logo

World
Food
Summit

13-17 November 1996 - Rome, Italy


April 1996 WFS/ARC/NGO/REP

Report of the
Regional NGO Consultation for Africa on the World Food Summit

Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, 14-15 April 1996

1. The Regional NGO Consultation for Africa on the World Food Summit was held on 14-15 April 1996 in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. More than 70 NGOs and rural peoples' organisations from some 30 countries attended this important meeting. The programme of the Consultation is attached as Appendix 1. The list of participants is attached as Appendix 2.

2. The FAO Regional Representative for Africa opened the meeting by clearly defining the objectives of the World Food Summit. He also highlighted the need to consider the specific aspects of food security and sustainable agricultural development in the context of Africa. The Minister of Agriculture and Animal Resources of Burkina Faso then welcomed the participants. He emphasised the important role of NGOs and rural organisations for food security. He then declared the Consultation officially open.

3. The Consultation then elected its officers:
Chair Mr. Emile Pare, INADES-Burkina Faso
Vice-Chair Mrs. Ruth Mubiru, Uganda Women Tree Planting Movement
Rapporteurs Mrs. Rudo Chitiga, IRED, Zimbabwe
Mr. Ibrahima Seck, FONGS, Senegal

4. The proceedings began with a statement by the Secretary-General of the World Food Summit, who outlined the objectives of the Consultation and introduced the documents for examination: Policy Statement and Plan of Action (ARC/96/3) and Food Security Situation and Issues in the Africa Region (ARC/96/4).

5. The Consultation then heard the following statements:

6. The participants then divided into three working groups to reflect on three main themes:

Group I: Food production
Group II: Food access
Group III: Institutional questions

The reports of the working groups are attached as Appendix 3.

7. The Consultation affirmed that access to sufficient, wholesome food was a fundamental right of all human beings. It also noted that with economic globalization and increasing liberalisation and privatisation of the economy and public services, implementation of the Plan of Action to Achieve Universal Food Security required that all the actors be involved in defining their respective roles and responsibilities to secure sustainable food security. These main actors were: the State; NGOs; rural peoples' organisations; consumers; research institutes; financial institutions; training centres; private operators; the media; local authorities; trade unions; and religious and traditional leaders.

8. The Consultation considered that:

  1. The GATT Uruguay Round Agreement could have negative implications for local food production.
  2. Agricultural policies were still too often defined without adequate consultation of the local actors directly concerned.
  3. The deterioration of agricultural production conditions and natural resources was an impediment to sustainable agricultural development and food security.
  4. The difficulties experienced by farmers, and particularly women, in gaining access to appropriate technologies and financial resources were also an obstacle.
  5. Political instability in Africa was only one factor of food insecurity.

9. In view of the above, the Consultation recommended the following:

9.1 Strategies to Improve Food Production, Distribution, Access and Security

  1. Governments should reform the land tenure system to consider resource-poor farmers, with particular regard to women. The resources on which rural peoples' food security is based - water, land, rural financial systems -should be controlled and managed by civil society, and more specifically by those actors directly concerned.
  2. All actors should ensure that methods that are developed for improvement of food production maintain the sustainability of the natural resource base. Natural agriculture should be used as appropriate to help minimise pollution and health hazards for farmers.
  3. Appropriate affordable local technology should be improved using especially indigenous knowledge as well as the introduction of new technology.
  4. Governments should promote programmes and policies which favour local production and provide information and education on nutrition.
  5. Governments, international agencies and civil society groups should promote rural industries for food production so as to minimise post-harvest losses and to add value to farmers' produce. These industries should be managed by farmers and their organisations.
  6. Governments, international agencies and civil society groups should promote research on food storage, preservation, transportation and packaging.
  7. Governments, international agencies and NGOs should promote systems of credit which strengthen the purchasing power of women and which are supported by appropriate training systems.
  8. Governments, civil society and development agencies should establish social security and insurance systems directed to rural producers - men and women.
  9. All actors, governments, NGOs and farmers' organisations should step up efforts towards regional economic integration as this will facilitate food trade and exchanges in times of deficit. All civil society groups should take an active role to promote regional economic integration.
  10. Governments should adopt policies that safeguard the population against dumping of food which is unfit for human consumption. Producers and consumers should be involved in establishing mechanisms to control the quality of imported products.
  11. Governments should create an enabling environment for local investment to avoid capital flight.
  12. Donor funding should be better guaranteed, directed and monitored in order to ensure that it reaches the small-farmers - men and women - who are the major food producers.
  13. International financial institutions should adopt food security as a major indicator for the success of adjustment programmes.

