

Black huckleberry

Vaccinium myrtillus

Gaylussacia baccata

Birch
Black maple

Betula tortuosa

Acer nigrum

Birches
Black medic

Betula spp.

Medicago lupulina

Bird cherry

Black mountain huckleberry

Oemleria cerasiformis

Vaccinium membranaceum

Osmaronia cerasiformis

Black mustard

Bird rape mustard

Brassica nigra

Brassica rapa

Black oak
Biscuitroot

Quercus velutina

Lomatium cous

Lomatium macrocarpum

Black oxytrope

Oxytropis nigrescans

Bistort

Polygonum bistorta

Black raspberry

Rubus leucodermis

Bitter winter-cress

Rubus occidentalis

Barbarea vulgaris

Black seaweed

Bitternut hickory

Porphyra perforata

Carya cordiformis

Black spruce
Bitterroot

Picea mariana

Lewisia rediviva

Black thornberry

Black ash

Crataegus douglasii

Fraxinus nigra

Black tree lichen

Black birch

Bryoria fremontii

Betula lenta

Black twinberry

Black blueberry

Lonicera involucrata

Vaccinium membranaceum

Black walnut
Black cherry

Juglans nigra

Prunus serotina

Blackberry

Blue water speedwell

Rubus allegheniensis

Veronica anagallis-aquatica

Rubus recurvicaulis

Rubus setosus

Blueleaf strawberry

Rubus spp.

Fragaria virginiana

Blackcap
Bluebead lily

Rubus leucodermis

Clintonia borealis

Blackhaw
Blueberry

Viburnum prunifolium

Vaccinium angustifolium

Bladder campion

Blueberry

Silene cucubalus

Vaccinium spp.

Silene vulgaris

Bog birch
Bladder-nut

Betula pumila

Staphylea trifolia

Bog blueberry
Blazing star

Vaccinium uliginosum

Liatris punctata

Bog glandular birch

Blessed thistle

Betula glandulosa

Cnicus benedictus

Betula pumila

Blue beech
Bog rosemary

Carpinus caroliniana

Andromeda glaucophylla

Carpinus spp.

Bog whortleberry

Blue camas

Vaccinium uliginosum

Camassia leichtlinii

Camassia quamash

Bog wintergreen

Pyrola asarifolia

Blue currant

Ribes bracteosum

Box elder

Acer negundo

Blue elderberry

Sambucus cerulea

Boysenberry

Sambucus glauca

Rubus ursinus

Blue fenugreek
Bracken fern

Trigonella caerulea

Pteridium aquilinum

Blue fly honeysuckle

Bracket fungi

Lonicera villosa

Polyporus spp.

Laetiporus sulphureus

Blue huckleberry

Polyporus sulfureus

Vaccinium ovatum

Bramble rose
Blue sailors

Rosa multiflora

Cichorum intybus

Bridgeweed
Blue vervain

Lycopus uniflorus

Verbena hastata

Bristly gooseberry

Buckwheat

Ribes setosum

Fagopyrum sagittatum

Bristly Nootka rose

Buffalo currant

Rosa nutkana

Ribes odoratum

Bristly oxtongue

Bulbous buttercup

Picris echioides

Ranunculus bulbosus

Brittle prickly pear cactus

Bull kelp

Opuntia fragilis

Nereocystis luetkeana

Broad-fruited bur-reed

Bull thistle

Sparganium angustifolium

Cirsium vulgare

Broad leaf alfilaria

Bullhead-lily

Erodium botrys

Nuphar variegatum

Broad leaf dock

Bumblebee plant

Rumex obtusifolius

Pedicularis lanata

Broad-leaved maple

Bur oak

Acer macrophyllum

Quercus macrocarpa

Broad-leaved willowherb

Bur-clover

Epilobium latifolium

Medicago polymorpha

Medicago hispida

Broad-leaved peppergrass

Lepidium latifolium

Bur-cucumber

Sicyos angulatus

Broad-leaved plantain

Plantago major

Burdock

Arctium nemorosum

Brook saxifrage

Saxifraga punctata

Burnet rose

Rosa spinosissima

Broomcorn millet

Panicum miliaceum

Bush vetch

Vicia sepium

Brown mustard

Brassica juncea

Buttercups

Ranunculus spp.

"Bubbly" kelp

Hedophyllum sessile

Butterfly weed

Asclepias tuberosa

Buck's horn plantain

Plantago coronopus

Butternut

Juglans cinerea

Buckbean

Menyanthes trifoliata

Buttonwood

Platanus occidentalis

Buckbush

Ceanothus sanguineus

Cabbage

Brassica oleracea

Cabbage rose

Canary grass

Rosa centifolia

Phalaris canariensis

California tea

Canby's lovage

Psoralea physodes

Ligusticum canbyi

Calypso

Canoe birch

Calypso bulbosa

Betula papyrifera

Canada balsam

Caper spurge

Abies balsamea

Euphorbia lathyrus

Canada blackberry

Capitate lousewort

Rubus canadensis

Pedicularis capitata

Canada bunchberry

Careless weed

Cornus canadensis

Amaranthus palmeri

Canada burnet

"Caribou" moss

Sanguisorba canadensis

Cladina rangiferina

Cladonia rangiferina

Canada garlic

Allium canadense

Carrionflower

Smilax herbacea

Canada goosebery

Ribes oxyacanthoides

Cascade bilberry

Vaccinium deliciosum

Canada lily

Lilium canadense

Cascara

Rhamnus purshiana

Canada mint

Mentha arvensis

Catmint

Nepeta cataria

Canada onion

Allium canadense

Catnip

Nepeta cataria

Canada plum

Prunus nigra

Cattail

Typha latifolia

Canada thistle

Cirsium arvense

Cattails

Typha spp.

