|Hundred and Eleventh Session|
|Rome, 1-10 October 1996|
|REPORT OF THE 21ST SESSION OF THE COMMITTEE ON WORLD
|Rome, 29 January - 2 February 1996|
|II.||ASSESSMENT OF THE CURRENT WORLD FOOD SECURITY SITUATION AND SHORT-TERM MARKET OUTLOOK|
|III.||DRAFT OF A POLICY STATEMENT AND PLAN OF ACTION FOR THE WORLD FOOD SUMMIT|
|IV.||STATUS REPORT ON THE SPECIAL PROGRAMME ON FOOD PRODUCTION IN SUPPORT OF FOOD SECURITY IN LIFDCs (SPFP)|
APPENDIX A - Agenda
APPENDIX B - Membership of Committee on World Food Security
APPENDIX C - List of Delegates and Observers
APPENDIX D - List of Documents
APPENDIX E - Opening Statement of the Director-General
1. The Committee on World Food Security held its
Twenty-first Session from 29 January to 2 February at FAO
Headquarters in Rome. Of the 120 members of the Committee for
the biennium 1996-97, 110 were represented at the Session. Viet
Nam, Ukraine, the Holy See, the Sovereign Order of Malta, 6 international
organizations and 25 non-governmental organizations participated
as observers. A list of the present members of the Committee
is shown in Appendix B and a list of delegates and observers in
2. The Session was opened by Mr. J. Laureau (France), the outgoing Chairman of the Committee. The Committee elected Mr. Pedro Alfonso Medrano Rojas (Chile) as Chairman by acclamation, and expressed warm appreciation to Mr. Laureau for his dedicated leadership during the past biennium. Mr. David Sands Smith (U.K.), Mr. Andrew Pearson (Australia), Mr. Mame Balla Sy (Senegal) and Mr. Shahid Rashid (Pakistan) were elected as the Vice-Chairmen.
3. The Chairman noted that world food security is the first and foremost way for the international community to ensure the inalienable right to life. In this connection, he pointed out that the initiative of the Director-General to convene the World Food Summit was an important and appropriate initiative.
4. The Committee adopted its agenda which is reproduced in Appendix A. The list of documents considered by the Committee is given in Appendix D.
5. Mr. H.W. Hjort, Deputy Director-General, delivered the opening statement on behalf of the Director-General which is reproduced in Appendix E.
6. The Committee appointed a drafting committee composed of the delegations of Australia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Germany, Japan, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Morocco, Peru, Spain, Switzerland, Syria, United States of America and Zimbabwe under the chairmanship of Mr. I. Marincek (Switzerland).
6. The Committee expressed concern at the deterioration
of the global food security situation. In particular, the reduced
ratio of ending cereal stocks in 1996 to trend utilization in
1996/1997, which was currently forecast at 14-15 percent was noted,
and concern was expressed about the higher cereal prices and their
serious impact on the food security situation, especially of the
low-income food-deficit countries. The Committee also noted that
plantings of some cereals in a number of countries, including
some major grain exporters, were responding favourably to higher
prices and the expected increased production should help to alleviate
the current tight market situation.
7. The Committee noted serious food security emergencies in several countries of Africa as well as in some countries of Asia, Central America and Europe. It expressed regret that wars and other civil conflicts, and the refugee problems that they tend to create, have exacerbated the food security situation in a number of countries of these regions. A worry was expressed about the increase in the food import bill faced by the low-income food-deficit countries, forecast at around US$ 3 000 million in 1995/96, and faced by net food-importing developing countries. This increase was particularly worrisome for countries experiencing food emergencies, especially at a time when food aid commitments by some donors were being reduced. Some members cautioned against the renewal of export controls which would further aggravate an already tight market situation, sending the wrong message to importers who rely on the world market as a dependable source of supplies. Some other members noted that care was being taken to ensure the flow of exports towards some developing countries.
8. The Committee noted with interest the progress report on the evaluation of the minimum safe cereal stock-to-utilization ratio at global level and generally supported the Secretariat's plans to use more refined analytical frameworks to deal with some of the issues that could not be addressed by the approaches previously utilized. In this context, the Committee encouraged the Secretariat to take into account in its further work the effects on stocks of interlinkages between agricultural markets, such as those between feed and food markets; of composition and spatial distribution of stocks; and of advances made in international marketing related to logistics, transport, information and communication systems. Moreover, some members pointed out that the study on stock-to-utilization ratio should also contribute to a better understanding of the problem of cereal price instability, including the impact of changes in the composition of stocks on, and the responsiveness of stocks to, market signals. The Committee urged the Secretariat to complete this study as soon as possible. Some members also suggested that the Secretariat organize an information session to explain the technical details of the analyses undertaken, as has been done with some other issues.
9. As far as the analyses already conducted to extend the approaches used in the previous studies are concerned, a number of members questioned the validity of the preliminary estimates of the benchmark ratio, taking into account the current tight market situation in cereals and utilizing more stringent criteria in determining the adequacy of supplies for food security purposes. Some other members expressed no surprise at the secretariat's preliminary findings, which reflected changes in the structure of domestic and international markets. It was also suggested that the very concept of a fixed minimum safe stock-to-utilization ratio might not capture the dynamic nature of the international commodity markets.
10. The Committee noted the information in the document that had been provided by the WTO Secretariat on the interpretation of Article 12 of the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture on export restrictions. In view of the potential implications of the use of export restrictions for food security, the Secretariat was requested to monitor developments in the area and report to the Committee on such developments.
11. The Committee welcomed the discussions held in the Committee on Agriculture of the WTO on the definition of the net-food importing developing countries, including the contribution of FAO, and hoped for a rapid implementation of the Uruguay Round Decision on Measures Concerning the Possible Negative Effects of the Reform Programme on Least-Developed and Net Food-Importing Developing Countries. The Committee expressed its appreciation to the Secretariat for its assistance to this group of countries and recalled the recommendation of the FAO Conference on the need for FAO, in close co-operation with the other international organisations concerned, to contribute to the implementation of this Decision.
12. The Committee considered the draft policy statement
and plan of action contained in document CFS 96/3 and requested
that the Secretariat prepare a revised draft text, in a timely
fashion, sufficiently in advance of the first Regional Conference,
taking into account the Committee's discussions and individual
written comments submitted, for consideration in subsequent stages
of the Summit preparatory process including at the forthcoming
FAO Regional Conferences.
13. The Committee considered that the revised policy statement should have a stronger, more political character, stressing the importance of immediate commitment, and the urgency of action.
14. It asked that the revised draft plan of action be more concise and action-oriented, and contain less analysis, concentrating on the essential points, and ensuring convergence between the policy statement and the plan of action. It urged the inclusion in the document of specific, time-bound objectives and targets against which progress could be measured. The Committee also asked for greater attention to the implementation and monitoring of the Summit decisions, with a clear identification of the different actors and a clear assignment of roles and responsibilities to them.
15. The Committee concluded that it was necessary to present the outcome of the World Food Summit in a clear, concise and easily accessible format as follows.
16. Two documents should be adopted: a Policy Statement and a Plan of Action.
17. The Policy Statement should consist of a brief text in clear and succinct language presenting the reason for action and major political commitments related to the Plan of Action.
18. The Plan of Action should address major global and regional issues and include a number of major commitments. Each of the commitments should consist of sections on:
19. The Committee recommended to take into consideration
relevant decisions by other international conferences, and to
refer to them in the text, where appropriate. It concluded, nevertheless,
that the approach which it had agreed upon in 1995, i.e. drawing
attention to agreements reached in other fora without reopening
those debates, was still valid and would serve to keep the documents
focused and concise.
20. Regarding the content of the draft Summit documents, numerous specific comments and suggestions were made for preparing the revision, which should be taken into account in the preparatory process.