9.2 Implementation and Follow-up of the Plan of Action

  1. Heads of State and Government at the Summit should mandate the Committee on World Food Security to follow-up, monitor and periodically evaluate the implementation of the Plan of Action. NGOs and peoples' organisations should participate fully in this process.
  2. At the national level, Governments should set up mechanisms for consultations with peoples' organisations, grassroots groups, NGOs and other stakeholders to define, implement and co-ordinate a food security programme. The effective participation of rural women at both local and national levels is strongly recommended.
  3. Governments should consider NGOs, peoples' organisations and the private sector as partners in identification, formulation, implementation and evaluation of policies for sustainable development.
  4. NGOs and peoples' organisations, in collaboration with the media, should sensitise and mobilise public opinion on the need to ensure food security.


DECLARATION OF THE NGOS MEETING IN OUAGADOUGOU
FOR THE REGIONAL NGO CONSULTATION FOR AFRICA
ON THE WORLD FOOD SUMMIT

14-15 April 1996

  1. Considering that in this time of economic globalization, Africa is at the bottom rung of world food trade.
  2. Considering that Africa continues to be deprived, marginalized, and increasingly excluded, and that its interests are wholly ignored in international agreements.
  3. Considering that the scandal of millions of undernourished and hungry in Africa is a daily reality, despite increased world, and indeed African, food production.
  4. Considering that the externally-oriented consumption and production patterns that have been culturally absorbed in Africa do nothing to foster our local products.
  5. Considering that greater rationalisation of production (technology, access to natural resources and credit) and trade would help Africa attain sustainable food security and reduce international food aid.
  6. Considering that access to a healthy and balanced diet for all human beings is a fundamental feature of democracy, human rights and personal dignity.
  7. Considering that though the role of women in food production has been increasingly recognised, they have no authority as regards the management, use or control of food systems.
  8. Considering that sustainable food security requires a balance of forces at local, national and global level.
  9. Considering, finally, that policy decisions are determinant in sustainable food security.

We, the NGOs and farmers’ organisations meeting in Ouagadougou on 14 and 15 April 1996:

  1. Urge our Heads of State and Government to clearly define policy, institutional and legal options with the participation of our representative organisations, so that sustainable food security becomes the top priority in Africa.
  2. Urge NGOs, governments and international agencies to encourage and adopt policies, texts and regulations that will assure African women the full and frank expression of all their rights.
  3. Recommend that NGOs, farmers’ organisations, private operators and members of civil society resolutely engage in identifying, formulating, implementing and evaluating food security policies.
  4. Urge that the international NGOs, agencies and institutions commit themselves through a convention and support governments, NGOs and farmers’ organisations in production strategies to secure food security

Motion

Meeting on 14 and 15 April 1996 in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, for the FAO/NGO Regional Consultation for Africa on the World Food Summit, the African NGOs wish to express their deep gratitude to the Government of Burkina Faso, FAO and the NGOs of Burkina Faso for their warm welcome and the excellent organization of the Consultation.

Done in Ouagadougou, 15 April 1996

The Regional Consultation


Appendix 1

REGIONAL NGO CONSULTATION FOR AFRICA
ON THE WORLD FOOD SUMMIT

Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, 14-15 April 1996

CONSULTATION PROGRAMME

Sunday, 14 April
Morning Plenary
8.00-9.30 Registration
9.30 Opening Cermony, Adoption of Agenda, Election of Officers
10.00 The World Food Summit: goals, preparatory process, participants, expected outcome. The role of NGOs.

Objectives of the Consultation.
Food security situation and issues in the Africa Region (including gender aspects).
Afternoon Working Groups

Implementation of regional goals and targets as a possibility for new collaboration between civil society organizations, governments and FAO.

Preparation of the Consultation statement(s).
Monday, 15 April
Morning Working Groups (cont'd)

Implementation of regional goals and targets as a possibility for new collaboration between civil society organizations, governments and FAO.

Preparation of the Consultation statement(s).
AfternoonPlenary

Presentation and discussion of the draft working group statements.

Agreement on consensus statement(s) and on its (their) presentation to the Regional Conference.

Concluding remarks.

Closing of the Consultation.