Canada violet

Viola canadensis

Celery-leaved buttercup

Ranunculus sceleratus

Canada wild rye grass

Elymus canadensis

Cetraria

Cetraria crispa

Canadian mayflower

Cetraria cucullata

Maianthemum canadense

Chantarelle

Canadian milkvetch

Cantarellus cibarius

Astragalus canadense

Cheat grass

Bromus tectorum

Checker berry

Cinquefoil

Gaultheria procumbens

Potentilla anserina

Potentilla egedii

Cherry birch

Potentilla pacifica

Betula lenta

Cladophora

Chestnut oak

Cladophora rapestris

Quercus prinus

Climbing bittersweet

Chickpea

Celastrus scandens

Cicer arierinum

Cloudberry

Chickweed

Rubus chamaemorus

Stellaria media

Club-moss

Chicory

Lycopodium selago

Cichorum intybus

Clusterlily

Chilean tarweed

Brodiaea hyacinthina

Madia sativa

Clustered tarweed

Chinese lantern plant

Madia glomerata

Physalis alkekengi

Clustered wild rose

Chinook licorice

Rosa pisocarpa

Lupinus littoralis

Coastal black gooseberry

Chinquapin oak

Ribes divaricatum

Quercus prinoides

Cocklebur

Chocolate lily

Xanthium pensylvanicum

Fritillaria lanceolata

Cockspur thorn

Chocolate-tips

Crataegus crus-galli

Lomatium dissectum

Colt's-foot

Choke cherry

Tussilago farfara

Prunus demissa

Prunus virginiana

Columbia bitterroot

Lewisia columbiana

Chrysosplene

Chrysosplenium alternifolium

Columbia gromwell

Lithospermum ruderale

Chufa

Cyperus esculentus

Columbia lewisia

Lewisia columbiana

Cinnamon fern

Osmunda cinnamomea

Columbia lily

Lilium canadense

Cinnamon rose

Lilium columbianum

Rosa cinnamomea

Common barberry

Berberis vulgaris

Common barnyard grass

Common cow-parsnip

Echinochloa crusgalli

Heracleum sphondylium

Common bedstraw

Common dandelion

Galium aparine

Taraxacum officinale

Common blue mustard

Common dayflower

Chorispora tenella

Commelina communis

Common blue violet

Common dill

Viola papilionacea

Anethum graveolens

Common borage

Common elder

Borago officinalis

Sambucus canadensis

Common burdock

Common fennel

Arctium minus

Foeniculum vulgare

Common butterwort

Common field poppy

Pinguicula vulgaris

Papaver rhoeas

Common camas

Common flax

Camassia quamash

Linum usitatissimum

Common caraway

Common greenbrier

Carum carvi

Smilax rotundifolia

Common carpet weed

Common hawthorn

Mollugo verticillata

Crataegus monogyna

Common cat's ear

Common heather

Hypochaeris radicata

Calluna vulgaris

Common cattail

Common horehound

Typha latifolia

Marrubium vulgare

Common chevril

Common horseradish

Anthriscus cerefolium

Armoracia rusticana

Common cleavers

Common horsetail

Galium aparine

Equisetum arvense

Common coltsfoot

Common juniper

Petasites palmatus

Juniperus communis

Common colt's-foot

Common knotweed

Tussilago farfara

Polygonum aviculare

Common comfrey

Common Labrador-tea

Symphytum officinale

Ledum groenlandicum

Common corn spurry

Common mallow

Spergula arvensis

Malva sylvestris

Common mare's-tail

Common saskatoon

Hippuris vulgaris

Amelanchier alnifolia

Common milkweed

Common sorrel

Asclepias syriaca

Rumex acetosa

Common milkwort

Common sow-thistle

Polygala vulgaris

Sonchus oleraceus

Common millet

Common spatterdock

Panicum miliaceum

Nuphar advena

Common mint

Common spruce

Mentha arvensis

Picea abies

Common morel

Common starwort

Morchella esculenta

Stellaria media

Common mouse-ear cress

Common sunflower

Arabidopsis thaliana

Helianthus annuus

Common mugwort

Common tansy

Artemisia vulgaris

Tanacetum vulgare

Common oats

Common tumble mustard

Avena sativa

Sisymbrium officinale

Common orache

Common unicorn plant

Atriplex patula

Proboscidea louisianica

Common paper birch

Common waterberry

Betula papyrifera

Ilex verticillata

Common parsnip

Common watercress

Pastinaca sativa

Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum

Nasturtium officinale

Common pickerelweed

Pontederia cordata

Common western pipsissewa

Chimaphila umbellata

Common reed

Phragmites australis

Concord grape

Phragmites communis

Vitis spp.

Common rue-herb of grace

Cooley's hedge-nettle

Ruta graveolens

Stachys cooleyae

Common rush

Coriander

Juncus effusus

Coriandrum sativum

Common salsify

Corn lily

Tragopogon porrifolius

Clintonia borealis

Costmary

Creeping snowberry

Chrysanthemum balsamita

Gaultheria hispidula

Cotton burdock

Creeping spearwort

Arctium tomentosum

Ranunculus reptans

Cottonwood

Creeping thyme

Populus balsamifera

Thymus serpyllum

Populus trichocarpa

Creeping willow

Cottonwood mushroom

Salix arctophila

Tricholoma populinum

Cress

Couchgrass

Rorippa amphibia

Agropyron repens

Crow garlic

Cow lily

Allium vineale

Nuphar advena

Crowfoot violet

Cow-parsnip

Viola pedatifida

Heracleum lanatum

Cuckoo bittercress

Cowslip

Cardamine pratensis

Primula veris

Cucumberroot twisted-stalk

Cowslip primrose

Streptopus amplexifolius

Primula veris

Cultivated apple

Coyote mint

Pyrus malus

Monardella odoratissima

Curled thistle

Crabapples

Carduus crispus

Pyrus spp.

Malus spp.

Curlewberry

Empetrum nigrum

Crackerberry

Cornus canadensis

Curly dock

Rumex crispus

Cranberry

Vaccinium macrocarpus

Custard apple

Vaccinium vitis-idaea

Asimina triloba

Creamy vetchling

Cut toothwort

Lathyrus ochroleucus

Dentaria laciniata

Creeping bellflower

Cutleaf blackberry

Campanula rapanculoides

Rubus laciniatus

Creeping buttercup

Cut-leaved cranesbill

Ranunculus repens

Geranium dissectum

Creeping Oregon-grape

Berberis repens

Cut-leaved nightshade

Docks

Solanum triflorum

Rumex spp.

Cyperus

Dog rose

Cyperus esculentus

Rosa canina

Damson plum

Dotted smartweed

Prunus domestica

Polygonum punctatum

Day lily

Douglas-fir

Hemerocallis fulva

Pseudotsuga menziesii

Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus

Pseudotsuga taxifolia

Day lilies

Douglas' knotweed

Hemerocallis spp.

Polygonum douglasii

Dayflower

Downy arrow-wood

Commelina spp.

Viburnum rafinesquianum

Deer fern

Downy brome

Blechnum spicant

Bromus tectorum

Deerberry

Downy hawthorn

Vaccinium stamineum

Crataegus mollis

Deltoid balsamroot

Downy shadblow

Balsamorhiza deltoidea

Amelanchier arborea

Desert lily

Downy swamp blueberry

Calochortus macrocarpus

Vaccinium atrococcum

Desert parsley

Dragon root

Lomatium ambiguum

Arisaema spp.

Lomatium macrocarpum

Dragon sagewort

Devil's walkingstick

Artemisia dracunculus

Aralia spinosa

Drooping brome grass

Devilsapron

Bromus tectorum

Macrocystis integrifolia

Macrocystis pyrifera

Drummond's thistle

Cirsium drummondii

Dewberry

Rubus acaulis

Duck acorn

Rubus arcticus

Nelumbo lutea

Rubus enslenii

Rubus recurvicaulis

Dull Oregon grape

Berberis nervosa

Diamond-leaved willow

Salix phylicifolia

Dulse

Salix pulchra

Palmaria palmata

Rhodymenia palmata

Dune wild rye grass

Dyer's greenwood

Elymus mollis

Genista tinctoria

Dwarf bilberry

Early blue violet

Vaccinium caespitosum

Viola adunca

Vaccinium myrtillus

Viola palmata

Dwarf bog bunchberry

Early morel

Cornus suecica

Verpa bohemica

Dwarf bramble

Early winter-cress

Rubus lasiococcus

Barbarea verna

Dwarf chestnut oak

Eastern Arctic kelp

Quercus prinoides

Pterygophora spp.

Dwarf dogwood

Eastern camas

Cornus canadensis

Camassia scilloides

Dwarf elder

Eastern hemlock

Sambucus ebulus

Tsuga canadensis

Dwarf fireweed

Eastern skunk cabbage

Epilobium latifolium

Symplocarpos foetidus

Dwarf ginseng

Edible thistle

Panax trifolius

Cirsium edule

Dwarf huckleberry

Edible valerian

Gaylussacia dumosa

Valeriana edulis

Dwarf mallow

Eel-grass

Malva neglecta

Zostera marina

Dwarf mountain blueberry

Elder

Vaccinium caespitosum

Sambucus spp.

