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Chapter 4. Change facilitation

Factors that are required for improvement of forest and wildlife administration:


4.1. Forestry sector

Capacity building (training) for forestry staff and communities:

Infrastructure development in terms of adequate office space for administration forestry headquarters.

Mobility (transport facilities with adequate fuel supplies)

Road worth vehicles for Divisional Forestry and Station Officers

Motor bicycles for Community Forest (CF) and implementation Officers (I/As)

Forest extension communication materials

Video equipment, Radio cassette player cassettes with batteries

Staff scheme of service against salary structure for Forestry officers down to he level of Scouts

School of Forestry Kafuta to be affiliated with Gambia College for award of diploma certificate

Plant Genetic Resource (PGR) conservation for gene banks

Seed and other plant gene bank

Field gene bank (Arboretum and Botanic gardens


4.2. Policy and institutional arrangements required to address the following issues:

Mechanise farming on marginal lands with expansive horticulture within virgin natural forests should be checked

Land tenure arrangement and the utilisation of forest resources on these land

Illicit forest resource exploitation

Forest department exploitation permits

Communities commercial and domestic use of forest resource for so called socio-economic improvement through unsustainable resource exploitations

Other institutions for road building and residential expansions

Low Government subvention for forest management.

The department low revenue should not be based on the allocation of its subvention for it is working more on conservation rather than on commercialisation of the threatened resources

Marginal lands/Watershed destruction

Farming, Residential, Grazing, Mining, etc.

River bank vegetation removal and erosion

Construction material and fuelwood collection, Farming


4.3. Changes required within the forestry sector and outside the forestry sector

Policy and institutional change:

Scheme of service for staff and present salary structure to be improved for all staff

Training for staff at all levels particularly for higher professional OND, HND, B.Sc. MSc, and PHD for forestry staff

Workshops, field days exchange visits etc. for communities

Kafuta school offer Diploma course to staff and other interested persons

More empowerment to local communities to control bush fires and illicit exploitation

No permits to use marginal lands for residential purposes or for cultivation

Forest marine patrol unit instituted under the Community Forestry or Natural forest unit for beach patrol to avoid vegetation destruction


4.4. Investment requirements in forestry

Timber supplies for construction purposes and factories required

Pulp and paper mill/factory or factory for paper recycling

Juice production for beverages





Private woodlots and plantation establish with the following species:







4.5. Technological Changes

Manual to computerisation in both administration and research work

Modern equipment for wood utilisation (sawmills, wood stoves etc.)

A scientific method of international standard for forest gene conservation

Mobility in terms of transport system, for example motorbikes could replace pedal bicycle for extension staff at implementation Areas (IAS)


4.6. Feasibility of the change

Training with emphasis on the following:

Staff on professional forestry, conservation technologies and practice at BSC, MSc, Diploma and certificate levels

Communities on forestry activities

Community Forestry approaches and implementation procedures

Emphasising on natural forest management with less public investment on forest monoculture

Divorce from traditional forestry (foresters as policemen and communities as thieves) to communities

Forest harvesting systems must follow silvicultural treatment methods and systems


4.7. Role and responsibilities


Overall Co-ordinator of all Forest User Group (FUG)

Provide the enabling environment for sustainable forest management by use of sound forest instrument (Policy and Legislation)

For sustainable forest management the Government has to find ways to allocate funds for Forestry and also allocate from its budget.

Private sector:

Invest in forest enterprises such as plantation establishment of short rotation, pulp production and saw mills to convert dead wood for construction and furniture industry to satisfy local demand

Provide funds for forest nurseries for plantation development to provide future timber and food fruit needs for their industries


Support the communities by providing funds for their endeavour forest management

Liase with government to take up other forest management interventions for which they have the expertise and the technical know how.

Civil society:

To be involved in community forest management

To protect the forest from annual bush fires and wanton destruction.

Donor agencies:

Donors cannot be counted on continuous funding.

To provide technical assistance for on the job training and facilitate technological transfers.


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