Traditional Plant Foods of canadian indigenous peoples, Nutrition, Botany and Use

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APPENDIX 3
Species by Botanical Name

Abies balsamea

Actinogyra spp.

Balsam fir
Rock tripe
Canada balsam

Agaricus campestris

Abies concolor

Field mushroom
White fir

Agastache foeniculum

Abies spp.

Giant hyssop
Grand fir
Subalpine fir

Agoseris glauca

Pacific silver fir

Mountain dandelion

Short beaked false dandelion

Abronia latifolia

Yellow sand-verbena

Agropyron repens

Quackgrass

Acer glabrum

Couchgrass

Rocky mountain maple

Agrostis perennans

Acer macrophyllum

Bent grass
Bigleaf maple

Broad-leaved maple

Alaria esculenta

Kelp

Acer negundo

Murlins
Manitoba maple
Box elder

Alaria marginata

Kelp

Acer nigrum

Black maple

Alaria pylaii

Kelp

Acer pensylvanicum

Moosewood

Alectoria spp.

Striped maple
Tree lichen

Acer platanoides

Alisma plantago-aquatica

Norway maple
Water plantain

Acer rubrum

Alliaria officinalis

Red maple
Garlic mustard

Jack-by-the-hedge

Acer saccharinum

Silver maple

Allium acuminatum

Hooker's onion

Acer saccharum

Sugar maple

Allium amplectens

Rock maple

Slim leaf onion

Hard maple

Allium canadense

Achillea millefolium

Canada garlic
Yarrow
Canada onion

Subalpine yarrow

Tree onion

Acorus calamus

Allium cernuum

Sweet flag
Nodding onion

Allium crenulatum

Amaranthus graecizans

Olympic onion

Prostrate pigweed

Allium geyeri

Amaranthus hybridus

Geyer's onion
Amaranth

Allium nuttallii

Amaranthus palmeri

Nuttall's onion

Pigweed
Careless weed

Allium schoenoprasum

Amaranthus retroflexus

Wild chives

Redroot pigweed

Allium stellatum

Amaranthus spinosus

Pprairie onion
Amaranth

Pink-flowered onion

Ambrosia trifida

Allium textile

Giant ragweed
Wild onion

Amelanchier alnifolia

Allium tricoccum

Common saskatoon

Wild leek
Serviceberry
Ramp
Wild garlic

Amelanchier arborea

High serviceberry

Allium vineale

June berry
Onion grass
Downy shadblow
Field garlic
Crow garlic

Amelanchier bartramiana

Juneberry

Allium spp.

Bartram shadblow

Garlic
Onion

Amelanchier canadensis

Medic-downy shadblow

Alnus crispa

Mountain alder

Amelanchier fernaldii

American green alder

Fernald's shadbush

Alnus rubra

Amelanchier gaspensis

Red alder
Gaspe shadbush

Alnus rugosa

Amelanchier humilis

Speckled mountain alder

Serviceberry
Low shadbush

Althaea officinalis

Marsh mallow

Amelanchier huronensis

Huron shadbush

Althaea rosea

Hollyhock

Amelanchier intermedia

Swamp sugar pear

Amaranthus albus

Tumble pigweed

Amelanchier laevis

Smooth Juneberry

Alleghany shadblow

Amelanchier lucida

Angelica lucida

Juneberry shadbusb

Sea coast angelica

Wild celery

Amelanchier mucronata

Aleut celery

Juneberry shadbush

Angelica sylvestris

Amelanchier sanguinea

Woodland angelica

Shadbush
Wild angelica
Wild-pear

Antennaria rosea

Amelanchier stolonifera

Pussytoes

Wild-pear serviceberry

Anthoxanthum odoratum

Amelanchier wiegandii

Sweet vernal grass

Serviceberry
Sbadbrush

Anthriscus cerefolium

Common chevril

Ammophila breviligulata

Beachgrass

Apios americana

Groundnut

Amphicarpa bracteata

Indian potato
Hog-peanut
Potato bean
Ground-bean

Aquilegia canadensis

Anchusa officinalis

Wild columbine
Alkanet

Arabidopsis thaliana

Andromeda glaucophylla

Common mouse-ear cress

Bog rosemary

Arabis alpina

Anemone multifida

Mountain rock-cress

Pacific anemone

Alpine cress

Anemone narcissiflora

Arabis lyrata

Anemone

Lyre-leaved rock-cress

Anemonella thalictroides

Aralia nudicaulis

Rue-anemone

Wild sarsaparilla

Wild potato

Aralia racemosa

Anethum graveolens

Spikenard
Common dill

Aralia spinosa

Angelica archangelica

Prickly-ash
Angelica

Devil's walkingstick

Angelica atropurpurea

Arbutus menziesii

Purple angelica

Pacific madrone

Angelica genuflexa

Arctium lappa

Kneeling angelica

Greater burdock

Arctium minus

Artemisia gnaphalodes

Lesser burdock
Wormwood
Common burdock

Artemisia ludoviciana

Arctium nemorosum

Western mugwort

Burdock

Artemisia vulgaris

Arctium tomentosum

Common mugwort
Cotton burdock

Artemisia spp.

Arctostaphylos alpina

Wormwood

Alpine bearberries

Mugwort

Alpine manzanita

Asarum canadense

Arctostaphylos alpina ssp. rubra

Wild ginger

Red alpine bearberry

Red manzanita

Asarum caudatum

Western wild ginger

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Kinnikinnick

Asclepias amplexicaulis

Bearberry
Milkweed

Arenaria peploides

Asclepias incarnata

Sea-chickweed
Swamp milkweed

Seabeach-sandwort

Asclepias speciosa

Arisaema spp.

Showy milkweed

Jack-in-the-pulpit

Dragon root

Asclepias syriaca

Indian turnip

Common milkweed

Armeria maritima

Asclepias tuberosa

Thrift
Butterfly weed

Armillaria ponderosa

Asclepias verticillata

Pine mushroom

Whorled milkweed

Armoracia rusticana

Asclepias viridiflora

Common horseradish

Green milkweed

Artemisia abrotanum

Asimina triloba

Lemon wood
Pawpaw
Custard apple

Artemisia absinthium

Wormwood

Asparagus officinalis

Absinthe
Asparagus

Artemisia campestris

Aster conspicuous

Sagewort wormwood

Showy aster

Artemisia dracunculus

Aster laevis

Tarragon
Smooth aster

Dragon sagewort

Aster macrophyllus

Avena spp.

Large-leaved aster

Wild oats

Aster sericeus

Balsamorhiza deltoidea

Silky aster

Deltoid balsamroot

Aster simplex

Balsamorhiza sagittata

Smallblue aster

Arrow-leaved balsamroot

Spring sunflower

Astragalus aboriginum

Indian milkvetch

Baptisia tinctoria

False indigo

Astragalus americanus

Rattleweed

American milkvetch

Barbarea verna

Astragalus canadense

Early winter-cress

Canadian milkvetch

Barbarea vulgaris

Astragalus crassicarpus

Bitter winter-cress

Groundplum milkvetch

Barbarea spp.

Astragalus miser

Winter-cress

Timber milkvetch

Beckmannia syzigachne

Astragalus serotinus

American slough grass

Timber-milkvetch

Bellis perennis

Athyrium filix-femina

English daisy
Lady fern

Berberis aquifolium

Atriplex glabriuscula

Tall Oregon grape

Pigweed

Oregon hollygrape

Atriplex hortensis

Berberis nervosa

Garden orache

Low Oregon grape

Dull Oregon-grape

Atriplex nuttallii

Salt sage

Berberis repens

Creeping Oregon-grape

Atriplex patula

Common orache

Berberis thunbergii

Japanese barberry

Atriplex rosea

Red orache

Berberis vulgaris

Common barberry

Atriplex spp.

