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Allison, E.H, Ellis, F. (2001) The Livelihoods Approach and Management of Small-Scale Fisheries, Marine Policy, Vol 25 (5) September 2001

Argyris, C., Ayales, I., Mclain Smith, E.D. (1990) Action Science (San Fransico: Jossey-Bass Publisher)

Ashley, C., Carney, D. (1999) Sustainable Livelihoods: Lessons from Early Experience (DFID)

Ashley, C. (2000) Working Paper 134: Applying Livelihoods Approaches to Natural Resource Management Initiatives: Experiences in Namibia and Kenya (ODI)

Ashley, C., Hussein, K. (2000) Working Paper 129: Developing Methodologies for Livelihood Impact Assessment: Experience of the African Wildlife Foundation in East Africa (ODI)

Barbier, E.B. (2000) The Economic Linkages Between Rural Poverty and Land Degradation: Some Evidence from Africa IN Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Vol 82 (1 -3) December 2000 (Elsevier Science Ltd)

Baumann, P. (2002) The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach and Improving Access to Natural Resources for The Rural Poor: A Critical analysis of central concepts and emerging trends (FAO)

Baumann, P., Bruno, M., Cleary, D., Flores, X., et al (2003) Applying People-Centred Approaches in FAO: Some Practical Lessons (Work in Progress - FAO)

Batterbury, S.P.G., (1998) “Local Environmental Management, Land Degradation and the 'Gestion des Terroirs' Approach in West Africa: policies and pitfalls”. Journal of International Development 10:871-898. (1998)

Borrini Feyerabend, G. (1996) Collaborative Management of Protected Areas: Tailoring the Approach to the Context (Gland, CH: IUCN)

Cain, J., Batchelor, C., Waughray, D. Belief Networks: A Framework for the Participatory Development of Natural Resource Management Strategies Environment, Development and Sustainability 1 (1999) (Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands)

Carney, D. Discussion Paper for DfID SL Meeting, 25th October 2001: SL Issues Paper (DFID, 2001)

Carney, D., Drinkwater, M., Rusinow, T., et al Livelihoods Approaches Compared: A brief comparison of the livelihoods approaches of the UK DFID, CARE, Oxfam and the UNDP (DFID, 1999)

Carney, D. (ed.) Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: What Contribution can we Make? (DFID, London, 1998)

Catenacci, B. (2000) Local Economic Development Agencies (Rome: UNOPS, OIT, Cooperazione Italiana)

Dalal-Clayton, B., Dent, D., Dubois, O. (eds) Rural Planning in the Developing World with a Special Focus on Natural Resources: Lessons Learned and Potential Contributions to Sustainable Livelihoods (DFID & IIED, 2000)

DFID Sustainable Livelihoods Guidance Sheets (DFID, 2001)

DFID Briefing Sustainable Livelihoods and Poverty Elimination (December 1999)

Dourojeanni, A. (1993). Procedimientos de gestión para un desarrollo sustentable (Serie “Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo” N° 3. Santiago de Chile: CEPAL.)

Dourojeanni, A. (1994) Políticas publicas para el desarrollo sustentable (Lima: INRENA.)

Fals-Borda, O. & Rahman, M.A (1991) Action and Knowledge: Breaking the Monopoly with Participatory Action-Research. (London and New York: Intermediate Technology Publications and Apex Press)

FAO (1999) Guidelines for Agrarian Systems Diagnosis. (Rome: FAO-SDAA)

Franceschetti. G. (ed) (2000). Dinamiche fondiarie nelle aree periurbane. Sintesi dei lavori del gruppo di confronto Università degli Studi di Padova/FAO. (Rapporto interno del Dipartimento Territorio e Sistemi Agro-Forestali N. 62. Pádua: Università degli Studi)

Freire, Paulo. 1971. Pedagogia degli oppressi (Milano: Mondadori)

Garofoli, G. (1998) “Desarrollo rural e industrialización difusa: aprendiendo de la experiencia italiana”. (Memoria del Seminario Interrelación Rura-Urbana y Desarrollo Descentralizado. Políticas agrícolas, número especial (pp.39 - 70))

Giarracca, N. (ed.). Una nueva ruralidad en América Látina? (Buenos Aires: CLACSO.)

Gobierno de Bolivia (1999). Guía metodológica para la formulación de planes de ordenamiento territorial y municipal. (La Paz: Ministerio de Desarrollo Sostenible y Planificación)

Gobierno de Colombia (1998) Lineamientos para la política nacional de ordenamiento ambiental del territorio. (Santa Fé de Bogotá: Ministerio del Medio Ambiente)

Grojean, R., Dubois, O., Diakité, M.M., Leach, M. Evaluation Interne du Programme Eco-Développement Participatif du FENU (FENU, 1998)

Groppo, P., Clementi, S. and Ravera, F. (2003). Desde el diagnóstico participativo. Hacia la mesa de negociación: orientaciones metodológicas. Reforma Agraria: Colonización y Cooperativas 2003/1 (in press).