21. Many members drew attention to some apparent inconsistencies in the documents, for example, with regard to international trade. Differing views were expressed regarding international trade issues and the effect of trade on food security, especially of the poorest. There was also disagreement on whether to include and how to include the political and macro-economic context in the documents to be adopted in the Summit.
22. The Committee stressed the importance of wide participation in the forthcoming Regional Conferences, which would examine national positions and elaborate concrete goals and objectives for each region, as a contribution to the Policy Statement and Plan of Action of the Summit. In this connection, the Committee noted with satisfaction that national-level preparations were well underway in many countries. It considered that country position papers ideally should be prepared in advance of the relevant Regional Conferences, and in any case not later than 1 July 1996. Suggestions were made regarding criteria and indicators to be used in the preparation of national documents to facilitate comparability.
23. The Committee called for the earliest possible completion of those Summit technical background papers which had not yet been made available, so that they might be of maximum benefit to the preparatory process.
24. In order to better assess the level of food security in different parts of the world, as well as to raise awareness, the Committee asked the Secretariat to use available country data to produce a "hunger map". Countries were invited to provide up-to-date information on the location and magnitude of hunger within their territories.
25. The Committee underlined the need for global solidarity and collaboration in the Summit preparatory process. It called for the full involvement of other relevant organizations in the process - including United Nations organizations, non-governmental organizations, international financing institutions and the private sector - both in advancing the preparatory process and in playing their roles in implementing the Summit's final outcome.
26. The Committee expressed widespread support for
the objectives of the SPFP, as set out in the document CFS:96/4,
which is intended to become an important FAO programme for supporting
rural development. While a number of members expressed appreciation
for information contained in document CFS:96/4, others indicated
the paper did not provide substantive information, and lacked
27. A number of participating countries reported on their positive experiences with the SPFP to date, which they considered responded well to their specific requirements, because of its open and flexible character.
28. Members noted a number of positive features of the programme in its revised form, which are expected to lead to useful results. These included: its country-driven character, its integrated approach, the fact that its activities are fully integrated in national strategies, its emphasis on people's participation, and its expanded commodity coverage within a farming systems context.
29. Several members sought reassurance that due attention would be paid to ensuring that food insecure households benefit from increased production; that the general economic and institutional setting and the sectoral policies are taken into account before deciding on the design of field activities; that farmers' perceived problems, not off-the-shelf technologies, provide the entry point for field activities; and that production possibilities of lower potential areas which contain large numbers of food-insecure people are given greater consideration.
30. Several queries were put to the secretariat and clarifications provided, covering the role of FAO as a change agent, catalyst, and mobiliser of technical and financial support for participating countries; the people's participation and participation of local farmers' organizations; the important role of NGOs as privileged partners in implementing field activities; and the costs and funding arrangements for the country programmes.
31. The Committee stressed that watershed management for sustainable agricultural development and methodological work being done by FAO to promote improved water management practices, while widely applicable, are of crucial importance for the Programme, since in arid and semi-arid areas hunger is most prevalent. Special importance was attached to technologies for, inter alia, use of surface water after rain; control of water pollution, in particular ground water pollution; support to water users' organisations; and introduction of small-scale irrigation technology for smallholders, according to local conditions.
32. The Committee suggested that the SPFP should target both macro and micro production problems; that it should be linked to supportive country-specific policies and strategies which cover both high and low potential areas, and household food security; that greater attention should be paid to strengthening the interface between research and extension; that TCDC, round-tables and study tours should be given a prominent role as a vehicle for fostering exchanges of experience and know-how; and that regular, frequent and detailed procedures for monitoring and evaluating progress would be a valuable tool for programme implementation.
33. Several donor countries announced that in the context of the evolving nature of the programme, they planned to provide support for selected components or countries under the SPFP, during 1996 and beyond. Some countries with continuing reservations urged that a process of open dialogue be established to narrow the gap in perceptions between participants and interested parties. The Committee looked forward to a more detailed report on actual achievements at its spring session next year, and recalled that it had also requested that the report on the Special Programme should be presented in the context of an overall review of food security-related field activities.
34. The Committee decided to establish, pursuant to Conference Resolution 2/95 and the basic texts of the Organization, an inter-sessional Working Group whose functions and composition will be as follows:
35. Information was provided by the Secretariat on
the financial implications of the decision to establish the working
36. The documents WFS 96/2 "Draft Rules of Procedure of the World Food Summit", and WFS 96/2 - Sup.1, "Accreditation of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) to the World Food Summit", were presented to the Committee for information. The Committee noted that these documents would be presented to the Inter-sessional Working Group with the aim of obtaining its guidance.
37. The Committee agreed to hold its Twenty-Second Session at FAO Headquarters in Rome during September 1996, the exact time to be determined by the Director-General in consultation with the Chairman, to complete its consideration of preparations for the World Food Summit.
I. ORGANIZATIONAL MATTERS
II. ASSESSMENT OF THE CURRENT WORLD FOOD SECURITY SITUATION AND
SHORTTERM MARKET OUTLOOK
III. DRAFT OF A POLICY STATEMENT AND PLAN OF ACTION FOR THE WORLD FOOD SUMMIT
IV. STATUS REPORT ON THE SPECIAL PROGRAMME ON FOOD PRODUCTION IN SUPPORT OF FOOD SECURITY IN LIFDCs (SPFP)
V. OTHER MATTERS
|Bolivia||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Brazil|