Saltbush

Betula alleghaniensis

Alleghany birch

Avena fatua

Wild oats

Betula glandulosa

Scrub birch

Avena sativa

Bog glandular birch

Common oats

Betula lenta

Brassica nigra

Black birch
Black mustard
Cherry birch
Sweet birch

Brassica oleracea

Cabbage

Betula lutea

Yellow birch

Brassica rapa

Bird rape mustard

Betula papyrifera

Field mustard

Common paper birch

Canoe birch

Brassica spp.

Mustard

Betula pumila

Bog birch

Brodiaea coronaria

Harvest brodiaea

Betula tortuosa

Birch

Brodiaea douglasii

Large flowered triteleia

Betula spp.

Birches

Brodiaea hyacinthina

Cluster lily

Blechnum spicant

White triteleia

Deer fern
Fool's onion

Blitum capitatum

Bromus tectorum

Strawberry blite goosefoot

Drooping brome grass

Strawberry spinach

Downy brome
Cheat grass

Borago officinalis

Common borage

Bryoria fremontii

Black tree lichen

Boschniakia hookeri

Poque

Butomus umbellatus

Ground-cone
Flowering rush

Boschniakia rossica

Cakile edentula

Ground-cone

American searocket

Brasenia schreberi

Cakile maritime

Watershield

European searocket

Brassica hirta

Calandrinia caulescens

White mustard
Red maids

Brassica juncea

Calla palustris

Indian mustard
Wild calla
Brown mustard

Calluna vulgaris

Brassica kaber

Common heather
Wild mustard

Brassica napus

Rape

Calochortus apiculatus

Cantarellus cibarius

Three-spot mariposa lily

Chantarelle

Calochortus luteus

Capsella bursa-pastoris

Yellow mariposa

Shepherd's purse

Calochortus lyallii

Cardamine bulbosa

Lyall's mariposa lily

Spring cress

Calochortus macrocarpus

Cardamine pensylvanica

Sagebush mariposa lily

Pennsylvania bittercress

Desert lily

Cardamine pratensis

Caltha palustris

Cuckoo bittercress

Yellow marsh-marigold

Carduus acanthoides

Calvatia gigantea

Plumeless thistle

Giant puffball

Carduus crispus

Calypso bulbosa

Curled thistle
Calypso

False ladyslipper

Carduus nutans

Fairy slipper
Musk thistle

Camassia leichtlinii

Carex aquatilis

Great camas
Aquatic sedge

Leichtlin's camas

Blue camas

Carex rostrata

Beaked sedge

Camassia quamash

Common camas

Carpinus caroliniana

Blue camas

American hornbeam

Blue beech

Camassia scilloides

Eastern camas

Carpinus spp.

Wild hyacinth
Blue Beech

Camelina sativa

Carum carvi

False flax
Common caraway

Large seeded false flax

Carya cordiformis

Campanula persicifolia

Bitter-nut hickory

Peach-leaved bellflower

Swamp hickory

Campanula rapanculoides

Carya glabra

Creeping bellflower

Pignut hickory
Pignut

Cannabis sativa

Hemp
Marijuana

Carya ovalis

Chamaesaracha grandiflora

False shagbark hickory

Large white ground-cherry

Carya ovata

Chenopodium album

Shagbark hickory

Lambsquarters
Pigweed

Carya spp.

Goosefoot
Hickories

Chenopodium ambrosioides

Castanea dentata

Mexican tea

American chestnut

Chenopodium berlandieri

Castilleja miniata

Lambsquarters

Indian paintbrush

Chenopodium bonus-henricus

Ceanothus americanus

Good King Henry

New Jersey tea

Chenopodium bushianum

Ceanothus sanguineus

Lambsquarters
Buckbush

Red stemmed ceanothus

Chenopodium capitatum

Strawberry blite goosefoot

Ceanothus velutinus

Strawberry spinach

Snowbrush

Snowbush ceanothus

Chenopodium fremontii

Freemont's goosefoot

Celastrus scandens

American bittersweet

Chenopodium leptophyllum

Climbing bittersweet

Narrow-leaved goosefoot

Celtis occidentalis

Chenopodium macrocalycium

Hackberry
Lambsquarters

Cenchrus longispinus

Chenopodium pumilio

Field sandbur

Rough-leaved goosefoot

Centaurea calcitrapa

Chenopodium spp.

Red star thistle

Goosefoot
Pigweed

Cerastium semidecandrum

Little chickweed

Chimaphila maculata

Prince's pine

Cetraria crispa

Cetraria

Chimaphila umbellata

Prince's pine

Cetraria cucullata

Common western pipsissews

Cetraria

Chorispora tenella

Chamaedaphne calyculata

Common blue mustard

Leather-leaf

Chrysanthemum balsamita

Costmary

Chrysanthemum leucanthemum

Cirsium pumilum

Ox-eye daisy
Thistle

Chrysosplenium alternifolium

Cirsium undulatum

Golden saxifrage

Wavy-leaved thistle

Chrysosplene

Cirsium vulgare

Chrysosplenium americanum

Scottish thistle

Golden saxifrage

Bull thistle
Spear thistle

Cicer arietinum

Chickpea

Cirsium spp.

Thistles

Cichorum intybus

Chicory

Cladina rangiferina

Blue sailors
"Caribou" moss

Cirsium arvense

Cladonia rangiferina

Canada thistle

"Reindeer" moss

"Caribou" moss

Cirsium brevistylum

Short-styled thistle

Cladophora rapestris

Cladophora

Cirsium discolor

Field thistle

Claytonia acutifolia

Alpine spring-beauty

Cirsium drummondii

Drummond's thistle

Claytonia caroliniana

Spring-beauty

Cirsium edule

Edible thistle

Claytonia lanceolata

Spring-beauty

Cirsium flodmanii

Flodman's thistle

Claytonia megarhiza

Alpine spring-beauty

Cirsium foliosum

Leafy thistle

Claytonia perfoliata

Miner's lettuce

Cirsium hookerianum

Hooker's thistle

Claytonia sibirica

White thistle

Siberian spring-beauty

Cirsium muticum

Claytonia tuberosa

Swamp thistle
Spring-beauty

Cirsium palustre

Claytonia virginica

Marsh thistle
Spring-beauty

Cirsium pitcheri

Cleome serrulata

Pithcer's thistle

Spiderflower

Rocky mountain bee-plant

Clethra alnifolia

Cornus occidentalis

Sweet pepperbush

Red-osier dogwood

Red stemmed dogwood

Clintonia borealis

"Red willow"
Corn lily
Bluebead lily

Cornus sericea

Red-osier dogwood

Cnicus benedictus

Red stemmed dogwood

Blessed thistle

'Red willow"

Cochlearia officinalis

Cornus stolonifera

Scurvygrass

Red-osier dogwood

Red-stemmed dogwood

Comandra umbellata

"Red willow"

Bastard-toadflax

Pale comandra

Cornus suecica

Dwarf bog bunchberry

Commelina communis

Swedish bunchberry

Common dayflower

Corylus americana

Commelina spp.

American hazelnut

Dayflower

Corylus cornuta

Comptonia peregrina

Beaked hazelnut

Sweet-fern
Wild filbert

Conioselinum chinense

Corylus spp.

