FAO Animal Production
and Health Guidleines
No. 1

Collection of
Entomological Baseline
Data for Tsetse
Area-wide Integrated Pest
Management Programmes


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Rome, 2009

Area-wide integrated pest management (AW-IPM) entails the integration of different control tactics against an entire pest population within a circumscribed area, while given adequate attention to human health and the environment. For most insect pests including tsetse, AW-IPM results in more sustainable pest control and the concept has gained significantly in importance in the last decade.

Most of AW-IPM programmes are management intensive and technically complex, requiring an in-depth knowledge of the ecology and population dynamics of the target insect. Before embarking on a tsetse AW-IPM control programme a detailed entomological baseline data survey needs to be implemented to collect essential data on tsetse species present in the target area, their distribution, and seasonal and spatial dynamics of the population. Especially when the target area is large, the surveys need to be conducted in carefully selected sites that are representative for larger areas.

These guidelines provide, aside from some basic information on the biology of tsetse flies, guidance on the development and implementation of an entomological survey to collect essential baseline data using modern spatial tools such as geographic information systems (GIS), satellite imagery, remote sensing, land use land cover maps, the Global Position System, etc. The document also provides guidance on the use of a specifically designed database for tsetse entomological surveys in the context of an AW-IPM programme.

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.

ISBN 978-92-5-106158-9

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