Appendix 2

REGIONAL NGO CONSULTATION FOR AFRICA
ON THE WORLD FOOD SUMMIT

Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, 14-15 April 1996

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

ACABAM
01 B. P. 277
Ouagadougou 01
BURKINA FASO
Tel: (226) 30-65-27/31-40-17
Fax: (226) 30-65-28
- Mr. Anatole Nikiema

Association Tin Tna
B. P. 167
Fada
BURKINA FASO
Tel: 77-01-26
- Mr. Emmanuel Mono

Action Micro-Barrages (AMB) Burkina
B. P. 26
Koudougou
BURKINA FASO
Tel & Fax : 44-03-34
- Mme Bernadette Zabre

Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA)
B. P. 4273
01 Ouagadougou
BURKINA FASO
Tel & Fax : 30-09-38
- Mr. Allain Long

Association des Femmes
Pag-La-Yiri de Zabre
B. P. 335
Ouagadougou
BURKINA FASO
Tel : 36-34-00
- Mme Pauline Kobanka

Association Vive le Paysan
05 BP 6274
Ouagadougou 05
BURKINA FASO
Tel : (226) 31-73-69
Fax : (226) 30-52-80
- Mr. André-Eugène Ilboudo

Association Burkinabé des Sages Femmes
(ABST)
01 BP 4686
Ouagadougou 01
BURKINA FASO
Tel & Fax : (226) 30-72-59
- Mme Brigitte Thiombiano

Association pour le Développement des Communautés Rurales
(ADECOR)
B. P. 27050
Brazzaville
CONGO
Tel & Fax : (242) 83-84-12
- Mr. Niel Mpassi

Association of Farmers Education and Traders (AFET)
Brukama Town
THE GAMBIA
Tel : (220) 48-42-78
Fax : (220) 48-41-00
- Mr. Doudou K. Darbo

African Centre For Human Development
P. O. Box 0273
OSU
Accra
GHANA
Tel : (233-21) 223031
Fax : (233-21) 220138
- Mr. Samuel Ocran

Association Entraide et Développement Concertes (AEDEC)
B. P. 4109
Dakar
SENEGAL
Tel : 24-41-16
Fax : 24-43-13
- Mme Fernanda Ramos Dasilva

ANMER
B. P. 131
Thies
SENEGAL
Tel : 51-19-23
Fax : 51-14-61
- Mr. Abdourahmane Ly

ACTIONAID
36A Freetown Road - LUMLEY
PMB 1058
Freetown
SIERRA LEONE
Tel : 23-13-92/23-10-94
Fax : 232 22 232 352
- Mr. Samuel Tamba Musa

APRETECTRA
B. P. 18
Come-Mono
REP. DU BENIN
Tel : 43-01-41
- Mr. Gabriel Houessou Degbeffand

Association Culturelle d'Aide à la Promotion Educative et Sociale
(ACAPES)
Parcelles assainies UV 20
B. P. 3432
Dakar
SENEGAL
Tel : (221) 35-10-66
Fax : (221) 35-66-41
- M. Diagne El Haj Thierno Yoro

Association des Jeunes Agriculteurs de la Casamance
(AJAC et FONGS)
B.P. 72
Bignona
SENEGAL
Tel : 94-10-21
Fax : 91-14-15
- Mr. Kalilou Sonko

Association Villages Entreprises
B. P. 23
Kpalime
TOGO
Tel : (00228) 410062
Fax : (00228) 410062
- Mr. Komi Afelete Julien Nyuiadzi

Association des Volontaires pour le Développement
(Bureau de Liaison des ONG et Associations du Burkina)
AVD/B. LONGA
01 B.P. 4683
Ouagadougou 01
BURKINA FASO
Tel : (226) 30 86-16/ 31-47-87
Fax : (226) 30-86-17/31-47-87
- Mr. Florent S. Ouédraogo

Bureau de suivi des ONG (BSIONG)
B. P. 7124
Ouagadougou
BURKINA FASO
Tel : 30-67-40
Fax : 31-54-09
- Mr. Patrice Syan

Comité de Dédougou (FWY)
B. P. 321
Ziniare
BURKINA FASO
Tel : 30-97-75/30-97-69
- Mr. Zoungrana Wenegoundy

La Commission Inter-Franciscaine
Pour la Justice et la Paix
B. P. 560
Ouagadougou
BURKINA FASO
Tel : 30-06-24
- Mme Armelle Waree

Caritas Internationalis
01 BP 1083
Ouagadougou 01
BURKINA FASO
Tel : 30-64-73
- Mr. Martin Nabolle

Centre Béninois pour le Développement des Initiatives de Base
B. P. 276
Bohicon
BENIN
Tel : 51-04-85
Fax : (229) 51-07-33
- Ms Sophie Agbidi

Christian Relief and Development Agency (CRDA)
P. O. Box 5674
Addis-Ababa
ETHIOPIA
Tel : (251) 1-650100
Fax : (251) 1-652280
- Mr. Asrat Kebede

