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Alikunhi, K.H. 1955 Fish culture in India. Fm Bull.Indian Coun.agric.Res., (20):144 p.

Alikunhi, K.H., Chaudhuri, H. and Ramachandran, V. 1955 On the mortality of carp fry in nursery ponds and the role of plankton in their survival and growth. Ind.J.Fish., 2(2) 2(2):257–313

Annandale, N. 1918 Fish and fisheries of the Inle Lake. Rec.Indian Mus., 14:33–64

Ba Kyaw, 1955 A glimpse of the fisheries in Burma. Tech.Pap.Indo-Pacif.Coun., (55/41):1–4

Chaudhuri, H. 1959 Experiments on hybridization of Indian carps. Proc.Indian.Sci.Congr., 46

Chaudhuri, H, 1959 Notes on external characters distinguishing sex of breeders of the common Indian carps. Sci.Cult., 25(10):258–9

Chaudhuri, H, Experiments on induced spawning of Indian carps with pituitary injections. Indian J.Fish., 7(1):20–48

Chaudhuri, H, Breeding and selection of cultivated warm-water fishes in Asia and the Far East - a review. FAO Fish.Rep., (44) Vol.4:30–66

Chaudhuri, H., Singh, S.B. and Sukumaran, K.K. Experiments on large-scale production of fish seed of the Chinese grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idellus (C & V) and the silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (C & V) by induced breeding in ponds in India. Proc.Indian Acad.Sci.(B), 63(2):80–95

Chaudhuri, H. et al. 1967 Notes on the natural spawning of grass carp and silver carp in induced breeding experiments. Sci.Cult., 33(11):493–4

Chaudhuri, H. and Hla Tin. 1970 Preliminary observations on the survival and growth of Chinese carps in Burma (submitted to IPFC for publication)

Day, F. 1889 The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma fishes. 2 vols.

FAO/UN 1957 Report to the Government of the Union of Burma on inland fisheries development. Based on the work of J.Alan Tubb, FAO Expert in Inland Fisheries. Rep.FAO/UNDP (TA) (776):64 p.

FAO/UN, 1967 Report to the Government of Burma on the development of fish culture. Based on the work of H. Chaudhuri, FAO/UNDP/TA Inland Fishery Biologist. Rep.FAO/UNDP(TA), (2298):14 p.

Hora, S.L. and Pillay, T.V.R. 1962 Handbook on fish culture in the Indo-Pacific region. FAO, (14):204 p.

Khin U. 1948 Fisheries in Burma. Rangoon Government Printing and Stationery, 180 p.

Ling, S.W. 1955 Report to the Government of Burma on inland fisheries development. Rep.FAO/UNDP (TA) (361):9 p.

Mookerjee, H.K., Masumdar, S.R. and Dasgupta, B. Identification of the fry of the common carps of Bengal. J.Dep.Sci.Calcutta Univ., 1(4):59–69

Needham, J.G. and Needham, P.R. 1966 A guide to the study of freshwater biology. San Francisco, Holden-Day, Inc. 108 p.

Sidthimunka, A., Sanglert, J. and Pawapootanon, O. 1968 The culture of catfish (Clarias spp.) in Thailand. FAO Fish.Rep., (44) Vol.5:196–204

Sukumaran, K.K. et al. 1970 Studies on compatibility and competition between silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Val.) and Catla catla (Ham.) Pryc.Indo-Pacif.Fish.Coun., 13(2):185–94

Tint Hlaing, U. 1967 A classified list of fishes in Burma. Occ.Pap.Indo-Pacif.Fish.Coun., (67/10):24 p.

Tongsanga, S. 1962 A preliminary report on the comination of Plachon (Ophicephalus striatus Bloch) and Tilapia (Tilapia mossambica Peters) in Thailand. Proc.Indo-Pacif.Fish. Coun., 10(2):174–80

Yashouv, A. 1968 Mixed fish culture - an ecological approach to increase pond productivity. FAO Fish.Rep., (44) Vol.4:258–73

Fig.1-Schematic map of Burma showing places of main fishcultural activities

Figure 1

Figure 1

Explanation of Figure 1:

■      Cities and Towns

  1. Rangoon
  2. Pegu
  3. Toungoo
  4. Pyinmana
  5. Meiktila
  6. Mandalay
  7. Sagain
  8. Shwebo
  9. Prome
  10. Myitkyina
  11. Nyaungshwe

     Fish Culture Station and Fish Farm

  1. Hlwaga
  2. Phalan
  3. Twante
  4. Tartapaw
  5. Yandoon
  6. Prome
  7. Pyinmana
  8. Nyaungshwe
  9. Shwebo
  10. Thayetkon
  11. Pegu

▲      Carp spawn, fry and fingerling collection centres

  1. Yandoon
  2. Pantanaw
  3. Henzada
  4. Tharrawaw
  5. Shwedaung
  6. Mandalay
  7. Sagaing
  8. Ava
  9. Shwegin
  10. Kyaukmyang

     River dams

  1. Mobye dam
  2. Dam on Mu river


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