FAO Forestry Paper 150

The new generation of watershed
management programmes and projects

A resource book for practitioners and local decision-makers
based on the findings and recommendations of a FAO review

Prepared in collaboration with:
- European Observatory of Mountain Forests (EOMF)
- International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)
- Red Latinoamericana de Cooperación Técnica en
Manejo de Cuencas Hidrográficas (REDLACH)
- World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome, 2006

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN 92-5-105551-3

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders.
Applications for such permission should be addressed to:
Electronic Publishing Policy and Support Branch
Information Division
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or by e-mail to:
[email protected]

� FAO 2006

Cover photograph:


(Download the entire Report - 1 MB)

Boxes, tables & figures (Download - 167 KB)
(Download - 31 KB)
Acknowledgements (Download - 22 KB)
Acronyms (Download - 33 KB)

About this resource book
(Download - 25 KB)

Prelude. Stories of people and water (Download - 249 KB)

Chapter 1. Lessons from the past (Download - 78 KB)
The long history of people and water
Watershed management and sustainable development
Watershed management in FAO

Chapter 2. Rethinking watersheds (Download - 485 KB )
New perspectives on watershed hydrology and bioecology
Watershed human ecology
Watershed economicss

Interlude 1. Sunday talks on watershed management in San Miguel (Download - 329 KB)

Chapter 3. A new approach to watershed management (Download - 134 KB)
What does “integrated” watershed management really mean?
Participatory vs. collaborative watershed management
Knowledge: merging sciences and local cultures
Power: rights and conflict
Institutional and financial arrangements for collaborative
watershed management
Matters of scale

Interlude 2. Letter to a friend (Download - 441 KB)

Chapter 4. Enabling conditions (Download - 236 KB)
Enabling policies
Micro−macro linkages
Evidence-based policies
Capacity building and awareness raising
Financing collaborative watershed management

Bibliography (Download - 109 KB)

Annexes. Methods and resources for collaborative watershed
management: hints and tips for practitioners
(Download - 475 KB)
WOCAT: a methodology for documenting and evaluating soil and water conservation
Action research
Livelihoods analysis
System-Wide Programme for Collective Action and Property Rights (CAPRi)
Negotiation and mediation techniques for natural resource conflict management
Valuation of environmental services of watershed management
Payment for environmental services (PES) in watersheds
Watershed management on the Web