Hemlock-parsley

Hazelnuts
"Wild carrot"

Coryphantha vivipara

Conioselinum pacificum

Pincushion cactus

Hemlock-parsley

"Wild carrot"

Costaria costata

Kelp

Convolvulus arvensis

Field bindweed

Crataegus brainerdii

Hawthorn

Convolvulus sepium

Hedge bindweed

Crataegus calpodendron

Pear hawthorn

Convolvulus soldanella

Beach bindweed

Crataegus coccinea

Thicket hawthorn

Coriandrum sativum

Coriander

Crataegus crus-galli

Cockspur thorn

Cornus amomum

Silky dogwood

Crataegus dilatata

Kinnikinnik
Hawthorn

Cornus canadensis

Canada bunchberry

Crackerberry
Dwarf dogwood

Crataegus douglasii

Cyperus esculentus

Black hawthorn
Chufa

Black thornberry

Yellow nut grass

Cyperus

Crataegus flabellata

Hawthorn

Cytisus scoparius

Scotch broom

Crataegus intricata

Thicket hawthorn

Daucus carota

Wild carrot

Crataegus mollis

Red hawthorn

Daucus pusillus

Downy hawthorn

American wild carrot

Crataegus monogyna

Dentaria diphylla

English hawthorn

Pepperroot

Common hawthorn

Two-leaved pepperrot

Crataegus pruinosa

Dentaria laciniata

Frosted hawthorn

Cut toothwort

Crataegus punctata

Dentaria maxima

Punctate hawthorn

Large toothwort

Crataegus rotundifolia

Descurainia pinnata

Red hawthorn

Western tansy mustard

Crataegus succulenta

Digitaria ischaemum

Long-spined hawthorn

Smooth crabgrass

Crataegus spp.

Digitaria sanguinalis

Hawthorns

Hairy crabgrass

Cryptotaenia canadensis

Dioscorea villosa

Honeywort
Wild yam
Wild harvil
Atlantic yam

Cucurbita spp.

Disporum hookeri

Squashes

Hooker's fairybells

Pumpkins
Melons

Disporum lanuginosum

Fairybells

Cymopteris acaulis

Plains cymopterus

Disporum smithii

Smith's fairybells

Cynoglossum boreale

Northern hound's tongue

Disporum trachycarpum

Rough fruited fairybells

Cynoglossum officianale

Hound's tongue

Dryas octopetala

White mountain avens

Dryas spp.

Elymus piperi

Mountain avens

Giant wild rye grass

Dryopteris assimilis

Empetrum nigrum

Spiny wood fern

Black crowberry

Curlewberry

Dryopteris austriaca

Spiny wood fern

Epigaea repens

Mayflower

Dryopteris carthusiana

Spiny wood fern

Epilobium angustifolium

Fireweed

Dryopteris dilatata

Willowherb

Spiny wood fern

Epilobium latifolium

Dryopteris expansa

River beauty

Spiny wood fern

Dwarf fireweed

Broad-leaved willowherb

Dryopteris spinulosa

Spiny wood fern

Equisetum arvense

Common horsetail

Echinochloa crusgalli

Field horsetail

Common barnyard grass

Barnyard grass

Equisetum telmateia

Giant horsetail

Elaeagnus angustifolia

Russian olive

Equisetum spp.

Horsetails

Elaeagnus commutata

Silverberry

Erechtites hieracifolia

Wolf willow
Fireweed

Elaeagnus spp.

Erigenia bulbosa

Silverberry

Harbinger-of-spring

Eleusine indica

Eriogonum umbellatum

Goosegrass
Umbrella-plant
Wire-grass

Eriophorum angustifolium

Elymus arenarius

Tall cottongrass

Sea lyme-grass
"Mousenut"
Strand-wheat

Erodium botrys

Elymus canadensis

Broad leaf alfilaria

Canada wild rye grass

Erodium cicutarium

Elymus cinereus

Red stem alfilaria

Giant wild rye grass

Erodium moschatum

Elymus mollis

White stem alfilaria

Dune wild rye grass

Eruca sativa

Fragaria virginiana

Garden rocket

Blueleaf strawberry

Wild strawberry

Erythronium americanum

Yellow adder's tongue

Fragaria spp.

Wild strawberry

Erythronium grandiflorum

Yellow avalanche lily

Fraxinus americana

Glacier lily
White ash

Yellow dogtooth lily

Fraxinus excelsior

Erythronium revolutum

European ash
Pink fawn lily

Pink Easter lily

Fraxinus nigra

Black ash

Euphorbia lathyrus

Caper spurge

Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Red ash

Eurotia lanata

Winterfat

Fraxinus quadrangulata

Fagopyrum sagittatum

Fritillaria camschatcensis

Buckwheat
Riceroot lily

Riceroot fritillary

Fagopyrum tarlaricum

Mission bells

Tartary buckwheat

Indian rice
Kamchatka lily

Fagus grandifolia

American beechnut

Fritillaria lanceolata

Chocolate lily

Falcata bracteata

Hog-peanut

Fritillaria pudica

Ground-bean

Yellowbell fritillary

Falcata comosa

Fucus spp.

Hog-peanut
Rockweed
Ground-bean

Galinsoga ciliata

Floerkea proserpinacoides

Galinsoga
False mermaid
Quick weed

Foeniculum vulgare

Galinsoga parviflora

Common fennel

Small flowered galinsoga

Fragaria bracteata

Galium aparine

Woodland strawberry

Common bedstraw

Wild strawberry

Common cleavers

Fragaria chiloensis

Galium triflorum

Pacific coast strawberry

Sweet-scented bedstraw

Beach strawberry

Galium verum

Fragaria vesca

Ladies' bedstraw

Woodland strawberry

Wild strawberry

Ganoderma applanatum

Shelf fungus

Gaultheria hispidula

Glechoma hederacea

Creeping snowberry

Ground-ivy

Gaultheria humifusa

Gleditsia triacanthos

Alpine wintergreen

Honey locust
Sweet locust

Gaultheria ovatifolia

Oregon wintergreen

Glyceria borealis

Mountain teaberry

Tall mannagrass

Northern mannagrass

Gaultheria procumbens

Wintergreen

Glyceria occidentalis

Teaberry

Western manna grass

Checkerberry

Glyceria striata

Gaultheria shallon

Fowl manna grass

Salal

Glycine comosa

Gaylussacia baccata

Hog-peanut

Black huckleberry

Ground-bean
Huckleberry

Glycyrrhiza lepidota

Gaylussacia dumosa

Wild licorice

Dwarf huckleberry

Licorice

Genista tinctoria

Gymnocladus dioica

Dyer's greenwood

Kentucky coffee tree

Geocaulon lividum

Hamamelis virginiana

Northern comandra

Witch-hazel

Geranium dissectum

Hedeoma hispida

Cut-leaved cranesbill

Rough pennyroyal

Geranium erianthum

Hedeoma pulegioides

Sticky geranium

Pennyroyal
Pudding-grass

Geranium viscosissimum

Sticky geranium

Hedophyllum sessile

"Bubbly" kelp

Geum rivale

Water avens

Hedysarum alpinum

Sweet vetch

Geum triflorum

Alpine hedysarum

Prairie smoke
Beer root

Old man's whiskers

Alaska carrot

Geum urbanum

Hedysarum boreale

Herb bennet

Northern hedysarum

Glaux maritima

Helianthus annuus

Sea-milkwort

Common sunflower

Helianthus giganteus

Hydrophyllum appendiculatum

Giant sunflower

Water-leaf

Helianthus tuberosus

Hydrophyllum canadense

Jerusalem artichoke

Water-leaf

Hemerocallis fulva

Hydrophyllum capitatum

Day lily

Ball-head water-leaf

Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus

Hydrophyllum fendleri

Day lily

Fendler's water-leaf

Hemerocallis spp.