|Central African Republic||Chad||Chile|
|Costa Rica||Côte d'Ivoire||Croatia|
|Democratic People's Republic of Korea||Denmark||Dominica|
|Dominican Republic||Egypt||El Salvador|
|European Community (Member Organization)||Finland||France|
|Indonesia||Iran, Islamic Republic of||Iraq|
|Korea, Republic of||Kuwait||Lebanon|
|Pakistan||Panama||Papua New Guinea|
|Romania||Russian Federation||Saudia Arabia, Kingdom of|
|South Africa||Spain||Sri Lanka|
|The Former Yugoslav||Republic of Macedonia||Tunisia|
|United States of America||Uruguay||Venezuela|
Chairman ) Président ) P.A. MEDRANO ROJAS (Chile) Presidente ) Vice-Chairmen ) D. SANDS SMITH (United Kingdom) Vice-Présidents ) A. PEARSON (Australia) Vicepresidentes ) M. BALLA SY (Senegal) ) S. RASHID (Pakistan)
MEMBERS OF THE COMMITTEE/MEMBRES DU COMITE/MIEMBROS DEL COMITEALBANIA - ALBANIE Delegate L. KOSTA Secretary Embassy of Albania Rome ALGERIA - ALGERIE - ARGELIA Délégué Mme. T. FEROUKHI Sous-Directeur Ministère des Affaires étrangères Alger Suppléants N. RIMOUCHE Conseiller Représentant permanent adjoint auprès de la FAO Rome H. YAHIA CHERIF Conseiller Représentation permanente auprès de la FAO Rome ANGOLA Délégué A.A. ERVEDOSA ABREU Ambassadeur Représentant permanent auprès de la FAO Rome Suppléant P.A. KANGA Conseiller Représentant permanent adjoint auprès de la FAO Rome ARGENTINA - ARGENTINE Delegado Sra. I. DI GIOVAN BATTISTA Ministro Plenipotenciario Representante Permanente ante la FAO Roma AUSTRALIA-AUSTRALIE Delegate A. PEARSON Counsellor (Agriculture and Minerals) Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternate J.A. BAILEY Counsellor (Development Assistance) Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome AUSTRIA - AUTRICHE Delegate Ms. H. WÖGERBAUER Head of the International Department Ministry of Agriculture Vienna Alternate E. ZIMMERL Permanent Representative to FAO Rome BANGLADESH Delegate K. HAMID Ambassador Permanent Representative to FAO Rome BELGIUM - BELGIQUE - BELGICA Délégué Mme. R. DE CLERCQ Représentant permanent adjoint auprès de la FAO Rome Suppléants E. DETRAUX Directeur du Service Relations Internationales Ministère de l'Agriculture Bruxelles R. PARFONRY Secrétaire d'Administration AGCD Bruxelles C. LEPAGE Secrétaire national pour la préparation du Sommet mondial de l'Alimentation Ministère des Affaires Etrangères Bruxelles BENIN Délégué C. ALAPINI Directeur Général Office national d'appui à la sécurité alimentaire Cotonou BOLIVIA - BOLIVIE Delegado W. H. GONZALES DAZA Representante Permanente Alterno ante la FAO Roma BRAZIL - BRESIL - BRASIL Delegate A.G. ALENCAR Ambassador Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternates M.A. DINIZ BRANDAO Minister Counsellor Deputy Permanent Representative to FAO Rome F.J. MARRONI DE ABREU First Secretary Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Ms. S. POLICH First Secretary Ministry of External Relations Brasilia N. JORGE Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome BULGARIA - BULGARIE Delegate E. NINOV Permanent Representative to FAO Rome BURKINA FASO Délégué C. KIEMTORE Représentant permanent adjoint auprès de la FAO Rome BURUNDI Délégué E. KABUSHEMEYE NIAMWANA Premier Conseiller d'Ambassade Rome CAMEROON - CAMEROUN - CAMERUN Délégué M.T. KIMA Ambassadeur Représentant permanent auprès de la FAO Rome Suppléants C.D. NGOUANG Inspecteur général Ministère de l'agriculture Yaoundé M. KENFACK Chargé d'Etudes Ministère de l'agriculture Yaoundé P. MOUMIE Secrétaire permanent du Comité FAO/PAM Yaoundé CANADA Delegate Ms. S. MILLS Department of Agriculture and Agri-Food Ottawa Alternates A. AMEY Department of Agriculture and Agri-Food Ottawa I. MacGILLIVRAY Senior Policy Advisor on Agriculture Canadian International Development Agency Quebec Ms. V. SAINT-LOUIS Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Ottawa G. SEALEY Global Network on Food Security Ottawa CAPE VERDE - CAP-VERT - CABO VERDE Délégué C. MONTEIRO Chargé d'affaires a.i. Représentation permanente auprès de la FAO Rome CHAD - TCHAD Délégué BAMANGA ABBAS MALLOUM Chargé d'affaires a.i. Représentant permanent suppléant auprès de la FAO Rome CHILE - CHILI Delegado P.A. MEDRANO ROJAS Embajador Representante Permanente ante la FAO Roma Suplentes R. LEON-VALDES Representante Permanente Alterno ante la FAO Roma H. MOLINA Segundo Secretario Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores Santiago N. DE ZEPEDA Agregado Agricola Bruselas CHINA - CHINE Delegate TANG ZHENGPING Minister Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternates ZHANG XIGUI Division Director Department of International Cooperation Ministry of Agriculture Beijing TANG SHENGYAO Deputy Division Director Department of International Cooperation Ministry of Agriculture Beijing ZHANG LIJUN Division Director Ministry of Agriculture Beijing Ms. HUANG XU Deputy Division Chief Nation Food Reserved Bureau of PRC Beijing Ms. LI XIAODONG Official Department of International Cooperation Ministry of Internal Trade Beijing YUAN HAIYING First Secretary Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome SHI LIN Second Secretary Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome COLOMBIA - COLOMBIE Delegado H. AGUDELO VILLA Embajador Representante Permanente ante la FAO Roma Suplente Sra. A.C. DEL LLANO RESTREPO Consejero Representante Permanente Adjunto ante la FAO Roma CONGO Délégué G. MOUBERI Ambassadeur Représentant permanent auprès de la FAO Rome Suppléant J.S. KAYA-KOMBO Deuxième Conseiller Représentant permanent adjoint auprès de la FAO Rome COSTA RICA Delegado Sra. M. GAMBOA CERDA Primer Secretario Representante Permanente Alterno ante la FAO Roma COTE D'IVOIRE Délégué G. DOH-DJANHOUNDY Représentant permanent adjoint auprès de la FAO Rome Suppléant A. BAKAYOKO Secrétaire général Comité national pour l'alimentation et le développement Ministère de l'agriculture et des ressources animales Abidjan REPUBLIC OF CROATIA REPUBLIQUE DE CROATIE REPUBLICA DE CROACIA Delegate B. CECUK First Secretary Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome CUBA Delegado J. NUIRY SANCHEZ Embajador ante la FAO Roma Suplentes Sra. A. NAVARRO Representante alterno ante la FAO Roma L. SARDAÑAS SANCHEZ Consejero Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores La Habana Sra. M. VILLANUEVA Ministerio de Economia y Planificacion La Habana CYPRUS - CHYPRE - CHIPRE Delegate C. LOIZIDES Agricultural Attaché Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome CZECH REPUBLIC - REPUBLIQUE TCHEQUE - REPUBLICA CHECA Delegate A. SZABÓ Permanent Representative to FAO Rome DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KOREA REPUBLIQUE POPULAIRE DEMOCRATIQUE DE COREE - REPUBLICA POPULAR DEMOCRATICA DE COREA Delegate CHOE TAEK SAN Ambassador Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternates YUN SU CHANG Counsellor Deputy Permanent Representative to FAO Rome KIM DONG SU Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome DENMARK - DANEMARK - DINAMARCA Delegate J.S. NIELSEN Head of Department Ministry of Agriculture & Fisheries Copenhagen Alternates Miss B. MOLLER CHRISTENSEN Agricultural Counsellor Royal Danish Embassy Rome L-H. WORSØE Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome DOMINICAN REPUBLIC - REPUBLIQUE DOMINICAINE - REPUBLICA DOMINICANA Delegate A. LEBRON PUMAROL Embajador Representante Permanente ante la FAO Roma EGYPT - EGYPTE - EGIPTO Delegate A.M. ABOUL-NAGA Agricultural Counsellor Deputy Permanent Representative to FAO Rome EL SALVADOR Delegado Sra. M.E. JIMENEZ Consejero Representante Permanente Adjunto ante la FAO Roma Suplente E. VIDES Embajada de El Salvador Roma ERITREA - ERYTHREE Delegate Y. TENSUE Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome ETHIOPIA - ETHIOPIE - ETIOPIA Delegate G. REDAI Counsellor Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome EUROPEAN COMMUNITY COMMUNAUTE EUROPEENNE COMUNIDAD EUROPÈA (Member organization/Organisation membre/ Organización Miembro) Délégué G. P. PAPA Ambassadeur Représentant permanent auprès de la FAO Rome Suppléants Mme. V. DUMARTEAU Chef d'unité chargée des Relations avec la FAO Bruxelles R. DE SANTIS Administrateur principal Bruxelles L. PACHT Administrateur principal Bruxelles P. VAN STEEKELENBURG Administrateur principal Bruxelles L. DELGADO Premier Secrétaire Représentant permanent suppléant auprès de la FAO Rome Mme. S. GUALANDI Troisième Secrétaire Représentation permanente auprès de la FAO Rome F. FERRANDI Consultant Rome FINLAND - FINLANDE - FINLANDIA Delegate A. NIKKOLA Director Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Helsinki Alternates Mrs K.M. ILANDER Minister Counsellor Permanent Representative to FAO Rome H. BRENNER Senior Executive Officer Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Helsinki Ms. P.L. KYÖSTILÄ Deputy Permanent Representative Rome FRANCE - FRANCIA Délégué J. LAUREAU Ambassadeur Représentant permanent auprès de l'OAA Rome Suppléants M. VEDELE Chargé de mission Ministère de l'agriculture, de la pêche et de l'alimentation Rome D. BERTHERY Conseiller scientifique Représentant permanent suppléant auprès de l'OAA Rome A. REVEL Génie Rural des eaux et des forêts Grignon R. BLEIN Solagral Paris O. MARGUERITTE Premier Secrétaire Représentant permanent suppléant auprès de l'OAA Rome GABON Délégué J.R. GOULONGANA Ambassadeur Représentant permanent auprès de la FAO Rome Suppléant Mme. I.A. DIAS DA GRACA Deuxième Conseiller Représentant permanent adjoint auprès de la FAO Rome GEORGIA - GEORGIE Delegate B. TAVARTKILADZE Ambassador Permanent Representative to FAO Rome GERMANY - ALLEMAGNE - ALEMANIA Delegate J. OESTREICH Ambassador Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternates K. GARCKE Head of Division Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Forestry Bonn D. LINK First Counsellor Deputy Permanent Representative to FAO Rome G. ROSCHER Assistant Head of Division Ministry of Foreign Affairs Bonn Ms. U. HEINBUCH Assistant Head of Division Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development Bonn GHANA Delegate Ms. T. STRIGGNER SCOTT Ambassador Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternate M.I. SEIDU Minister Counsellor Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome GREECE - GRECE - GRECIA Delegate Ms. C. GUINI Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome GUINEA - GUINEE Délégué A. SOUMAH Directeur Service national de gestion des dons Ministère du plan et de la coopération Conakry Suppléants M.J. BANGOURA Directur national de l'Agriculture Ministère de l'agriculture, élevage et forêts Conakry S.D. BANGOURA Premier Secrétaire Représentant permanent adjoint auprès de la FAO Rome HAITI Délégué Mme. S. PERCY Conseiller Représentant permanent adjoint auprès de la FAO Rome HONDURAS Delegado Sra. I.M. LOPEZ TURCIOS Consejero Representante Permanente Alterno ante la FAO Roma HUNGARY - HONGRIE - HUNGRIA Delegate Ms. M. KOVACS Permanent Representative to FAO Rome INDIA - INDE Delegate K. NAIN BAKSHI Ambassador Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternate A. SINHA Minister (Agriculture) Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome INDONESIA - INDONESIE Delegate S. HADIWIGENO Secretary General Ministry of Agriculture Jakarta Alternates W. SOEGARDA Ambassador Permanent Representative to FAO Rome B. HADIONO Counsellor Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Ms. R. CHALID Second Secretary Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome U.S. MAWARDANA Assistant Agricultural Attaché Alternate Permanent Representation to FAO Rome P. SUHARNO National Logistics Agency (Bulog) Jakarta-Selatan A. SOEPANTO Head of Bulog's Cooperation Division National Logistics Agency (Bulog) Jakarta IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN, REPUBLIQUE ISLAMIQUE D' IRAN, REPUBLICA ISLAMICA DEL Delegate S. M. SAEED NOORI-NAINI Ambassador Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternates A. AMINI Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome M. EBRAHIMI Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome A. CHERAGHALI Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome M.A. YAZDANI Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome D. SAFAEE Deputy Head International Specialized Agencies Division M.F.A. Teheran IRAQ Delegate K.M. HASSAN Permanent Representative to FFAO Rome Alternate A.H. MAJEED Second Secretary Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome IRELAND - IRLANDE - IRLANDA Delegate J. O'SHEA Head of International Organizations Department of Agriculture, Food and Forestry Dublin Alternate J. GAULE Department of Agriculture, Food and Forestry Dublin D. BEEHAN Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome ITALY - ITALIE - ITALIA Délégué A. PUGLIESE Ambassadeur Représentant permanent auprès de la FAO Rome Suppléants F. GINOCCHIO Premier Secrétaire Représentation permanente auprès de la FAO Rome E. DE MAIO Ministre Plénipotentiaire Ministère des affaires étrangères Rome R. PALMIERI Premier Conseiller Représentation permanente auprès de la FAO Rome Mme. P. MARIN Bureau des relations internationales Rome E. PERRI Commerce extérieur Rome A. INNAMORATI Ministère de l'agriculture Rome L. RAFFI Ministère des affaires étrangères Rome N. PICA Ministère de l'agriculture Rome M. GORGONI Ministère des affaires étrangères Rome Mme. L. DE CLEMENTI Ministère des affaires étrangères Rome Mme. P. PIOLA CASELLI Ministère des affaires étrangères Rome Mme. L. CARBONARA Direction de la sécurité alimentaire Rome G. CARABBA-TETTAMANTI Ministère des affaires étrangères Rome JAMAICA - JAMAIQUE Delegate Ms. M. THOMAS Minister Counsellor Permanent Mission of Jamaica to the Office of the United Nations Geneva JAPAN - JAPON Delegate Y. ENDO Director-General International Affairs Department Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Tokyo Alternates K. SHIMIZU Senior Assistant for Trade and Development Issues, Developing Economies Division Ministry of Foreign Affairs Tokyo H. KISHI Minister Permanent Representative to FAO Rome E. SUZUKI Policy Coordinator for International Agricultural Organizations International Cooperation Planning Division International Affairs Department Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Tokyo A. UDOGUCHI Deputy-Director International Cooperation Planning Division International Affairs Department Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Tokyo S. SHIOKAWA Policy Planning Division, Minister's Secretariat Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Tokyo T. KOJIMA Assistant Director, Developing Economies Division Ministry of Foreign Affairs Tokyo M. OKADA Assistant Director International Cooperation Planning Division International Affairs Department Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Tokyo K. YOSHIDA Assistant-Director International Cooperation Planning Division International Affairs Department Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Tokyo Y. ENDO First Secretary Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome H. WATANABE First Secretary Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome JORDAN - JORDANIE - JORDANIA Delegate S. MASARWEH Ambassador Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternate A. ARABIAT Attaché Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome KENYA Delegate G. N. NYAANGA Ambassador Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternates D.G. KINGORI Assistant Director of Agriculture Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock Development and Marketing Nairobi P. K. CHEPKWONY Agricultural Attaché Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome KOREA, REPUBLIC OF -
