Safety Recommendations for Decked Fishing Vessels of 
Less than 12 metres in Length and Undecked Fishing Vessels


Safety Recommendations for Decked Fishing Vessels of Less than 12 metres in Length and Undecked Fishing Vessels

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome 2012



FAO/ILO/IMO. 2012.
Safety Recommendations for Decked Fishing Vessels of Less than 12 metres in Length and Undecked Fishing Vessels. FAO, Rome. 254 pp.

The purpose of the Safety Recommendations contained in this publication is to provide information on the design, construction, equipment, training and protection of the crews of small fishing vessels with a view to promoting the safety of the vessel and the safety and health of the crews. The Safety Recommendations may also serve as a guide for those concerned with the safety of vessels used in support of aquaculture activities. They are not intended as a substitute for national laws and regulations but may serve as a guide to those persons concerned with framing such national laws and regulations. Unless otherwise stated, the provisions of the Safety Recommendations are intended to apply to new decked vessels of less than 12 m in length and new undecked vessels intended to operate at sea (as well as on oceans, rivers, lakes and dams, or on any body of water). Nevertheless, even where not otherwise stated, the competent authority should as far as reasonable and practical give consideration to the application of these provisions to existing vessels.


Preparation of this document

1.   General provisions

2.   Construction, watertight integrity and equipment

3.   Stability and associated seaworthiness

4.   Machinery and electrical installations

5.   Fire protection and fire fighting

6.   Protection of the crew

7.   Life-saving appliances

8.   Emergency procedures and safety training

9.   Radio communications

10. Navigational equipment

11. Crew accommodation

12. Manning, training and competence


Annex 1 – Illustration of terms used in the definitions

Annex 2 – Recommended construction standards for wooden fishing vessels

Annex 3 – Recommended construction standards for GRP fishing vessels

Annex 4 – Recommended construction standards for steel fishing vessels

Annex 5 – Recommended construction standards for aluminium fishing vessels

Annex 6 – Recommended standards for anchoring and mooring equipment

Annex 7 – Guidance on the structural strength of hatch covers

Annex 8 – Guidance on the dimensions of freeing ports

Annex 9 – An approstability b 'ximate determination of small vesselsy means of a rolling period test

Annex 10 – Recommended practice on portable fish-hold divisions

Annex 11 – An example of a stability notice

Annex 12 – Guidance on additional stability criteria for beam trawlers

Annex 13 – Guidance on a practical buoyancy test

Annex 14 – Guidance on tools and spares to be carried on board

Annex 15 – Guidance on steering gear

Annex 16 – Recommended practice for exhaust systems

Annex 17 – Guidance on the installation of electrical equipment

Annex 18 – Guidance on a basic first aid kit

Annex 19 – Guidance on personnel protective equipment

Annex 20 – Guidance on the requirements for buoyant apparatus

Annex 21 – Guidance on the requirements for life-saving equipment

Annex 22 – Recommendations for testing lifebuoys and lifejackets

Annex 23 – Correct securing of hydrostatic release units

Annex 24 – Guidance on safety training in emergency procedures

Annex 25 – Guidance on safe operation of winches, line haulers and lifting gear

Annex 26 – Guidance on the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS)

Annex 27 – Range of VHF for various transmitting/receiving units

Annex 28 – Use of mobile telephones in distress and safety communications

Annex 29 – Recommended performance standards for radar reflectors

Annex 30 – Equipment required to comply with the Collision Regulations (COLREGS)

Annex 31 – The International Code of Signals

Annex 32 – Distress signals

Annex 33 – Guidance on basic pre-sea safety training

Annex 34 – List of pertinent publications

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), International Labour Office (ILO) or the International Maritime Organization (IMO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO, ILO or IMO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.

ISBN 978-92-5-107397-1

© FAO/ILO/IMO, 2012

FAO, ILO and IMO encourage the use, reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product. Except where otherwise indicated, material may be copied, downloaded and printed for private study, research and teaching purposes, or for use in non-commercial products or services, provided that appropriate acknowledgement of FAO, ILO and IMO as the source and copyright holder is given and that FAO's, ILO's and IMO's endorsement of users' views, products or services is not implied in any way.

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