6.10 Domains, URLs and aliases
www.fao.org is the entry point to all FAO information on the Internet and is the domain under which, in principle, all information published by FAO on the Internet should be located.
This policy applies also to projects, programmes, networks and initiatives done in partnership with other Organizations, Institutions and Donors.
Non-FAO domain names are allowed on an exception basis and the registration process is handled by OCC. All requests must be cleared by OCC.
Internet domain registration and subdomains
The domain name identifies a Web site on the Internet. Every time a domain name is used it is actually translated into a corresponding Internet Protocol (IP) address. For example the domain name www.fao.org corresponds to the IP address 220.127.116.11 (for "fao.org" on the www sub-domain). Domain names, not IP addresses, are used because they are alphabetic and therefore easier to remember.
Domain registration is the process of securing these Web addresses. Registration or renewal is done through official registration sites for a specified number of years. Anybody requiring a new domain should write an e-mail to OCP (use Domain-Requests@fao.org), explaining the need for the new domain name.
Please see the document DNS entries and sub-domains for FAO.org: policies and procedures [internal].
How to phrase a URL
It is best to keep URLs simple so that they are easy to copy and paste and so that they may easily be typed into a browser, used on brochures etc. It is important to avoid empty spaces in file names, otherwise they will display as "%20%" and may produce errors.
How to obtain an alias or subdomain
An alias is used when files are located in directories making a URL difficult to remember, for example, the Web page http://www.fao.org/waicent/portal/outreach/ has the alias http://www.fao.org/imark/.
Appropriate aliases or subdomains under fao.org can be established to provide the required identity. The Director or Head of Office or, in case of field projects, the Director of the lead Technical Unit, responsible for the activity requiring an alias, subdomain or new domain should write by email to OCC (email@example.com), explaining the business case for the request.
See also in the guide
References and resources