Previous PageTable Of ContentsNext Page

Appendix

Chapter 4

Table 1. National level Landuse
Table 2. Derived Landuse
Table 3. Public forest area with forest department
Table 4. Public forest land by legal categories
Table 5. Forest landuse at national level
Table 6. Forest Landuse at forest unit level
Table 7. Landuse changes in legal public forest land
Table 8. Inventory results of forest areas
Table 9. Inventory results of plantation areas
Table 10. Growing stock of village forests
Table 11. Change in bamboo resources in village forests
Table 12. Change in tree resources in village forests
Table 13. Biodiversity in PA's network
Table 14. Protected areas in Bangladesh
Table 15. Biodiversity in Teknaf Game Reserve
Table 16. Area of different habitat types in Teknaf Game Reserve
Table 17. Area of different habitat types in Himchari National Park
Table 18. Biodiversity in Himchari National Park
Table 19. Area of different habitat types in Bhawal National Park
Table 20. Biodiversity in Bhawal National Park
Table 21. Biodiversity in Madhupur National Park
Table 22. Biodiversity in Rema-Kalenga Wildlife Sanctuary
Table 23. Area of different habitat types in Chunati Wildlife Sanctuary
Table 24. Biodiversity in Chunati Wildlife Sanctuary
Table 25. Area of different habitat types in Char Kukri Mukri Wildlife Sanctuary
Table 26. Biodiversity in Char Kukri Mukri Wildlife Sanctuary
Table 27. Area of different forest types in three wildlife sanctuaries of Sundarbans
Table 28. Biodiversity in the three wildlife sanctuaries of Sundarbans
Table 29. Landuse in PAs

Chapter 5

Table 30. Growth trends of livestock population
Table 31. Number of livestock by size of farm
Table 32. Employment in major sectors of economy
Table 33. Change in share in employment over time
Table 34. Share of agriculture and other sectors in GDP
Table 35. Growth rates of contribution to GDP
Table 36. Forestry contribution to GDP by different districts
Table 37. Contribution by different forest products to GDP
Table 38. Share of agriculture and its sub-sectors in national GDP
Table 39. Contribution of forest based industries to GDP
Table 40. Employment in forestry sector

Chapter 6

Table 41. Physical output from forest areas
Table 42. Requirement of primary forest products
Table 43. Share in fuelwood consumption
Table 44. Estimated production of primary forest products
Table 45. Requirement of paper products
Table 46. Installed pulp and paper capacity and production
Table 47. Sawmill production and employment
Table 48. Principal primary and secondary wood using industries
Table 49. Forest landuse in Bangladesh

Chapter 7

Table 50. Spatial distribution of forest areas

Table 1. National level Landuse

 

Landuse in Bangladesh (Area in "000" ha)

Year

Forest

Agriculture

Others Uses

Total area of country

% of Forest areas to Total

1971-72

2228.6

9391.2

2657.2

14277.0

15.61

1975-76

2200.7

9397.3

2679.8

14277.8

15.41

1980-81

2191.8

9381.1

2716.3

14289.2

15.34

1985-86

2119.4

9440.6

2921.8

14481.8

14.63

1990-91

1899.2

9720.3

3220.5

14840.0

12.80

1994-95

1967.2

8773.7

4098.7

14839.6

13.26

(Note: "others" denote areas not available for cultivation. Source: Table 4.36 in SYB, 1997)

Table 2. Derived Landuse (1996)

Category of Landuse

Source

Area in "000"ha

Percentage Area

Agriculture Land

SYB, 1997

8773.7

59.12

Public Forest Land

Forest Dept. 1999

2213.6

14.92

Village Forests

FMP, 1992

270.0

1.82

Village Tanks

SYB, 1997& FMP, 1992

814.7

5.49

Rivers and lakes

SYB,1997

940.5

6.34

Urban Settlement

SYB,1997

79.1

0.53

Other

SYB, 1997&Forest Dept. 1999

1748.0

11.78

TOTAL LAND

(Area of the country)

 

14839.6

100

(Note: Bangladesh has an area of 1,084,750 ha. under homesteads and tanks, 940,520ha. under Rivers and beels, and about 79,130 ha under urban settlements etc (SYB, 1997). The FMP, 1992 reports about 270,000 ha area under village forests, which are mainly, homesteads. Assuming the area under figure of 270,000 valid for 1996 leads to an estimate of 814,750 ha. area under tanks.)

Table 3. Public forest area with forest department

Forest Units

Area in "000" ha

Hill Forests

 

Kassalong

117.292

Rankhiang

81.847

Sangu-Matabari

74.500

Sitapahar

5.447

Chittagong

74.058

Cox's Bazar

49.837

Sylhet

41.510

Teknaf GR

10.225

Himchari NP

1.729

Lawachara NP

1.250

Rema-Kalenga WS

1.795

Chunati WS

7.414

Pablakhali WS

42.087

Sub Total

508.991

Plains Sal Forest

 

Dhaka

21.199

Tangail

41.311

Mymensingh

28.486

Dinajpur

10.052

Rangpur

2.723

Rajshahi

2.905

Comilla

1.696

Bhawal NP

5.022

Madhupur NP

8.438

Ramsagar NP

0.052

Sub Total

121.884

Littoral Forests

 