Hydrophyllum virginicum

Day lilies

Virginia waterleaf

Indian salad

Heracleum lanatum

"John's-cabbage"

Cow-parsnip
Indian celery"

Hygrophorus sp.

Indian rhubarb"

"Slippery-top"

Heracleum sphondylium

Hypochaeris radicata

Common cow-parsnip

Common cat's ear

Heuchera cylindrica

Hyssopus officinalis

Round-leaved alumroot

Hyssop

Hieracium spp.

Ilex glabra

Hawkweeds
Inkberry
Gallberry

Hippophae rhamnoides

Sea buckthorn

Ilex verticillata

Common waterberry

Hippuris tetraphylla

Four-leaved mare's-tail

Impatiens biflora

Spotted touch-me-not

Hippuris vulgaris

Common mare's-tail

Impatiens capensis

Spotted touch-me-not

Hordeum jubatum

Foxtail barley

Inonotus obliquus

Wood-rot fungus

Humulus lupulus

European hops

Inula helenium

Elecampane

Hydrocotyle americana

Winter pennyroyal

Ipomoea pandurata

Wild sweet-potato vine

Hydrocotyle umbellata

Water pennywort

Iris pseudacorus

Yellow iris

Hydrocotyle verticillata

Water pennywort

Iris setosa

Northern iris
Beachhead iris

Iris sibirica

Laetiporus sulphureus

Siberian iris
Bracket fungi

Isatis tinctoria

Laminaria groenlandica

Woad
Kelp

Iva annua

Laminaria spp.

Marsh elder
Kelp
Sumpweed

Lamium album

Juglans cinerea

White dead-nettle

Butternut

Lamium amplexicaule

Juglans nigra

Henbit dead-nettle

Black walnut

Lamium purpureum

Juncus balticus

Purple dead-nettle

Baltic rush

Lapsana communis

Juncus effusus

Nipplewort
Common rush
Soft rush

Larix occidentalis

Western larch

Juncus ensifolius

Sword-leaved rush

Lathyrus japonicus

Beach pea

Juniperus communis

Common juniper

Lathyrus maritimus

Beach pea

Juniperus virginiana

Juniper

Lathyrus ochroleucus

Creamy vetchling

Juniperus spp.

Junipers

Lathyrus palustris

Marsh vetchling

Kalmia polifolia

Swamp laurel

Lathyrus tuberosus

Tuberous vetchling

Kochia scoparia

Summer cypress

Ledum glandulosum

Trapper's tea

Lactuca canadensis

Tall yellow lettuce

Ledum groenlandicum

Wild lettuce

Common Labrador-tea

Lactuca muralis

Ledum palustre

Wall lettuce

Northern Labrador-tea

Hudson's Bay tea

Lactuca saligna

Indian salad

Lepidium campestre

Field peppergrass

Lactuca scariola

Prickly lettuce

Lepidium densiflorum

Prairie peppergrass

Lepidium latifolium

Lilium canadense

Broad-leaved peppergrass

Tiger lily
Columbia lily

Lepidium ruderale

Canada lily

Roadside peppergrass

Lilium philadelphicum

Lepidium sativum

Wood lily
Garden cress

Lilium tigrinum

Lepidium virginicum

Tiger lily

Tall peppergrass

Lindera benzoin

Lepidium spp.

Spicebush
Peppergrass
Spicewood

Lessoniopsis littoralis

Linum perenne

Kelp
Wild flax

Leucanthemum vulgare

Linum usitatissimum

Ox-eye daisy
Common flax

Levisticum officinale

Liriodendron tulipifera

Lovage
Tulip tree

Lewisia Columbiana

Lithospermum angustifolium

Columbia bitterroot

Narrow-leaved puccoon

Columbia lewisia

Lithospermum incisum

Lewisia pygmaea

Yellow gromwell

Alpine lewisia

Lithospermum ruderale

Lewisia rediviva

Columbia gromwell

Bitterroot

Lomatium ambiguum

Liatris punctata

Desert parsley
Blazing star

Lomatium canbyi

Ligusticum canbyi

"White camas"
Canby's lovage

Lomatium cous

Ligusticum hultenii

Biscuitroot
Beach lovage
Wild celery

Lomatium dissectum

Scotch lovage
Chocolate-tips

Fern-leaved lomatium

Ligusticum scothicum

Beach lovage

Lomatium foeniculaceum

Wild celery

Hairy-fruited parsley

Scotch lovage

Fennel-leaved lomatium

Lilium bulbiferum

Lomatium geyeri

Lily

Geyer's lomatium

Lomatium macrocarpum

Lycoperdon giganteum

Desert parsley
Giant puffball
Biscuit-root
"Wild carrot"

Lycopodium lucidulum

Indian carrot*

Shining club-moss

Large-fruited lomatium

Lycopodium selago

Lomatium nudicaule

Club-moss

"Indian celery"

Bare-stem lomatium

Lycopus asper

Indian consumption plant

Rough water-horehound

Lomatium triternatum

Lycopus uniflorus

Narrow-leaved lomatium

Northern water horehound

Bridgeweed

Lomatium utriculatum

Spring gold

Lygodesmia juncea

Fine-leaved lomatium

Rushlike skeleton plant

Lonicera canadensis

Lysichitum americanum

Lysichiton americanus Western skunk-cabbage

American fly honeysuckle

Western skunk-cabbage

Swamp lantern

Lonicera ciliosa

Yellow arum

Orange honeysuckle

Western trumpet honeysuckle

Macrocystis integrifolia

Giant kelp

Lonicera involucrata

Kelp flag

Black twinberry

Sea ivy

Twinflower honeysuckle

Devilsapron

Long bladder kelp

Lonicera utahensis

Red twinberry

Macrocystis pyrifera

Utah honeysuckle

Giant kelp
Kelp flag

Lonicera villosa

Sea ivy

Blue fly honeysuckle

Madia glomerata

Lunaria annua

Clustered tarweed

Annual honesty

Madia sativa

Lupinus littoralis

Chilean tarweed

Chinook licorice

Mahonia aquifolium

Lupinus nootkatensis

Tall Oregon-grape

Nootka lupine

Oregon hollygrape

Lupinus perennis

Maianthemum canadense

Wild lupine

Wild lily-of-the-valley

Wild pea

Canadian mayflower

Lycium halimifolium

Matrimony vine

Maianthemum dilatatum

Medicago hispida

Wild lily-of-the-valley

Bur-clover

Two-leaved false Solomon's-seal

Medicago lupulina

Malus spp.

Black medic
Crabapple

Medicago polymorpha

Malva alcea

Bur-clover
Pink mallow

Medicago sativa

Malva moschata

Alfalfa
Musk mallow

Melica bulbosa

Malva neglecta

Onion grass
Dwarf mallow

Melica subulata

Malva parviflora

Alaskan onion grass

Small-flowered mallow

Melilotus officinalis

Malva pusilla

Yellow sweet-clover

Small mallow

Melissa officinalis

Malva rotundifolia

Lemon balm
Small mallow

Mentha arvensis

Malva sylvestris

Field mint
Common mallow
Canada mint
High mallow
Common mint

Malva verticillata

Mentha citrata

Whorled mallow
Bergamont mint

Malva spp.

