FAO FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE TECHNICAL PAPER No. 541
Impact of rising feed
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
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© FAO 2009
|Rana, K.J.; Siriwardena, S.; Hasan, M.R.
Impact of rising feed ingredient prices on aquafeeds and aquaculture production.
FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper. No. 541. Rome, FAO. 2009. 63p.
It is now widely recognized that the rising demand for aquatic products will have to be met
by aquaculture. The future of aquaculture will depend on how well it meets this challenge.
The contribution of aquaculture to total fishery products (excluding plants), globally,
has steadily increased from 4 percent in 1970 to 36 percent in 2006 and is continuing to
increase. The growing importance of aquaculture in overcoming production limits of
capture fisheries can be judged from the fact that China’s 2004 aquaculture production
was about 70 percent of its total fisheries production. By 2020, global aquaculture is
expected to contribute about 120–130 million tonnes of fish to meet projected demands.
The types of species/species groups dominating fed aquaculture production and the
recent focus to increase and intensify production of crustaceans, marine finfish, and
diadromous fishes, reflects a tendency to increasing reliance on aquafeeds, for their
production, and particularly commercial diets. It is, therefore, crucial that aquaculture is
sustainable and that the resources required for promoting aquaculture are secured. Key
resources required to meet this challenge are aquafeeds and the ingredients used in their
production. These resources, together with high transportation costs as a result of costly
energy, form the central part of this study.
Preparation of this document (Download 243 kb)
Abbreviations and acronyms
1.1 Recent trends in aquaculture production2. Status of and trends in aquafeeds with special reference to Asia and western Europe (Download 2,170 kb)
1.2 Projected global aquaculture production with contribution from Asia and Europe and the implications for aquafeeds
1.3 Emerging trends in aquaculture practices and the implication for feed demand
1.4 Fish consumption patterns in Asia and Europe and the implications for the use of feed in aquaculture
2.1 Impacts of recent market volatility on aquafeeds in western Europe and Asia3. Potential impact of nutrient substitutes in aquafeeds on fish health and on the food safety of aquaculture products (Download 55 kb)
2.2 T ypology of compounded aquafeed production in western Europe and Asia
2.3 T ypes and composition of aquafeeds used
2.4 Positioning of the industry to meet the challenge of securing aquafeed to sustain aquaculture
2.5 Research aimed at sustainable supplies of aquafeeds
3.1 Impacts of rising aquafeed costs and price volatility on the health and productivity of fish4. Coping strategies and management measures to strengthen national capacity to ensure aquafeed supply (Download 74 kb)
4.1 Government and policiesReferences (Download 163 kb)
4.2 T he role of regional/international organizations
4.3 Role of the private sector
4.4 Farmers’ coping strategies to mitigate the rising costs of aquafeed