Integrated Planning and Management of Land ResourcesFAOCSDUNEP
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World Summit on Sustainable Development, Johannesburg, September 2002

FAO Activities and Consultation

In preparation for the "World Food Summit - Five Years Later" (Rome, November 2001) and the "World Summit on Sustainable Development" (Johannesburg, September 2002) a range of global and regional meetings and multistakeholder consultations are being held. In view of LAND issues these meetings have the following objectives:

  • to solicit multiple perspectives;
  • to share experiences on progress and successes in Land and Agriculture since UNCED;
  • to identify priority areas, knowledge and resource gaps requiring further attention;
  • to stimulate cooperation for achievement of goals of Agenda 21, with a focus on chapters 10, 12 and 14.

Ongoing Activities

Extended Electronic dialogue "Towards Rio+10 and Beyond: Progress and Next Steps on Land" (3-20 May, 2001) as a follow-up to the Rio+10 E-conference held in March 2001, with a view to capture more contributions on LAND issues. Land is being considered taking into account the wide planning and management issues addressed under chapter 10, and with particular attention to environmental and desertification aspects and sustainable agriculture and rural development (SARD).

It will contribute to the finalisation of the Task Managers' Report (Part II) to CSD-10 on "Land, Agriculture and Desertification" addressing chapters 10, 12 and 14 of Agenda 21 (CSD deadline 1 June 2001).

Half-day panel discussion with governments and stakeholders on "Sustainable Use of Soil and Water" at the Committee on World Food Security (Rome, 28 May- 1 June 2001), including a review of case studies. Recommendations will feed into the FAO Council, 120th Session (Rome, 18 - 23 June 2001).

A side event on "Investing in Agriculture" with a focus on "Investing in Land and Water Development" at the World Food Summit: five years later (Rome, 5-9 November 2001).

Further review and analysis of lessons learnt from SARD and LAND cases stories and further identification of LAND case studies for the Johannesburg Summit (during the period June-October 2001).


Next Steps

Mobilising contributions to national and regional reviews of progress in implementing Chapter 10 as part of agenda setting for CSD-10 through the CSD Regional Preparatory Conferences and Roundtable meetings: Africa, Asia-Paific, Europe & North America, Latin America & Caribbean, Western Asia.

Further information will be available following the 1st CSD+10 Preparatory Committee meeting (New York, 30 April - 2 May 2001) regarding organisational issues, national/regional stakeholder preparations, major group involvement and thematic reviews.

Mobilising dialogue and contributions through other relevant Conferences and Meetings including:

World Congress on Conservation Agriculture (Madrid, 1-5 October 2001).

3rd International Conference on Land Degradation (Rio de Janeiro, 17-21 September 2001).


Partner and Multiple Stakeholder Involvement

The process by which the Task Manager has mobilised involvement of partners and multiple stakeholders in the CSD-process in regard to chapter 10 is outlined below:

Preparation for CSD-8

The publication "The Future of our Land - Facing the Challenge: Guidelines for Integrated Planning for Sustainable Management of Land Resources" results from a participatory process for CSD-8 to highlight issues, experiences and challenges related to integrated planning and management of land resources (IPMLR). It was prepared by FAO in collaboration with UNEP and other national and international institutions.

It proposes an integrated planning approach for sustainable management of land resources based on an interactive partnership between governments and people and addressing the evolving nature of integrated land management. It is the third in a series of publications following "Our Land, our Future" (1995) and "Negotiating a Sustainable Future for Land" (1997) which introduce the improved planning approach and provide structural and institutional guidelines for policy and decision makers at national level. The series is available on a CD-Rom, prepared with GTZ, comprising complementary documents, case studies and working papers.

This integrated approach is centred on the concept of stakeholders and their objectives, and the role of government in creating the conditions within which rural people can use their land resources productively and sustainably. Integration of grassroots participation with systematic procedures for evaluation of land resources and planning is the key to this approach and a necessary factor for its success.

It is targeted primarily at professional and technical practitioners of land use planning and land resources management at national, sub-national and community level. Using these guidelines as a basis is intended to facilitate the preparation of practical manuals on IPMLR adapted to specific regions or individual countries. Experiences and lessons learnt using these guidelines and such integrated and participatory approaches are invited.

During CSD-8

The multistakeholder dialogue on Agriculture enabled discussions among a wide range of stakeholders (major groups), in response to the reports and addenda on IPMLR and SARD and building on the four background discussion papers provided by the International Agri-Food Network, the International Federation of Agricultural Producers and Via Campesina, the trade unions and NGOs (E/CN.17/2000/3 Add 1-4). The dialogue drew to a certain extent on the regional preparatory process that had enabled constituencies in each region to identify and review their priority concerns. The report of CSD-8 and Decision 8/3 as adopted by the country delegations, reflect the major group contributions. Click here for a synthesis.

Preparations for CSD-10

The Electronic Conference Toward Rio+10 and Beyond: Progress in Land and Agriculture (5-23 March, 2001), was held to facilitate participation by different stakeholder groups and a wide range of interested persons in assessing progress and identifying priority action areas for further attention, including contributions:

  • to the Final Task Managers' Report Land, Agriculture and Desertification, on Chapters 10, 12, and 14 to be submitted to CSD-10;
  • in the form of a report of the discussions, to the Multi-Stakeholder Forum (29 March 2001) during the FAO Committee on Agriculture (COAG); and,
  • to a database of Success Stories on Agriculture and Land: Identification of the Next Steps for Agriculture and Land beyond the World Summit on Sustainable Development.

The dialogue started with a broad assessment of current conditions and critical trends and their implications (including environmental and biological dimensions of sustainability; production, access and distribution; social, cultural and institutional issues and questions of political will). A focus was placed on the identification from different stakeholders perspectives of root causes of the current trends and challenges for agriculture and rural development and land (in relation to land degradation, food safety and sustainable livestock production, food security and access to land, etc). It then solicited proposals for action at community, national or international levels and promising areas for joint solutions/the way forward on SARD (including methods, tools, practices, and policies) building on examples of effective and integrated use of natural, financial and human resources for SARD and of effective cooperation among diverse stakeholders in relation to technical and/or policy areas of SARD.

The multistakeholder forum on SARD (29 March 2001) at the 16th Session of the FAO Committee on Agriculture (COAG) was attended by representatives of five of the nine Major Groups identified in Agenda 21: Indigenous Peoples, NGOs, Workers and Trade Unions, Business and Industry, and Farmers. Also participating in the dialogue were representatives of Regional Focal Groups working with FAO and the Thematic Groups working towards the forthcoming session of the Committee on Food Security (May-June 2001) and the 'World Food Summit- five years later' (November 2001). Representatives of some Government Delegations attending COAG also were present and joined the debate.

An overview of the land related issues raised during the E-Conference, a Discussion Board with representatives of CSD Major Groups and the SARD Forum is provided.

The ongoing compilation of case studies is an important means to facilitate inputs by multiple partners and stakeholders from all available sources on SARD and land planning and management. It will enable the review and analysis of successes and lessons learnt on land related issues from different agro-environmental, socio-economic and political contexts with a view to identifying priority strategies and actions for productive and sustainable agriculture and land management.

In addition, the ongoing process for liaison with civil society organisations/NGOs/major groups will be drawn upon to ensure continued consultations with regional focal points and their constituencies. A major actor in this regard is the Popular Coalition to eradicate hunger and poverty. This is a global consortium of inter-governmental and civil-society organisations, working to empower the rural poor through improved access to land and other productive resources established as an outcome of the International Conference on Hunger and Poverty convened by IFAD (Brussels,1995).

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