Hobley, M. Transformation of Organisations for Poverty Eradication: The Implications of Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches (DFID, 2000)

Kaya, B., Hildebrande, P.E., Nair, P.K.R. Modelling Changes in Farming Systems with the adoption of improved fallows in Southern Mali. IN Agricultural Systems, Vol 66 (1) October 2000 (Elsevier Science Ltd)

Keating, B.A., McCown, R.L. Advances in Farming Systems Analysis and Intervention IN Agricultural Systems, Vol 20 (2 -3) November - December 2001 (Elsevier Science Ltd)

Lynam, J. A History of Farming Systems Research IN Agricultural Systems, Vol 73 (2) August 2002 (Elsevier Science Ltd)

Manzetti, G. Brazilianising the Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches (DFID, August 2001)

Mazoyer, M. & Roudart, L. (1997) Histoire des agricultures du monde. Du néolitique à la crise contemporaine. (Paris: Seuil)

Ouedraogo, B., Ouedraogo, H.M.G., Elaboration de l’avant-projet d’arrêté portant constitution, attribution, organisation et fonctionnement des commissions villageoises de gestion des terroirs (CVGESTION DE TERROIRS) (Ministère de l’Agriculture, Burkina Faso, May 1999)

Power, A.G., Linking Ecological Sustainability and World Food Needs IN Environment, Development and Sustainability 1 (1999) (Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands)

Pretty, J. Can Sustainable Agriculture Feed Africa? New Evidence on Progress, Process and Impacts IN Environment, Development and Sustainability 1 (1999) (Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands)

SDAA Team (2003) El diagnóstico territorial participativo. Hacia la mesa de mesa de nregociación. Orientaciones metodlógicas. (Draft for discussion. Rome: FAO - SDAA)

SDAA, CIAT, IRD (2003). Propuesta preliminar del taller latino américano: “Territorio y desarrollo sostenible. (Cali, Combia: FAO, CIAT, Université de Montpellier)

Schejtman, A. (1999) “Las dimensiones urbanas en el desarrollo rural”. Revista de la Cepal, 67. (Santiago de Chile: CEPAL.)

Schejtman, A & Berdegué, J.A. (2003) Desarrollo Territorial Rural. (draft for discussion). (Santiago de Chile: FIDA/BID)

Toulmin, C. Gestion de Terroir: Concept and Development (UNSO, 1994)

Von Haldernwang, C. (1997) “Descentralización, fases de ajuste y legitimación”. Diálogo científico, 6, 2:9-26.

Wackernagel, M., Yount, J.D. Footprints for Sustainability - The Next Steps Environment, Development and Sustainability 2: (2000) (Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands)

Warren, P. (1998) Developing Participatory and Integrated Watershed Management. A Case Study of the FAO/Inter-Regional Project for Participatory Upland Conservation. (Community Forestry Case Study N° 13. Rome: FAO, “Forests, Trees and People Programme”)

Warren, P. (2001) Reflexiones sobre ordenamiento territorial local e investigación-acción partecipativa en America Latina. (Unpublished working paper. Rome: FAO - SDAA)

Internet Resources

Asche, H., Breustedt, C., Kampmann, M. et al (2000) Poverty Reduction Strategies in Developing Countries: The New Approach of the HIPC II Initiative (GTZ)

Ayres, R.U & Weaver, P.M. (1998) Eco-restructuring: Implications for Sustainable Development (UN University Press):

Barraud, V., Bérété, S., Intartaglia, D. Des Instances Paritaires Pour Gérer des Ressources Communes? (2000):

Baumann, P. (2000) Working Paper 136: Sustainable Livelihoods and Political Capital: Arguments and Evidence from Decentralisation and Natural Resource Management in India (ODI)

Bebbington, A. (1998) “Capitals and Capabilities: A framework for analysing peasant viability, rural livelihoods and poverty in the Andes” (IIED/DFID):

Bonnal, J. Relating Social Capital, Traditional Community Institutions and Decentralisation Processes The Online Sourcebook on Decentralization and Local Development

Bouttier, N. (1996) Décentralisation et Développement Local: Quels Projets Pour les Territoires? From:

De Satgé, R. Examining the DFID SL Framework: Concepts and Critiques, IDL:

Ditchburn, L., Biot, Y., Armstrong, G., Wheatley, J. Sustainable Livelihoods Approach: Latin America DFID:

DFID Better Livelihoods for Poor People: The Role of Agriculture (Consultation Document) (DFID, May 2002):

Dixon, J., Gulliver, A., Gibbon, D., Hall, M. Farming Systems and Poverty: Improving Farmers’ Livelihoods in a Changing World (FAO, 2001) Also available:

Donnelly-Rourke, P., Ouedraogo, K., Ye, X. Can Local Institutions Reduce Poverty? Rural Decentralisation In Burkina Faso (World Bank, 2001)

Drabo, B., Dutilly-Diané, C., Grell, H., McCarthy, N. Institutions, action collective et utilisation des ressources pastorales dans le Sahel Burkinabé: Rapport Final (IIED, Sept 2001):