COREE, REPUBLIQUE DE -
COREA, REPUBLICA DEDelegate YONG-KYU CHOI Director-General International Agriculture Bureau Seoul Alternates HYUN KI BAIK Deputy Permanent Representative to FAO Rome JUNG KEUN KIM Counsellor Embassy of the Republic of Korea Rome KIHO YOON Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome BYUNG HA CHUNG Assistant Director UN Economic Affairs Division Ministry of Foreign Affairs Seoul KYUNG-TAE OH Director Technical Cooperation Division Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry & Fisheries Seoul JUNG-SUP CHOI Director, Agricultural Policy Division Korea Rural Economic Institute Seoul KUWAIT - KOWEIT Delegate Ms. F.H. HAYAT Counsellor Permanent Representative designate to FAO Rome LESOTHO Delegate M. V. RADITAPOLE Ambassador Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternate T. KHALEMA Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome LIBYA - LIBYE - LIBIA Delegate MANSOUR MABROUK SEGHAYER Counsellor Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome LUXEMBOURG - LUXEMBURGO Délégué E. MOLITOR Ambassadeur Représentant permanent auprès de la FAO Rome MADAGASCAR Délégué R. RABE Chargé d'affaires a.i. Ambassade de Madagascar Rome MALAYSIA - MALAISIE - MALASIA Delegate HENG BOON LIM Under Secretary Ministry of Agriculture Kuala Lumpur Alternates KHAIRUDDIN MD. TAHIR Agricultural Attaché Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome AB. GHAFFAR A. TAMBI Assistant Agricultural Attaché Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome MALTA - MALTE Delegate F. MONTANARO MIFSUD Ambassador to FAO Permanent Representative to FAO Rome MAURITANIA - MAURITANIE Délégué OULD M. A. TOURAD Premier Conseiller Représentant permanent adjoint auprès de la FAO Rome MAURITIUS - MAURICE - MAURICIO Delegate D. CANGY Consul and Ambassador's Representative Ministry of Foreign Affairs Rome MEXICO - MEXIQUE Delegado M. MOYA PALENCIA Embajador Representante Permanente ante la FAO Roma Suplentes G. BECKER Ministro Agropecuario para Europa Embajada de México Bruxelles S. REYES HERRERA Programa Alimentación DIF-PANF México J. ROBLES-AGUILAR Consejero Representante Permanente Alterno ante la FAO Roma J.ELIAS LEAL Consejero (Asuntos pesqueros) Representante Permanente Alterno ante la FAO Roma Sra. M.C. JABER DE BLANCARTE Primer Secretario Representante Permanente Alterno ante la FAO Roma MOROCCO - MAROC - MARRUECOS Délégué Z. ALAOUI SOULIMANI Secrétaire national du SMA Ministère de l'Agriculture et de la Mise en Valeur Agricole Rabat Suppléants A. ARIFI Représentant permanent adjoint auprès de la FAO Rome Mme W. ZNIBER Représentant permanent suppléant auprès de la FAO Rome MYANMAR Delegate KYU TUN Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternate WINN MYINT Attaché Embassy of the Union of Myanmar Rome NETHERLANDS - PAYS-BAS - PAISES BAJOS Delegate J.B. PIETERS Minister Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternates C.B. HOUTMAN Ministry of Agriculture, Nature Management and Fisheries The Hague E.J.N. BROUWERS Alternate Permanent Representative Rome G.J. TEMPELMAN Ministry of Foreign Affairs The Hague A.P.J.M. OOMEN Adviser ECDPM Maastricht NEW ZEALAND - NOUVELLE-ZELANDE NUEVA ZELANDIA Delegate Ms. C.H. BOGLE Alternate Permanent Representative Rome Alternate J. PALMER Alternate Permanent Representative Rome NICARAGUA Delegado H. CARRION McDONOUGH Embajador Representante Permanente ante la FAO Roma NIGER Délégué Mme H. IBRAHIM Chargé d'affaires a.i. Ambassade du Niger Rome NIGERIA Delegate F. BATURE Permanent Representative to FAO Rome NORWAY - NORVEGE - NORUEGA Delegate P.H. GRUE Secretary General Ministry of Agriculture Oslo Alternates I. NORDANG Head of Division Ministry of Foreign Affairs Oslo Ms. T. KONGSVIK Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome H. ELSTRAND Adviser Ministry of Agriculture Oslo H. LANDHEIM Senior Executive Officer Ministry of Agriculture Oslo PAKISTAN Delegate SHAHID RASHID Agricultural Counsellor Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome PANAMA Delegado E. AMEGLIO Embajador Roma Suplente H. MALTEZ Consejero Agrícola y de Pesca Representante Permanente Adjunto ante la FAO Roma PARAGUAY Delegado O. CABELLO SARUBBI Embajador Representante permanente ante la FAO Roma Alterno R.R. INCHAUSTI VALDEZ Consejero Representante permanente alterno ante la FAO Roma PERU - PEROU Delegado Ms. G.F. VASSALLO CONSOLI Representante Permanente Adjunto ante la FAO Roma PHILIPPINES - FILIPINAS Delegate S. A. BARRERA Ambassador Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternate Ms. M. L.GAVINO Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome POLAND - POLOGNE - POLONIA Delegate J. BIELAWSKI Minister Plenipotentiary to FAO Rome PORTUGAL Delegate M. SOARES DA COSTA Chairman, FAO National Committee Lisbon Alternates C.A. MILHEIRIÇO DE ANDRA DE FONTES Assessor Principal Ministry of Agriculture Lisbon A. MAGALHÁES COELHO Assessor Principal Ministry of Foreign Affairs Lisbon Mrs. M.M. LOMBO RUIVO Counsellor Deputy Permanent Representative to FAO Rome QATAR Delegate Y. BILAL First Secretary Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome A. HATOOR Embassy of the State of Qatar Rome ROMANIA - ROUMANIE - RUMANIA Délégué C. M. GRIGORIE Ambassadeur Représentant permanent auprès de la FAO Rome Alternate G. APOSTOIU Conseiller Représentant permanent adjoint auprès de la FAO Rome RUSSIAN FEDERATION
FEDERATION DE RUSSIE
FEDERACION DE RUSIA
