Rome, 14 - 19 June 1999
A STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK FOR FAO
This document contains the third draft of a proposed Strategic Framework to guide the work of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in the medium and longer term. It is a revision of Version 2.0, modified on the basis of the reactions and guidance of Technical Committees of FAO (the Committees on Commodity Problems, on Agriculture, on Fisheries and on Forestry), of the Ministerial Meetings on Fisheries and on Forestry, as well as those comments from sister organizations in the United Nations system and other partners outside the system which had been received by the Secretariat by mid-March 1999.
A structured process of consultations, between September 1998 and September 1999, foresees the preparation of successive versions of the document, prior to its submission for discussion and adoption by the FAO Conference in November 1999 as the Strategic Framework for FAO for the years 2000-2015 (see also Annex I). This document therefore constitutes the third step in an iterative and interactive process, involving the full membership of FAO, and drawing on the wealth of knowledge and vision which its partners may offer.
Version 1.0 was discussed by the Programme and Finance Committees at their autumn sessions and subsequently by the Council at its 115th session in November 1998. On the basis of the reports of the Committees, additional information provided and its own consideration of the document, the Council "welcomed the progress made so far and considered that Version 1.0 provided a good basis for discussion at this stage." It recognized the wide range of expectations as to the scope and contents of future versions, which it would be particularly challenging to reconcile. Nevertheless, it agreed on "the desirability of a more concise and less descriptive document to facilitate further discussions", but pointed out that "ways would need to be found to present sufficient supporting material to meet the diverse interests of Members."
The Secretariat has endeavoured to accommodate, to the greatest extent possible, the recommendations and suggestions made on both Versions 1.0 and 2.0, keeping in mind the Council's general guidance. The present document, Version 3.0 contains an entirely new section covering the programmme for implementation of the Strategic Framework, and an additional annex highlighting regional perspectives on the corporate strategies. Version 3.0 has the following structure:
Part I, the Overall Strategic Framework, alludes to the challenges facing the Organization in the coming 15 years (which are dealt with in more detail in Annex II). It then recalls the purpose of FAO, and the goals of Members to which FAO is expected to contribute. Finally, it presents statements of values, mission and vision for the Organization.
Part II, Corporate Strategies, spells out in more depth the strategic orientations which derive from the overall analysis. In its first section, it proposes five major corporate strategies, to address Members' needs in the medium to long term, defining within each area two or three strategic objectives. The second section of Part II identifies major strategic issues of a cross-organizational nature, and indicates the steps underway or proposed to respond to them. Version 1.0 had five such strategies; a sixth was added for Version 2.0 and received support during discussions on that document.
Part III gives the Implementation Programme for the Strategic Framework, as requested in Conference Resolution 6/97 (see below). After situating the Strategic Framework within the broader planning framework now approved for FAO, this part explains the planning methodology to be adopted and covers the question of priority setting in the context of the new planning framework. Material on criteria, on comparative advantage and on partnerships, presented in the annexes to Version 2.0, has now been expanded and moved to this part of the main document as suggested during discussions in the Technical Committees. Finally, a schedule is given for implementation following Conference approval in November 1999.
Annex I shows the sequence of events leading to the approval and publication of the Strategic Framework.
Annex II looks at trends in the external environment and the challenges facing countries and the international community in achieving the objectives of the World Food Summit and the outlook for agriculture, forestry and fisheries development. It then summarizes the results of the Secretariat's analysis of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT), the results of the questionnaire to Members, and the rationale underlying the proposals for corporate strategies. Much of this material was presented in the body of Version 1.0, and in response to the Council's suggestion it has been moved to the annex to allow the document to focus on proposals.
Annex III contains an abridged version of the Secretariat's analysis of external partnerships, with examples presented in tabular form to illustrate the detailed work carried out in the process of formulating the corporate strategies. In response to comments made in the Technical Committees, a further internal review has been carried out of the role which FAO would have vis-à-vis partners in the various areas covered, and amendments have been made in the examples provided. Further detail has also been given regarding the specific UN organizations with which FAO will be working on different aspects of the strategies.
