Economic and Social Department

 global information and early warning system on food and agriculture

 food outlook
No. 4 Rome, December 2004

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Cereal Supply/Demand Roundup


Coarse Grains



Meat and Meat Products

Milk and Milk Products

Oilseeds, Oils and Oilmeals

Consultation on Bananas


Consultation on Sugar

Appendix Tables



Data are obtained from official and unofficial sources. For cereals, production data refer to the calendar year in which the whole harvest or bulk of harvest takes place. For sugar, production data relate to the October/September season. For vegetable oils and oil meals derived from oilseeds, production data refer to the year in which the bulk of the seeds concerned are crushed. For trade in wheat and coarse grains, the time reference period is normally the July/June marketing year unless otherwise stated. Trade data for rice and other commodities refer to the calendar year. Coarse grains refer to all other cereals except wheat and rice. Quantities are in metric tonnes unless otherwise stated. ‘-‘ means nil or negligible.

In the presentation and analysis of statistical material, countries are sub-divided, where appropriate, into the following two main economic groupings: "Developed countries" (including the developed market economies and the transition markets) and "Developing countries" (including the developing market economies and the Asia centrally planned countries). The designation "Developed and "Developing" economies is intended for statistical convenience and does not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular country or area in the development process.

References are also made to special country groupings: Low Income Food Deficit Countries (LIFDCs), Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Net Food-Importing Developing Countries (NFIDCs). The LIFDCs currently includes 84 countries that are net importers of cereals with per caput income below the level used by the World Bank to determine eligibility for IDA assistance (i.e. US$1 415 in 2002). The LDCs and NIFDCs groups include a list of countries agreed by the World Trade Organization (WTO) to qualify as beneficiaries under the Marrakech Decision on the Possible Negative Effects of the Reform Programme on Least-Developed and Net-Food Importing Developing Countries. The LDCs group currently includes 50 countries with low income as well as weak human resources and low level of economic diversification. The list is reviewed every three years by the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations. The NIFDCs group includes 24 developing country WTO Members which notified their request to be listed as NFIDCs and have submitted relevant statistical data concerning their status as net-importers of basic foodstuffs during a representative period. This list is reviewed annually by the WTO Committee on Agriculture.

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Contents and Release Dates 1 / No. 1 No. 2 No. 3 No. 4
7 April 15 June 16 September 9 December
Cereal Supply/Demand Roundup Stable Stable Stable Stable
Cereal Production, Trade, Stocks & Prices Stable Stable Stable Stable
Cereal Utilization – extended report Stable   
Food Aid and Cereal Import Bills Stable   
Ocean Freight Rates  Stable Stable 
Cassava  Stable  
Meat and Meat Products  Stable  Stable
Milk and Milk Products  Stable  Stable
Oilseeds, Oils and Oilmeals  Stable  Stable
Pulses  Stable  
Sugar   Stable Stable
1/ These dates are tentative and refer to the release of the English version. Food Outlook in Arabic, Chinese, French and Spanish   language is available shortly after the release of the English version.

Food Outlook is issued by FAO under the Global Information and Early Warning System on Food and Agriculture. This issue is based on information available up to 12 November 2004.

Contributors to this issue are as follows: Wheat and Coarse Grain Production: S. Ahmed (Eastern Africa & Near East); K. Gunjal (Southern Africa and Great Lakes); M. Zappacosta (Latin America and Caribbean, Oceania developing); A. Aziz (CIS); J. Senahoun (North, Western and Central Africa); C. Fang (Asia); P. Racionzer (Europe, North America & Oceania developed). Cereal, Trade, Stocks, Prices (excl. rice): A. Abbassian; Rice: Ms. C. Calpe; Meat and Meat Products: Ms. N. Morgan; Milk and Milk Products: M. Cluff; Oilseeds, Oils and Oilmeals: P. Thoenes; Sugar: K. Chang.

Enquiries should be directed to The Chief, Global Information and Early Warning Service, Commodities and Trade Division (ESC), FAO - Rome. Direct Facsimile: 39-06-5705-4495; E-mail [email protected] .

Food Outlook and other GIEWS reports are available on the Internet as part of the FAO World Wide Web ( ) at the following URL address: In addition, some of the GIEWS regular reports can be received by E-mail through automatic mailing lists: subscription information is available at

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