Dwarf nagoonberry

Elecampane

Rubus arcticus

Inula helenium

Dwarf raspberry

Engelmann spruce

Rubus acaulis

Picea engelmannii

Rubus arcticus

Rubus paracaulis

English daisy

Rubus pubescens

Bellis perennis

Dwarf red blackberry

English hawthorn

Rubus pubescens

Crataegus monogyna

Dwarf sumac

English oak

Rhus copallina

Quercus robur

Dwarf wildrose

European ash

Rosa gymnocarpa

Fraxinus excelsior

European bird cherry

False indigo

Prunus padus

Baptisia tinctoria

European black currant

False lady slipper

Ribes nigrum

Calypso bulbosa

European black poplar

False mermaid

Populus nigra

Floerkea proserpinacoides

European brooklime

False shagbark hickory

Veronica beccabunga

Carya ovalis

European cornsalad

False Solomon's-seal

Valerianella locusta

Smilacina racemosa

European elder

False spikenard

Sambucus nigra

Smilacina racemosa

European gooseberry

Felty-leaved willow

Ribes grossularia

Salix alaxensis

European hops

Fendler's waterleaf

Humulus lupulus

Hydrophyllum fendleri

European mountain-ash

Fennel-leaved lomatium

Sorbus aucuparia

Lomatium foeniculaceum

European red currant

Fern-leaved lomatium

Ribes sylvestre

Lomatium dissectum

European searocket

Fernald's shadbush

Cakile maritima

Amelanchier fernaldii

Evergreen blackberry

Fiddlehead fern

Rubus laciniatus

Matteuccia struthiopteris

Evergreen huckleberry

Field bindweed

Vaccinium ovatum

Convolvulus arvensis

Fairybells

Field dock

Disporum lanuginosum

Rumex pseudonatronatus

Fairy slipper

Field garlic

Calypso bulbosa

Allium vineale

False azalea

Field horsetail

Menziesia ferruginea

Equisetum arvense

False climbing buckwheat

Field mint

Polygonum scandens

Mentha arvensis

False flax

Camelina sativa

Field mushroom

Fragile prickly-pear cactus

Agaricus campestris

Opuntia fragilis

Field mustard

Fragrant water-lily

Brassica rapa

Nymphaea odorata

Field pennycress

Freemont's goosefoot

Thlaspi arvense

Chenopodium fremontii

Field peppergrass

Frosted hawthorn

Lepidium campestre

Crataegus pruinosa

Field sandbur

Galinsoga

Cenchrus longispinus

Galinsoga ciliata

Field thistle

Gallberry

Cirsium discolor

Ilex glabra

Fine-leaved lomatium

Garden cress

Lomatium utriculatum

Lepidium sativum

Fireweed

Garden orache

Epilobium angustifolium

Atriplex hortensis

Erechtites hieracifolia

Garden plum

Floating heart

Prunus domestica

Nymphoides cordata

Garden radish

Floating-leaved pondweed

Raphanus sativum

Potamogeton natans

Garden rhubarb

Flodman's thistle

Rheum rhaponticum

Cirsium flodmanii

Garden rocket

Flowering rush

Eruca sativa

Butomus umbellatus

Garland crabapple

Fool's onion

Pyrus coronaria

Brodiaea hyacinthina

Garlic

Four-leaved mare's-tail

Allium spp.

Hippuris tetraphylla

Garlic mustard

Fowl mannagrass

Alliaria officinalis

Glyceria striata

Garry oak

Fox grape

Quercus garryana

Vitis labrusca

Gaspe shadbush

Foxtail barley

Amelanchier gaspensis

Hordeum jubatum

Germander speedwell

Foxtail millet

Veronica chamaedrys

Setaria italica

Geyer's lomatium

Good King Henry

Lomatium geyeri

Chenopodium bonus-henricus

Geyer's onion

Goosefoot

Allium geyeri

Chenopodium album

Chenopodium spp.

Giant horsetail

Equisetum telmateia

Goosegrass

Eleusine indica

Giant hyssop

Agastache foeniculum

Goosetongue

Plantago decipiens

Giant kelp

Plantago macrocarpa

Macrocystis integrifolia

Plantago maritima

Macrocystis pyrifera

Grand fir

Giant knotweed

Abies spp.

Polygonum sachalinense

Grape-leaved coltsfoot

Giant puffball

Petasites vitifolius

Calvatia gigantea

Lycoperdon giganteum

Grayberry

Ribes bracteosum

Giant ragweed

Ambrosia trifida

Great camas

Camassia leichtlinii

Giant sunflower

Helianthus giganteus

Great viscid bulrush

Scirpus acutus

Giant vetch

Scirpus lacustris

Vicia gigantea

Scirpus validus

Giant wild rye grass

Great water dock

Elymus cinereus

Rumex orbiculatus

Elymus piperi

Greater burdock

Glacier lily

Arctium lappa

Erythronium grandiflorum

Greater plantain

Goat’s beard

Plantago major

Tragopogon pratensis

Green European glasswort

Golden currant

Salicornia europaea

Ribes aureum

Ribes odoratum

Green foxtail

Setaria viridis

Golden saxifrage

Chrysosplenium americanum

Green milkweed

Chrysosplenium alternifolium

Asclepias viridiflora

Goldmoss stonecrop

Sedum acre

Greenbrier

Hard maple

Smilax herbacea

Acer saccharum

Smilax tamnoides

Harvest brodiaea

Grey blueberry

Brodiaea coronaria

Vaccinium ovalifolium

Hawkweeds

Groundplum milkvetch

Hieracium spp.

Astragalus crassicarpus

Hawthorn

Ground-bean

Crataegus brainerdii

Amphicarpa bracteata

Crataegus dilatata

Falcata bracteata

Crataegus flabellata

Falcata comosa

Crataegus spp.

Glycine comosa

Hazelnuts

Corylus spp.

Ground-cherry

Physalis spp.

Hedge bindweed

Calystegia sepium

Ground-cone

Convolvulus sepium

Boschniakia hookeri

Boschniakia rossica

Hedge mustard

Sisymbrium altissimum

Ground-ivy

Glechoma hederacea

Hemlock-parsley

Conioselinum chinense

Groundnut

Conioselium pacificum

Apios americana

Hemp

Grouseberry

Cannabis sativa

Vaccinium scoparium

Henbit dead-nettle

Gummy gooseberry

Lamium amplexicaule

Ribes lobbii

Herb bennet

Hackberry

Geum urbanum

Celtis occidentalis

Hickories

Hairy crabgrass

Carya spp.

Digitaria sanguinalis

High bush cranberry

Hairy lousewort

Viburnum edule

Pedicularis hirsuta

High mallow

Hairy vetch

Malva sylvestris

Vicia hirsuta

High serviceberry

Hairy-fruited parsley

Amelanchier arborea

Lomatium foeniculaceum

Highbush blueberry

Harbinger-of-spring

Vaccinium corymbosum

Erigenia bulbosa

Himalayan blackberry

Hudson's Bay tea

Rubus procerus

Ledum groenlandicum

Ledum palustre

Hobblebush

Viburnum alnifolium

Huron shadbush

Amelanchier huronensis

Hog-peanut

Amphicarpa bracteata

Husk-tomato

Falcata bracteata

Physalis spp.

Falcata comosa

Glycine comosa

Hyssop

Hyssopus officinalis

Hollyhock

Althaea rosea

Iceland poppy

Papaver nudicaule

Honey locust

Gleditsia triacanthos

Idaho black gooseberry

Ribes irriguum

Honeywort

Cryptotaenia canadensis

Indian breadroot

Psoralea esculenta

Hooker's fairybells

Disporum hookeri

“Indian carrot”

Carum gairdneri

Hooker's onion

Lomatium macrocarpum

Allium acuminatum

Perideridia gairdneri

Hooker's thistle

“Indian celery”

Cirsium hookerianum

Heracleum lanatum

Lomatium nudicaule

Hop tree

Ptelea trifoliata

Indian consumption plant

Lomatium nudicaule

Horned dandelion

Taraxacum ceratophorum

Indian corn

Zea mays

Horse mint

Mentha longifolia

Indian cucumberroot

Medeola virginiana

Horsebrier

Smilax rotundifolia

Indian milkvetch

Astragalus aboriginum

Horsetails

Equisetum spp.