Sundarbans

411.233

Bhola CA

12.420

Patuakhali CA

9.848

Noakhali CA

34.223

Chittagong CA

20.042

Char Kukri Mukri WS

2.106

Sub Total

489.872

Grand Total

1120.747

(GR = Game Reserve, NP = National Park, WS = Wildlife Sanctuary CA = Coastal Afforestation Division)

(Source : Forest Dept., 1999)

Table 4. Public forest land by legal categories

   

Forest land by legal categories ( Area in "000" ha)

Year

Source

Total

Khas land

Garden

Reserve

Acquired

Vested

Protected

USF

1975-76

SYB,1997

2229.5

12.4

0.1

1147.4

94.5

10.6

57.5

907.0

1980-81

SYB,1997

2479.1

12.4

0.0

1404.3

103.3

10.6

57.5

891.0

1985-86

SYB,1997

2258.5

14.2

0.1

1481.0

67.9

9.1

53.6

632.7

1990-91

SYB,1997

1859.1

95.6

0.0

1302.3

40.7

22.5

52.3

345.8

1994-95

SYB,1997

2191.4

70.6

0.0

1461.5

96.3

8.5

38.6

476.6

1995-96

SYB,1997

2191.4

70.6

0.0

1461.5

96.3

8.5

38.6

476.6

1998-99

Forest Dept.

2213.6

10.1

0.0

1486.2

9.6

8.5

38.5

660.7

(Source: Figures from 1975 to 1994-95 from Table 4.111 in SYB, 1997. The figures for 1998-99 are directly from Forest department)

Table 5. Forest landuse at national level

Type

Area ("000" ha)

Closed Forest

322.578

Open Forest

422.030

Shrub

36.618

Fallow

26.753

Plantation

208.940

Others

103.828

Total

1120.747

(Source: FRA, 2000)

Table 6. Forest landuse at forest unit level ("000" ha)

    Forest Units

Closed

Open

Shrub

Fallow

Planta-tion

Others

Total

Kassalong

41.393

24.467

3.525

4.078

22.376

21.453

117.292

Rankhiang

1.451

17.207

6.494

0.586

22.599

33.51

81.847

Sangu-Matabari

8.700

42.803

0.000

17.100

5.037

0.86

74.500

Sitapahar

0.657

0.000

0.300

0.000

3.740

0.750

5.447

Chittagong

22.223

37.456

0.000

0.000

14.379

0.000

74.058

Cox's Bazar

26.867

3.531

0.000

0.000

19.439

0.000

49.837

Sylhet

2.782

20.911

0.000

0.000

17.817

0.000

41.510

Dhaka

0.000

8.664

3.436

0.000

3.099

6.000

21.199

Tangail

0.000

12.517

18.570

0.000

3.631

6.593

41.311

Mymensingh

0.000

4.787

1.455

0.000

9.147

13.097

28.486

Dinajpur

0.000

1.512

0.000

0.000

2.249

6.291

10.052

Rangpur

0.000

0.050

0.000

0.000

1.746

0.927

2.723

Rajshahi

0.000

0.000

0.129

0.000

1.214

1.562

2.905

Comilla

0.000

0.000

1.696

0.000

0.000

0.000

1.696

Sundarbans less Sanctuaries

100.647

218.551

0.000

0.000

0.192

7.301

326.691

Sub Total

204.720

392.456

35.605

21.764

126.665

98.344

879.554

Protected Areas

       

Teknaf GR

6.418

0.914

0.244

0.000

2.396

0.253

10.225

Himchari NP

1.037

0.692

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

1.729

Lawachara NP

0.750

0.500

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

1.250

Rema-Kalenga WS

1.077

0.718

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

1.795

Chunati WS

0.000

0.004

0.769

4.936

1.446

0.259

7.414

Pablakhali WS

25.252

16.835

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

42.087

Bhawal NP

3.130

1.342

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.550

5.022

Madhupur NP

5.063

3.375

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

8.438

Ramsagar NP

0.031

0.021

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.052

Char Kukri Mukri WS

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.053

1.875

0.178

2.106

3 Sanctuaries in Sundarbans

75.100

5.173

0.000

0.000

0.025

4.244

84.542

Sub Total

117.858

29.574

1.013

4.989

5.742

5.484

164.660

Protection Areas

       

Bhola CA

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

12.420

0.000

12.420

Patuakhali CA

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

9.848

0.000

9.848

Noakhali CA

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

34.223

0.000

34.223

Chittagong CA

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

20.042

0.000

20.042

Sub Total

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

76.533

0.000

76.533

Grand Total

322.578

422.03

36.618

26.753

208.94

103.828

1120.747

(Note: Categories as defined in FRA, 2000)

(Source: Forest Dept., 1999, FMP, 1992)

Table 7. Landuse changes in legal public forest land

Type of landuse

1992 Landuse

1999 Landuse

 

Area

Percentage

Area

Percentage

A

"000" ha

 

"000" ha

 

(i) Forest Under Forestry Use

    

Medium to good density Natural Forest Areas

460.7

20.55

204.7

9.25

Other Forest Areas

249.3

11.12

449.8

20.32

Plantations in Hills

163.7

7.30

157.3

7.11

Plantations in Plains

21.0

0.94

18.0

0.81

Plantations in Coastal Areas

112.9

5.04

76.5

3.46

Plantations in Protected and Conservation areas

5.7

0.25

5.7

0.26

Protected Areas other than in Sunderbans

84.4

3.76

74.4

3.36

Proposed Protected Area: East Sunderbans

32.3

1.44

23.2

1.05

Proposed Protected Areas: West and South Sunderbans

  

61.3

2.77

Sub Total

1130.0

 

1070.9

 

(ii) Forest not under forestry use

    

Blank and Encroachment

1112.3

49.61

1142.7

51.62

Total of Public Forests land

2242.3

100

2213.6

100

(Notes:

(i) FMP, 1992 provides information for year 1992 and FRA 2000 tables for the year 1999.