Mentha gentilis

Mallows

American apple mint

Mamillaria vivipara

Mentha longifolia

Pincushion cactus

Horse mint

Marrubium vulgare

Mentha piperita

Common horehound

Peppermint

Matricara matricarioides

Mentha rotundifolia

Pineappleweed
Apple mint
Wild chamomile

Mentha spicata

Matteuccia struthiopteris

Spearmint
Ostrich fern

Fiddlehead fern

Mentha spp.

Mint

Medeola virginiana

Indian cucumberroot

Mentzelia albicaulis

White-stemmed blazing star

Menyanthes trifoliata

Morus spp.

Buckbean
Mulberries

Menziesia ferruginea

Myrica gale

False azalea
Sweet gale

Microseris nutans

Myrica pensylvanica

Nodding microseris

Bayberry

Milium effusum

Nasturtium officinale

Millet grass

Common watercress

Mitchella repens

Nelumbo lutea

Partridge-berry

Yellow lotus
Squaw-vine
Waternut
Duck acorn

Mollugo verticillata

Water chinquapin

Common carpet weed

Nemopanthus mucronata

Monarda didyma

Mountain holly
Oswego tea

Nepeta cataria

Monarda fistulosa

Catnip
Wild bergamot
Catmint

Monardella odoratissima

Nephroma arcticum

Coyote mint

Arctic kidney lichen

Monotropa uniflora

Nereocystis luetkeana

Indian-pipe
Bull Kelp

Monita perfoliata

Nigella damascena

Miner's lettuce

Love-in-a-mist

Monita sibirica

Nuphar advena

Siberian spring-beauty

Yellow pond-lily

Common spatterdock

Morchella crassipes

Water lily
Morel
Cow lily

Morchella esculenta

Nuphar polysepalum

Common morel

Yellow pond-lily

Morchella hortensis

Nuphar variegatum

Morel

Yellow pond-lily

Yellow water-lily

Morchella spp.

Bullhead-lily
Morels

Nymphaea odorata

Morus alba

Fragrant water-lily

White mulberry

Morus rubra

Red mulberry

Nymphaea tuberosa

Oryzopsis hymenoides

Tuberous water lily

Indian rice grass

Magnolia water lily

Osmaronia cerasiformis

Nymphoides cordata

Indian-plum
Floating heart
Bird cherry
Juneplum

Nyssa sylvatica

Osoberry
Sourgum
Pepperidge

Osmorhiza chilensis

Sweet cicely

Oemleria cerasiformis

Indian plum

Osmorhiza claytonii

Bird cherry
Sweet cicely
June plum

Osmorhiza depauperata

Oenanthe sarmentosa

Sweet cicely
Water-parsley
Wild celery

Osmorhiza longistylis

Pacific oenanthe

Smooth sweet cicely

Oenothera biennis

Osmorhiza occidentalis

Yellow evening primrose

Western sweet cicely

Onoclea sensibilis

Osmunda cinnamomea

Sensitive fern
Cinnamon fern

Onopordum acanthium

Oxalis corniculata

Scotch cotton-thistle

Wood-sorrel
Yellow oxalis

Opuntia compressa

Prickly-pear cactus

Oxalis dillenii

Wood-sorrel

Opuntia fragilis

Fragile prickly-pear cactus

Oxalis montana

Brittle prickly-pear cactus

Wood-sorrel

Opuntia polyacantha

Oxalis stricta

Many-spined prickly-pear

Wood-sorrel

Plains prickly-pear cactus

Upright yellow oxalis

Origanum vulgare

Oxalis spp.

Wild marjoram
Wood-sorrel

Orobanche ludoviciana

Oxycoccus macrocarpus

Louisiana broom-rape

Large-fruited cranberry

Oryzopsis asperifolia

White-grained mountain rice grass

Oxycoccus microcarpus

Pastinaca sativa

Small-fruited bog cranberry

Common parsnip

Oxycoccus ovalifolius

Pedicularis canadensis

Oval-leaved bog cranberry

Wood betony

Oxycoccus quadripetalus

Pedicularis capitata

Small cranberry

Capitate lousewort

Oxyria digyna

Pedicularis hirsuta

Mountain-sorrel

Hairy lousewort

Oxytropis maydelliana

Pedicularis lanata

Yellow oxytrope

Woolly lousewort

Bumblebee plantr

Oxytropis nigrescans

Black oxytrope

Pedicularis lanceolata

Wood betony

Palmaria palmata

Dulse

Pedicularis langsdorfii

Red algae

Langsdorf's lousewort

Panax quinquefolius

Pedicularis sudetica

American ginseng

Sudeten lousewort

Panax trifolius

Peltandra virginica

Dwarf ginseng
Arrow-arum

Panicum miliaceum

Penstemon fruticosus

Broomcorn millet

Shrubby penstemon

Common millet
Indian millet

Perideridia gairdneri

Yampah

Papaver nudicaule

Wild caraway
Iceland poppy
Squaw-root
"Wild carrot"

Papaver rhoeas

Indian carrot*

Common field poppy

Petalostemon candidum

Papaver somniferum

Prairie-clover
Opium poppy

Petasites frigidus

Parmelia physodes

Arctic coltsfoot

Puffed shield lichen

Sweet coltsfoot

Parrya nudicaulis

Petasites japonicus

Parry's wallflower

Japanese butterbur

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Petasites palmatus

Virginia creeper

Palmate coltsfoot

Common coltsfoot

Petasites sagittatus

Picea engelmannii

Arrow-leaved coltsfoot

Engelmann spruce

Petasites vitifolius

Picea glauca

Grape-leaved coltsfoot

White spruce

Phalaris canariensis

Picea mariana

Canary grass
Black spruce

Phaseolus vulgaris

Picea rubens

Navy beans
Red spruce

Phragmites australis

Picea sitchensis

Reed grass
Sitka spruce
Common reed

Picea spp.

Phragmites communis

Spruce
Common reed
Reed grass

Picris echioides

Bristly oxtongue

Phyllospadix scouleri

Scolder's surf-grass

Picris hieracioides

Sea-grass
Oxtongue

Phyllospadix torreyi

Pilea pumila

Torrey's surf-grass

Richweed
Sea-grass

Pinguicula vulgaris

Physalis alkekengi

Common butterwort

Chinese lantern plant

Pinus albicaulis

Physalis heterophylla

White-bark pine

Yellow ground-cherry

Pinus contorta

Physalis ixocarpa

Lodgepole pine
Tomatillo

Pinus ponderosa

Physalis pubescens

Ponderosa pine

Small yellow ground-cherry

Pinus strobes

Physalis virginiana

White pine

Virginia ground-cherry

Pinus spp.

Physalis spp.

Pines
Ground-cherry
Husk-tomato

Plantago coronopus

Buck's horn plantain

Phytolacca americana

Pokeweed

Plantago decipiens

Goosetongue

Picea abies

Common spruce

Plantago lanceolata

Ribwort plantain

Plantago macrocarpa

Polygonum bistortoides

Seaside plantain

Smokeweed bistort

Goosetongue

Polygonum convolvulus

Plantago major

Wild buckwheat

Greater plantain

Broad-leaved plantain

Polygonum cuspidatum

Japanese knotweed

Plantago maritima

Seaside plantain

Polygonum douglasii

Goosetongue

Douglas' knotweed

Plantago rugelii

Polygonum lapathifolium

Rugel's plantain

Pale smartweed

Platanus occidentalis

Polygonum paronychia

Plane tree
Beach knotweed
Buttonwood

American sycamore

Polygonum pensylvanicum

Pennsylvania smartweed

Pleurotus ostreatus

Oyster mushroom

Polygonum persicaria

Lady's thumb smartweed

Pleurotus sapidus

Oyster mushroom

Polygonum phytolaccaefolium

Alpine knotweed

Podophyllum peltatum

"Wild rhubarb"

Mandrake

Polygonum punctatum

Dotted smartweed

Polygala vulgaris

Common milkwort

Polygonum sachalinense

Giant knotweed

Polygonatum biflorum

Solomon's-seal

Polygonum scandens

False climbing buckwheat

Polygonatum pubescens

Solomon's-seal

Polygonum viviparum

Alpine bistort

Polygonum alaskanum

Alpine knotweed

Polygonum spp.

