Previous PageTable Of ContentsNext Page


Bermuda

Vegetation description

Mangroves in Bermuda include only three species: Avicennia germinans, Conocarpus erectus and Rhizophora mangle, which occupy a small area. They are of particular interest, however, since they represent the most northernly mangroves in the Americas (32 20N). Mangrove forests are protected in five areas.

Spalding, M.D., Blasco, F. and Field, C.D., eds. 1997. World Mangrove Atlas. The International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems, Okinawa, Japan. 178 pp.

National level mangrove area estimates

Year

Area
(ha)

Source

Trend

Methodology/Comments

1975

10

Spalding, M.D., Blasco, F. and Field, C.D., eds. 1997. World Mangrove Atlas. The International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems, Okinawa, Japan. 178 pp.

 

Map analysis. 1:10 560.

1980

17

Scott, D.A. and Carbonell, M., 1986. A Directory of Neotropical Wetlands. IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge, UK; 486 pp.

X

Cited in: Fisher, P and Spalding, M.D. 1993. Protected areas with mangrove habitat. Draft Report World Conservation Centre, Cambridge, UK. 60 pp. The exact figure provided is 16.7 ha.

1992

16

Thomas, M. L. & A. Logan. 1992. A Guide to the Ecology of the Shoreline and Shallow-Water Marine Communities of Bermuda. Special Publication 30, Bermuda Biological Station for Research, 345 pp.

X

Cited in: Smith, S.R. 1998. Bermuda. In: UNESCO, 1998. CARICOMP. Caribbean coral reef, seagrass and mangrove sites. Coastal region and small island papers 3, UNESCO, Paris, xiv + 347 pp.

1993

20

Ellison, J. 1993. Mangroves of Bermuda and the Cayman Islands.

 

Cited in: Lacerda, L.D. 1993. Conservation and sustainable utilization of mangrove forests in Latin America and Africa regions. Vol. 2 Part I- Latin America. Mangrove Ecosystems technical reports ITTO/ISME Project PD114/90 (F). Okinawa, Japan. 272 pp. The figure cited in the document is: less than 20 ha

Trends in mangrove area extent over time


Previous PageTop Of PageNext Page