(ii) Medium to Good Density Natural Forests: Above FMP, 1992 figures represent closed forests outside the Protected Areas and Coastal Afforestation Division only. The FMP, 1992 does not provide information on closed forest within protected areas and simply totals the area of park and sanctuaries (protected areas). For 1999, the FRA 2000 Table No. 5 provides information. It estimates extent of about 117,858 ha of closed forests within the protected areas but in the above table, for comparison purposes, protected areas in above table include closed forests.

(iii) Other forest areas: It includes poor density forests, scatter trees, Bamboo, open forests, shrubs, and forest fallow. In above 1992 figures from FMP, 1992 , "other forest areas" of parks and sanctuaries (Protected Areas) are not included. Therefore for providing comparable information 1999 figures in above table flow from FRA 2000 Table No. 5 and do not segregate such areas (35,576 ha) lying within protected areas.

(iv) Plantations: FMP, 1992 provides information for 1992. For the year 1999, FRA 2000 Table 8 columns 8 and Table 13 provide information. Hill Plantations figure include plantation over 51,900 ha of USF land.

(v) Plantations in Coastal Areas: FMP, 1992 provides information for the year 1992 . The FRA 2000 Table No. 14 provides information for 1999.

(vi) Plantation in Protected Areas: FMP Provide information for 1992. The FRA 2000 Table No. 14 provides this information for 1999.

(vii) Protected Area (parks and sanctuaries): The FMP, 1992 figures include only one (East with 32,326 ha) of the three (East, West, and South with total area of 84,542 ha) sanctuaries proposed in Sunderban. Therefore, FRA 2000 based information in the above table segregates the proposed protected area of Sunderbans into two categories ("East" Sunderban Wildlife Sanctuary, and "West and South" Sunderban Wildlife Sanctuaries). The area of each protected area includes all types of forest (closed, open ,shrub, fallow forest and other area etc.) but excludes plantations.

(viii) Forest under non-forestry use: It includes majority of USF forests, blanks, and encroached areas. It includes 3,086 ha of blanks in Sal Plain Forest. Basically it is the difference between forests department figures of forest land and the area classified in above categories.

Table 8. Summary of 1996 to 1998 Inventory results of forest areas

Volume of Trees: (above 20 cm and above)

Number of Poles

Number of Sapling

Number of Seedling

 

Area (ha)

Volume (M3)

Volume (M3/ha)

S.E. (%)

Chittagong Forest Division

59679.1

648900

10.87

10. 9

Sylhet Forest Division

23693

1260530

53. 2

7.1

Cox's Bazar forest Division

30398.4

2260460

74. 36

3.8

Sunderbans Forest Division

399, 471.1

10985455

27. 50

2.7

Total

114640.6

15155345

  
 

Area (ha)

Number

Number /ha

S.E (%)

Chittagong Forest Division

59679.1

9011680

151

5. 3

Sylhet Forest Division

23693

5710610

241. 03

7.1

Cox's Bazar forest Division

30398.4

10306880

339. 06

4.0

Sunderbans Forest

399 471.1

1319457038

3303. 01

1. 3

Total

114640.6

1344486208

  
 

Area (ha)

Number

Number /ha

S.E (%)

Chittagong Forest Division

59679.1

19258320

322.70

7. 1

Sylhet Forest Division

23693

17463950

737.09

8. 4

Cox's Bazar forest Division

30398.4

42593560

1401. 18

5.1

Sunderbans Forest

399 471.1

2984880016

7472.08

2.1

Total

114640.6

3064195846

  
 

Area (ha)

Number

Number /ha

S.E

Chittagong Forest Division

59679.1

43850630

734.77

10. 9

Sylhet Forest Division

23693

137196680

5790.60

9. 6

Cox's Bazar forest Division

30398.4

148595550

4888.27

5.8

Sunderbans Forest

399 471.1

13486927299

33761.96

2.7

Total

114640.6

13816570159

  

Number of Bamboo

     

Stratum

Area (ha)

Immature

Mature

Total

Per ha

Chittagong Forest Division

59679

119819120

15690710

135509830

2270

Sylhet Forest Division

23693

123352470

102001300

225353770

9511

(Source: FICHT98, FISYL98, FISUN98, FICAD98, FICOX98)

Table 9. Summary of 1996 to 1998 Inventory results of plantation areas

Volume of Trees (above 20 cm )

Area (ha)

Volume (M3)

Volume (M3/ha)

S. E. (%)

(A) Hills

    

Chittagong Forest Division

14378.8

171630

11. 94

11. 6

Sylhet Forest Division

17816.7

669860

37. 6

3.97

Cox's Bazar forest Division

19438.6

377510

19. 42

6.7

Sub-Total

51634.1

1219000

23.16

 

(B) Coastal Afforestation

    

Noakhali CA

34223.2

596840

17.44

7.1

Chittagong CA division

20042.1

20470

1.02

18.3

Bhola CA division

12420.3

115620

9.31

10.5

Pauakhali CA division

9848.1

299920

36.40

10.7

Sub-Total

76533.7

1032850

13.5

 

