While detailed investigations are being undertaken and the remediation strategy is being developed, emergency risk reduction measures should be put in place immediately to safeguard public health and the environment. These measures should be simple and quick to implement. However, a risk assessment should be undertaken first to avoid risks of further exposure during their implementation. Examples of such measures can include:
Some remediation strategies take years to implement especially where external funding needs to be raised. This is often the case in low to middle-income countries. In the meantime, implementing such emergency measures will ensure that the public is protected and exacerbation of the pollution is minimized. Where there is a long delay between the emergency measures and the implementation of the remediation strategy, the impacted communities and the site should be monitored to ensure that the measures remain effective (Toichuev et al., 2017; Weber et al., 2019, 2018).