Delegate V.I. NAZARENKO Director All-Russia Institute for Agricultural Information Moscow Alternates V.A. ZVEZDIN Observer to FAO Minister Plenipotentiary Rome N.V. TCHOULKOV Division Chief Department of International Organizations Moscow I.V. CHUVAKHIN Alternate Observer to FAO Rome V. RYAZANOV Senior Officer Cooperation with International Organizations Ministry of Agriculture and Food Moscow P.P. FEDOULOV Alternate Observer to FAO Rome SAUDI ARABIA, KINGDOM OF ARABIE SAOUDITE, ROYAUME D' ARABIA SAUDITA, REINO DE Delegate B. SHALHOOB Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome SENEGAL Délégué M. BALLA SY Ambassadeur Représentant permanent auprès de la FAO Rome Suppléants M. BOCAR LY Ministre conseiller Représentant permanent adjoint auprès de la FAO Rome M. AMADY DIALLO Commissaire à la sécurité alimentaire Dakar A. DIOUF Conseiller Ambassade du Sénégal Rome SLOVAKIA - SLOVAQUIE - ESLOVAQUIA Delegate Ms. M. KADLE_IKOVÁ Counsellor Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternates M. KOVÁ_ Director of the Food Research Institute Bratislava Mrs. T. INKOVÁ Food Research Institute Bratislava SLOVENIA - SLOVENIE - ESLOVENIA Delegate D. BELOGLAVEC Minister Plenipotentiary to FAO Permanent Representative to FAO Rome SOUTH AFRICA - AFRIQUE DU SUD SUDAFRICA Delegate K.N. GINWALA Ambassador Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternates I. BARNARD Second Secretary Alternate Permanent Representative Rome T. THOBANE Agricultural Economist Ministry of Agriculture Pretoria SPAIN - ESPAGNE - ESPAÑA Delegado Sra. P. VILLALBA Jefe Delegación Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación Madrid Suplentes C. ARANDA MARTIN Consejero Representante Permanente ante la FAO Roma J. PIERNAVIEJA Asistente Ministerio de Agricultura, pesca y Alimentación Madrid A. GALAN RUIZ-POVEDA Representante Alterno ante la FAO Roma SRI LANKA Delegate R.D.S. KUMARARATNE Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternate N. RANAWEERA Additional Secretary Ministry of Agriculture, Lands and Forestry Battara Mulla SUDAN - SOUDAN Delegate M.S. MOHAMED ALI HARBI Permanent Representative to FAO Rome SWEDEN - SUEDE - SUECIA Delegate U. SVENSSON Assistant Under-Secretary Ministry of Agriculture, Food & Fisheries Stockholm Alternates Ms. A. MATEJOVSKY Deputy Assistant Under-Secretary Ministry of Agriculture, Food & Fisheries Stockholm N. KASTBERG Counsellor Permanent Representative to FAO Rome M. DENNINGER Chairman Swedish International Cooperation Agency Stockholm I. GERREMO Senior Adviser - Natural Resources Swedish International Cooperation Agency Stockholm SWITZERLAND - SUISSE - SUIZA Délégué A. KOHLER Chef du Secrétariat suisse de la FAO Office fédéral de l'agriculture Berne Suppléants L. CAVIEZEL Conseiller scientifique Direction du Développement et de la coopération Berne I. MARINCEK Ministre Représentant permanent auprès de la FAO Rome SYRIA - SYRIE - SIRIA Delegate N. CHIBANI Agriculture Engineer Ministry of Agriculture and Development Damascus Alternates I. QASAH Agriculture Engineer Ministry of Agriculture and Development Damascus Mrs. R. MAHFOUZ Minister Counsellor Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome TANZANIA - TANZANIE Delegate J. K. MHELLA Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternate Mrs. G. G. N. MUJUMA Counsellor Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome THAILAND - THAILANDE - TAILANDIA Delegate THANIT YINGVANA-SIRI Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternate PINIT KORSIEPORN Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
L'EX-REPUBLIQUE YOUGOSLAVE DE MACEDOINE -
LA EX REPUBLICA YUGOSLAVA DE MACEDONIA
Delegate R. BLAZEVSKI Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome TUNISIA - TUNISIE - TUNEZ Délégué SALAH HAMDI Représentant permanent auprès de la FAO Rome Suppléants M. T. JAOUADI Chef de l'Unité des politiques alimentaires Ministère de l'agriculture Tunis TURKEY - TURQUIE - TURQUIA Delegate A. KEMAL BEDESTENCI Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome UGANDA - OUGANDA Delegate W. A. SAKIRA Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome UNITED KINGDOM - ROYAUME-UNI REINO UNIDO Delegate D. SANDS SMITH Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternates I. SYMONS Overseas Development Administration London I.C. RUFF Desk Officer Overseas Development Administration London E. GRAINGER-JONES Economist Overseas Development Administration London R. FOX Natural Resources Adviser Overseas Development Administration London UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ETATS-UNIS D'AMERIQUE ESTADOS UNIDOS DE AMERICA Delegate A. GUROFF Assistant to Deputy Administrator Foreign Agricultural Service Department of Agriculture Washington D.C. Alternates R.W. CUMMINGS Jr. Senior Economist U.S. Agency for International Development Washington D.C. T. LAVELLE Food for Peace U.S. Agency for International Development Washington D.C. W.B. BAUCOM Attaché (Development Affairs) Alternate Permanent Representative Rome T.A. FORBORD Minister Counsellor Permanent Representative to FAO Rome F.J. VACCA Attaché (Food and Agricultural Affairs) Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome URUGUAY Delegado J.C. LUPINACCI Embajador Representante Permanente ante la FAO Roma VENEZUELA Delegado F. GERBASI Embajador Representante Permanente ante la FAO Roma Suplente Sra. V. PEREZ PEREZ Segundo Secretario Representante Permanente Alterno ante la FAO Roma ZAIRE Délégué TE AVELELA SAMBA MOOMI Représentant permanent adjoint auprès de la FAO Rome ZIMBABWE Delegate S.H. COMBERBACH Ambassador Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Alternates G. T. HLATSHWAYO Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome B. MUGOBOGOBO First Secretary Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Ms. S. NYAMUDEZA First Secretary Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome
OBSERVERS FROM MEMBER NATIONS NOT MEMBERS OF COMMITTEE OBSERVATEURS D'ETATS MEMBRES NE SIEGEANT PAS AU COMITE OBSERVADORES DE LOS ESTADOS MIEMBROS QUE NO SON MIEMBROS DEL COMITEVIET NAM Mme PHAM THI CÚC Représentant permanent suppléant auprès de la FAO Rome YEMEN M.A. ELWAZIR Ambassador Permanent Representative to FAO Rome A. AL-HAWRI Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO Rome OBSERVERS FROM UNITED NATIONS MEMBER STATES OBSERVATEURS D'ETATS MEMBRES DES NATIONS UNIES OBSERVADORES DE LOS ESTADOS MIEMBROS DE LAS NACIONES UNIDASUKRAINE - UCRANIA A. OREL Ambassador Rome V. VILSKY Counsellor Rome HOLY SEE - SAINT-SIEGE - SANTA SEDE Most Rev. A. WAGNER Permanent Observer to FAO Vatican City V. BUONOMO Alternate Observer to FAO Vatican City L. BERNARDI Agricultural Adviser Vatican City S. PETRILLO Agricultural Adviser Vatican City F. CIAMPICALI Expert Vatican City SOVEREIGN ORDER OF MALTA ORDRE SOUVERAIN DE MALTE SOBERANA ORDEN DE MALTA G. BONANNO Observer Rome UNITED NATIONS AND SPECIALIZED AGENCIES NATIONS UNIES ET INSTITUTIONS SPECIALISEES NACIONES UNIDAS Y ORGANISMOS ESPECIALIZADOS INTERNATIONAL FUND FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT (IFAD) FONDS INTERNATIONAL DE DEVELOPPEMENT AGRICOLE (FIDA) FONDO INTERNACIONAL DE DESARROLLO AGRICOLA (FIDA) S. TOMITA Assistant President Economic Policy and Resource Strategy Dept. Rome S.N. SAIGAL Director Technical Advisory Division Rome B. SEMOU DIOUF Director Economic Policy and Resource Strategy Dept. Rome Ms. M. FIKRY Senior Technical Advisor Technical Advisory Division Rome I. BABAA Senior Resource Strategy Officer Economic Policy and Resource Strategy Dept. Rome B. MANSURI Deputy Assistant Rome OBSERVERS FROM INTERGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS OBSERVATEURS DES ORGANISATIONS INTERGOUVERNEMENTALES OBSERVADORES DE LAS ORGANIZACIONES INTERGUBERNAMENTALES COMMONWEALTH SECRETARIAT SECRETARIAT DU COMMONWEALTH SECRETARIA DEL COMMONWEALTH C. D. EASTER Asistant Director Economic Affairs Division London INTERGOVERNMENTAL AUTHORITY ON DROUGHT AND DEVELOPMENT OFFICE INTERGOUVERNEMENTAL POUR LA LUTTE CONTRE LA SECHERESSE ET POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT DIRECCION INTERGUBERNAMENTAL SOBRE SEQUIA Y DESARROLLO A. YUNIS HABBANE Programme Manager for Food Security Djibouti INTERNATIONAL GRAINS COUNCIL CONSEIL INTERNATIONAL DES CEREALES CONSEJO INTERNACIONAL DE CEREALES Y. MAKAROV Economist London ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC COOPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT (OECD) ORGANISATION