Annex IV complements the proposals made in Part II, under Corporate Strategies to Address Members' Needs, by giving more specific regional perspectives for each of the 12 strategic objectives.
The document is submitted in accordance with Conference Resolution 6/97, reproduced below:
Strengthening the FAO 2000 Project
Reaffirming the commitment in the Rome Declaration on World Food Security and the World Food Plan of Action to reduce the number of undernourished people to half their present level no later than 2015,
Welcoming the proposals by the Director-General to strengthen the
strategic management of FAO, especially the formulation of a long-term Strategic Framework
and consequently modified Medium-Term Plan and Programme of Work and Budget (the FAO 2000
(Adopted on 18 November 1997)
Box 1. Action on Version 3.0
The present document, Version 3.0, constitutes the second revision of the draft Strategic Framework, and is submitted for the views and comments of the Programme and Finance Committees and the Council, as well as FAO's external partners. Reactions to Version 3.0 will be drawn upon to produce Version 4.0 for the consideration of the Committees, the Council, and finally the Conference in November 1999.
I. OVERALL STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK
Strategies to Address Members' Needs
A. Contributing to the eradication of food insecurity and rural poverty, and addressing food, agriculture and natural resource emergencies.
A.1 Sustainable livelihoods in rural areas and more equitable access by women and men to natural, economic and social resources and/or their benefits.
A.2 Recognition and targeting of vulnerable and disadvantaged groups with special measures to enable them to attain access to sufficient nutritionally adequate and safe food.
A.3 Prevention and preparedness, early warning of emergencies and rehabilitation of natural resources and food production systems.
B. Promoting, developing and reinforcing policy and regulatory frameworks for food, agriculture, fisheries and forestry.
B.1 International agreements, codes of conduct, standards and other instruments covering the conservation and management of natural resources and the production, safe use and fair exchange of agricultural, fishery and forest goods, and which enhance the contribution to food security of international trade in such goods.
B.2 National policies and institutional and legal mechanisms which respond to domestic requirements, international obligations, and changes in the international trading environment.
C. Creating sustainable increases in the supply and availability of food and other products from the crop, livestock, fisheries and forestry sectors.
C.1 Strategic choices to improve efficiency in production, processing and marketing systems and meet the changing needs of producers and consumers.
C.2 Adoption of appropriate technologies to sustainably intensify production systems and ensure sufficient supplies of food and agricultural, fishery and forestry goods and services.
D. Supporting the conservation, improvement and sustainable utilization of land, water, fisheries, forest and genetic resources for food and agriculture.
D.1 Integrated management of land, water, forestry, fisheries and genetic resources to enhance and sustainably utilise the resource base.
D.2 Recognition of the future private and social costs of natural resource degradation, and of the benefits of conservation and rehabilitation, with attention to the resources and environments at greatest risk.
E. Improving data availability and information exchange, monitoring, assessing and analysing the global state of food and nutrition, agriculture, fisheries and forestry, and promoting a central place for food security on the international agenda.
E.1 A comprehensive, current and reliable set of data, disseminated to all Members and accessible to the international community and the public at large.
E.2 Regular assessments of current and prospective food supplies, and outlook for developments in food security and nutrition, agriculture, fisheries, forestry, natural resources and scientific knowledge.
E.3 Focus on food security through monitoring and reporting on implementation of the World Food Summit Plan of Action, and co-operating with all partners, including in civil society.
Strategies to Address Cross-Organizational Issues
B. Enhancing Inter-disciplinarity
C. Broadening Partnerships and Alliances
D. Continuing to Improve the Management Process
E. Leveraging Resources for FAO and its Members
III. IMPLEMENTATION PROGRAMME FOR THE STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK
Planning Methodology - New Programme Model
Priority Setting in the Context of the New Planning Framework
Sequence of Events Leading to the Approval and Publication of a
Strategic Framework for FAO 2000-2015
Background Analysis and Rationale for Proposals
Analysis of External Partnerships