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Summary Matrix of selected “best practices” by actor and emergency phase


Pre-emergency phase

Emergency phase

Post-emergency phase









Hazard risk diagnosis

Maintain public infrastructure

Construct infra-structure to protect property

Tap customary solidarity networks

Community mobilisation for joint action

Provide moral support and advice

“Local-level” NGOs

Provide skills training to local CBOs

Hh vulnerability assessments

Carry out awareness raising campaigns

Deploy trainers on hygiene & health

Psychological counselling & support

Def. local priorities to red. vulnerability


Hazard risk diagnosis

Promote mitigation practices

Spread risk across portfolio

Client damage assessments

Loan rescheduling a.o. special activities

Integrate DR M in development activity

Local emergency committees

Hazard risk diagnosis

Hh vulnerability assessments

Prepare evacuation plans

Set up search & rescue committees

Set up food aid committees

Advise how to reduce local vulnerability

Locally respected persons

Awareness raising campaigns

Solicit external technical assistance on DRM

Carry out awareness raising campaigns

Act as advisory focal points

Promote improved technologies

Fight “fatalistic” attitudes

Local government

Draft a local disaster prevention plan

Watershed/river basin planning

Prepare evacuation and contingency plans

Provide shelter to displaced hhs

Set up rehab. projects for public goods

Rec. info on hhs settled in high risk areas

“Meso-level” NGOs

Provide skills training to local NGOs

Watershed/river basin planning

Skills training to local NGOs

Mediate between national and local level

Set up rehab. projects for private goods

Promotr local institutional development

Provincial government

Set local admin. rules, eg prohibit sand xtraction, tree cutting, etc.

Promote multisectoral, integrated approaches in DRM

Provide agroecological and GIS data for national disaster relief plan

Coordinate nat. & internat. government & civil society actors

Implement FFW a.o. rehabilitation programmes

Protect roads against land-slides, reinforce slopes, improve gullies...

National government

Invest in early-warning systems

Pass construction code & safety regulations

Prepare nationnal disaster relief plan

Declare a disaster (& state of emergency)

Set up emergency & recovery fund

Prepare Codes of Conduct in relief & dev’t.

International “community”

Raise awareness on sustainable NRM

Ensure quality in donorfunded innfrastructure projects

Stop treating DRM as an exceptional activity

Mobilise financial aid as grants & long-term loans

Fund FFW a.o. rehabilitation programmes

Mainstream DRM activities in dev’t. planning

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