DE COOPERATION ET DE DEVELOPPEMENT ECONOMIQUES (OCDE) ORGANIZACION DE COOPERACION Y DESARROLLO ECONOMICOS (OCDE) G. VASTA Consultant Direction de l'Alimentation, de l'agriculture et des pêcheries Paris SOUTH ASIAN ASSOCIATION FOR REGIONAL COOPERATION ASSOCIATION SUD-ASIATIQUE DE COOPERATION REGIONALE R. S. AGARWAL First Secretary Embassy of India Rome OBSERVERS FROM NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS OBSERVATEURS DES ORGANISATIONS NON-GOUVERNEMENTALES OBSERVADORES DE LAS ORGANIZACIONES NO GUBERNAMENTALESACTIONAID Ms. L. KELLY Natural Resources Adviser London Ms. E. LILLY Policy Analyst Pakistan ASIAN NGO COALITION FOR AGRARIAN REFORM AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT (ANGOC) COALITION ASIATIQUE DES ONG POUR LA REFORME AGRAIRE ET LE DEVELOPPEMENT RURAL Ms. C. LIAMZON Representative Rome ASSOCIATED COUNTRY WOMEN OF THE WORLD (ACWW) UNION DES FEMMES RURALES UNION MUNDIAL DE MUJERES RURALES Ms. J. KOCH Convenor, NGO Working Group on Nutrition Geneva Ms. R. A. SAMAD Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Ms. C. BASILI Permanent Representative to FAO Rome CARITAS INTERNATIONALIS E. HARTMANS International Delegate to FAO Vatican City D. MacLAREN Director of Programmes Vatican City DEVELOPMENT INNOVATIONS AND NETWORKS SYSTEME D'INFORMATION POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT (IRED) SISTEMA DE INFORMACION SOBRE EL DESARROLLO Mrs. M. T. COBELLI Director Rome EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMISTS (EAAE) ASSOCIATION EUROPEENNE D'ECONOMISTES AGRICOLES Mrs. O. M. ARIMONDO Permanent Representative to FAO Rome EUROPEAN SOLIDARITY TOWARDS EQUAL PARTICIPATION OF PEOPLE (EUROSTEP) F. BRANCA Brussels J. DONNER Policy Coordinator Bonn INTERNATIONAL CATHOLIC RURAL ASSOCIATION (ICRA) ASSOCIATION INTERNATIONALE RURALE CATHOLIQUE ASOCIACION INTERNACIONAL RURAL CATOLICA F. CORTESI Secretary General Rome INTERNATIONAL COLLECTIVE IN SUPPORT OF FISHWORKERS (ICSF) COLLECTIF INTERNATIONAL D'APOPUI A LA PECHE ARTISANALE (CIAPA) COLECTIVO INTERNACIONAL DE APOYO A LOS PESCADORES ARTESANALES S. MATHEW Executive Secretary Madras B. O'RIORDAN Fishery Specialist Rugby, U.K. INTERNATIONAL CONFEDERATION OF FREE TRADE UNIONS (ICFTU) CONFEDERATION INTERNATIONALE DES SYNDICATS LIBRES (CISL) CONFEDERACION INTERNACIONAL DE ORGANIZACIONES SINDICALES LIBRES (CIOSL) Mrs M.T. GUICCIARDI Permanent Representative to FAO Rome INTERNATIONAL COOPERATIVE ALLIANCE (ICA) ALLIANCE COOPERATIVE INTERNATIONALE (ACI) ALIANZA COOPERATIVA INTERNACIONAL (ACI) L. VISANI Representative to FAO Rome Ms. G. PERRA Rome INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF WOMEN (ICW) CONSEIL INTERNATIONAL DES FEMMES (CIF) CONSEJO INTERNACIONAL DE MUJERES (CIDEM) Ms. J. LOPEZ ANSA EMMIM Alternate Representative to FAO Rome INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCERS (IFAP) FEDERATION INTERNATIONALE DES PRODUCTEURS AGRICOLES (FIPA) FEDERACION INTERNACIONAL DE PRODUCTORES AGRICOLAS Mrs. G. PELÁ Permanent Representative to FAO Rome R. PERTEV Assistant Secretary General for Developing Countries Paris INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL WOMEN (IFBPW) FEDERATION INTERNATIONALE DES FEMMES DE CARRIERES LIBERALES ET COMMERCIALES (FIFCLC) FEDERACION INTERNACIONAL DE MUJERES DE NEGOCIOS Y PROFESIONALES (FIMNP) Mme. C. MEYLAN Lausanne INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF WOMEN IN LEGAL CAREERS (IFWLC) FEDERATION INTERNATIONALE DES FEMMES DES CARRIERES JURIDIQUES (FIFCJ) FEDERACION INTERNACIONAL DE MUJERES QUE EJERCEN CARRERAS JURIDICAS Mrs. M. T. RIOS CONTRERAS Permanent Representative to FAO Rome INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION FOR HOME ECONOMICS (IFHE) FEDERATION INTERNATIONALE POUR L'ECONOMIE FAMILIALE (FIEF) FEDERACION INTERNACIONAL PARA LA ECONOMIA FAMILIAR Ms. F. RONCHI-PROJA Permanent Representative at FAO Rome INTERNATIONAL FERTILIZER INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION (IFA) ASSOCIATION INTERNATIONAL DE L'INDUSTRIE DES ENGRAIS ASOCIACION INTERNACIONAL DE LA INDUSTRIA DE LOS FERTILIZANTES J. WHELAN External Relations Executive Paris N. SALVO Director Assofertilizzanti Rome INTERNATIONAL MOVEMENT ATD FOURTH WORLD MOUVEMENT INTERNATIONAL ATD QUART MONDE MOVIMIENTO INTERNACIONAL ATD CUARTO MUNDO P. SAVARY Rome INTERNATIONAL UNION OF FAMILY ORGANIZATIONS (IUFO) UNION INTERNATIONALE DES ORGANISMES FAMILIAUX (UIOF) UNION INTERNACIONAL DE ORGANISMOS FAMILIARES (UIOF) A. DUFFAURE Représentant permanent auprès de la FAO Paris S. VOTA Représentant Adjoint Rome LIAISON COMMITTEE OF DEVELOPMENT NGOs TO THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES COMITE DE LIAISON DES ONG POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT AUPRES DES COMMUNAUTES EUROPEENNES COMITE DE ENLACE DE LAS ONG PARA EL DESARROLLO ANTE LAS COMUNIDADES EUROPEAS C. ROBINSON Convenor, Liaison Committee Food Security Group London D. VAN DER STEEN Collectif stratégies alimentaires Bruxelles PERMANENT INTERSTATE COMMITTEE FOR DROUGHT CONTROL IN THE SAHEL COMITE PERMANENT INTER-ETATS DE LUTTE CONTRE LA SECHERESSE DANS LE SAHEL (CILSS) INTERESTATAL PERMANENTE DE LUCHA CONTRA LA SEQUIA EN EL SAHEL C. CISSOKHO Délégué de la Plate forme rurale des paysans des Etats du CILSS Dakar WORLD ASSOCIATION OF GIRL GUIDES AND GIRL SCOUTS (WAGGGS) ASSOCIATION MONDIALE DES GUIDES ET DES ECLAIREUSES (AMGE) ASOCIACION MUNDIAL DE LAS GUIAS SCOUTS (AMGS) Ms E. LODI-FE Representative to FAO Rome WORLD FEDERATION OF AGRICULTURE, FOOD, HOTEL AND ALLIED WORKERS FEDERATION MONDIALE DES TRAVAILLEURS DE L'AGRICULTURE, DE L'ALIMENTATION, DE L'HOTELLERIE ET CONNEXES (FEMTAA) FEDERACION MUNDIAL DE TRABAJADORES DE LA AGRICULTURA, ALIMENTACION, HOTELERIA Y ALINES (FEMTAA) V. CONSO Permanent Representative of WFAFW to FAO Rome WORLD FEDERATION OF TRADE UNIONS (WFTU) FEDERATION SYNDICALE MONDIALE (FSM) FEDERACION SINDICAL MUNDIAL (FSM) Mme A. L. CASADEI Représentant permanent auprès de la FAO Rome WORLD FEDERATION OF UNITED NATIONS ASSOCIATIONS (WFUNA) FEDERATION MONDIALE DES ASSOCIATIONS POUR LES NATIONS UNIES (FMANU) FEDERACION MUNDIAL DE ASOCIACIONES PRO NACIONES UNIDAS R. MASIRONI Observer Geneva WORLD UNION OF CATHOLIC WOMEN'S ORGANIZATIONS (WUCWO) UNION MONDIALE DES ORGANISATIONS FEMININES CATHOLIQUES (UMOFC) UNION MUNDIAL DE LAS ORGANIZACIONES FEMENINAS CATOLICAS (UMOFC) Mrs R. NGONGI Permanent Representative to FAO Rome Mrs C. ROMERSI Alternate Permanent Representative Rome
|CFS: 96/1||Provisional Agenda|
|CFS: 96/2||Assessment of the Current World Food Security Situation and Short-Term Market Outlook|
|CFS: 96/3||Draft of a Policy Statement and Plan of Action for the World Food Summit|
|CFS: 96/4||Status Report on the Special Programme on Food Production in Support of Food Security in LIFDCs (SPFP)|
|CFS: 96/Inf.1||Proposed Timetable|
|CFS: 96/Inf.2||List of Documents|
|CFS: 96/Inf.3||List of Members of CFS|
|CFS: 96/Inf.4||List of Delegates|
|CFS: 96/Inf.5||European Community - Declaration of Competence and Voting Rights|
|CFS: 96/Inf.6||Definition of Net Food-Importing Countries|
|CFS: 96/Inf.7||Information Note on Technical Documents for the World Food Summit|
|CFS: 96/Inf.8||Updating Statement on the Current World Food Security Situation|
|CFS: 96/Inf.9||Director-General's Statement|
|CFS: 96/Inf.10||Chairman's Statement|
Distinguished Delegates and Observers,
Ladies and Gentlemen.