Number of Poles

Area (ha)

Number

Number /ha

S.E

(A) Hills

    

Chittagong

14378.8

5438360

378. 22

7. 8

Sylhet Forest Division

17816.7

10752630

603. 51

3.1

Cox's Bazar forest Division

19438.6

13593400

699. 3

4.3

Sub-Total

51634.1

29784390

57.8

 

(B) Coastal Afforestation

    

Noakhali CA

34223.2

63794783

1864.08

4.4

Chittagong CA division

20042.1

14789867

737.94

9.1

Bhola CA Division

12420.3

6846069

551.20

18.2

Patuakhali CA division

9848.1

5635674

572.26

12.6

Sub-Total

76533.7

91066393

1189.89

 

Number of Sapling

Area (ha)

Number

Number /ha

S.E

(A) Hills

    

Chittagong

14378.8

5209530

362. 31

11. 9

Sylhet Forest Division

17816.7

10814680

607

NA

Cox's Bazar Forest Division

19438.6

21400020

1100. 9

5.8

Sub-Total

51634.1

37424230

724.92

 

(B) Coastal Afforestation

    

Noakhali CA

34223.2

107859548

3151.65

7.2

Chittagong CA division

20,042.1

44152145

2202.97

11.3

Bhola CA Division

12420.3

2308934

185.90

24.4

Patuakhali CA division

9848.1

9530006

967.70

24.2

Sub-Total

76,533.7

163850633

2140.9

 

Number of Seedling

Area (ha)

Number

Number /ha

S.E

(A) Hills

    

Chittagong

14378.8

8821610

613. 52

14. 5

Sylhet Forest Division

17816.7

52445520

2943. 62

NA

Cox's Bazar Forest Division

19438.6

83967100

4319. 61

7.4

Sub-Total

51634.1

145234230

2812.76

 

(B) Coastal Afforestation

    

Noakhali CA

34223.2

457236668

13360.43

10.4

Chittagong CA division

20042.1

311229762

15528.80

8.3

Bhola CA Division

12420.3

7966256

641.39

26.8

Patuakhali CA division

9848.1

57512904

5840

16.8

Sub-Total

76533.7

833945591

10896.45

 

(Source: FICHT98, FISYL98, FISUN98, FICAD98, FICOX98)

Table 10. Growing stock of village forests

  

Unit

1981

Bamboo

Mature

Million Culms

443.78

 

Immature

Million Culms

611.15

Trees

>20 cm

Million M3

0.54

 

< 20 cm

Million No.

321.71

Palm (Borassus flabellifera)

Mature

Million Number

17.3

 

Immature

Million Number

10.4

Palm (Phoenix dactylifera)

Mature

Million Number

49.4

 

Immature

Million Number

9.7

Palm (Coconucifera)

Mature

Million Number

34.5

 

Immature

Million Number

14.7

Palm (Areca catechu)

Mature

Million Number

233.9

 

Immature

Million Number

99.1

(Source, VFI, FMP, 1992)

Table 11. Change in bamboo resources in village forests

A special study sponsored by Forestry Management Plan, 1992 undertook village Forest Inventory in Bangladesh in 1991. The data was collected based on the farm landholdings. The survey results were statistically calibrated based on distribution of landholding classes in the country.

Bamboo

 

Unit

1981

1992

 

Mature Culms

Per capita

2.5

4.3

 

Immature Culms

Per capita

7.5

7.0

( Source: VFI, FMP, 1992)

Table 12. Change in tree resources in village forests

A special study sponsored by Forestry Management Plan, 1992 undertook Village Forest Inventory in Bangladesh in 1991. The data was collected by landholdings and sample results were calibrated based on distribution of landholdings in the country. In following table, young trees below 20 cm diameter have not been considered for volume calculation and only their number have been presented.

 

Unit

1981

1992

Trees (20 cm and up in diameter)

Million M3

54.8

54.5

 

Million No.

67.5

197.9

Trees (below 20 cm in diameter)

Million No.

364.7

321.7

(Source: VFI, FMP, 1992)

Table 13. Biodiversity in PA's network

PA's

Species

Genera

Families

TGR

112

95

66

HNP

117

103

75

BNP

225

164

73

MNP

176

141

72

RKWS

69

60

45

CWS

107

96

71

CKMWS

88

83

48

SWS (East)

35

33

24

SWS (South)

22

21

14

SWS (West)

17

16

13

Total

968

812

501

(Source: Rosario, 1997(a), 1997(b))

Table 14. Protected areas in Bangladesh

Protected Areas

Forest Division

Biogeographic Zone

Area ("000" ha)

Teknaf GR

Cox's Bazar

TESEFBZ

10.225

Himchari NP

Cox's Bazar

TESEFBZ

1.729

Bhawal NP

Dhaka

DDFBZ

5.022

Madhupur NP

Tangail

DDFBZ

8.438

Ramsagar NP

Dinajpur

DDFBZ

0.052

Lawachara NP

Sylhet

TESEFBZ

1.250

Rema-Kalenga WS

Sylhet

TESEFBZ

1.795

Chunati WS

Chittagong

TESEFBZ

7.414

Pablakhali WS

CHT ( North)

TESEFBZ

42.087

Char Kukri Mukri WS

Bhola CA

SFBZ

2.106

Three Sanctuaries of Sunderbans

Three Sanct.

