Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Policy briefs

The COVID-19 pandemic is impacting not only food trade, food supply chains and markets but also people’s lives, livelihoods and nutrition.

This collection of policy briefs presents a qualitative and quantitative assessment of the pandemic’s impacts on these areas.

Briefs are released on a day-to-day basis. Please check back frequently for the latest available briefs.

For media queries on any of the below topics, please contact [email protected]

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COVID-19, land, natural resources, gender issues and Indigenous Peoples' rights in Asia

The COVID-19 crisis has led to reports of encroachment upon indigenous land, creating hardship during an especially difficult time and placing Indigenous Peoples in a precarious situation. In this context, this brief asks specifically what impact COVID-19 is having on Indigenous Peoples’ rights, especially women, elaborating on how challenges could be overcome leaving no one behind.

Contact person: Marianna Bicchieri, Land Tenure Officer (Social Inclusion, Gender and Indigenous Peoples)

Impact of COVID-19 on the human right to adequate food in the Pacific Region

The COVID-19 crisis is exacerbating food insecurity and malnutrition in the Pacific region as measures to halt the spread of the virus have unintended impacts on people’s lives, such as rising unemployment and poverty. Moreover, lockdowns and mobility restrictions cause disruptions in trade within and between States, reducing the availability and accessibility of adequate food, and threatening the sustainability of food systems.

Urgent steps are needed to address food insecurity for the poorest and most marginalized. Measures aimed at providing immediate support to satisfy people’s dietary needs should be put in place, including the provision of food and nutrition assistance.

Seasonal migration in Europe and Central Asia in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic

Seasonal migration has been greatly affected by COVID-19 mobility restrictions. More specifically, migrant workers engaged in seasonal employment have suffered an immense blow as a result of the enforcement of lockdown measures, which further increased the uncertainty of their livelihoods and of the welfare and economic security of their households in their countries of origin. This brief has been prepared as part of the work on addressing migration-related issues across the region of Europe and Central Asia, including the impact of COVID-19 on seasonal migration. The brief is reviewing the situation in the countries of the region, where seasonal migration is more common. It presents the assessment of the pandemic’s impacts on the mobility of migrants, food security of households, remittance flows, as well as the policies of the countries in the region to ease the socio-economic consequences of the pandemic.

ContactNvard Loryan, Programme Specialist and Country Analyst at the FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia (REU)

Impact of COVID-19 on the delivery of veterinary services and animal disease reporting

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has changed the lives of individuals, communities, and societies around the world, including those working in the animal health sector. To further examine the impact of COVID-19 on the activities of animal health workers and their ability to report animal disease, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Emergency Management Centre for Animal Health (EMC-AH) and Emergency Prevention System for Animal Health (EMPRES-AH) conducted surveys to collect and analyze data on the topic. To do so, EMPRES-AH designed a survey using the Event Mobile Application (EMA-i) tool, which was developed by FAO to support veterinary services in real-time disease reporting, whereas EMC-AH developed a specific survey for veterinary services that was circulated through national Chief Veterinarian Officers (CVOs) with support from FAO regional offices. This brief presents a breakdown of both surveys, the methodology behind them and a summary of the feedback.

Contact personMadhur Dhingra, Senior animal health officer and Head of the Emergency Prevention System for Animal Health (EMPRES-AH)

The role of social protection in the recovery from COVID-19 impacts in fisheries and aquaculture

Food systems were severely hit by COVID-19 and the related restrictions to the movement of people and goods. In fisheries and aquaculture, the socio-economic effects of COVID-19 are manifold including changes in consumer demand, limited storage facilities, drop in fresh fish prices and stopping fishing operations. Social protection has been a key response that governments took to alleviate the socio-economic impacts of COVID-19 restrictions for fishery-dependent communities. Countries with strong social protection systems in place were the most flexible to respond rapidly by adapting social protection programmes to the impact of COVID-19. Countries with weak social protection systems were less able to tailor programmes to attend the sector which is characterized by high informality. Several people who lost their employment were also left without any access to income support.

Contact personDaniela Kalikoski, Fishery Industry Officer

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