Indian millet

Panicum miliaceum

Hound's tongue

Cynoglossum officinale

Indian mustard

Brassica juncea

Huckleberry

Gaylussacia baccata

Indian paintbrush

Vaccinium spp.

Castilleja miniata

Hudson Bay currant

Indian potato

Ribes hudsonianum

Apios americana

“Indian rhubarb”

June berry

Heracleum lanatum

Amelanchier arborea

Rumex occidentalis

Amelanchier bartramiana

Indian rice

Juneberry shadbush

Fritillaria camschalcensis

Amelanchier lucida

Amelanchier mucronata

Indian rice grass

Oryzopsis hymenoides

June plum

Oemleria cerasiformis

Indian salad

Osmaronia cerasiformis

Hydrophyllum virginicum

Lactuca saligna

Juniper

Juniperus spp.

Indian turnip

Juniperus virginiana

Arisaema spp.

Kamchatka lily

Indian-pipe

Fritillaria camschatcensis

Monotropa uniflora

Kelp

Indian-plum

Alaria esculenta

Oemleria cerasiformis

Alaria marginata

Osmaronia cerasiformis

Alaria pylaii

Costaria costata

Inkberry

Laminaria groenlandica

Ilex glabra

Laminaria spp.

Lessoniopsis littoralis

Jack-by-the-hedge

Alliaria officinalis

Kelp flag

Macrocystis integrifolia

Jack-in-the-pulpit

Macrocystis pyrifera

Arisaema spp.

Kentucky coffee tree

Japanese barberry

Gymnocladus dioica

Berberis thunbergii

Kinnikinnick

Japanese butterbur

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Petasites japonicus

Cornus amomum

Japanese knotweed

Kneeling angelica

Polygonum cuspidatum

Angelica genuflexa

Japanese rose

Knotweeds

Rosa multiflora

Polygonum spp.

Jelly fungus

Ladies' bedstraw

Tremellodon sp.

Galium verum

Jerusalem artichoke

Lady fern

Helianthus tuberosus

Athyrium filix-femina

"John's-cabbage"

Hydrophyllum virginicum

Lady's thumb smartweed

Laver seaweed

Polygonum persicaria

Porphyra pseudolanceolata

Porphyra torta

Lambsquarters

Chenopodium album

Leafy thistle

Chenopodium berlanderi

Cirsium foliosum

Chenopodium bushianum

Chenopodium macrocalycium

Leather-leaf

Chamaedaphne calyculata

Lance-leaved stonecrop

Sedum lanceolatum

Leichtlin's camas

Camassia leichtlinii

Langsdorf's lousewort

Pedicularis langsdorfii

Lemon balm

Melissa officinalis

Lapland rhododendron

Rhododendron lapponicum

Lemon wood

Artemisia abrotanum

Large cranberry

Oxycoccus macrocarpon

Lemonade tree

Vaccinium macrocarpon

Rhus typhina

Large flowered triteleia

Lesser burdock

Brodiaea douglasii

Arctium minus

Large seeded false flax

Licorice

Camelina sativa

Glycyrrhiza lepidota

Large toothwort

Licorice fern

Dentaria maxima

Polypodium glycyrrhiza

Polypodium vulgare

Large white ground cherry

Chamaesaracha grandiflora

Lichens

Sticta amplissima

Large-fruited cranberry

Oxycoccus macrocarpus

Lily

Vaccinium macrocarpon

Lilium bulbiferum

Large-fruited lomatium

Lingonberry

Lomatium macrocarpum

Vaccinium vitis-idaea

Large-leaved aster

Loganberry

Aster macrophyllus

Rubus ursinus

Large-toothed aspen

Little chickweed

Populus grandidentata

Cerastium semidecandrum

Larkspur violet

Live-forever
02/02/2009

Viola pedatifida

Sedum purpureum

Laver
Liverberry

Porphyra abbottiae

Streptopus amplexifolius

Porphyra perforata

Locoweed

Magnolia water lily

Oxytropis maydelliana

Nymphaea tuberosa

Lodgepole pine

Mahaleb cherry

Pinus contorta

Prunus mahaleb

Loesel's tumble mustard

Maize

Sisymbrium loeselii

Zea mays

Long bladder kelp

Mallows

Macrocystis integrifolia

Malva spp.

Macrocysris pyrifera

Manchu cherry

Long-spined hawthorn

Prunus tomentosa

Crataegus succulenta

Manchu tuber-gourd

Long-leaved dock

Thladiantha dubia

Rumex longifolius

Mandrake

Louisiana broom-rape

Podophyllum peltatum

Orobanche ludoviciana

Manitoba maple

Lovage

Acer negundo

Levisticum officinale

Many-spined prickly-pear

Love-in-a-mist

Opuntia polyacantha

Nigella damascena

Maple-leaved viburnum

Low blueberry

Viburnum acerifolium

Vaccinium myrtilloides

Vaccinium vacillans

Marijuana

Cannabis sativa

Low bush cranberry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea

Marsh cress

Rorippa islandica

Low Oregon-grape

Berberis nervosa

Marshelder

Iva annua

Low Prairie rose

Rosa arkansana

Marshmallow

Althaea officinalis

Low shadbush

Amelanchier humilis

Marsh saxifgrage

Saxifraga pensylvanica

Low sweet blueberry

Vaccinium angustifolium

Marsh thistle

Cirsium palustre

Lyall's mariposa lily

Calochortus lyallii

Marsh vetchling

Lathyrus palustris

Lyre-leaved rockcress

Arabis lyrata

Marsh yellow cress

Rorippa islandica

Matrimony vine

Moss campion

Lycium halimifolium

Silene acaulis

Mayapple
Mooseberry

Podophyllum peltatum

Viburnum edule

Mayflower

Moosewood

Epigaea repens

Acer pensylvanicum

Meadow-beauty

Mossy-cup oak

Rhexia virginica

Quercus macrocarpa

Meadow-rue

Mountain alder

Thalictrum spp.

Alnus crispa

Medic-downy shadblow

Mountain avens

Amelanchier canadensis

Dryas spp.

Melons

Mountain bistort

Cucurbita spp.

Polygonum bistorta

Mexican campion

Mountain cranberry

Silphium laciniatum

Vaccinium vitis-idaea

Mexican tea

Mountain dandelion

Chenopodium ambrosioides

Agoseris glauca

Milkweed

Mountain hemlock

Asclepias amplexicaulis

Tsuga mertensiana

Milk-thistle

Mountain holly

Silybun marianum

Nemopanthus mucronata

Millet grass

Mountain teaberry

Milium effusum

Gaultheria ovatifolia

Miner's lettuce

Mountain-ash

Claytonia perfoliata

Sorbus americana

Montia perfoliata

Sorbus sambucifolia

Mint
Mountain-mint

Mentha spp.

Pycnanthemum incanum

Pycnanthemum pilosum

Mission bells

Pycnanthemum tenuifolium

Fritillaria camschatcensis

Pycnanthemum verticillatum

Pycnanthemum virginianum

Morel

Morchella crassipes

Mountain rock-cress

Morchella hortensis

Arabis alpina

Morchella spp.

Mountain-sorrel

New Jersey tea

Oxyria digyna

Ceanothus americanus

Mousenut

Newfoundland bilberry

Eriophorum angustifolium

Vaccinium nubigenum

Mugwort

Nipplewort

Artemisia spp.