Conseil de Concertation des Organisations d'Appui aux Initiatives de Base (CCOAIB)
B. P. 1993
Kigali
RWANDA
Tel : (250) 75883
Fax : (250) 75883
- Mr. Jean Damascene Gahigiro

CARITAS - Niger
B. P. 2381 (NY)
Niamey
NIGER
Tel : 73-53-00/77-45-84
Fax : 73-38-55
- Mr. Christian K. Issifu

Comité National de Concertation des ONG Féminines (CNACOF)
B. P. 13961
Brazzaville
CONGO
Tel : (242) 83-51-67
Fax : (242) 83-79-51
- Mme Henriette Makoumba-Nzambi

Comité International des Femmes Africaines pour le Développement (CIFAD)
01 B. P. 5147
Abidjan
COTE D’IVOIRE
Tel : (225) 22-93-84
Fax : (225) 22-70-23
- Mme Jeanine Bugain

Centre d'Information de Recherche et d'Action pour la Promotion
des Initiatives Paysannes (CIRAPIP)
B. P. 03 314
Cotonou
BENIN
Tel & Fax : 32-16-10
- Mr. Maixent M. Gervais Ogou

Centre Européen de Gestion des Politiques de Développement
(ECDPM)
OLV Plein 21
6211 HE
Maastricht
The Netherlands
Tel : (31) 43-325-51-21
Fax : (31) 43-435-36-36
E-Mail : AO@ECDPM.ORG
- Mr. Andrien Oomen

Collectif Stratégies Alimentaires
9 Quai du Commerce
Bruxelles
Belgique
Tel : (32) 22-23-03-81
Fax : (32) 22-17-60-78
E-Mail : CSAOGN.APC.ORG
- Mr. Marek Posnanski
- Mr. Alex Danau

Comité International des Femmes Africaines pour le Développement
(CIFAD/RCA)
B. P. 85
Lakouanga
Bangui
REPUBLIQUE CENTRAFRICAINE
Tel: (236) 61-08-29
- Mme Lucienne Mboka

COA/FEB
01 BP 3228
Ouagadougou 01
BURKINA FASO
Tel: 31-23-06/31-23-07
Fax : 31-23-08
- Mme Marie Louise Nignan

EDEN - TOGO
Les Femmes au Service de l'Environnement
B. P. 4146
Lome
TOGO
Tel : 21-20-39
- Adaku Sittu De Gonzague

Environmental Alert
P. O. Box 11259
Kampala
UGANDA
Tel : (256) 41-23-36-84
Fax : (256) 41-26-61-09
- Mr. Patrick Kivumbi

Environment Liaison Centre International
P. O. Box 72461
Nairobi
KENYA
Tel: (254) 2-56-20-15/56-20-22
Fax: (254) 2-56-21-75
- M. Jean-Marie Fayemi

Fédération Internationale de l’Economie Familiale
B. P. 4732
Ouagadougou
BURKINA FASO
Tel : (226) 30-23-26
- Mme Georgette Tamboura

Fédération des ONG du Sénégal - FONGS
B. P. 269
Thies
SENEGAL
Tel : (221) 51-12-37
Fax : (221) 51-20-59
- Mme. N'Diaye M'Bodji Sarr
- Mr. Ibrahima Seck
- Mr. Ndiogou Fall

Forum des Organisations Volontaires Africaines de Développement
(FOVAD)
Gibralta II No 282 B. P. 12085
Dakar
SENEGAL
Tel : (221) 25-55-47
Fax : (221) 25-55-64
E-Mail : RADI@GEO2.GEONET.DE
- Mr. Mazide N'Diaye

Fédération Nationale des Associations de Femmes Béninoises
(FNAFB)
B. P. 04 0706
Cotonou
BENIN
Tel : (229) 33-57-52
Fax : 31-50-84/33-36-68
- Mme Laurence Monteiro

Fédération des Unions des Groupements NAAM
(FUGN)
B. P. 100
Ouahigouya
BURKINA FASO
Tel : 55-04-11
Fax : 55 01 62
- Mr. Alidou Gueteba Sawadogo
- Mr. Jean-Marc Ki

Groupe de Recherche d'Etudes et de Formation "Femmes-d'Action"
(GREFFA)
01 BP 633
Ouagadougou 01
BURKINA FASO
Tel : (226) 36-33-70/36-36-89
Fax : (226) 30-67-67
- Mme Bernadette Palle

