The Role of Local Institutions and their
Interaction in Disaster Risk Mitigation:
A Literature Review

By Norman M. Messer

September 2003


1. Introduction

2. Background and Justification

3. Conceptual Background and Working Definitions

4. Objective, Methodology and Scope

5. Overview of Local Institutional Responses to Natural Disasters

6. The Legal and Regulatory Environment: Implications of Sectoral Approaches

7. The Promise of Decentralisation

8. Community-Based Self-Help Approaches and Other Civil Society Initiatives

9. Horizontal and Vertical Institutional Interactions at Local-, Meso-, and Macro Levels

10. Mapping Local Institutions in the Disaster Risk Mitigation Cycle

10.1 Preparedness: Insurance
10.2 Mitigation: Microfinance institutions

11. Elements of a Typology of Successful Local Institutions in Disaster Risk Mitigation

12. How to Facilitate Institutional Linkages and foster a Collaborative Approach

13. Impact of the Wider Local Institutional Environment

14. Some Differences Related to Types of Disaster

15. Contribution of the Natural Sciences to DRM and Interdisciplinarity in NRM

16. Household Level Poverty Constraints to DRM

17. Participatory Planning and Technology Uptake

17.1 The Role of Technical Assistance: Community Hazard and Vulnerability Mapping
17.2 Communication and Information Dissemination Technology

18. Tools that can be used at the Meso and Macro Levels: The Importance of the Organisational Framework for Working with Local Actors

19. Towards an “Enabling Environment” for Local Institutional Development in DRM

20. The Role of National Governments and the “International Community”

21. Implications for Investments...

21.1 ...In Agricultural Development...
21.2 ...In Natural Resource Management...
21.3 ...In Training

22. Linking Disaster Risk Mitigation with Long-Term Sustainable Rural Development

23. Some Policy Recommendations summed up: “Best Practices” and “Lessons Learned”

24. Concluding remarks

25. References

26. Web sites


Summary Matrix of selected “best practices” by actor and emergency phase

Terms of Reference