Eberlei, W. Institutionalised Participation in Processes Beyond the PRSP (GTZ, 2001):

Edja, H. Land Rights Under Pressure: Access to Resources in Southern Benin (IIED/GRET, May 2001)

FAO Medium Term Plan 2004 - 2009: Priority Areas for Inter-Disciplinary Action - Local Institution Building to Improve Capacity for Achieving Sustainable Rural Livelihoods

Farrington, J., Carney, D., Ashley, C., Turton, C. Sustainable Livelihoods in Practice: Early Applications of Concepts in Rural Areas IN Natural Resource Perspectives, Number 24, July 1999 (ODI, 1999):

FENU Résultats des Évaluations - 1999 - Mali (UNCDF, 1999):

Foster, M., Mackintosh-Walker, S. Working Paper 157:Sector-Wide Programs and Poverty Reduction (ODI, 2001)

Freudiger, P., Jacob, J-P., Naudet, J-D. Stratégies et Instruments du Développement à l’échelle locale: Examen Comparatif à Partir du cas Burkinabé (1999):

Gallopin, G.C. The restructuring of tropical land use systems From Ayres, R.U. & Weaver, P.M. (UNU, 1998):

Goodrich, R. Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: A Summary of Research in Mali and Ethiopia (Institute of Development Studies, 2001):

GTZ Presentation of Products for Poverty Reduction Strategies: Instruments, Methods, Approaches

Heaps, C., Humphreys, S., Kemp-Benedict, E., et al Sustainable Development in West Africa: Beginning the Process (Stockholm Environment Institute, Boston, 1999):

Heidbrink, K., Paulus, S. Strategies for Sustainable Development in the Thicket of National Planning Processes (GTZ, 2000):

Hussein, K., Pesche, D., Sustainable Livelihoodsaymaker, T. Sharing Lessons from Collaborative Franco-British - West African research and policy initiatives in West Africa: Relevance to Rural Development Policy and Processes. (ODI, 2001):

Hussein, K., Montagu, S. Hill Agricultural Research Project (HARP) Nepal: Lessons for the policy, institutions and processes dimensions of the Sustainable Livelihoods approach (DFID, September 2000):

IFAD Brazil: Second Ceara Integrated Rural Development Project (051-BR):

IFAD Mexico - Oaxaca Integrated Rural Development Project (036 - ME):

IIED Notes from DfID’s workshop on land rights and sustainable development in Sub-Saharan Africa (IIED/DFID, 1999)

IIED, DFID, CARE, et al National Strategies for Sustainable Development: New Thinking and Time for Action (2002) (Prepared for WSSD, Johannesburg)

Intartaglia, D., Corrèze, A. (eds) Le Développement Local Entre Décentralisation et Privatisation (2002):

Intendencia Municipal de Montevideo (1997) Plan de ordenamiento territorial de Montevideo. (Internet Edition)

Lopez Ornat, A. Strategies for Sustainability: Latin America (NSSD, 1996):

Lund, C. African Land Tenure: Questioning Basic Assumptions. (IIED, 2000) Dryland Networks Programme Issues Paper no.100.

Marsh, R. (2002) Working with Local Institutions to Support Sustainable Livelihoods (FAO: SD Dimensions):

Meyer, K., Schmidt, A., Schmidt G. The Role Of Participation in PRSP: The View of German Technical Cooperation (GTZ, 2001)

Municipio de Santiago de Cali. (1999) Plan de ordenamiento territorial de Santiago de Cali. (Internet Edition)

Ribot, J (1998) ‘Decentralization, Participation and Accountability in Sahelian Forestry: Legal Instruments of Political-administrative Control', Pluralism email network, FAO

Singh, N., Gilman, J. Employment and Natural Resources Management: A Livelihoods Approach to Poverty Reduction SEPED Conference Paper Series No.5

Singh, N., Wanmali, S. Sustainable Livelihoods Concept Paper (UNDP, 1998):

Singh, N.C., Strickland, R. Sustainability, Poverty and Policy Adjustment: From Legacy to Vision (IISD, 1994)

Tall, M. (2000) Presentation to IIED: Institutionalising Participatory Processes in Natural Resource Management in Senegal and Burkina Faso, from:

UNDP Projet Pilote Pour La Gestion Rationnelle De Terroirs Villageois (PGRTV) CHD/91/X01: République du Tchad

UNDP Gestion Intégrée Des Ressources Naturelles Des Terroirs Villageois Dans L’Arrondissement de Mayahi: Assistance Préparatoire: République du Niger

UNDP Sustainable Livelihoods: Lessons Learned from Global Programme Experience:

UNDP Back-To-Office Report on Sustainable Urban Livelihoods in Ecuador (21-29 June 1999):

Wanmali, S. Participatory Assessment and Planning for Rural Livelihoods (UNDP, 1998):

World Bank West Africa: Community Based Natural Resource Management IN Findings: Africa Region, Number 107, March 1998:

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