Freedom from Hunger Campaign and TANGO
P. O. Box 2174
Banjul
THE GAMBIA
Tel : 97-08-82
Fax : 97-16-2
- Mr. Ndondy S. Z Njie

Gambia Food and Nutrition Association (GAFNA)
P. M. B. 111
Banjul
THE GAMBIA
Tel : 39-04-33/4
Fax : 39-04-35
- Mr. Albert Cox

Institut Africain pour le Développement Economique et Social
INADES Formation - Burkina
01 BP 1022
Ouagadougou 01
BURKINA FASO
Tel : 30-20-70/34-03-41
- Mr. Emile Paré

International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID)
c/o University of ILORIN
NIGERIA
Tel : 031-221-692 or 4
- Prof. Emem Nwa, Vice-President Hon.

International Fertilizer Industry Association (IFA)
ICS BP 3835
Dakar
SENEGAL
Tel : (221) 340122
Fax : (221) 340701
- Mr. Amadou Bâ

Innovation et Réseau pour le Développement (IRED)
P. O. Box CY 3
CAUSEWAY
Harare
ZIMBABWE
Tel : 263-4-79-68-53
Fax : 263-4-722421
E-Mail : IRED@MANGO ZW
- Ms. Rudo Mabel Chitiga

Innovation et Réseau pour le Développement (IRED)
B. P. 12675
Niamey
NIGER
- Mr. Doulaye Issaka Maiga

International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology
(ICIPE)
P. O. Box 30772
Nairobi
KENYA
Tel : 254-2-86-01-11
Fax : (254) 2-80-33-60
E-Mail : ICIPE@CGNET.COM
- Mrs. Rhoda Odingo

International Group of National Associations of Manufacturers of
Agro-Chemical Products (GIFAP)
P. O. Box 30321
Nairobi
KENYA
Tel : (254) 2 43276
Fax : (254) 2 47279
- Mr. John Aston

Institut Mondial du Phosphate (IMPHOS)
3, rue Abdelkader Al Manzini
Casablanca
Maroc
Tel : (212) 2-48-41-24
Fax : (212) 2-48-41-21
- Mr. Abdelouahed Benjelloun

Kigulu Development Group
P. O. Box 619
Iganga
UGANDA
Tel : (256) 495 2359
- Mr. Patrick Kayemba

Lesotho Council on NGOs (LCN)
P. O. Box 0523
Maseru West 108
LESOTHO
Tel : 311279
Fax : (266) 310196
- Mrs. Ntatoleng Francina Mampho Thulo

Lutheran World Federation - Uganda
P. O. Box 5827
Kampala
UGANDA
Tel : 267873/267297
Fax : (256) 41-268166
- Mr. Daniel Matthews

Lutheran Development Service
P. O. Box 388
Mbabane
SWAZILAND
Tel : (268) 42-562
Fax : (268) 43-870
- Mrs. Pamela Meggitt

Mozambique National Association for Rural Women Development (ANRU)
P. O. Box 1892
Maputo
MOZAMBIQUE
Tel : (258) 1-422809/429405/428214
Fax : (258) 1-422893
- Ms Amelia Zambeze Macassane

Mutuelle "ADZEDZI"
B. P. 479
Kpqlime
TOGO
Tel : (00228) 41-01-99
- Mme Essivi Buagbe

Network of African Rural Women Association (NARWA) and
Country Women Association of Nigeria (COWAN)
No. 9 Awosika Crescent
Ijapo Estate
Akure - Ondo State
NIGERIA
Tel : (234) 34-231-945/234-1-861-714
Fax : (234) 34-231-633
- Chief Bisi Ogunleye

Namibia Development Trust
P. O. Box 8226
Pasteur Street 57
WINDHEOK West
Namibia
Tel : (061) 238002/3
Fax : (061) 233261
- Ms Rose-Mary Popyeni Sheehama

Organisation Mondiale du Mouvement Scout
B. P. 5988
Ouagadougou 01
BURKINA FASO
Tel : Bureau : 31-44-49
Dom. : 36-70-57
Fax : 314580
- Mr. Sanné Mohamed Topan (Député)

Organisation des Femmes pour la Sécurité Alimentaire et le Développement (OFSAD)
B. P. 13683
Yaoundé
CAMEROUN
Tel : 31-77-74
- Mme Marie Béatrice Kenfack

Organization of African Trade Union Unity
OATUU/OUSA
P. O. Box M 386
Accra
GHANA
Tel : (233) 21- 774531/772574
Fax : (233) 21- 772621
- Mr. Augustin Mujyambere

