Asian livestock: Challenges, opportunities and the response


Asian livestock: Challenges, opportunities and the response.
Proceedings of an international policy forum held in Bangkok, Thailand, 16-17 August 2012

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Bangkok 2013


Growing populations, rising disposable incomes and progressive urbanization in Asia and the Pacific region have spurred rapid growth in the consumption of animal source foods. The region has generated more than half the gains in global livestock production since the early 1990s and this growth is expected to continue in the foreseeable future. However, the manner of supply growth has also imposed considerable social, health and ecological costs. Signs of resource stress are now becoming visible and are raising new challenges for the food and nutrition security of the poor. There are also growing concerns of real and potential marginalization of small producers in the process, resulting in missed opportunities for supporting rural livelihoods. Climate change, water scarcity, land degradation and increased resource competition for food, feed and fuel production pose major additional challenges for the sector in the long run. The environmental and natural resource implications of livestock production have come under intense public scrutiny in recent years and the debate on climate change has been particularly passionate. Similarly, in view of the widespread prevalence of a number of production-limiting and trade-preventing diseases in the region and growing health concerns resulting from zoonotic and food-borne diseases, support for the development of policies and response systems for enhancing food safety and minimizing disease burdens is another area that is receiving growing attention. To discuss these issues, promote collaboration and knowledge exchange among relevant national and international agencies and discover ways of addressing future challenges, FAO and partner organizations convened the Regional Livestock Policy Forum in Bangkok, Thailand from 16 to17 August 2012. This publication provides the proceedings of the forum including technical papers presented. The presentations on good practices were video recorded and the video links are indicated in Annexure 1.

Table of Contents

Abbreviations and acronyms
Contributors and participants
Background and Summary
Opening and keynote addresses
    Welcome Address
    Opening Address
    Address by the guest of honor: Livestock development in ASEAN countries
    Livestock industrialization in Asia: Growth, scaling up, competitiveness
    Health at the Livestock Policy Interface
    Livestock and Natural Resources
Special contribution to the proceeding
    Long Term Food Security in Developing Asia
Technical papers
    Structural changes in the Indian dairy sector
    Hog farming in transition: The case of China
    Feed and Fodder Challenges for Asia and the Pacific
    Poverty, food security, livestock and smallholders: Issues and options for
        the Asia and Pacific region
    Livestock resources and environmental issues in Asia
    Human health risks from the human-animal interface in Asia
Annexure 1: Good practices: List of presentations

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.

The views expressed in this information product are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of FAO.

ISBN 978-92-5-107454-1

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For copies write to:Vinod Ahuja
Livestock Policy Officer
FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Atit Road
Bangkok 10200, Thailand
Tel: (+66) 2 697 4000
Fax: (+66) 2 697 4445
E-mail: [email protected]

© FAO 2013