Code of Practice for Forest Harvesting in Asia-Pacific

Table of Contents


Asia - Pacific Forestry Commission

Code of Practice for Forest Harvesting in Asia-Pacific

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, Thailand

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Applications for such permission, with a statement of the purpose and extent of the reproduction, should be addressed to the Director, Information Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100, Rome, Italy

For copies write to:

Patrick B. Durst
Regional Forestry Officer
FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
39 Phra Atit Road
Bangkok 10200

Printed by Thammada Press Co. Ltd., Bangkok, Thailand

© FAO 1999
ISBN 974-86669-4-8

Table of Contents





Mission Statement

1. Introduction

1.1 Sustainable Forest Management
1.2 Development of the Code
1.3 Purpose
1.4 Scope and Coverage
1.5 Implementation
1.6 Stakeholder Roles in Implementing the Code

2. Staff and Stakeholder Competencies

2.1 Forest Harvesting Competency-Based Requirements
2.2 Minimum Competency Standards

3. The Need for Forest Planning

3.1 Planning Hierarchy

4. Forest Harvest Planning

4.1 Site-Specific Forest-Use Planning
4.2 Planning Levels
4.3 Amendments to the Plans
4.4 Planning Staff
4.5 Plan Approval Process
4.6 Management Information Systems/Geographic Information Systems and the Planning Process

5. Planning Guidelines for Harvest Exclusion Areas

5.1 Production Forest
5.2 Buffer Zones and Protected Areas Protection
5.3 Watercourse and Buffer Zones

6. Guidelines for Roading and Watercourse Crossings

6.1 Roads
6.2 Watercourse Crossings
6.3 Log Pond and Wharf
6.4 Quarries

7. Pre-harvest Field Preparation

7.1 Tree Marking
7.2 Locating Log Landings and Skid Tracks
7.3 Skid Tracks

8. Harvesting Operations

8.1 Supervision of Operations
8.2 Harvesting
8.3 Log Presentation
8.4 Extraction Systems
8.5 Log Storage and Transportation Systems
8.6 Weather Limitations on Harvesting
8.7 Log Scaling/Grading/Measuring
8.8 Log Ownership
8.9 Monitoring and Evaluation of Harvesting Operations
8.10 Post-harvesting Activities
8.11 Completion of Operations

9. Harvesting Equipment Maintenance, Servicing

9.1 Moving Equipment
9.2 Workshop Facilities
9.3 Toxic Waste
9.4 Main Fuel and Oil Storage
9.5 Field Servicing and Maintenance
9.6 Refuse Disposal

10. Camp Hygiene

10.1 Camp Design Plans
10.2 Water Supply
10.3 Waste Disposal
10.4 Domestic Waste Water
10.5 Refuse Disposal
10.6 Water Ponding
10.7 Additional Facilities

11. Safety

11.1 Protective Clothing and Safety Equipment Requirements
11.2 Equipment Safety Requirements

12. Fire Precautions

12.1 Operational Requirements
12.2 Chainsaws and Machines




Appendix 1: Workshop Participants and Code Reviewers
Appendix 2: Conversion Table for Slope Measurements