"Wild rhubarb"
Knotweeds

Polygonum alpinum

Polypodium glycyrrhiza

Alpine knotweed

Licorice fern
"Wild rhubarb"

Polypodium petaltum

Polygonum aviculare


Common knotweed

Polypodium vulgare

Polygonum bistorta

Licorice fern

Mountain bistort

Bistort

Polyporus spp.

Bracket fungi

Polyporus sulfureus

Porphyra torta

Bracket fungi
Laver seaweed

Polystichum munitum

Porphyra spp.

Sword fern
Red laver
Seaweed

Pontederia cordata

Nori

Common pickerelweed

Portulaca oleracea

Populus alba

Purslane
White poplar

Potamogeton nutans

Populus balsamifera

Floating-leaved pondweed

Cottonwood
Balsam poplar

Potamogeton pectinatus

Sago pondweed

Populus deltoides

Cottonwood

Potentilla anserina

Silverweed

Populus grandidentata

Cinquefoil

Large-toothed aspen

Potentilla egedii

Populus nigra

Silverweed

European black poplar

Cinquefoil

Populus tremuloides

Potentilla fruticosa

Trembling aspen

Shrubby cinquefoil

Quaking aspen

Potentilla glandulosa

Populus trichocarpa

Sticky cinquefoil

Cottonwood
Balsam poplar

Potentilla nivea

Snow cinquefoil

Populus spp.

Cottonwood

Potentilla pacifica

Aspen
Silverweed
Cinquefoil

Poria obliqua

Wood-rot fungus

Primula veris

Cowslip primrose

Porphyra abbottiae

Cowslip
Laver

Proboscidea louisianica

Porphyra perforata

Common unicorn plant

Laver
Black seaweed

Prunella vulgaris

Self-heal

Porphyra pseudolanceolata

Laver seaweed

Prunus americana

Prunus spp.

Wild plum

Wild cherries and plums

American plum

Pseudotsuga menziesii

Prunus avium

Douglas-fir
Sweet cherry

Pseudotsuga taxifolia

Prunus demissa

Douglas-fir
Choke cherry

Psoralea esculenta

Prunus domestica

Prairie turnip
Garden plum

Indian breadroot

Damson plum

Psoralea physodes

Prunus emarginata

California tea
Pin cherry

Ptelea trifoliata

Prunus mahaleb

Hop tree
Mahaleb cherry
Wafer ash

Prunus nigra

Pteridium aquilinum

Canada plum
Bracken fern

Prunus padus

Pterygophora spp.

European bird cherry

Eastern Arctic kelp

Prunus pensylvanica

Pycnanthemum incanum

Pin cherry
Mountain-mint

Prunus persica

Pycnanthemum pilosum

Peach
Mountain-mint

Prunus pumila

Sand cherry

Pycnanthemum tenuifolium

Mountain-mint

Prunus serotina

Rum chery

Pycnanthemum verticillatum

American cherry

Mountain-mint
Black cherry

Pycnanthemum virginianum

Prunus spinosa

Mountain mint
Sloe plum

Pyrola asarifolia

Prunus tomentosa

Bog wintergreen

Manchu cherry

Pyrola virens

Prunus virginiana

Wintergreen
Chokecherry

Pyrus arbutifolia

Red and black chokeberry

Pyrus baccata

Quercus rubra

Siberian crabapple

Red oak

Pyrus communis

Quercus velutina

Pear
Black oak

Pyrus coronaria

Quercus spp.

Wild crabapple
Oaks

Garland crabapple

Ranunculus bulbosus

Pyrus fusca

Bulbous buttercup

Pacific crabapple

Ranunculus ficaria

Pyrus malus

Pilewort

Cultivated apple

Ranunculus pallasii

Pyrus prunifolia

Pallas buttercup

Plum-leaf crabapple

Ranunculus repens

Pyrus spp.

Creeping buttercup

Crabapples

Ranunculus reptans

Quercus alba

Creeping spearwort

White oak

Ranunculus sceleratus

Quercus bicolor

Celery-leaved buttercup

Swamp white oak

Ranunculus spp.

Quercus borealis

Buttercups
Red oak

Raphanus raphanistrum

Quercus ellipsoidalis

Wild radish

Northern pin oak

Raphanus sativum

Quercus garryana

Garden radish
Garry oak

Reseda lutea

Quercus macrocarpa

Yellow cut-leaved mignonette

Bur oak
Mossy-cup oak

Rhamnus purshiana

Cascava

Quercus prinoides

Dwarf chestnut oak

Rheum rhaponticum

Chinquapin oak
Garden rhubarb

Quercus prinus

Rhexia virginica

Chestnut oak
Meadow-beauty

Quercus robur

English oak

Rhodiola rosea

Ribes grossularia

Roseroot

European gooseberry

Rhododendron albiflorum

Ribes howellii

White Rhododendron

Currant

Rhododendron lapponicum

Ribes hudsonianum

Lapland rhododenderon

Northern black currant

Hudson Bay currant

Rhus aromatica

Skunkbush

Ribes irriguum

Idaho black gooseberry

Rhus copallina

Dwarf sumac

Ribes lacustre

Shining sumac

Swamp gooseberry

Swamp black currant

Rhus glabra

Smooth sumac

Ribes laxiflorum

Trailing black currant

Rhus typhina

Wild blue currant

Staghorn sumac
Lemonade tree

Ribes lobbii

Sticky gooseberry

Ribes americanum

Gummy gooseberry

Wild black currant

Ribes montigenum

Ribes aureum

Alpine prickly gooseberry

Golden currant

Ribes nigrum

Ribes bracteosum

European black currant

Grayberry
Sun berry

Ribes odoratum

Bluecurrant

Buffalo currant

Stink currant
Golden currant

Ribes cereum

Ribes oxyacanthoides

Squaw currant

Canada gooseberry

Smooth gooseberry

Ribes cynosbati

Prickly gooseberry

Ribes sanguineum

American wild gooseberry

Red-flowering currant

Ribes diacanthum

Ribes setosum

Red currant

Bristly gooseberry

Ribes divaricatum

Ribes sylvestre

Coastal black gooseberry

European red currant

Ribes glandulosum

Skunk currant

Ribes triste

Rosa nitida

Wild red currant

Wild rose

Red swamp currant

Rosa nutkana

Ribes viscosissimum

Nootka rose
Sticky currant

Bristly Nootka rose

Ribes watsonianum

Rosa odorata

Watson's gooseberry

Tea rose

Rorippa amphibia

Rosa palustris

Cress
Swamp rose

Rorippa islandica

Rosa pisocarpa

Marsh cress
Swamp rose

Marsh yellow cress

Clustered wild rose

Rosa acicularis

Rosa rousseauiorum

Prickly rose
Wild rose

Rosa arkansana

Rosa rugosa

Arkansas rose
Rambling rose

Prairie wild rose

Rugose rose

Low prairie rose

Rosa setigera

Rosa blanda

Prairie rose
Smooth rose

Rosa spinosissima

Rosa canina

Burnet rose
Dog rose

Rosa virginiana

Rosa Carolina

Virginia rose
Carolina rose

Rosa williamsii

Rosa centifolia

Wild rose
Cabbage rose

Rosa woodsii

Rosa cinnamomea

Wood's rose
Cinnamon rose

Rosa spp.

