Previous Page Table of Contents


Alongi, D. 1989. The fate of bacterial biomass and production in marine benthic food chains. In T. Hattori, Y. Ishida, Y. Maruyama, R.Y. Monta and A. Achida (eds.). Recent Advances in Microbial Ecology. Japan Scientific Societies Press, Tokyo, p. 355-359.

Alongi, D. 1990. The ecology of tropical soft-bottom benthic ecosystems. Oceanography and Marine Biology Annual Reviews, 28:381-496.

Alongi, D. 2003. Present state and future of the world's mangrove forests, Environmental Conservation [in press].

Blaber S.J.M., Brewer D.T. & Salini J.P. 1989. Species composition and biomasses of fishes in different habitats of a tropical Northern Australian estuary; their occurrence in the adjoining sea and estuarine dependence, Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 29:509-531.

Boto, K.G.B. 1984. Water logged saline soils. In S.C. Snedaker & J.G. Snedaker (eds.), The Mangrove Ecosystem, Research methods, UNESCO, Paris. p. 114-130.

DOF. 1999. Status of Fisheries in Myanmar. Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Union of Myanmar.

FAO/NACA. 2000. Asia Regional Technical Guidelines on Health Management for the Responsible Movement of Live Aquatic Animals and the Beijing Consensus and Implementation Strategy. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 402. Rome, FAO. 2000. 53 pp.

FAO. Support to Special Plan for Prawn and Shrimp Farming, Myanmar. TCP/MYA/4554. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (available at

FAO. Terminal Report. Environmentally Sustainable Food Security and Micro-income.

FAO. Opportunities in the Ayeyarwaddy (Delta)-MYA/99/008. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

FAO. Aquatic Resources: (available at

FAO. 2002. Myanmar Fishery Profies: (available at

JICA. 2000. Project Formulation Survey for Sustainable Management of Mangrove Ecosystem and Its Extension for Villages in the Union of Myanmar, Prepared by National Consulting Group, JICA Myanmar Office, March 2000.

Kathiresan, K. & Bingham, B.L. (2001). Biology of Mangroves and Mangrove Systems, Advances in Marine Biology 40:81-251.

Kutty, M.N. 1995. Aquaculture micro-projects in the dry zone under the HDI programme. (UNDP/FAO project MYA/93/004). Consultant's Report, 11th July-12th September, 1995.

Massel, S. 1999. Surface wave propagation in mangrove forests, Fluid Dyanmics Research. 24, 219-249.

Muang Muang San. 1999. Report on the aquaculture micro-project of CDRT in Mrauk Oo, Minbya, Kyautaw of East Rakhine State. UNDP/Community Development for Remote Township project (MYA/96/009).

Mazda Y., Wolanski E. & Ridd P. 1997. Mangroves as coastal protection from waves in the Tong King delta, Vietnam, Mangroves and Salt Marshes, 1:127-35.

Minn Thame. 2002. Present status of coastal aquaculture in Myanmar. Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries. 3rd December 2002.

Mya Than. 1988. Growth Pattern of Burmese Agriculture: A Productivity Approach, Institute of South East Asian Studies, AEAN Economic Research Unit, ISEAS Occasional Paper No. 81.

MoI. 2000. Myanmar Facts and Figures 2000. Published by Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar.

Othman, M.A. 1994. Value of mangroves in coastal protection. Hydrobiologia 285:277-282.

Pauly, D. & Ingles, J. 1986. The relationship between shrimp yields and intertidal vegetation (mangrove) areas: a reassessment. In IOC/FAO Workshop on recruitment in tropical coastal demersal communities - submitted papers, Cuidad De Carmpeche, Mexico, 21-25 April, 1986, IOC UNESCO, Paris. p. 227-284.

Phillips, M.J. & Penporn Janekarnkij. 1995. Report on a socio-economics/environment mission to Myanmar under the Myanmar Human Development Initiative (HDI) programme of UNDP (9th-23rd July 1995).

RFESC. 1998. Union of Myanmar: Review of The Financial, Economic and Social Conditions for 1997/98, Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development, Rangoon.

Robertson A.I., Alongi D. & Boto, K. 1992. Food Chains and Carbon Fluxes, In I. Robertson & D. Alongi (eds.), Tropical Mangrove Ecosystems, American Geophysical Union, Washington DC.

Robertson A.I. & Blaber S. 1992. Plankton, Epibenthos and Fish Communities In I. Robertson & D. Alongi (eds.), Tropical Mangrove Ecosystems, American Geophysical Union, Washington DC.

Robertson A.I. & Duke, N. 1990. Recruitment, growth and residence time of fishes in a tropical Australian mangrove system, Estuarine Coastal Shelf Science 31:725-745.

RP. 1974. Report to the People, 1974, Ministry of National Planning and Finance, Burma, Rangoon.

RPH. 1978. Report to the Pyithu Hluttaw on The Financial, Economic and Social Conditions of The Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma for 1978-79, Ministry of Planning and Finance, Rangoon.

Saenger P., Hegerl E.G. & Davie J.D.S. 1983. Global Status of Mangrove Ecosystems, The Environmentalist 3:1-88.

Semeniuk, V. 1980. Mangrove zonation along an eroding coastline in King Sound, north-western Australia. Journal of Ecology. 68:789-812.

Spalding M., Blasco F., and Field C. 1997. World Mangrove Atlas, The International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems, Okinawa, Japan, 178 pp.

Thayer G.W., Colby D.R. & Hettler W.F. 1987. Utilization of the red mangrove prop root habitat in Florida: a review. In A. Yanez-Acacibia (ed.) Marine ecosystems in tropical America: structure, function and management, EPOMEX Serie Cientifica, Mexico City.

Tin Win. 2002. Grouper aquaculture in Myanmar. p. 109-118. In: APEC/NACA/BOBP/GOI. 2002. Report of the Regional Workshop on Sustainable Seafarming and Grouper Aquaculture, Medan, Indonesia, 17-20 April 2000. Collaborative APEC Grouper Research and Development Network (FWG 01/99). Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific, Bangkok, Thailand. 224 pp.

Win Lat. 2003. FAO - NACA Regional Study on Commercial Aquaculture Development: Policy perspective (Myanmar Country Report). Draft report prepared for FAO and NACA.

Win Oo. 2001. Present status of fisheries of the Union of Myanmar and status of cold water fishes in Myanmar. Paper presented to the Symposium on Coldwater Fisheries of the Trans-Himalayan Region (10th-13th July 2001), Kathmandu, Nepal.

WRI. 2002. Reefs at Risk in Southeast Asia. Lauretta Burke (WRI), Liz Selig (WRI), and Mark Spalding (UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK).

WWF. 2002. Myanmar coast mangroves. (available at im1404_full.html).

Previous Page Top of Page