It is with pleasure that I welcome you on behalf of the Director-General to the Twenty-First Session of the Committee on World Food Security. The Director-General has asked me to express appreciation for the grand leadership provided to the Committee by the outgoing Chairman, to congratulate the new Chairman and the Vice-chairs and to assure them of the Secretariat's readiness to assist in any and all possible ways. This is a "special" session of the Committee, as in addition to the standing item "Assessment of the current world food security situation and short-term outlook, you will initiate the process of perfecting the document for the November 1996 World Food Summit. I wish you a most productive session.
I must first refer to the current world cereal situation. Cereal production has fallen below consumption for three consecutive years, and even though demand has been constrained because of higher prices, stocks have been drawn down to their lowest volume in 15 years and their lowest level in relation to consumption needs since the world food crisis of the early 1970s. World market prices have risen and cereals available for food aid have declined sharply, so food import bills just for the Low-Income Food-Deficit Countries have escalated by an estimated US$3 billion in the current season.
There is a growing concern that many developing countries will not be able to finance the additional cost of their cereal import needs. In addition to our normal monitoring and reporting functions, we have been working particularly closely with the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and the World Food Programme to assess the outlook and the response required.
These conditions make progress towards universal food security more difficult today, but signal to governments and food producers that it is time to take action to increase production, promote stability and improve access to food. The key requirement for improving the world food security situation in 1996/97 is a significant boost in production. To meet the currently expected below-trend utilization in 1996/97, and to prevent a further erosion of the reserve stock element in carryover stocks, a minimum increase in 1996 cereal output of some four percent is required. A larger increase is needed to replenish stocks to safer levels. I look forward to hearing the plans of those attending this session to modify cereal and food security policies and programmes to meet this near-term challenge and lay a firmer foundation for making progress towards universal food security.
In this context, I note that some exporters have modified policies so as to restrict their exports via quantity controls or taxes. We fear that these changes may send the wrong message to importers who rely upon the world market as a dependable source of supplies. On the other hand, we welcome progress made in the World Trade Organization on the Uruguay Round Decision on Measures Concerning the Possible Negative Effects of the Reform Programme on Least-Developed and Net Food-Importing Developing Countries. We have been assisting the efforts of the concerned countries in this process and hope that further progress is made quickly to implement the Decision.
Within the overall global tight cereal supply situation,
the food outlook in a number of countries is cause for special
concern - in Somalia, where the cereal harvest in 1995 was seriously
reduced; in Ethiopia, where an above average harvest still leaves
a large number of people in need of food assistance; in Eritrea,
where the harvest has been substantially reduced because of unfavourable
rainfall and crop damage; in Sudan, where the large deficit in
the south requires donor assistance for the purchase of grains
in the surplus areas and their distribution to the affected areas;
in Rwanda, Burundi and Zaire, where the food supply outlook for
substantial numbers of internally displaced people, refugees and
other vulnerable groups remains unfavourable; in Sierra Leone
and in Liberia, where severe food shortages are emerging consequent
to prolonged civil strife; in Angola, where below-average cereal
output in 1994/95 leaves the food situation critical, particularly
in the southern provinces; in Cambodia, the Democratic People's
Republic of Korea, Laos and Mongolia, where the food supply situation
remains tight; in Afghanistan and Iraq, where shortages of farm
inputs have hurt food production and where both countries have
large vulnerable populations; in Bosnia-Herzegovina, where the
food supply situation remains difficult; and in the CIS, where
the food aid needs of several countries remain high.
There is at present a wide gap between food aid needs and availabilities. Availability has been adversely affected by the drawdown in stocks in the donor countries and the increase in unit costs. Food aid tends to be programmed in monetary terms, which leads to reductions in the amount available just when the needs are the greatest, and vice versa.
In many of the countries facing food supply problems there is an urgent unmet need for seeds and other essential inputs so as to minimize the need for food aid in the next season. Permit me to take this opportunity to express appreciation to the donors for the assistance already received, and encourage those who have the wish or necessity to see a decline in food aid needs next season to come forward with your contributions. The potential returns are large.
As we turn our attention from the current food situation
to the policies and actions that must be taken to ensure future
universal food security, it is timely to briefly review the record.
World per caput food supplies of food for direct human consumption
are today some 18 percent above what they were thirty years ago.
By 1990-92, all regions of the world except sub-Saharan Africa
had achieved daily per caput food supplies of 2300 calories (the
1961-63 world average) or above. The majority of countries participated
in this progress, and improved the nutritional status of their
populations. For the developing countries, the proportion of the
undernourished in their populations declined from 35 percent in
1969-71 to 20 percent in 1990-92, although the incidence of undernutrition
has remained stubbornly high in absolute numbers.
The indicators monitored by FAO reveal that many countries have managed to achieve sustained reductions in both the share and number undernourished, while others saw the share decline but not the number and some experienced increases in both the share and the number. A review of these experiences permits us to identify the policies and actions that are most conducive to sustained progress towards universal food security.
The enemies of food security are also quite well known - war, civil strife, rapid price inflation, widespread unemployment or underemployment, inadequate returns to food producers, unsustainable use of natural resources, high debt service, overvalued exchange rates, distorted international markets, and so forth.
National governments, through efforts and interventions both in the past and on-going, have addressed food security and its related elements in many ways. However, the fact is that in excess of 800 million people in the developing countries (20 percent of their total population) still remain chronically undernourished, and each year nearly 90 million people are added to the world total. Over the coming months we need to learn from you the keys to sustained progress towards food security, so that realistic policies and actions can be embraced and implemented at the World Food Summit.
Under Conference resolution 95/2, the Committee on World
Food Security was given the role of focal point for Summit preparations.
This, of course, is highly appropriate, given that the CFS itself
was created as a result of the World Food Conference in 1974 -
the last major occasion on which the world's attention was turned
to the food security problem. With membership open to all member
countries of FAO and the United Nations, the CFS provides a good
base for the work we have before us in preparing the World Food
Based on your discussions last year, as well as on the debate in the Council and Conference, the Secretariat has prepared an initial draft text for a Summit policy statement and plan of action to achieve universal food security. I am hopeful that in considering this item you will refrain from commenting on procedural matters, which can be taken up under Agenda Item V "Other Matters".
The draft policy statement and plan of action will evolve during 1996 - between now and November, governments, NGOs, the private sector, members of the scientific and academic community, the media and others will have the opportunity to study and contribute to it. The contributions from the Regional Conferences will be of particular importance. I urge you, as you begin your work on developing these texts, to approach this task in the spirit of solidarity which will be so important to the success of the entire Summit process.