Lapsana communis

Mulberries

Nodding microseris

Morus spp.

Microseris nutans

Mule's-ear

Nodding onion

Wyethia amplexicaulis

Allium cernuum

Murlins

Nodding saxifrage

Alaria esculenta

Saxifraga cernua

Musk mallow

Nootka lupine

Malva moschata

Lupinus nootkatensis

Musk thistle

Nootka rose

Carduus nutans

Rosa nutkana

Mustards

Nori

Brassica spp.

Porphyra spp.

Nagoonberry

Northern black currant

Rubus acaulis

Ribes hudsonianum

Rubus arcticus

Northern bog violet

Nannyberry

Viola cucullata

Viburnum lentago

Viola nephrophylla

Narrow-leaved cattail

Northern comandra

Typha angustifolia

Geocaulon lividum

Narrow-leaved goosefoot

Northern dewberry

Chenopodium leptophyllum

Rubus flagellaris

Narrow-leaved lomatium

Northern hedysarum

Lomatium triternatum

Hedysarum boreale

Narrow-leaved meadowsweet

Northern hound's tongue

Spiraea alba

Cynoglossum boreale

Narrow-leaved puccoon

Northern iris

Lithospermum angustifolium

Iris setosa

Narrow-leaved vetch

Northern Labrador-tea

Vicia sativa

Ledum palustre

Navy beans

Northern mannagrass

Phaseolus vulgaris

Glyceria borealis

Northern pin oak

Orpine

Quercus ellipsoidalis

Sedum telephium

Northern sage

Ostrich fern

Artemisia spp.

Matteuccia struthiopteris

Onoclea struthiopteris

Northern water-horehound

Lycopus uniflorus

Oswego tea

Monarda didyma

Norway maple

Acer platanoides

Oval-leaved blueberry

Vaccinium ovalifolium

Nuttall's onion

Allium nuttallii

Oval-leaved bog cranberry

Oxycoccus ovalifolius

Nuttall's prairie yellow violet

'Vaccinium oxycoccus'

Viola nuttallii

Ox-eye daisy

Oaks

Chrysanthemum leucanthemum

Quercus spp.

Leucanthemum vulgare

Okowyot

Oxtongue

Salix reticulata

Picris hieracioides

Old man's whiskers

Oyster mushroom

Geum triflorum

Pleurotus ostreatus

Pleurotus sapidus

Olympic onion

Allium crenulatum

Pacific anemone

Anemone multifida

Onion

Allium spp.

Pacific blackberry

Rubus ursinus

Onion grass

Allium vineale

Pacific coast strawberry

Melica bulbosa

Fragaria chiloensis

Opium poppy

Pacific crabapple

Papaver somniferum

Malus fusca

Pyrus fusca

Orange honeysuckle

Lonicera ciliosa

Pacific madrone

Arbutus menziesii

Oregon hollygrape

Berberis aquifolium

Pacific oenanthe

Oenanthe sarmentosa

Oregon wintergreen

Gaultheria ovatifolia

Pacific silver fir

Abies spp.

Oriental meadow goat's-beard

Tragopogon pratensis

Pale comandra

Peppergrass

Comandra umbellata

Lepidium spp.

Pale smartweed
Pepperidge

Polygonum lapathifolium

Nyssa sylvatica

Pallas buttercup

Peppermint

Ranunculus pallasii

Mentha piperita

Palmate coltsfoot

Piggy-back plant

Petasites palmatus

Tolmeia menziesii

Palmate violet
Pignut hickory

Viola palmata

Carya glabra

Pansy violet
Pigweed

Viola pedata

Amaranthus palmeri

Atriplex glabriuscula

Parry's wallflower

Chenopodium album

Parrya nudicaulis

Chenopodium spp.

Partridge-berry

Pilewort

Mitchella repens

Ranunculus ficaria

Vaccinium vitis-idaea

Pin cherry

Pawpaw

Prunus emarginata

Asimina triloba

Prunus pensylvanica

Peach

Pincushion cactus

Prunus persica

Coryphantha vivipara

Mamillaria vivipara

Peach-leaved bellflower

Campanula persicifolia

Pines

Pinus spp.

Pear

Pyrus communis

Pine mushroom

Armillaria ponderosa

Pear hawthorn

Tricholoma magnivelare

Crataegus calpodendron

Pineappleweed

Pennsylvania raspberry

Matricara matricarioides

Rubus pensilvanicus

Pink Easter lily

Pennsylvania bittercress

Erythronium revolutum

Cardamine pensylvanica

Pink fawn lily

Pennsylvania smartweed

Erythronium revolutum

Polygonum pensytvanicum

Pink mallow

Pennyroyal

Malva alcea

Hedeoma pulegioides

Pepper root

Dentaria diphylla

Pink-flowered onion

Prairie smoke

Allium stellatum

Geum trifolium

Pitcher's thistle

Prairie turnip

Cirsium pitcheri

Psoralea esculenta

Plains cymopterus

Prairie wild rose

Cymopteris acaulis

Rosa arkansana

Plains prickly-pear cactus

Prairie-clover

Opuntia polyacantha

Petalostemon candidum

Dalea Candida

Plane tree

Platanus occidentalis

Prickly-ash

Aralia spinosa

Plum-leaf crabapple

Pyrus prunifolia

Prickly gooseberry

Ribes cynosbati

Plumboy

Rubus pubescens

Prickly lettuce

Lactuca scariola

Plumeless thistle

Carduus acanthoides

Prickly-pear cactus

Opuntia compressa

Pokeweed

Phytolacca americana

Prickly rose

Rosa acicularis

Polypody fern

Polypodium glycyrrhiza

Prickly sow-thistle

Polypodium vulgare

Sonchus asper

Ponderosa pine

Prince's pine

Pinus ponderosa

Chimaphila maculata

Chimaphila umbellata

Poque

Boschniakia hookeri

Prostrate pigweed

Amaranthus graecizans

Potato bean

Apios americana

Pudding-grass

Hedeoma pulegioides

Prairie bulrush

Scirpus maritimus

Puffed shield lichen

Parmelia physodes

Prairie onion

Allium stellatum

Pumpkins

Allium textile

Cucurbita spp.

Prairie peppergrass

Punctate hawthorn

Lepidium densiflorum

Crataegus punctata

Prairie rose

Purple angelica

Rosa setigera

Angelica atropurpurea

Purple dead-nettle

Red and black chokeberry

Lamium purpureum

Pyrus arbutifolia

Purple flowering raspberry

Red ash

Rubus odoratus

Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Purple mountain saxifrage

Red clover

Saxifraga oppositifolia

Trifolium pratense

Pursh's sea-blite

Red currant

Suaeda maritima

Ribes diacanthum

Purslane

Red elder berry

Portulaca oleracea

Sambucus pubens

Sambucus racemosa

Pussytoes

Antennaria rosea

Red elm

Ulmus rubra

Quackgrass

Agropyron repens

Red hawthorn

Crataegus mollis

Quaking aspen

Crataegus rotundifolia

Populus tremuloides

Red huckleberry

Quick weed

Vaccinium parvifolium

Galinsoga ciliata

Red laver

Rambling rose

Porphyra spp.

Rosa rugosa

Red maids

Ramp

Calandrinia caulescens

Allium tricoccum

Red manzanita

Rape

Arctostaphylos alpina ssp. rubra

Brassica napus

Red maple

Raspberries

Acer rubrum

Rubus spp.