Organisation des Femmes Centrafricaines (OFCA)
- Mme Charlotte Bembe

Pan-African Federation of Agricultural and Food Workers (PFAFW)
c/o General Agricultural Workers' Union
of Trades Union Congress
P. O. Box 701
Accra
GHANA
Tel : (233) 21-66-55-14
Fax : (233) 21-66-93-94
- Mr. Samuel Kangah

Plate-Forme des Organisations Paysannes du Sahel
B. P. 49 Kati KA (Chambre d'Agriculture)
(APCAM) Bamako
MALI
Tel : 22-87-25
Fax : 22-87-37
- Mr. Soulayemane Mansamakan Keïta

Plate-Forme des Organisations Paysannes du Sahel
01 B. P. 522
Ouagadougou 01
BURKINA FASO
Tel : (226) 30-65-27/31-40-17
Dom. (226) 30-04-54/45-32-32-67
Fax : (226) 30-65-28
- Mr. Prosper Y. Ouédraogo

Plate-Forme des Organisations Paysannes du Sahel
UNC
B. P. 296/ou 25SAY
Niamey
NIGER
Tel : 73-44-48/78-42-17
- Mr. Alfa Cissé Yacouba

Plate-Forme des Organisations Paysannes du Sahel
Conseil national d'Appui au Mouvement Associatif Coop.
(CONAMAC)
B. P. 963
N'djamena
TCHAD
Tel : (235) 52-78-36
Fax : (225) 51-28-05
- Mr. Angui Defe

Plate-Forme des Organisations Paysannes du Sahel
B. P. 84
Priaia
CAP VERT
Tel : (238) 71-11-65/61-46-82
Fax : (238) 71-11-55/61-50-95
- Mr. Emiliano Semedo Brito

Projet D'Appui au Développement Local au Sahel
PADLOS/CILSS
B. P. 7049
Ouagadougou
BURKINA FASO
Tel : (226) 31-26-40
Fax : (226) 31-19-82
- Mr. Yacouba Moustapha

Programme Against Malnutrition
P. O. Box 30599
Lusaka
ZAMBIA
Tel : (260) 1 23-82 57
Fax : (260) 1 23-82-57
- Mr. Felix Chizhuka

Que Choisir Bénin ONG
Association Consommateurs
B. P. 04-142
Cotonou
BENIN
Tel : 335853
Fax : (229) 21-25-25
- Mr. Bernard Dossou-Dossa

Réseau Guinéen Traction Animale
B. P. 148
Kindia
GUINEA
Tel : 60-03-73/61-04-63
Fax : (224) 61-09-60
- Mr. Almamy Seny Soumah

Recherche, Appui et Formation aux Initiatives d'Auto développement (RAFIA)
B.P. 43
Dapaong
TOGO
Tel : (00228) 70-80-89
Fax : (00228) 70-82-37
- Mr. Noigue Tambila Lenne

Secrétariat Permanent des ONG (SPONG)
01 B.P. 131
Ouagadougou 01
BURKINA FASO
Tel : 30-62-63/31-18-85
Fax : s/c 31-71-22/31-18-85
- Mr. Casimir Bambara

Tanzania Home Economics Association (TAHEA)
Home Economics for Africa (HEAA)
P. O. Box 1125
Dar-Es-Salaam
TANZANIA
Tel : (255) 51-74372 or 27211 Ext. 367/140
Fax : 255-51-46450 c/o Mr. Tony Thompson/ (225) 50-66-15-2 c/o UNFPA Representative
- Mrs. Freda U. Chale

Uganda Women Tree Planting Movement
(UWTPM)
P. O. Box 10351
Kampala
UGANDA
Tel : (256) 014-25-42-40
Fax : (256) 041-25-52-88
- Mrs. Ruth Mubiru

Union des Groupements Villageois
Bouche
B.P. 74
Dedougou
BURKINA FASO
Tel : 52-01-19
Fax : 52-03-74
- Mr. Fidèle Toe

Winrock International
08 BP 1603
Abidjan 08
COTE D'IVOIRE
Tel : (225) 44 94 14
Fax : (225) 44 94 11
E-Mail : Winrock-Abidjan@CGNET.COM
- Mrs. Reine Brigitte Boni

Programme des Nations Unies pour le Développement (PNUD)
01 BP 575
Ouagadougou 01
BURKINA FASO
Tel : 30-67-62/64
Fax : 31-70-04
- Mme Alizatta Tamboula

Ministère du Développement Rural
B. P. 341
Lome
TOGO
Tel : 21-52-86
- Mme Ayélé-Mawuto

