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ANNEX 9: Subnational cost and affordability of a healthy diet by urban–rural catchment area in selected countries in Africa

Presented below are complementary results for the analysis of the cost and affordability of subnational healthy diet baskets in 11 Western, Eastern and Southern African countries (see Table A5.1 for list of countries).

Figure A9.1 shows the average share cost of each food group in a subnational healthy diet basket across ten URCA categories for high- and low-food-budget countries.

Figure A9.1Cost contribution of each food group as share of total cost of a healthy diet in selected high- and low-food-budget countries in Africa across the rural–urban continuum (URCA)

SOURCE: Holleman, C. & Latino, L. 2023. Variations in the subnational cost and affordability of a healthy diet for selected countries in Africa. Background paper for The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2023. FAO Agricultural Development Economics Working Paper 23-10. Rome, FAO. SOURCE: Holleman, C. & Latino, L. 2023. Variations in the subnational cost and affordability of a healthy diet for selected countries in Africa. Background paper for The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2023. FAO Agricultural Development Economics Working Paper 23-10. Rome, FAO.
NOTES: All surveys are 2018/19, except Malawi (2019/20). See Table A5.1 for the list of 11 Western, Eastern and Southern African countries. See Table 10 for the definition and list of high- and low-food-budget countries.
SOURCE: Holleman, C. & Latino, L. 2023. Variations in the subnational cost and affordability of a healthy diet for selected countries in Africa. Background paper for The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2023. FAO Agricultural Development Economics Working Paper 23-10. Rome, FAO.

Table A9.1Comparison of average food expenditure and cost of a healthy diet basket for selected high- and low-food-budget countries in Africa

SOURCE: Holleman, C. & Latino, L. 2023. Variations in the subnational cost and affordability of a healthy diet for selected countries in Africa. Background paper for The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2023. FAO Agricultural Development Economics Working Paper 23-10. Rome, FAO.
NOTES: Average household food consumption and average cost of a healthy diet by high- and low-food-budget country and by country, expressed in PPP dollars per person per day (PPP = purchasing power parity), and the ratio of the cost of a healthy diet and average household food consumption. A ratio greater than 1 shows how many times a healthy diet is more expensive than the average food expenditure. All surveys are 2018/19, except Malawi (2019/20). See Table 10 for the definition and list of high- and low-food-budget countries.
SOURCE: Holleman, C. & Latino, L. 2023. Variations in the subnational cost and affordability of a healthy diet for selected countries in Africa. Background paper for The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2023. FAO Agricultural Development Economics Working Paper 23-10. Rome, FAO.

Table A9.2Subnational cost of a healthy diet in selected high- and low-food-budget countries in Africa across the rural–urban continuum (URCA)

SOURCE: Holleman, C. & Latino, L. 2023. Variations in the subnational cost and affordability of a healthy diet for selected countries in Africa. Background paper for The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2023. FAO Agricultural Development Economics Working Paper 23-10. Rome, FAO.
NOTES: PPP = purchasing power parity. Cost in URCAs with fewer than 30 observations is not shown. In Ethiopia, cost of healthy diet basket in areas 1 hour travel or less to a town was not computed for price unavailability. All surveys are for 2018/19, except Malawi (2019/20). See Table 10 for the definition and list of high- and low-food-budget countries.
SOURCE: Holleman, C. & Latino, L. 2023. Variations in the subnational cost and affordability of a healthy diet for selected countries in Africa. Background paper for The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2023. FAO Agricultural Development Economics Working Paper 23-10. Rome, FAO.

Table A9.3Affordability of a healthy diet in selected high- and low-food-budget countries in Africa across the rural–urban continuum (URCA)

SOURCE: Holleman, C. & Latino, L. 2023. Variations in the subnational cost and affordability of a healthy diet for selected countries in Africa. Background paper for The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2023. FAO Agricultural Development Economics Working Paper 23-10. Rome, FAO.
NOTES: Cost in URCAs with fewer than 30 observations is not shown. In Ethiopia, cost of healthy diet basket in areas 1 hour travel or less to a town was not computed for price unavailability. All surveys are for 2018/19, except Malawi (2019/20). See Table 10 for the definition and list of high- and low-food-budget countries.
SOURCE: Holleman, C. & Latino, L. 2023. Variations in the subnational cost and affordability of a healthy diet for selected countries in Africa. Background paper for The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2023. FAO Agricultural Development Economics Working Paper 23-10. Rome, FAO.
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