Dairy Farming Manual
AND BUFFALO HOUSING
What should you know about husbandry in dairy cattle and buffalo housing?
|Why is clean housing important? (10-17)
1 Because clean housing improves the health of your cows and calves and the quality of your milk.
|How can you handle manure? (18-23)
2 Keep manure away from your animals and use it for compost manure or biogas.
|How can you handle feed and water? (24-36)
3 Keep feeders and drinkers clean and change feed and water often.
|How can you handle insects? (37-42)
4 Keep flies and other insects away
by using netting and/or flypaper.
How can you improve safety? (43-48)
5 Make sure floors, walls and fittings cannot harm your animals.
How should you control your animals' environment?
|6 Make sure:
- it is clean
- and safe
- with few insects
- and good feed and water supplies.
Why is clean housing important?
|10 Give your animals clean housing|
|11 and you have healthy cows and calves|
|12 good quality milk|
13 and you earn more money.
|14 If you give your animals dirty housing|
|15 you have dirty, unhealthy cows and calves|
|16 a lower yield of poor quality milk
- high bacteria levels
- a bad smell
|17 and you earn less money.
How can you handle manure?
|18 Keep manure away from your animals' area.|
|19 Remove manure from your cattle shed at least twice a day, before milking.|
|20 Take the manure to a storage site, for example a compost heap.|
|21 You can also store manure in a biogas tank or a storage tank underground.|
|22 Never wash
out of the shed. Wet, muddy manure-swamps outside the shed create
- insects come and breed
- bacteria increase quickly
- flies spread bacteria and diseases and contaminate your milk
- your milk gets a strong unpleasant smell.
You cannot use the field or area outside because it gets spoiled.
|23 If manure runs into your exercise area, worms
and other parasites can spread from animal to animal.
Your cows also get problems with their hooves.
How can you handle feed?
|24 Remove old feed from feeders every day.|
|25 Clean troughs every day.|
|26 Concentrates quickly spoil or turn sour if you leave them too long in the feeder.|
|27 Never fill fresh concentrate on top of old. The old concentrate ferments and your cows become sick.|
|28 Always remove the old concentrate first.|
29 Then fill with the fresh concentrate.
How can you handle water?
|30 Cows need a lot of
Give them as much water as they want to drink.
|31 If your cow does not get enough water, she produces less milk or no milk at all.|
|32 Make sure drinking water for your cows is clean.|
|33 Empty out dirty water from drinkers
|35 and fill up with fresh water every day.|
|36 If drinking water is left dirty, your cows do not drink it, and produce less milk.|
How can you handle insects?
|37 Flies make your cows
Stress can reduce milk production.
|38 Your cows are difficultto milk when flies disturb them.|
| 39 Reduce fly breeding
- proper disposal of wastes
- keeping sheds clean.
|40 Flycatching strips or flypaper
for your cows.
|41 Mix sugar with an appropriate
insecticide and place in a small tin.
This will attract the flies and kill them.
|42 Protect your cows from flies by using flyproof netting round the shed.|
|How can you improve safety?|
44 They hurt themselves when they fall.
|45 They can break their legs and then you have to slaughter them.|
|46 Make floors safe so that it is easy for cows to walk on them.|
47 Your exercise area is free from anything which can injure your animals.
|48 The electrical connections
A good living environment for your cows gives a good income for you in return.