فيروس كورونا المستجد (كوفيد-١٩)

Keeping food and agricultural systems alive - Analyses and solutions in a period of crises - COVID-19 Pandemic

The current global outbreak of COVID-19 has disrupted agricultural and food systems around the world. Timely and credible information is imperative in avoiding panic-driven reaction that can aggravate these disruptions, deteriorating food and nutrition security of the most vulnerable.

In order to provide such information to its Members, FAO analyzed past experiences and provides a compilation of policy responses with their pros and cons for agricultural and food systems. This list will be continually updated and expanded.

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Area
Subarea
Potential Disruptions
Nutrition priorities
Food waste

Unexpected closures of businesses, entertainment, restaurants, planes and other modes of travel, etc.               


                                                                                                         

Nutrition priorities
Food waste

Food banks collecting less food due to fewer works, quaretine, fears, et

Nutrition priorities
Food waste

Inability of food banks to distribute foods based on previous strategies because of need for social distancing, fears of leaving home, quarentine, etc

Nutrition priorities
Food waste

Consumer stockpiling perishable items

Nutrition priorities
Food waste

1) Increase in demands of food banks that must adapt to a new environment becuase of the increase of people at risk of poverty and social exclusion, including food insecurity; Increase of food demand from charitable organizations and the most deprived; Necessity to adapt the activity of Food Banks to a new environment, causing operational and expenditure costs; Recruitment of new and additional volunteers and employees to ensure the continuity of the activity; and Potential reductions in funding due to lost wages and sudden unexpected expenses

Nutrition priorities
Nutrition sensitive value chains

Healthy diets and nutrition

On June 11 and June 12, Beijing reported 1 and 6 COVID cases respectively, with no history of close contact with people fronoutside Beijing in the last 2 wks. Before this, there had been no new COVID cases in Beijing for > 50 days. It was later found that all these new cases had been to Xinfadi Market about 1 wk ago. New cases linked with the market were continuously diagnosed in the following days, spreading various districts of metropolitan Beijing.

Locating at south surburb of Beijing, Xinfadi Market (actually a cluster of markets) occupies an area of 112 ha with > 2000 wholsalers. It supplies 80%-90% of Beijing's demand of agricultural products. Particularly, 70% of Beijing's demand of vegetables enters the city through Xinfadi, but The market's share in Beijing's meat supply is not high (5%-10%).

The initial cases were found to have been to the beef and mutton hall of the market. In subsequent tests, SARS-CoV-2 virus was found on samples from cutting board for salmon. All major retailers withdrew salmons from shelves immediately.

The beef and mutton hall was shut down on June 12. The whole market was shut down at 3 am, June 13.

 

 

 

Nutrition priorities
Nutrition sensitive value chains

Healthy diets and nutrition

Lockdown makes people unable to order from street food vendors.

Nutrition priorities
Nutrition sensitive value chains

 Healthy diets and nutrition

Nutrition priorities
Nutrition sensitive value chains

Healthy diets and nutrition

Difficulty for vulnerable population to afford food.

Nutrition priorities
Nutrition sensitive value chains

Closure of farmers markets and stalls for selling frest fruit and vegetables increase food waste, reduce farmer ability to sell food and thus have a stable livelihood, reduce the ability of consumers to access fresh fruit and vegetables.

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