SFBZ

84.542

Total ( 13 PAs)

   

164.660

(Note: (a) TESEFBZ: Tropical Evergreen and Semi Evergreen Forest Biogeographic Zone,

(b) DDFBZ: Dry Deciduous Forest Biogeographic Zone, and (c) SFBZ: Sundrban Forest Biogeographic Zone)

(Source: Rosario 1997(a) 1997(b))

Table 15. Biodiversity in Teknaf Game Reserve

Species, Genus & Family

Trees

Shrubs

Palms

Grasses

Climbers

Herbs

Total

Species (no.)

62

12

1

3

16

18

112

Genera (no.)

49

10

1

3

15

17

95

Families (no.)

32

8

1

1

13

11

66

(Source: Rosario, 1997(a) 1997(b))

Table 16. Area of different habitat types in Teknaf Game Reserve

Habitat Type

Area in ha.

High Forest

2699

Low Forest

3719

Plantation

2396

Brushland

244

Brush w/Cultivation

253

Scaterred Trees w/grass

914

Sungrass

58

Settlement w/Cultivation

1079

Water Body

33

Cliffs/Steep Slopes

21

Open Area

24

Total

11440

(Source: Rosario 1997(a), 1997(b)

Table 17. Area of different habitat types in Himchari National Park

Habitat Type

Area in ha.

High Forest

186

Low Forest

1230

Brushland

1838

Plantation

3280

Scaterred Trees w/grass

1302

Encroachment/Blanks

99

Total

7935

( Source: Rosario 1997(a), 1997(b))

Table 18. Biodiversity in Himchari National Park

Species, Genus & Family

Trees

Shrubs

Grasses

Climbers

Herbs

Total

Species

58

15

4

19

21

117

Genera

49

15

4

17

18

103

Families

33

13

1

14

14

75

(Source: Rosario, 1997(a), 1997(b) )

Table 19. Area of different habitat types in Bhawal National Park

Habitat Type

Area in ha.

Low Forest

4472

Cultivation/Grass land

500

Lake and Riverine

50

Total

5022

( Source: Rosario 1997(a), 1997(b))

Table 20. Biodiversity in Bhawal National Park

Species, Genus & Family

Trees

Shrubs

Palms

Grasses

Climbers

Herbs

Total

Species (no.)

42

20

5

27

27

104

225

Genera (no.)

35

16

3

24

20

66

164

Families (no.)

19

9

1

1

15

28

73

(Source: Rosario, 1997(a), 1997(b))

Table 21. Biodiversity in Madhupur National Park

Species, Genus & Family

Trees

Shrubs

Palms

Grasses

Climbers

Herbs

Total

Species (no.)

73

22

1

8

27

45

176

Genera (no.)

52

20

1

8

24

36

141

Families (no.)

23

13

1

1

15

19

72

(Source: Rosario, 1997(a), 1997(b))

Table 22. Biodiversity in Rema-Kalenga Wildlife Sanctuary

Species, Genus & Family

Trees

Shrubs

Bamboos

Grasses

Climbers

Herbs

Total

Species (no.)

39

12

3

5

7

6

69

Genera (no.)

30

11

1

5

7

6

60

Families (no.)

23

9

1

1

7

4

45

(Source: Rosario, 1997(a), 1997(b))

Table 23. Area of different habitat types in Chunati Wildlife Sanctuary

Habitat Type

Area in ha.

Low Forest

4

Scaterred Trees w/grass

4936

Brushland

768

Plantation

1446

Open and eroded

29

Cultivation/Encroachment

230

WaterBody

1

Total

7414

( Source: Rosario 1997(a), 1997(b))

Table 24. Biodiversity in Chunati Wildlife Sanctuary

Species, Genus & Family

Trees

Shrubs

Bamboos

Palms

Grasses

Climbers

Herbs

Total

Species

37

17

1

1

7

16

28

107

Genera

33

16

1

1

7

13

25

96

Families

22

13

1

1

2

10

22

71

(Source: Rosario, 1997(a), 1997(b))

Table 25. Area of different habitat types in CKWMS

Habitat Type

Area in ha.

High Forest

1875

Open land/grass land

53

Sandbar/Shore area

141

Estuarine-riverine

37

Total

2106

(Source: Rosario 1997(a), 1997(b))

Table 26. Biodiversity in Char Kukri-Mukri Wildlife Sanctuary

Species, Genus & Family

Trees

Shrubs

Palms

Grasses

Climbers

Herbs

Total

Species

40

10

5

1

7

25

88

Genera

36

10

5

1

7

24

83

Families

18

9

1

1

4

15

48

(Source: Rosario, 1997(a), 1997(b))

Table 27. Area of different forest types in three sanctuaries of Sundarbans

 

East SWS

South SWS

West SWS

Total

Habitat Type

Area in ha.

Area in ha.

Area in ha.

Area in ha.