Red mulberry

Rattleweed

Morus rubra

Baptisia tinctoria

Red oak

Red alder

Quercus borealis

Alnus rubra

Quercus rubra

Red alga

Red orache

Palmaria palmata

Atriplex rosea

Rhodymenia palmata

Red spruce

Red alpine bearberry

Picea rubens

Arctostaphylos alpina ssp. rubra

Red star thistle

Riceroot fritillary

Centaurea calcitrapa

Fritillaria camschatcensis

Red stem alfilaria

Riceroot lily

Erodium cicutarium

Fritillaria camschatcensis

Red stemmed ceanothus

Richardson's willow

Ceanothus sanguineus

Salix richardsonii

Red swamp currant

Richweed

Ribes triste

Pilea pumila

Red twinberry

River beauty

Lonicera utahensis

Epilobium latifolium

Red whortleberry

River willow

Vaccinium parvifolium

Salix alaxensis

Vaccinium vitis-idaea

Riverbank grape

"Red willow"

Vitis riparia

Cornus occidentalis

Cornus sericea

Roadside peppergrass

Cornus stolonifera

Lepidium ruderale

Red-flowering currant

Rock cranberry

Ribes sanguineum

Vaccinium vitis-idaea

Red-osier dogwood

Rock elm

Cornus occidentalis

Ulmus thomasii

Cornus sericea

Cornus stolonifera

Rock maple

Acer saccharum

Red-seeded dandelion

Taraxacum laerigatum

Rock tripe

Actinogyra spp.

Red-stemmed dogwood

Umbilicaria spp.

Cornus stolonifera

Cornus occidentalis

Rockweed

Cornus sericea

Fucus spp.

Redroot pigweed

Rocky mountain bee-plant

Amaranthus retroflexus

Cleome serrulata

Reed grass

Rocky mountain maple

Phragmites australis

Acer glabrum

Phragmites communis

Roeback berry

"Reindeer" moss

Rubus saxatilis

Cladonia rangiferina

Rosehip

Ribwort plantain

Rosa nutkana

Plantago lanceolata

Roseroot

Russet buffaloberry

Rhodiola rosea

Shepherdia canadensis

Sedum roseum

Russian olive

Rough cocklebur

Elaeagnus angustifolia

Xanthium strumarium

Russian thistle

Rough fruited fairybells

Salsola kali

Disporum trachycarpum

Sagebush mariposa lily

Rough pennyroyal

Calochortus macrocarpus

Hedeoma hispida

Sagewort wormwood

Rough perennial sow-thistle

Artemisia campestris

Sonchus arvensis

Sago pondweed

Rough water-horehpund

Potamogeton pectinarus

Lycopus asper

Salad burnet

Rough-leaved goosefoot

Sanguisorba minor

Chenopodium pumilio

Salad greens

Round-leaved alumroot

Saxifraga punctata

Heuchera cylindrica

Salal

Roundstem bulrush

Gauhheria shallon

Scirpus acutus

Scirpus lacustris

Salmon berry

Scirpus validus

Rubus spectabilis

Rowan
Saltbush

Sorbus aucuparia

Atriplex spp.

Rue-anemone

Salt marsh starwort

Anemonella thalictroides

Stellaria humifusa

Rugel's plantain

Salt sage

Plantago rugelii

Atriplex nuttallii

Rugose rose

Salvia

Rosa rugosa

Salvia verticillata

Rum cherry

Sand cherry

Prunus serotina

Prunus pumila

Running raspberry

Sand dropseed

Rubus pubescens

Sporobolus cryptandrus

Rushlike skeleton plant

Sandbar willow

Lygodesmia juncea

Salix exigua

Sassafras

Seabeach-sandwort

Sassafras albidum

Arenaria peploides

Honckenya peploides

Scootberry

Streptopus amplexifolius

Seaside plantain

Plantago macrocarpa

Scotch broom

Plantago maritima

Cytisus scoparius

Seaweed

Scotch cottom-thistle

Porphyra spp.

Onopordum acanthium

Self-heal

Scotch lovage

Prunella vulgaris

Ligusticum scothicum

Sensitive fern

Scottish thistle

Onoclea sensibilis

Cirsium vulgare

Serviceberry

Scolder's surf-grass

Amelanchier alnifolia

Phyllospadix scouleri

Amelanchier humilis

Amelanchier wiegandii

Scrub birch

Betula glandulosa

Shadbush

Amelanchier sanguinea

Scurvy grass

Amelanchier wiegandii

Cochlearia officinalis

Shagbark hickory

Sea buckthorn

Carya ovalis

Hippophae rhamnoides

Carya ovata

Sea coast angelica

Shaggy vetch

Angelica lucida

Vicia villosa

Sea ivy

Sheep sorrel

Macrocystis integrifolia

Rumex acetosella

Macrocystis pyrifera

Shelf fungus

Sea lettuce

Ganoderma applanatum

Ulva lactuca

Shepherd's purse

Sea lyme-grass

Capsella bursa-pastoris

Elymus arenarius

Shepherd's needle

Sea-chickweed

Scandix pecten-veneris

Arenaria peploides

Shining club-moss

Sea-grass

Lycopodium lucidulum

Phyllospadix scouleri

Phyllospadix torreyi

Shining sumac

Rhus copallina

Sea-milkwort

Glaux maritima

Short beaked false dandelion

Agoseris glauca

Sea-side arrow-grass

Triglochin maritima

Short-styled thistle

Sitka spruce

Cirsium brevistylum

Picea sitchensis

Showy aster

Skunk currant

Aster conspicuus

Ribes glandulosum

Showy milkweed

Skunkbush

Asclepias speciosa

Rhus aromatica

Shrubby cinquefoil

Slim leaf onion

Potentilla fruticosa

Allium amplectens

Shrubby penstemon

"Slippery top"

Penstemon fruticosus

Hygrophorus sp.

Siberian crabapple

Sloe plum

Pyrus baccata

Prunus spinosa

Siberian iris

Small bellwort

Iris sibirica

Uvularia sessilifolia

Siberian spring-beauty

Small cranberry

Claytonia sibirica

Oxycoccus quadripetalus

"Vaccinium oxycoccus"

Silky aster

Aster sericeus

Small flowered galinsoga

Galinsoga parviflora

Silky dogwood

Comus amomum

Small-fruited bog cranberry

Oxycoccus microcarpus

Silver buffaloberry

"Vaccinium oxycoccus"

Shepherdia argentea

Small mallow

Silver maple

Malva pusilla

Acer saccharinum

Small mallow

Silverberry

Malva rotundifolia

Elateagnus commutata

Elaeagnus spp.

Small twisted-stalk

Streptopus streptopoides

Silverweed

Potentilla anserina

Small yellow ground-cherry

Potentilla egedii

Physalis pubescens

Potentilla pacifica

Smallblue aster

Simple-stemmed twisted-stalk

Aster simplex

Streptopus roseus

Small-flowered buirush

Sitka burnet

Scirpus microcarpus

Sanguisorba canadensis

Small-flowered mallow

Sitka mountain-ash

Malva parviflora

Sorbus sitchensis

Smith's fairybells

Soopolallie

Disporum smithii

Shepherdia canadensis

Smokeweed bistort

Sourdock

Polygonum bistortoides

Rumex arcticus

Smooth aster
Sourgum

Aster laevis

Nyssa sylvatica

Smooth crabgrass

Sour-top blueberry

Digitaria ischaemum

Vaccinium myrtilloides

Smooth gooseberry

Spear thistle

Ribes oxyacanthoides

Cirsium vulgare

Smooth Juneberry

Spearmint

Amelanchier laevis

Mentha spicata

Smooth rose

Speckled mountain alder

Rosa blanda

Alnus rugosa

Smooth sumac
Speedwell

Rhus glabra

Veronica officinalis

Smooth sweet cicely

Spicebush

Osmorhiza longistylis

Lindera benzoin

Snowberry
Spicewood

Symphoricarpos albus

Lindera benzoin

Snowbrush
Spiderflower

Ceanothus velutinus

Cleome serrulata

Snow cinquefoil

Spiderwort

Potentilla nivea

Tradescantia virginiana

Snow dewberry

Spiked saxifrage

Rubus nivalis

Saxifraga spicata

Snowbush ceanothus

Spikenard

Ceanothus velutinus

Aralia racemosa

Soapberry
Spinach dock

Shepherdia canadensis

Rumex patientia

Soapweed

Spiny wood fern

Yucca glauca

Dryopteris assimilis

Dryopteris austriaca

Soft rush

Dryopteris carthusiana

Juncus effusus

Dryopteris dilatata

Dryopteris expansa

Solomon's-seal

Dryopteris spinulosa

Polygonatum biflorum

Polygonatum pubescens

Spiraea

Staghorn sumac

Spiraea tomentosa

Rhus typhina

Spiraeas

Star-flowered false Solomon's-seal

Spiraea spp.

