Participatory Processes Towards Co-Management of Natural Resources in Pastoral Areas of the Middle East

A Training of Trainers Source Book
Based on the Principles of
Participatory Methods and Approaches

Dawn Chatty, Stephan Baas, Anja Fleig
Prepared and Tested
in Collaboration with the Project
“Range Rehabilitation and Establishment of a
Wildlife Reserve in the Syrian Steppe”

Table of Contents

Rome and Palmyra

Table of Contents

Introduction to the Sourcebook

Module I: Preparing for Training and Facilitating

SECTION A - Preparing a Training Workshop

Session 1: Exploring training needs
Session 2: Development of training objectives, outputs, topics, contents and inputs of a training workshop
Session 3: Training Schedules and Agendas
Session 4: Organising the framework of a workshop
Session 5: Designing a training session

SECTION B - Conducting the Workshop

Session 6: Basic approaches, techniques and skills
Session 7: Facilitating and debriefing of training activities
Session 8: Monitoring and Evaluation of Training Workshops

SECTION C - Attitudes & Behaviour in Participatory Processes

Session 9: Creating awareness of attitudes and behaviour
Session 10: Processes of changing attitudes and behaviour

SECTION D - Facilitation in the Field

Session 11: Facilitation in the Field

Module II: Introducing Participatory Approaches, Methods and Tools

Session 1: River Code
Session 2: What are participatory approaches? A brief history
Session 3: Typology of Participation
Session 4: Key Principles of Applying Participatory Methods/Tools
Session 5: Participatory Attitudes and Behaviour
Session 6: Teamwork Skills in the context of participation
Session 7: PRA/PLA Tools, Role Playing and Energisers
Session 8: Adaptation and modification of tools
Session 9: Combining and Grouping of tools
Session 10: Participation as process: A cycle of (iterative) learning and action

Module III: Working Together

Session 1: Existing types of groups in the context of working together
Session 2: Characteristics of working together successfully
Session 3: Advantages and disadvantages of working together
Session 4: Group dynamics and types of behaviour
Session 5: Communication within groups and traditional forms of communication
Session 6: Encouraging group formation for natural resource management
Session 7: Leadership and participatory management of groups
Session 8: Decision-making in groups

Module IV: Dealing with Conflict in Resource Management

SECTION A: Theoretical and conceptual background

Session 1: Ways of understanding conflict
Session 2: Typology of conflicts
Session 3: Mechanisms to deal with conflicts

SECTION B: Anticipating and preparing for conflicts

Session 4: Anticipating and addressing latent conflict
Session 5: Analysing conflicts: General Approaches
Session 6: Analysing conflicts: Stakeholder Assessment
Session 7: Analysing conflicts: Root Causes

SECTION C: Managing actual conflict

Session 8: Developing a strategy for conflict resolution
Session 9: Negotiation skills - empowerment of stakeholder groups
Session 10: Advantages and opportunities of conflicts
Session 11: Closing session on conflict management