Closed forest

21808

17976

35316

75100

Open forest

298

785

4090

5173

Grassland

518

743

1034

2295

Blanks etc

555

590

804

1949

Plantations

19

0

6

25

Total

23198

20094

41250

84542

(Source: Rosario 1997(a), 1997(b))

Table 28. Biodiversity in three sanctuaries of Sunderbans

Species, Genus Family

Sanctuary

Trees

Shrub

Palm

Grass

Climber

Herbs

Total

Species

East

South

West

18

12

13

7

4

3

2

2

0

2

1

1

2

2

0

4

1

0

35

22

17

Genera

East

South

West

16

11

12

7

4

3

2

2

0

2

1

1

2

2

0

4

1

0

33

21

16

Families

East

South

West

11

9

9

6

3

3

1

1

0

1

1

1

2

2

0

4

1

0

24

14

13

(Source: Rosario, 1997(a), 1997(b))

Table 29. Landuse in Pas

Area in 000 ha

PA

Closed Forest

Open Forest

Shrub Forest

Fallow Forest

Plantation

Other

Total

Teknaf GR

6.418

0.914

0.244

0.000

2.396

0.253

10.225

Himchari NP

1.037

0.692

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

1.729

Lawachara NP

0.750

0.500

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

1.250

Rema-Kalenga

1.077

0.718

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

1.795

Chunati WS

0.000

0.004

0.769

4.936

1.446

0.259

7.414

Pablakhali WS

25.252

16.835

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

42.087

Bhawal NP

3.130

1.342

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.550

5.022

Madhupur NP

5.063

3.375

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

8.438

Ramsagar NP

0.031

0.021

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.052

Char Kukri Mukri

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.053

1.875

0.178

2.106

Sundarbans

75.100

5.173

0.000

4.244

0.025

0.000

84.542

Total

117.858

29.574

1.013

9.233

5.742

1.240

164.660

(Source: Rosario, 1997(a), 1997(b))

Table 30. Growth trends of livestock population

Type ofLivestock

Number of livestock in last three census (in million)

 

1960

1977

1984

Cattle

18.96

20.51

21.50

Buffaloes

0.46

0.47

0.57

Goats

5.66

8.44

13.56

Sheep

0.48

0.51

0.67

Total

25.56

29.93

36.3

(Source: SYB, 1997)

Table 31. Number of livestock by size of farm

 

Number (in million) by Farm size in 1984

 

0-0.4ha

0.4-1.0 ha

1.0-3.0 ha

3 ha &more

Total

Cattle

3.04

6.02

8.98

3.46

21.50

Buffaloes

0.02

0.05

0.22

0.28

0.57

Goats

3.39

3.71

4.83

1.63

13.56

Sheep

0.09

0.16

0.27

0.15

0.67

Total

6.54

9.93

14.30

5.53

36.29

(Source: SYB, 1997)

Table 32. Employment in major sectors of economy

Major Sector

Number inmillion

 

1986

1989

1991

1996

Agriculture

17.464

32.571

33.303

34.530

Mining

0.003

0.089

0.015

0.023

Manufacturing

3.019

6.976

5.925

4.085

Power

0.038

0.018

0.040

0.103

Construction

0.646

0.662

0.525

1.015

Different Services

9.391

9.832

10.350

14.841

Total

30.561

50.148

50.158

54.597

(Source: SYB, 1997)

Table 33. Change in share in employment over time

Percentage Share of Employment

Major Sector

1986

1989

1991

1996

Agriculture

57.14

64.95

66.40

63.25

Mining

0.01

0.18

0.03

0.04

Manufacturing

9.88

13.91

11.81

7.48

Power

0.12

0.04

0.08

0.19

Construction

2.11

1.32

1.05

1.86

Different Services

30.73

19.61

20.63

27.18

Total

100

100

100

100

(Source: SYB, 1997)

Table 34. Share of agriculture and other sectors in GDP

Percentage Share of Agriculture and Other sectors in GDP

 

1991-92

1992-93

1993-94

1994-95

1995-96

1996-97

1997-98

Agriculture

36.86

35.92

34.58

32.77

32.24

32.41

31.66

Mining

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.03

0.04

Industry

10.09

10.54

10.90

11.34

11.34

11.09

11.35

Construction

6.06

6.07

6.18

6.33

6.25

6.19

6.23

Power

1.47

1.59

1.74

1.86

1.94

1.86

1.87

Transport

11.81

11.86

12.00

12.17

12.12

12.19

12.32

Different Services

33.69

34.00

34.56

35.51

36.08

36.23

36.54

Total

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

(Source: SYB, 1997)

Table 35. Growth rates of contribution to GDP (at constant market price 1984-95)

Sectors

 

1991-92

1992-93

1993-94

1994-95

1995-96

1996-97

1997-98

Agriculture

 

2.19

1.81

0.34

-1.04

3.66

6.44

3.12

 

Crops

1.66

0.83

-1.62

-3.76

2.77

6.18

1.62

 

Forestry

2.35

2.96

4.00

4.51

4.26

4.19

4.3

 

Livestock

3.64

6.21

8.5

8.30

8.04

7.98

8.00

 

Fisheries

6.48

6.63

8.65

9.67

5.91

8.60

8.60

                 

Mining

 

17.5

13.89

13.08

13.22

27.00

27.59

25.23

Industry

 

7.33

9.08

7.85

8.64

5.29

3.54

8.06

Construction

 

4.45

4.81

6.00

6.98

4.02

4.86

6.20

Power&Utility

 

17.48

13.42

14.00

11.34

9.89

1.67

5.80

Transport&Comm

 

4.12

4.84

5.53

5.87

4.97

6.50

6.70

GDP(at const. MP)

 

4.23

4.48

4.22

4.45

5.35

5.90

5.57

(Source: SYB, 1997)

Table 36. Forestry contribution to GDP by different districts (at 1984 prices)
(in million Taka)

