CoverSTUDIES AND REVIEWS   No. 78 2005

Edited by

Stefano Cataudella
Università degli studi de Roma “Tor Vergata”
Rome, Italy

Fabio Massa
Termoli, Italy

Donatella Crosetti
Istituto Centrale per la Ricerca scientifica e tecnologica Applicata al Mare
Rome, Italy

Rome, © FAO 2005


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ISBN 92-5-105378-2

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This document is the final version of the report of the AdriaMed Expert Consultation “Interactions between Aquaculture and Capture Fisheries”organized by the FAO AdriaMed Regional Project ( Scientific Cooperation to Support Responsible Fisheries in the Adriatic Sea) in Rome, Italy, from 5 to 7 November 2003.

The outcomes of the Consultation were presented at the fourth session of the Committee on Aquaculture (CAQ) held in Alessandria, Egypt, in June 2004. CAQ highlighted that a similar approach should be considered in other areas of the Mediterranean taking into account the impact on biodiversity, restocking, space competition, marketing and the role of local fishing communities. CAQ further agreed that priority should be given to these issues and that the experience should be extended with due consideration to the peculiarity of the two sub-sectors at national and regional levels. Moreover the outcomes of the Consultation were presented at the seventh session of the Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC), held in Rome, Italy, in October 2004.

An abridged version of this document will be also published as an AdriaMed Technical Document.


Special thanks are due to Ms Neda Skakelja, Mr Riccardo Rigillo, Mr Roland Kristo and Mr Alain Bonzon for their comments and support to this publication.

Thanks are also due to Ms Nicoletta Milone for her kind assistance in the completion of this document. The assistance of Ms Caroline Bennett in the preparation of this document is gratefully acknowledged.

Cataudella, S.; Massa, F.; Crosetti, D. (eds.)
Interactions between aquaculture and capture fisheries: a methodological perspective. Studies and Reviews. General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean. No. 78. Rome, FAO. 2005. 229p.
The FAO AdriaMed Expert Consultation on the Interactions between Aquaculture and Capture Fisheries was held in Rome (Italy), from 5 to 7 November 2003. The principal objective of the Expert Consultation was to explore the main issues dealing with interactions between aquaculture and capture fisheries by using the existing knowledge available at the Adriatic basin level. This initiative would represent a contribution at subregional level towards the establishment and implementation of the principles of the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF) concerning aquaculture activities. A preliminary matrix for the identification of indicators emerged and was drafted from comments made by the experts from the Adriatic present at the meeting. This matrix represents a first step towards the definition of a set of indicators, in order to monitor the relationship between aquaculture and capture fisheries in the Adriatic region following the criteria for sustainability. Moreover the Expert Consultation adopted a series of recommendations that could be directed to the Adriatic countries in which it is underlined that positive and negative interactions between aquaculture and capture fisheries must be considered in the context of integrated Coastal Zone Management (CZM) from which they could benefit correct assessment and better interactions between these two sub-sectors, national programmes and international cooperation for research activities dealing with the interactions between aquaculture and capture fisheries both in marine and freshwater environments. Reports on the situation of the aquaculture sector for each participating country (Albania, Croatia, Italy, Montenegro and Slovenia) were discussed and these are included in the document. They include general information (history, tradition, evolution); the characteristics of the sector (historical statistics, species reared, methodologies and technologies applied, production data and seed availability); national policy (national plans, legislative framework, environmental impact assessment, economical feasibility) and production market (general economic indicators, export/import; national policy concerning quality control and labelling policy). Interactions with the national capture fisheries are also detailed. Thematic lectures with specific reference to the Adriatic Sea regarding the market of fish products, their quality and certification systems in both cultured and captured products were illustrated and discussed. Three case studies on the interactions between aquaculture and capture fisheries were also presented on blue fin tuna, eel and shellfish culture.

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Report of the AdriaMed Expert Consultation “Interactions between Aquaculture and Capture Fisheries”

Short overviews of the status of aquaculture in the Adriatic countries

Albania (by A. Flloko)

Croatia (by V. Franicevic)

Italy (by G. Marino, E. Ingle, S. Cataudella)

Montenegro (V. Macic)

Slovenia (M. Kadoič)

Thematic lectures

Interactions between capture fisheries and aquaculture
(by S. Cataudella, F. Massa and D. Crosetti)

Adriatic Sea fisheries: outline of some main facts
(by P. Mannini, F. Massa and N. Milone)

Quality and certification of fishery products from both capture and farming in the same market place
(by B.M. Poli)

Market interactions between fishery and aquaculture in Italy
(by M. Cozzolino)

Fishing and farming of the northern bluefin tuna ( Thunnus thynnus L.) in the Adriatic Sea
(by I. Katavić and V. Tičina)

Interactions between capture fisheries and aquaculture: the case of the eel ( Anguilla anguilla L., 1758)
(by E. Ciccotti)

An example of interactions between capture fisheries and aquaculture: the case of shellfish
(by G. Prioli)

Annex A:   List of participants

Annex B:   Greetings to the participants by the State Undersecretary for agricultural policies with responsibility for fisheries On. Paolo Scarpa Bonazza Buora

Annex C:   Prospectus of the Consultation

Annex D:   Agenda