Poultry as a Tool in Poverty Eradication and Promotion of Gender Equality

Proceedings of a Workshop

March 22 – 26, 1999
Tune Landboskole

Organizer: The Danish Agricultural and Rural Development Advisers' Forum
Editors: Frands Dolberg and Poul Henning Petersen

Poultry as a Tool
- in Poverty Eradication and Promotion of Gender Equality
Editors: Frands Dolberg and Poul Henning Petersen

1. udgave 2000

ISBN 87 7432 562 0

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The Danish Human Resource Base in Agricultural Research for Development: Its Capacity and Limitations in relation to Interventions that Aim to Respond to Gender and Poverty Alleviation Objectives
Anne Marie Sørensen

Poultry as a Tool in Poverty Eradication and Promotion of gender Equality
Kazi Abdul Fattah

Scaling Up, Networking and Replication

Paradigm and Visions: Network for Poultry Production and Health in Developing Countries
Hans Askov Jensen

International Network for Family Poultry Development: Origins, Activities, Objectives and Visions
E. Babafunso Sonaiya

Scaling-up: Critical Factors in Leadership, Management, Human Resource Development and Institution Building in Going from Pilot Project to Large Scale Implementation: The BRAC Poultry Model in Bangladesh
A. Saleque

International Replication of Grameen Banking: What Can the Poultry Network Learn from It?
David S. Gibbons

Reports from Projects and Studies

Scope for Backyard Poultry (BYP) Development under the Special Training Program of the Madhya Pradesh Women in Agriculture (MAPWA) Project
Prema Kumtakar

The Role of Women in Poultry Development: Proshika Experiences
Fazlul Huq and Kabir Mallik

Analysis of a Traditional Grain-and Scavenge-Based Poultry System in Nicaragua
Niels Chr. Kyvsgaard, Luz Adilia Luna, and Peter Nansen

Women and Chicken: Women's Different Interests and Capabilities of Poultry Keeping, According to their Stages in Lifecycles -a Nicaraguan Case
Grete Brorholt, N. Kyvsgaard and M. Whyte

Improving the Health and Productivity of the Rural Chickens in Africa: Report of Phase 1 of an Enreca Sponsored Project
M.M.A. Mtambo

The Poultry Development Strategy of the Participatory Livestock Development Project in Bangladesh
Stephen E.J. Swan

Backyard Poultry System in the Tribal Areas of Shahpura Block in Jabalpur District, Madhya Pradesh, India
Vijay A. Kumtakar

Breed, Environment and Diseases

Interaction between Breeds and Environments?
Poul Sørensen

Poultry Research in Bangladesh: Present Status and its Implication for Future Research
Q.M.E. Huque, S.A. Chowdhury, M.E. Haque and B.K.Sil

Epidemiology of Newcastle Disease and the Economics of its Control
P.B. Spradbrow

The Socio-economic Environment of Newcastle Disease Control Strategies for Backyard Poultry Systems
Roger Oakeley

A general Review on Some Important Diseases in Free Range Chickens
Anders Permin & Magne Bisgaard

Diseases as a Risk Factor in Relation to the Rural Poultry Model in Bangladesh
Jens P.Christensen

Investigations on Disease Status of Scavenging Poultry in Morogoro, Tanzania and the Significance of Detailed Characterization of Pathogens Obtained
A.P. Muhairwa, M.M.A. Mtambo, J.P. Christensen and M. Bisgaard

Links between Users, Institutions and Technologies

Gender and Poverty: the Agriculture Sector Programme Support in Uganda
Catherine Barasa

Linkages between Participatory Rural Analysis (PRA) and Technological Interventions
Karlyn Eckman

Chicken Production, Food Security and Renovative Extension Methodology in the SPFS Cambodia
Borin Khieu

FAO's Programme for Support to Family Poultry Production
R.D.S. Branckaert and E.F. Guèye

Capacity Building

Capacity Building through Overseas Training - Nordic Agricultural Academy's Experiences and Current Approach
Karsten Lundsby

Approaches in Human Capacity Building in Tropical Animal Husbandry
C.E.S. Larsen and J. Madsen

Capacity-building for Sustainable Rural Development: Education, a Priority
Lylian Rodriguez and John Kornerup Bang

Nutrition of Smallholder Poultry

Utilisation of Poultry Feed Resources by Smallholders in the Villages of Developing Countries
J.A. Roberts

Conclusions and Recommendations

Poultry as a Tool in Poverty Eradication and Promotion of Gender Equality - Outcome and Recommendations



These proceedings are produced as a result of the 1999 workshop organised by the Danish Agricultural and Rural Development Advisers' Forum. Annual workshops have taken place since 1989, while proceedings began to be published from 1995 in print as well as on the Internet.

The address can be used as entrance point to the Internet versions.

Within the framework of these series of Tune workshops, the famous Bangladesh Model for poultry development - referred to in several papers in the present proceedings - was first presented in 1996, when the title of the workshop with inspiration from the UNDP Human Development Reports was “Integrated Farming in Human Development”.

The Bangladesh Model's potential as an instrument in human development has subsequently been described in detail in a report1 to the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and - due to the inspiration derived from it as well as the general neglect of the rural poultry sector by national as well as international agencies - the Ministry now sponsors a Network for Smallholder Poultry Development,2 which is located at the Danish Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University. The workshop took place at a time, when the plans for the network were at an advanced stage and it was therefore an appropriate time to bring development workers together with a common interest in rural poultry production as a tool in development.

The interest for the workshop was great. In most years the total number of speakers and participants have been in the interval of 35 to 50, but for this work-shop the number was above 60 and we hope that the workshop will have made its own small contribution to putting rural, smallholder poultry production on the research and development agenda.

1. Feasibility Study. Network for Poultry Production and Health in Developing Countries by Hans Askov Jensen. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, January 1998.


We want to acknowledge the contribution of the participants and the staff of Course Centre Tune Landboskole. There were participants, who arranged for their own funding. However, the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs as well as FAO supported participation in the workshop and the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs has also contributed to the publication of these proceedings. Our thanks and appreciations go to the contribution by Mrs. Jonna Kjær, Department of political science, University of Århus, Denmark. Without her work and skills the proceedings would never reach an appropriate level of quality in style and layout. However, we as editors remain solely responsible for any omissions and mistakes.

Frands DolbergPoul Henning Petersen