Rosa eglanteria

Wild roses
Sweet briar

Rubus acaulis

Rosa gymnocarpa

Dwarf raspberry

Dwarf wild rose

Dewberry
Baldhip rose

Stemless raspberry

Nagoon berry

Rosa multiflora

Japanese rose

Rubus allegheniensis

Bramble rose
Blackberry

Alleghany blackberry

Rubus arcticus

Rubus paracaulis

Arctic raspberry

Dwarf raspberry

Dwarf raspberry

Dwarf nagoonberry

Rubus parviflorus

Thimbleberry

Rubus canadensis

Canada blackberry

Rubus pedatus

Trailing wild raspberry

Rubus chamaemorus

Cloudberry

Rubus pensilvanicus

Bakeapple

Pennsylvania blackberry

Rubus enslenii

Rubus phoenicolasius

Dewberry
Wineberry

Rubus flagellaris

Rubus procerus

Northern dewberry

Himalayan blackberry

Rubus hispidus

Rubus pubescens

Swamp blackberry

Dwarf raspberry

Dwarf fed blackberry

Rubus idaeus

Running raspberry

Wild raspberry
Plumboy

American red raspberry

Rubus recurvicaulis

Rubus illecebrosus

Blackberry

Strawberry-raspberry

Dewberry

Rubus laciniatus

Rubus saxatilis

Evergreen blackberry

Roeback berry

Cutleaf blackberry

Rubus setosus

Rubus lasiococcus

Blackberry
Dwarf bramble

Rubus spectabilis

Rubus leucodermis

Salmon berry
Blackcap

Black raspberry

Rubus stellatus

Alaska nagoonberry

Rubus nivalis

Snow dewberry

Rubus strigosis

Wild raspberry

Rubus occidentalis

Black raspberry

Rubus ursinus

Thimbleberry

Trailing wild blackberry

Pacific blackberry

Rubus odoratus

Purple-flowering raspberry

Thimbleberry

Rubus vermontanus

Ruta graveolens

Vermont blackberry

Common rue-herb of grace

Rubus sp.

Sagittaria cuneata

Blackberry

Arum-leaved arrowhead

Rubus spp.

Sagittaria latifolia

Raspberries
Arrowhead
Wapato

Rubus spp.

Wild dewberries

Salicornia europaea

Green European glasswort

Rumex acetosa

Common sorrel

Salicornia pacifica

American glasswort

Rumex acetosella

Beach asparagus

Sheep sorrel

Salicornia virginica

Rumex alpinus

American glasswort

Alpine dock

Beach asparagus

Rumex arcticus

Salix alaxensis

Sourdock
River willow
Arctic dock

Felty-leaved willow

Rumex crispus

Salix arctica

Curly dock
Arctic willow

Rumex longifolius

Salix arctophila

Long-leaved dock

Creeping willow

Rumex obtusifolius

Salix barclayi

Broad leaf dock

Barclay's willow

Rumex occidentalis

Salix exigua

Western dock
Sandbar willow

"Indian rhubarb"

Salix phylicifolia

Rumex orbiculatus

Tea-leaved willow

Great water dock

Salix pulchra

Rumex patientia

Diamond-leaved willow

Spinach dock

Tea-leaved willow

Surah

Rumex pseudonatronatus

Field dock

Salix reticulata

Arctic net-veined willow

Rumex-spp.

Arctic greens
Docks
Okowyot

Salix richardsonii

Satureja douglasii

Richardson's willow

Yerba buena

Salix spp.

Satureja hortensis

Willows
Summer savory

Salsola kali

Satureja vulgaris

Russian thistle

Wild basil savory

Salvia verticillata

Saxifraga cernua

Salvia

Nodding saxifrage

Sambucus canadensis

Saxifraga oppositifolia

American elder

Purple mountain saxifrage

Common elder
Sweet elder

Saxifraga pensylvanica

Marsh saxifrage

Sambucus cerulea

Blue elderberry

Saxifraga punctata

Brook saxifrage

Sambucus ebulus

Salad greens
Dwarf elder

Saxifraga spicata

Sambucus glauca

Spiked saxifrage

Blue elderberry

Scandix pecten-veneris

Sambucus nigra

Shepherd's needle

European elder

Scirpus lacustris

Sambucus pubens

Tule
Red elderberry
Roundstem tule

Roundstem bulrush

Sambucus racemosa

Great viscid bulrush

Red elderberry

American great bulrush

Sambucus spp.

Scirpus maritimus

Elderberries

Prairie bulrush

Alkali bulrush

Sanguisorba canadensis

Canada burnet

Scirpus microcarpus

Sitka burnet

Small-flowered bulrush

Sanguisorba minor

Scirpus robustus

Salad burnet
Alkali bulrush

Sassafras albidum

Sedum acre

Sassafras

Goldmoss stonecrop

Satureja acinos

Basil-thyme

Sedum divergens

Silybum marianum

Stonecrop
Milk-thistle

Spreading stonecrop

Sinapsis arvensis

Sedum lanceolatum

Wild mustard

Lance-leaved stonecrop

Sisymbrium altissimum

Sedum oreganum

Hedge mustard
Stonecrop

Tall tumble mustard

Sedum purpureum

Sisymbrium loeselii

Live-forever

Loesel's tumble mustard

Sedum roseum

Sisymbrium officinale

Roseroot

Common tumble mustard

Sedum rupestre

Sium suave

St. Vincent's rock stonecrop

Water-parsnip

"Swamp parsnip"

Sedum telephium

Orpine

Smilacina racemosa

False Solomon's-seal

Setaria italica

False spikenard

Foxtail millet

Smilacina stellata

Setaria lutescens

Star-flowered false

Yellow foxtail
Solomon's-seal

Setaria viridis

Smilacina trifolia

Green foxtail

Three-leaved Solomon's-seal

Shepherdia argentea

Smilax herbacea

Silver buffaloberry

Greenbrier

Thorny buffaloberry

Carrionflower

Shepherdia canadensis

Smilax rotundifolia

Soapberry
Horsebrier

Russet buffaloberry

Common greenbrier

Soopolallie

Smilax tamnoides

Sicyos angulatus

Greenbrier
Bur-cucumber

Solanum triflorum

Silene acaulis

Cut-leaved nightshade

Moss campion

Sonchus arvensis

Silene cucubalus

Rough perennial sow-thistle

Bladder campion

Sonchus asper

Silene vulgaris

Prickly sow-thistle

Bladder campion

Sonchus oleraceus

Silphium laciniatum

Common sow-thistle

Mexican campion

Annual sow-thistle

Sorbus americana

Streptopus amplexifolius

Mountain-ash

Cucumberroot twisted-stalk

Wild cucumber

Sorbus aucuparia

Liverberry

European mountain-ash

Watermelonberry

Rowan
Scootberry

Sorbus decora

Streptopus roseus

Western mountain-ash

Simple-stemmed twisted-stalk

Sorbus sambucifolia

Streptopus streptopoides

Mountain-ash

Small twisted-stalk

Sorbus scopulina

Suaeda maritima

Western mountain-ash

Pursh's sea-blite

Sorbus sitchensis

Suaeda occidentalis

Sitka mountain-ash

Western sea-blite

Sparganium angustifolium

Symphoricarpos albus

Broad-fruited bur-reed

Waxberry
Snowberry

Spergula arvensis

Common corn spurry

Symphytum officinale

Common comfrey

Spiraea alba

Narrow-leaved meadowsweet

Symplocarpos foetidus

Eastern skunk cabbage

Spiraea tomentosa

Spiraea

Tanacetum vulgare

Common tansy

Spiraea spp.