Old Districts

1989-90

1990-91

1991-92

1992-93

1993-94

1994-95

1995-96

1996-97

Dhaka

269

278

284

296

313

316

329

343

Mymensingh

173

177

181

190

201

203

212

221

Jamalpur

79

82

84

42

92

93

97

101

Tangail

261

265

271

285

301

304

317

330

Faridpur

30

31

31

33

35

35

36

38

Chittagong

1282

1274

1302

1366

1460

1474

1537

1601

Chittagong

6745

6642

6787

7133

7610

7687

8014

8350

Noakhali

47

48

49

52

54

55

57

59

Comilla

24

26

26

27

38

29

30

31

Sylhet

492

488

499

524

560

566

590

615

Rajshahi

69

70

72

76

80

81

85

89

Dinajpur

116

119

122

128

135

136

142

148

Rangpur

119

123

126

132

139

140

146

152

Bogra

21

22

22

23

24

25

26

27

Pabna

19

19

20

21

22

22

23

24

Khulna

3023

3137

3205

3370

3549

3582

3735

3892

Barisal

51

53

54

56

60

60

63

66

Patuakhali

62

64

66

69

72

73

76

79

Jessore

90

48

49

52

54

55

57

59

Kushtia

20

21

22

23

24

24

25

26

TOTAL

12992

12987

13272

13898

14823

14960

15597

16251

(Source: SYB, 1997)

Table 37. Contribution by different forest products to GDP
(in million Taka)

Forestry Contribution to GDP by products

 

1989-90

1990-91

1991-92

1992-93

1993-94

1994-95

1995-96

1996-97

Timber

4251

3528

3611

3717

3881

4410

4598

4791

 

(33.8)

(27.5)

(27.5)

(27.5)

(27.6)

(30.0)

(30.0)

(30.0)

Firewood

1003

1345

1377

1418

1472

1487

1550

1614

 

(8.0)

(10.5)

(10.5)

(10.5)

(10.5)

(10.1)

(10.1)

(10.1)

Bamboo

7131

7816

8000

8236

8553

8644

9012

9390

 

(56.7)

(60.8)

(60.9)

(60.8)

(60.8)

(58.8)

(58.8)

(58.8)

Minor Product

201

156

159

165

171

171

178

185

 

(1.6)

(1.2)

(1.2)

(1.2)

(1.2)

(1.2)

(1.2)

(1.2)

Total

12586

12845

13147

13536

14077

14712

15338

15980

 

(100.0)

(100.0)

(100.0)

(100.0)

(100.0)

(100.0)

(100.0)

(100.0)

Total as % of National GDP

 

2.31

2.25

2.21

2.20

2.19

2.15

2.12

(Note: Figure in brackets indicates percentage of yearly contribution by a products)
(Source: SYB, 1997)

Table 38. Share of agriculture and its sub-sectors in national GDP

Percentage Share of Agriculture and its sub-sectors in GDP

 

1991-92

1992-93

1993-94

1994-95

1995-96

1996-97

1997-98

Agriculture Sector

36.86

35.92

34.58

32.77

32.24

32.41

31.66

Agricultural Crops

28.93

27.92

26.35

24.28

23.69

23.75

22.86

Forestry

2.45

2.42

2.41

2.41

2.39

2.35

2.32

Livestock

2.73

2.77

2.88

2.99

3.07

3.13

3.20

Fisheries

2.76

2.82

2.94

3.08

3.10

3.18

3.27

(Source: SYB, 1997)

Table 39. Contribution of forest based industries to GDP
(in million Takas)

GDP by broad Category for Paper and Furniture Industries

 

1989-90

1990-91

1991-92

1992-93

1993-94

1994-95

1995-96

1996-97

Paper & Paper products

685

699

772

874

963

1071

1136

1174

Furniture & Fixture

47

48

53

60

66

73

77

80

Total

732

747

825

934

1029

1144

1213

1254

Percent of National GDP

 

0.13

0.14

0.15

0.16

0.17

0.17

0.17

(Source: SYB, 1997)

Table 40. Employment in forestry sector

 

Employment

Percent

Traditional Products

   

Private Land

345,200

43.1

Forest Land

97,900

12.2

Secondary Processing

   

Cottage Industry

288,000

36.0

Forest Industries

50,000

6.2

Plantations

19300

2.5

Total

800,400

100.0

(Note: includes rubber plantation and processing)
(Source: FMP, 1992)

Table 41. Physical output from forest areas

Outturn from Forest Areas

Products

Unit

1987-88

1988-89

1989-90

1990-91

1991-92

1992-93

1993-94

1994-95

Timber

Million CubM

0.40

0.35

0.19

0.24

0.19

0.23

0.19

0.17

Firewood

Million CubM

0.74

0.79

0.38

1.08

0.37

0.19

0.27

0.16

Golpatta

Million MT

0.08

0.07

0.07

0.07

0.07

0.07

0.07

0.06

Bamboo

Million No.