Ministère du Développement Rural
B. P. 385
Lome
TOGO
- Akossiwa Duyiboe

Office of the FAO Representative in Burkina Faso

Mr. A. T. Ibrahim
Représentant de la FAO au Burkina Faso
B. P. 2540
Ouagadougou, BURKINA FASO
Tel : 30-60-57/8
Fax : 31-00-84

FAO Regional Office for Africa

Ms. Laurencia Adams
NGO Unit
FAO Regional Office for Africa
Accra, GHANA
Tel: (233) 21 666851
Fax: (233) 21 668427

Mr. Godfrey Coker
Regional Statistician
FOA Regional Office for Africa
P. O. Box 1628
Accra
Tel: (233) 21 666851-4
Fax: (233) 21 668427

Mr. B. F. Dada
Assistant Director-General and Regional Representative for Africa
FAO Regional Office for Africa
P. O. Box 1628
Accra, GHANA
Tel : (233) 21 666851-4
Fax: (233) 21 234003

Mr. A. Haribou
Policy Officer
FAO Regional Office for Africa
P. O. Box 1628
Accra, GHANA
Tel: (233) 21 666851-4/664607/8
Fax: (233) 21 668427

Dr. S. N. Kassapu
Regional Science and Technology Officer
FAO Regional Officer for Africa
P. O. Box 1628
Accra, GHANA
Tel : (233) 21 666851-4
Fax: (233) 21 668427

Ms. Diana Tempelman
Women In Development Officer
FAO Regional Office for Africa
P. O. Box 1628
Accra, GHANA
Tel : (233) 21 666851-4
Fax: (233) 21 668427

FAO Headquarters Rome

Ms. Kay Killingsworth
Secretary-General
World Food Summit
Tel: 39-6 5225 3420
Fax: 39-6 5225 5249

Ms. Marlynne Hopper
Associate Professional Officer
World Food Summit Secretariat
Tel: 39-6 5225 4246
Fax: 39-6 5225 5249

Ms. Marie-Christine Laporte
World Food Day Officer
Information Division
Tel: 39-6 5225 5655
Fax: 39-6 5225 3961

Ms. Nora McKeon
Programme Officer
Unit for Cooperation with Private Sector and NGOs
Tel: 39-6 5225 3852
Fax: 39-6 5225 4385

Ms. Frances Vieta
Consultant
World Food Summit Secretariat
New York
Tel: 1-212-963-6036; Fax: 1-212-888-6188


April 1996 Appendix 2

REGIONAL NGO CONSULTATION FOR AFRICA
ON THE WORLD FOOD SUMMIT

Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, 14 and 15 April 1996

Reports of the Working Groups

Group I: Food Production

(i)Governments should ensure national security and stability as a precondition for ensuring food security.
(ii)The land tenure system should be improved and reformed in order to take account of the small producers, and more particularly the women.
(iii)The food production and consumption models applied in Africa should be adjusted to encourage the production and use of local commodities.
(iv)The interests of the small producers should always be taken into account when framing policies affecting food production.
(v)Methods designed to improve food production should guarantee the sustainability of the natural resource base.
(vi) Appropriate local techniques within reach of farmers should be improved, particularly by drawing on indigenous know-how and imported technology.
(vii) Extension services should be tailored to the needs of small farmers and not only to commercial farmers.
(viii) Decision-making relating to policies and programmes affecting food production should be decentralised.
(ix)More domestic resources should be mobilised to ensure sustainability of food production.
(x) Donor funds should be better secured, managed and monitored to ensure that they reach the small farmers - men and women - who are the principal food producers.
(xi) Coordination between governments, NGOs and farmers should be enhanced.
(xii) Task forces set up in countries to implement plans of action stemming from the World Food Summit should include NGOs and farmers' organisations.
(xiii) Food production systems are determined by technical, cultural, ecological, social, economic and political factors. Without the political will, nothing can be achieved.

Group II: Food Access and Distribution

1. The quality and cost of production are aspects which will be dealt with by the first Commission. It must nevertheless be made clear that these are necessary marketing conditions.

2. Production/Distribution Interface

2.1 Accessibility

This relates to the notion of consumer. It also relates to stability, availability and sustainability. Accessibility is closely related to the following key issues:

Recommendations:


2.2 Competitiveness

Competitiveness is between commodities (particularly between local and imported commodities) but also between countries. It has to do with marketing and quality (this quality has a price). It is important to stress that structural adjustment programmes have pushed up input prices. African small farmers are therefore unable to grow competitivefoodstuffs. Imported products are sometimes cheaper and are given greater publicity, even if they are not nutritious. Competitiveness raises serious problems in terms of handling chemical products used to achieve high levels of competitiveness. The multinationals play an important role in this unbridled rush to be competitive.