Spiraeas

Taraxacum ambigens

Wild dandelion

Sporobolus cryptandrus

Sand dropseed

Taraxacum ceratophorum

Horned dandelion

Stachys cooleyae

Cooley's hedge-nettle

Taraxacum dumetorum

Wild dandelion

Stachys palustris

Swamp hedge-nettle

Taraxacum hyparcticum

Wild dandelion

Staphylea trifolia

Bladder-nut

Taraxacum lacerum

Wild dandelion

Stellaria humifusa

Salt marsh starwort

Taraxacum laevigatum

Red-seeded dandelion

Stellaria media

Chickweed

Taraxacum latilobum

Common starwort

Wild dandelion

Sticta amplissima

Tree lichen

Taraxacum laurentianum

Tragopogon pratensis

Wild dandelion
Goat's beard

Oriental meadow goat's-beard

Taraxacum officinale

Common dandelion

Tremellodon sp.

Jelly fungus

Taraxacum phymatocarpum

Wild dandelion

Tricholoma gambosum

St. George's mushroom

Taxus spp.

Yews

Tricholoma magnivelare

Pine mushroom

Teucrium scorodonia

Wood germander

Tricholoma populinum

Cottonwood mushroom

Thalictrum spp.

Meadow-rues

Trifolium fimbriatum

Springbank clover

Thladiantha dubia

Manchu tuber-gourd

Trifolium pratense

Red clover

Thlaspi arvense

Field pennycress

Trifolium repens

Stinkweed
White clover

Thuja occidentalis

Trifolium wormskioldii

Arbor vitae

Springbank clover

White-cedar

Triglochin maritima

Thuja plicata

Arrow-grass

Western red-cedar

Sea-side arrow-grass

Thymus arcticus

Trigonella caerulea

Wild thyme
Blue fenugreek

Thymus serpyllum

Trillium grandiflorum

Creeping thyme
Wake robin

Tilia americana

Triosteum aurantiacum

Basswood
Wild coffee

Tolmeia menziesii

Triosteum perfoliatum

Piggy-back plant

Wild coffee
Youth on age
Tinker's-weed

Tradescantia virginiana

Tsuga canadensis

Spiderwort

Eastern hemlock

Tragopogon dubius

Tsuga heterophylla

Yellow salsify

Western hemlock

Tragopogon porrifolius

Tsuga mertensiana

Common salsify

Mountain hemlock

Tussilago farfara

Vaccinium caespitosum

Colt's-foot
Dwarf bilberry

Common colt's-foot

Dwarf mountain blueberry

Typha angustifolia

Vaccinium corymbosum

Narrow-leaved cattail

Highbush blueberry

Typha latifolia

Vaccinium deliciosum

Common cattail

Cascade bilberry

Cattail

Vaccinium macrocarpon

Typha spp.

Large-fruited cranberry

Cattails

Vaccinium membranaceum

Ulmus americana

Black mountain huckleberry

American elm

Black blueberry

Ulmus rubra

Vaccinium myrtilloides

Red elm

Sour-top blueberry

Velvet-leaved blueberry

Ulmus thomasii

Low blueberry
Rock elm

Vaccinium myrtillus

Ulva lactuca

Dwarf bilberry
Sea lettuce
Bilberry

Umbilicaria spp.

Vaccinium nubigenum

Rock tripe

Newfoundland bilberry

Urtica dioica

Vaccinium ovalifolium

Slim american stinging nettle

Oval-leaved blueberry

Grey blueberry

Usnea spp.

Tall huckleberry

Tree lichen

Vaccinium ovatum

Uvularia perfoliata

Evergreen huckleberry

Bellwort

Blue huckleberry

Uvularia sessilifolia

“Vaccinium oxycoccus"

Small bellwort

Small-fruited bog cranberry

Oval-leaved bog cranberry

Vaccinium alaskaense

Small cranberry

Alaska blueberry

Watery blueberry

Vaccinium parvifolium

Red huckleberry

Vaccinium angustifolium

Red whortleberry

Low sweet blueberry

Blueberry

Vaccinium scoparium

Grouseberry

Vaccinium atrococcum

Black highbush blueberry

Vaccinium stamineum

Downy swamp blueberry

Deerberry

Squaw huckleberry

Vaccinium uliginosum

Veronica officinalis

Bog blueberry
Speedwell

Bog whortleberry

Alpine bilberry

Verpa bohemica

Early morel

Vaccinium vacillans

Low blueberry

Viburnum acerifolium

Maple-leaved viburnum

Vaccinium vitis-idaea

Mountain cranberry

Viburnum alnifolium

Rock cranberry
Hobblebush

Red whortleberry

Cranberry

Viburnum cassinoides

Lingonberry
Withered

Lowbush cranberry

Appalachian tea

Partridge berry

Wild raisin
Rock cranberry

Viburnum dentatum

Vaccinium spp.

Arrow-wood
Blueberries

Viburnum edule

Vaccinium spp.

Highbush cranberry

Huckleberries
Squash bush
Mooseberry

Vaccinium spp.

Whortleberries

Viburnum lentago

Nannyberry

Valeriana edulis

Edible valerian

Viburnum opulus

Tobacco-root

American bush cranberry

Valerianella locusta

Viburnum prunifolium

European cornsalad

Blackhaw

Verbena hastata

Viburnum rafinesquianum

Blue vervain

Downy arrow-wood

Veronica americana

Viburnum trilobum

American speedwell

American bush cranberry

American brooklime

Vicia americana

Veronica anagallis-aquatica

American vetch

Blue water speedwell

Vicia gigantea

Veronica beccabunga

Giant vetch

European brooklime

Vicia hirsuta

Veronica catenata

Hairy vetch

Water speedwell

Vicia sativa

Veronica chamaedrys

Narrow-leaved vetch

Germander speedwell

Vicia sepium

Bush vetch

Vicia villosa

Vitis aestivalis

Shaggy vetch
Summer grape

Viola adunca

Vitis labrusca

Early blue violet

Fox grape

Viola canadensis

Vitis riparia

Canada violet

Riverbank grape

Wild grape

Viola cucullata

Northern bog violet

Vitis spp.

Concord grape

Viola glabella

Yellow wood violet

Wyethia amplexicaulis

Mule's-ears

Viola nephrophylla

Northern bog violet

Xanthium pensylvanicum

Viola nuttallii

Cocklebur

Nuttall's prairie yellow violet

Xanthium strumarium

Rough cocklebur

Viola odorata

Sweet violet

Yucca glauca

Yucca

Viola palmata

Soapweed

Early blue violet

Palmate violet

Zea mays

Maize

Viola papilionacea

Indian corn

Common blue violet

Zizania aquatica

Viola pedata

Wild-rice
Pansy violet

Zizania palustris

Viola pedatifida

Wild-rice

Crowfoot violet

Larkspur violet

Zostera marina

Eel-grass

Viola spp.

Violets

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