105.05

140.64

119.13

84.24

80.00

119.21

90.47

73.25

Sungrass

Million Bundle

1.53

1.38

1.12

0.64

0.46

1.02

1.09

2.15

Cane

"000" RunM

396.24

NA

NA

NA

725.12

199.64

895.50

NA

Honey

"000" MT

0.22

0.10

0.15

0.21

0.16

0.18

0.11

0.09

Wax

"000" MT

0.06

NA

NA

NA

0.04

0.04

0.03

0.00

Fish

"000" MT

6.33

7.79

5.07

8.47

4.72

5.53

5.09

5.33

(Source: SYB, 1997)

Table 42. Requirement of primary forest products

 

Demand Projections in million m3 round

 

2000

2005

2010

2015

Fuelwood

9.4

10.2

11.0

11.9

Sawlogs

5.4

5.8

6.3

6.8

Pulpwood

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.5

Poles

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

Total

15.4

16.7

18.1

19.5

(Based on FMP, 1992)

Table 43. Share in fuelwood consumption


Fuelwood

User Category

Share of different users (1991-92)

Weight

Percent

In Equivalent Energy Units

"000" tonnes

 

Peta Joules

Domestic

4,997

69.32

75.2

Industrial

2,046

28.49

30.9

Commercial

157

2.19

2.4

Total

7,180

100.00

108.5

(Source: The Fourth Five Year Plan, 1990-95)

Table 44. Estimated production of primary forest products

 

Roundwood Supply in "000" M3 (round)

2000

2005

2010

2015

Fuelwood

6824

7326

7865

8445

Sawlogs

1454

1588

1735

1895

Pulpwood

351

408

474

550

Poles

194

228

269

316

Total

8822

9550

10343

11206

(Basis: FMP, 1992)

Table 45. Requirement of paper products

Type of Paper Product

Paper Products in "000" ADT per annum

 

2000

2005

2010

2015

2020

Printing and writing

81.9

89.8

97.8

105.7

113.6

Newsprint

75.7

91.5

107.4

123.3

139.1

Wrapping and packaging

20.8

22.8

24.8

26.8

28.8

Total

178.4

204.1

230

255.8

281.5

(Note: Based on FMP, 1992)

Table 46. Installed pulp and paper capacity and production

Item

Installed Capacity

Latest Production

Pulp

Paper

Pulp

Paper

Newsprint

48,000

48,000

49,000

49,000

Printing/Writing

30,000

58,000

30,000

43,000

Industrial/Wrapping

8,000

48,000

8,000

8,000

Packaging

10,000

30,000

10,000

10,000

Pulp

30,000

-

20,000

-

Total

126,000

184,000

117,000

110,000

Rayon

-

2,400

-

1,800

Cellophone

-

1,500

-

800

(Source: FMP, 1992)

Table 47. Sawmill production and employment

 

Unit

In urban areas

In rural areas

Total

Number of Sawmills

In "000"

3.5

1.0

4.5

Production

Million m3 sawn wood

2.1

0.6

2.7

Employment

In "000"

26.4

6.5

32.9

(Source: FMP, 1992)

Table 48. Principal primary and secondary wood using industries

Industry

Number

Unit

Capacity

Production

Primary

       

Sawn wood

4,492

In "000"M3

5,868

2,726

Pulp

1

in "000" ADT

30.5

18.0

Newsprint

1

in "000" ADT

50.8

43.5

Paper

3

in "000" ADT

136.0

61.0

Rayon

1

in "000" ADT

2.4

1.2

Cellophane

Na

in "000" ADT

1.0

na

Particleboard

2

In "000" Sq.M

4,142

2,748

Hardboard

2

In "000" Sq.M

3,121

1,589

Plywood

8

In "000" Sq.M

2,787

1,248

Tea chest

8

In "000" No

na

Na

Match

18

In "000" Gross boxes

15,000

12,400

Pencil

1

In "000" Gross

194,000

Na

Secondary

       

Seasoning

6

In "000" M3

28.3

Na

Treatment

6

In "000" M3

62.3

Na

Bobbins

12

In "000" No

3,100

Na

Furniture

1

In "000" M3

1,700

Na

Door/Window

3

In "000" M3

83.6

Na

(Note: na = information not available) (Source: FMP, 1992)

Table 49. Forest landuse in Bangladesh

Type of Forest Landuse

Area

Percentage

Percentage

 

"000" ha

(with legal forest area )

(with Country area )

(i) Forest land under Forestry Use

     

Under Forests, Plantations including Protected Areas

1065.6

48.14

7.18

Blanks/Encroachment/Water/Other

106.9

4.83

0.72

(ii) Forest land not under forestry use

     

Other Blanks and Encroachments

1041.1

47.03

7.02

Total of Public Forests (legal area)

2213.6

100

14.92

Total Private Forest land

270.0

 

1.82

Total Other uses including Agriculture

12356.0

 

83.26

Total Area of the Country

14839.6

 

100

(Source: SYB, 1997 and Forest Dept., 1999)

Table 50. Spatial distribution of forest areas

Forest Type

Location

Area mill. ha

(i) Hill Forest (Tropical moist evergreen and Tropical evergreen)

Managed Forests

Chittagong, Sylhet, Kassalong, Kankhiang, Sitaphar, Cox's Bazar, Chittagong, Barisal etc.

0.508

USF

Hill tracts district (Rangamati, Bandarban, Khagrachari)

0.661

(ii) Plain land Sal Forest (Tropical moist deciduous)

Plain Sal Forests

Dhaka, Tangail, Mymensingh, Dinajpur and other North western parts.

0.122

(iii) Mangrove (Tropical Evergreen)

Sundarbans

South West (Khulna, Satkhira areas)

0.411

Coastal

Bhola, Noakhali, Patuakhali, and Chittagong and adjacent coastal areas

0.079

(iv) Village forests

Village forests

All over the country in homesteads

0.27

(Source: FMP, 1992 and Forest Dept., 1999)

Previous PageTop Of PageNext Page