The state of food insecurity in the world 2013 The State of
Food Insecurity in the World


The multiple dimensions of food security

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome, 2013

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Table of Contents




Undernourishment around the world in 2013

    Progress continues…
    …but is insufficient overall to achieve the hunger reduction goal
    The MDG target could still be reached, but more efforts are needed
    Large differences in hunger persist across regions
    Why do hunger trends differ across regions?
    What was the impact of price volatility observed over recent years?
    Key messages
  pdf [1.8Mb]

Measuring different dimensions of food security

    Food security and its four dimensions
    Highlighting links in the suite of indicators
    Key messages

Food security dimensions at the national level

    Bangladesh: Long-term commitment to food security spurs significant progress
    Ghana: Impressive and broadly shared economic growth fuels food security achievement
    Nepal: Political stability is necessary to make progress sustainable and more evenly distributed
    Nicaragua: Economic and political stability and sound policies addressing smallholders and the vulnerable pay off
    Tajikistan: Structural changes in agriculture are needed to create resilience against external shocks and programmes are needed to ensure adequate diets for the vulnerable
    Uganda: Sluggish growth in agricultural productivity results in setbacks
    Key messages

Technical Annex

Annex 1

    Prevalence of undernourishment and progress towards the World Food Summit (WFS) and the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets in developing regions.


Annex 2

    The prevalence of undernourishment indicator


Annex 3

    Glossary of selected terms used in the report




The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2013 presents updated estimates of undernourishment and progress towards the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) and World Food Summit (WFS) hunger targets. The latest assessment shows that further progress has been made towards the 2015 MDG target, which remains within reach for the developing regions as a whole, although marked differences across regions persist and considerable and immediate additional efforts will be needed.

The 2013 report goes beyond measuring food deprivation. It presents a broader suite of indicators that aim to capture the multidimensional nature of food insecurity, its determinants and outcomes. This suite, compiled for every country, allows a more nuanced picture of their food security status, guiding policy-makers in the design and implementation of targeted and effective policy measures that can contribute to the eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition.

Drawing on the suite of indicators, the report also examines the diverse experiences of six countries in more detail, finding a mixed picture of progress and setbacks. Together, these country experiences show the importance of social protection and nutrition-enhancing interventions, policies to increase agricultural productivity and rural development, diverse sources of income and long-term commitment to mainstreaming food security and nutrition in public policies and programmes.

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