FAO Forestry paper 158

Fighting sand encroachment

Lessons from Mauritania

Charles Jacques Berte

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome 2010

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.

The views expressed in this information product are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of FAO.

ISBN 978-92-5-106531-0

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© FAO 2010


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Foreword (Download - 657 KB)
A prologue from Prince Laurent of Belgium (Download - 657 KB)
Acknowledgements (Download - 657 KB)
Abbreviations, acronyms and terminology (Download - 657 KB)

1. Introduction (Download - 133 KB)

2. Understanding sand encroachment (Download - 119 KB)

Wind erosion
Origin of sand
Effects of wind erosion
Wind-borne accumulations
Identification of sanded-over sites
Types of treatment

3. Sand dune fixation techniques (Download - 103 KB)

Primary fixation
Biological fixation

4. An experience in sand dune fixation: rehabilitating and extending the Nouakchott Green Belt  (Download - 260 KB)

Preliminary studies
Tree nurseries
Mechanical dune stabilization
Biological dune fixation
Protection of reforested areas
Main constraints

5. Participatory approach (Download - 72 KB)

In urban and periurban areas
In rural areas

6. Management and harvesting of plantations (Download - 66 KB)

7. Institutional aspects (Download - 54 KB)

Government support
Administrative supervision and project management

Bibliography (Download - 49 KB)

Annex 1. Some woody and grassy species used in sand dune fixation (Download - 589 KB)
Annex 2. Administrative supervision and project management charts (Download - 589 KB)