Smilacina stellata

Spotted touch-me-not

Stemless raspberry

Impatiens biflora

Rubus acaulis

Impatiens capensis

Rubus arcticus

Spreading stonecrop

Sticky cinquefoil

Sedum divergens

Potentilla glandulosa

Spring-beauty
Sticky currant

Claytonia caroliniana

Ribes viscosissimum

Claytonia lanceolata

Claytonia tuberosa

Sticky geranium

Claytonia virginica

Geranium erianthum

Geranium viscosissimum

Spring cress

Cardamine bulbosa

Sticky gooseberry

Ribes lobbii

Spring sunflower

Balsamorhiza sagittata

Stinging nettle

Urtica dioica

Springbank clover

Trifolium fimbriatum

Stink currant

Trifolium wormskioldii

Ribes bracteosum

Squashes
Stinkweed

Cucurbita spp.

Thlaspi arvense

Squashbush
Stonecrop

Viburnum dentatum

Sedum divergens

Sedum oreganum

Squaw currant

Ribes cereum

Strand wheat

Elymus arenarius

Squaw huckleberry

Vaccinium stamineum

Strawberry blite goosefoot

Chenopodium capitatum

Squaw-root

Carum gairdneri

Strawberry-raspberry

Perideridia gairdneri

Rubus illecebrosus

Squaw-vine

Strawberry spinach

Mitchella repens

Chenopodium capitatum

St. George's mushroom

Striped maple

Tricholoma gambosum

Acer pensylvanicum

St. Vincents rock stonecrop

Subalpine fir

Sedum rupestre

Abies spp.

Subalpine yarrow

"Swamp parsnip"

Achillea millefolium

Sium suave

Sudeten lousewort

Swamp rose

Pedicularis sudetica

Rosa palustris

Rosa pisocarpa

Sugar maple

Acer saccharum

Swamp sugar pear

Amelanchier intermedia

Summer cypress

Kochia scoparia

Swamp thistle

Cirsium muticum

Summer grape

Vitis aestivalis

Swamp white oak

Quercus bicolor

Summer savory

Satureja hortensis

Swedish bunchberry

Cornus suecica

Sumpweed

Iva annua

Sweet birch

Betula lenta

Sunberry

Ribes bracteosum

Sweet briar

Rosa eglanteria

Surah

Salix phylicifolia

Sweet cherry

Salix pulchra

Prunus avium

Swamp blackberry

Sweet cicely

Rubus hispidus

Osmorhiza chilensis

Osmorhiza claytonii

Swamp black currant

Osmorhiza depauperata

Ribes lacustre

Sweet coltsfoot

Swamp gooseberry

Petasites frigidus

Ribes lacustre

Sweet elder

Swamp hedge-nettle

Sambucus canadensis

Stachys palustris

Sweet fern

Swamp hickory

Comptonia peregrina

Carya cordiformis

Sweet flag

Swamp lantern

Acorus calamus

Lysichitum americanum

Sweet gale

Swamp laurel

Myrica gale

Kalmia polifolia

Sweet locust

Swamp milkweed

Gleditsia triacanthos

Asclepias incarnata

Sweet pepperbush

Clethra alnifolia

Sweet vernal grass

Tea-leaved willow

Anthoxanthum odoratum

Salix phylicifolia

Salix pulchra

Sweet vetch

Hedysarum alpinum

Thicket hawthorn

Crataegus coccinea

Sweet violet

Crataegus intricaia

Viola odorata

Thimbleberry

Sweet-scented bedstraw

Rubus occidentalis

Galium triflorum

Rubus odoratus

Rubus parviflorus

Sword fern

Polystichum munitum

Thistle

Cirsium pumilum

Sword-leaved rush

Cirsium spp.

Juncus ensifolius

Thorny buffaloberry

Tall cottongrass

Shepherdia argentea

Eriophorum angustifolium

Three-leaved Solomon's-seal

Tall huckleberry

Smilacina trifolia

Vaccinium ovalifolium

Three-spot mariposa lily

Tall mannagrass

Calochortus apiculatus

Glyceria borealis

Thrift

Tall Oregon grape

Armeria maritima

Berberis aquifolium

Mahonia aquifolium

Tiger lily

Lilium canadense

Tall peppergrass

Lilium columbianum

Lepidium virginicum

Lilium tigrinum

Tall tumble mustard

Timber milkvetch

Sisymbrium altissimum

Astragalus miser

Astragalus serotinus

Tall yellow lettuce

Lactuca canadensis

Tinker's-weed

Triosteum perfoliatum

Tarragon

Artemisia dracunculus

Tobacco-root

Valeriana edulis

Tartary buckwheat

Fagopyrum tartaricum

Tomatillo

Physalis ixocarpa

Tea rose

Rosa odorata

Torrey's surf-grass

Phyllospadix torreyi

Teaberry

Gaultheria procumbens

Trailing black currant

Ribes laxiflorum

Trailing wild blackberry

Utah honeysuckle

Rubus ursinus

Lonicera utahensis

Trailing wild raspberry

Velvet-leaved blueberry

Rubus pedatus

Vaccinium myrtillides

Trapper's tea

Vermont blackberry

Ledum glandulosum

Rubus vermontanus

Tree lichen

Violet

Alectoria spp.

Viola spp.

Sticta amplissima

Usnea spp.

Virginia creeper

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Tree onion

Allium canadense

Virginia ground-cherry

Physalis virginiana

Trembling aspen

Populus tremuloides

Virginia rose

Rosa virginiana

Tuberous vetchling

Lathyrus tuberosus

Virginia waterleaf

Hydrophyllum virginicum

Tuberous water lily

Nymphaea tuberosa

Wafer ash

Ptelea trifoliata

Tule

Scirpus acutus

Wake robin

Scirpus lacustris

Trillium grandiflorum

Scirpus validus

Wall lettuce

Tulip tree

Lactuca muralis

Liriodendron tulipifera

Wapato

Tumble pigweed

Sagittaria latifolia

Amaranthus albus

Water avens

Twinflower honeysuckle

Geum rivale

Lonicera involucrata

Water chinquapin

Two-leaved false Solomon's-seal

Nelumbo lutea

Maianthemum dilatatum

Waterleaf

Two-leaved pepperroot

Hydrophyllum appendiculatum

Dentaria diphulla

Hydrophyllum canadense

Umbrella-plant

Water lily

Eriogonum umbellatum

Nuphar advena

Upright yellow oxalis

Water parsley

Oxalis stricta

Oenanthe sarmentosa

Water pennywort

Western sea-blite

Hydrocotyle umbellata

Suaeda occidentalis

Hydrocotyle verticillata

Western skunk cabbage

Water plantain

Lysichitum americanum

Alisma plantago-aquatica

Western sweet cicely

Water speedwell

Osmorhiza occidentalis

Veronica catenata

Western tansy mustard

Water-parsnip

Descurainia pinnata

Sium suave

Western trumpet honeysuckle

Watermelonberry

Lonicera ciliosa

Streptopus amplexifolius

Western wild ginger

Waternut

Asarum caudatum

Nelumbo lutea

White ash

Watershield

Fraxinus americana

Brasenia schreberi

White-bark pine

Watery blueberry

Pinus albicaulis

Vaccinium alaskaense

"White camas"