Recommendations:

2.3 Availability

Availability presupposes: a) proximity; b) quantity; c) quality; and d) the repackaging of food products to match consumer means. It is obvious that availability is closely linked to production, infrastructure (the state of the roads), storage and conservation. To improve availability, cash crops should not be given priority to the detriment of food crops.

Recommendations:


2.4 Transport

Transport relates to distribution/marketing (commodity outlets) and accessibility.

Recommendations:


2.5 Storage, Conservation, Processing, Packaging

A substantial percentage of production is lost as a result of conservation problems (estimated by FAO at 30%). It is therefore important to find effective conservation systems for each type of foodstuff. As governments withdraw, encouragement must be given to setting up conservation facilities using flexible credit systems. Processing plants should also be developed, particularly to help women's organisations, backed by adequate training. It must be emphasised that before processing can be developed, reliable markets and permanent outlets are needed.

Recommendations:


2.6 Infrastructure/Communications

Populations and NGOs should be mobilised to develop roads in cooperation with the government.

3. Regional Economic Integration

The small farmers should be involved in the process of regional integration based on collective market management. Inter-State trade must be better organised in a spirit of solidarity. This requires that the problems of infrastructure, prices, considerations of national interest and viability of existing structures be resolved.

4. Food Aid

Food aid should be prohibited, except during natural disasters. Donations create dependency ("Food For Work"). Regular food aid must take account of the needs of women and children.

Recommendations:

5.Conditions for Ensuring Food Security in Africa

Certain conditions are necessary to guarantee food security:

Group III - Institutional Issues

1.In relation to the document:

  1. The group noted that the preamble over-emphasised social unrest and political instability in African countries. It suggested that greater stress should be placed on other reasons for food insecurity (unpredictable climatic conditions, irregular rainfall, natural disasters, natural resource degradation, etc.).
  2. It also pointed out that the document should dwell more thoroughly on the actions required at international, national and local level; the role of governments, NGOs and others should be more clearly spelt out.
  3. The document addressed the traditional roles of NGOs (emergency aid and others) but concealed the role that they should play in providing assistance to governments in framing food security programmes and policies.

2.On the basis of this, a number of specific actions were suggested by the group:

  1. At a time of debate on economic globalisation and liberalisation, privatisation of public services, free trade and regional economic integration agreements, the implementation of the Plan of Action for food security requires the involvement of all the parties concerned in defining roles and responsibilities to guarantee food security.
  2. The main parties identified: governments, NGOs, consumers, research establishments, financial institutions, private operators, producers' organisations, the mass media, local communities and authorities.

3.With regard to the government:

In view of the disengagement of government and the devolution of responsibilities:

  1. governments should create a framework of ongoing coordination with the NGOs and organisations of men and women producers, and local communities and authorities in order to better define, implement and coordinate food security programmes.
  2. it was especially recommended that women farmers should play a real part in this framework at the local, national, sub-regional and international levels.
  3. governments should establish favourable conditions for implementing the Plan of Action (legislation on appropriate land tenure systems, removing gender discrimination, putting infrastructures into place, introducing appropriate customs tariffs, etc.).
  4. governments should also create the right conditions to strengthen and support NGOs and producers' organisations in the areas of formulation, access to financial resources and appropriate technology.
  5. governments, lastly, should consider instituting an appropriate monitoring mechanism to assess progress towards food security. This mechanism should include the NGOs and both men and women farmers.

4.With regard to Non-Governmental Organisations:

  1. NGOs must take part in defining, implementing and evaluating food security policies and programmes at the local, national, sub-regional and international levels.
  2. in conjunction with the mass media, the NGOs should sensitise and mobilise public opinion regarding the need to guarantee food security, and should work towards this end by pursuing their peoples' participatory approach.
  3. NGOs must continue to train and supervise men and women farmers, in conjunction with research and other related services.

5.With regard to Farmers' Organisations:

  1. Organisations of men and women farmers should participate in drawing up food security programmes and policies at the local, national, sub-regional and/or international levels with the various partners (government, research establishments, etc.).
  2. a communication and information network between farmers (men and women) should be established to improve the management of farm product prices.
  3. farmers must diversify their sources of income by promoting handicrafts.
  4. farmers should set up buffer stocks.
  5. farmers should have access to appropriate technology and new sustainable cropping techniques.
  6. farmers should secure insurance cover for their activities.
  7. farmer expertise and know-how should be tapped and disseminated.