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This document was prepared under authors’ contract to J. Bakos and S. Gorda, Fish Culture Research Institute, Szarvas, Hungary. The text was edited by Anton Immink (FAO Consultant) and Devin Bartley, Inland Water Resources and Aquaculture Service (FIRI), FAO Fisheries Department, layout and design were done by Ms Pilar Gonzalez-Villegas (FIRI); the photographs were provided by J. Bakos. The cover photograph of the Fish Culture Research Institute was provided by Dr Lazlo Varadi. The names used to the strains of carp come from the authors’ experience and the Fish Culture Research Institute; much of the original nomenclature and “short-hand”

Bakos, J.; Gorda, S.
Genetic resources of common carp at the Fish Culture Research Institute. Szarvas, Hungary.

FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 417. Rome, FAO. 2001. 106p.


The genetic resources of common carp maintained at the Fish Culture Research Institute in Szarvas, Hungary, are described. Eighteen Hungarian strains (landraces) and 13 strains from outside Hungary (primarily former Soviet Republics, Eastern Europe and Asia) are maintained in a living gene bank at the Institute. The genetic improvement of common carp in Hungary started in 1962 at the Fish Culture Research Institute. Traditional selection (family and mass selection), other types of genetic manipulations, such as inbreeding, gynogenesis and hormonal sex-reversion, and intra-specific hybridization have resulted in the production and testing of more than 150 combinations of common carp strains. Five main features were evaluated that determined the economical value of the resulting strains: survival, weight gain, feed conversion ratio, slaughter value and fat content of the meat. These research efforts produced three outstanding hybrids of common carp: the Sz215 mirror, the SzP31 and SzP34 scaly hybrids, which now represent 80 percent of the total carp production in Hungary. The Fish Culture Research Institute is a key part of a national breeding programme in Hungary that provides fish farms and fish seed production units with parental lines of hybrid common carp.


Regional and Sub-regional Fishery Officers
Fish Culture Research Institute Szarvas, Hungary
Directors of Fisheries
FAO Fisheries Department

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