Watson's gooseberry

Lomatium canbyi

Ribes watsonianum

White cedar

Wavy-leaved thistle

Thuja occidentalis

Cirsium undulatum

White clover

Waxberry

Trifolium repens

Symphoricarpos albus

White dead-nettle

Western dock

Lamium album

Rumex occidentalis

White fir

Western hemlock

Abies concolor

Tsuga heterophylla

White mountain avens

Western larch

Dryas octopetala

Larix occidentalis

White mulberry

Western mannagrass

Morus alba

Glyceria occidentalis

White mustard

Western mountain-ash

Brassica hirta

Sorbus scopulina

White oak

Western mugwort

Quercus alba

Artemisia ludoviciana

Western red-cedar

Thuja plicata

White pine

Wild buckwheat

Pinus strobus

Polygonum convolvulus

White poplar
Wild calla

Populus alba

Calla palustris

White rhododendron

Wild caraway

Rhododendron albiflorum

Carum gairdneri

Perideridia gairdneri

White spruce

Picea glauca

"Wild carrot"

Perideridia gairdneri

White stem alfilaria

Conioselinum chinense

Erodium moschatum

Conioselium pacificum

Daucus carota

White thistle

Lomatium macrocarpum

Cirsium hookerianum

White triteleia

Wild celery

Brodiaea hyacinthina

Angelica lucida

Oenanthe sarmentosa

White-grained mountain rice grass

Ligusticum scothicum

Oryzopsis asperifolia

Wild chamomile

White-stemmed blazing star

Matricara matricarioides

Mentzelia albicaulis

Wild cherry

Whorled mallow

Prunus spp.

Malva verticillata

Wild chives

Whorled milkweed

Allium schoenoprasum

Asclepias verticillata

Wild columbine

Whortleberries

Aquilegia canadensis

Vaccinium spp.

Wild coffee

Wild angelica

Triosteum aurantiacum

Angelica sylvestris

Triosteum perfoliatum

Wild basil savory

Wild crabapple

Satureja vulgaris

Mains fusca

Pyrus coronaria

Wild bergamot

Pyrus fusca

Monarda fistulosa

Wild cucumber

Wild black currant

Streptopus amplexifolius

Ribes americanum

Wild dandelion

Wild black gooseberry

Taraxacum ambigens

Ribes divaricatum

Taraxacum dumetorum

Taraxacum hyparcticum

Wild blue currant

Taraxacum lacerum

Ribes laxiflorum

Taraxacum latilobum

Taraxacum laurentianum

Taraxacum phymatocarpum

Wild dewberries

Wild onion

Rubus

Allium textile

spp.

Wild pea

Wild filbert

Lupinus perennis

Corylus cornuta

Wild plum

Wild flax

Prunus americana

Linum perenne

Prunus spp.

Wild garlic

Wild potatoe

Allium tricoccum

Anemonella thalictroides

Wild ginger

Wild radish

Asarum canadense

Raphanus raphanistrum

Wild grape

Wild raisin

Vitis riparia

Viburnum cassinoides

Wild harvil

Wild raspberry

Cryptotaenia canadensis

Rubus idaeus

Rubus strigosis

Wild hyacinth

Camassia scilloides

Wild red currant

Ribes triste

Wild leek

Allium tricoccum

"Wild rhubarb"

Polygonum alaskanum

Wild lettuce

Polygonum alpinum

Lactuca canadensis

Polygonum phytolaccaefolium

Wild licorice

Wild rose

Glycyrrhiza lepidota

Rosa nitida

Rosa rousseauiorum

Wild lily-of-the-valley

Rosa williamsii

Maianthemum canadense

Rosa spp.

Maianthemum dilatatum

Wild sarsaparilla

Wild lupine

Aralia nudicaulis

Lupinus perennis

Wild strawberry

Wild marjoram

Fragaria bracteata

Origanum vulgare

Fragaria vesca

Fragaria virginiana

Wild mustard

Fragaria spp.

Brassica kaber

Sinapsis arvensis

Wild sweet-potato vine

Ipomoea pandurata

Wild oat

Avena fatua

Wild thyme

Avena spp.

Thymus arcticus

Wild yam

Wood germander

Dioscorea villosa

Teucrium scorodonia

Wild-pear
Wood lily

Amelanchier sanguinea

Lilium philadelphicum

Wild-pear serviceberry

Wood-rot fungus

Amelanchier stolonifera

Inonotus obliquus

Poria obliqua

Wild-rice

Zizania aquatica

Wood-sorrel

Zizania palustris

Oxalis corniculata

Oxalis dillenii

Willow

Oxalis montana

Salix spp.

Oxalis stricta

Oxalis spp.

Willowherb

Epilobium angustifolium

Woodland angelica

Angelica sylvestris

Wineberry

Rubus phoenicolasius

Woodland strawberry

Fragaria bracteata

Winter-cress

Fragaria vesca

Barbarea spp.

Wood's rose

Winter pennyroyal

Rosa woodsii

Hydrocotyle americana

Woolly lousewort

Winterfat

Pedicularis lanata

Eurotia lanata

Wormwood
Wintergreen

Artemisia absinthium

Gaultheria procumbens

Artemisia gnaphalodes

Pyrola virens

Artemisia spp.

Wire-grass
Yampah

Eleusine indica

Carum gairdneri

Perideridia gairdneri

Witch-hazel

Hamamelis virginiana

Yarrow

Achillea millefolium

Witherod

Viburnum cassinoides

Yellow adder's tongue

Erythronium americanum

Woad

Isatis tinctoria

Yellow arum

Lysichitum americanum

Wolf willow

Elaeagnus commutata

Yellow avalanche lily

Erythronium grandiflorum

Wood betony

Pedicularis canadensis

Yellow birch

Pedicularis lanceolata

Betula lutea

Yellow cut-leaved mignonette

Yellow pond-lily

Reseda lutea

Nuphar advena

Nuphar polysepalum

Yellow dogtooth violet

Nuphar variegatum

Erythronium grandiflorum

Yellow salsify

Yellow evening primrose

Tragopogon dubius

Oenothera biennis

Yellow sand-verbena

Yellow foxtail

Abronia latifolia

Setaria lutescens

Yellow sweet-clover

Yellow gromwell

Melilotus officinalis

Lithospermum incisum

Yellow water-lily

Yellow ground-cherry

Nuphar variegatum

Physalis heterophylla

Yellow wood violet

Yellow iris

Viola glabella

Iris pseudacorus

Yellowbell fritillary

Yellow lotus

Frititllaria pudica

Nelumbo lutea

Yerba buena

Yellow mariposa

Satureja douglasii

Calochortus luteus

Yews

Yellow marsh-marigold

Taxus spp.

Caltha palustris

Youth-on-age

Yellow nut grass

Tolmeia menziesii

Cyperus esculentus

Yucca

Yellow oxalis

Yucca glauca

Oxalis corniculata

Yellow oxytrope

Oxytropis maydelliana

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