Role of Acacia species in the rural economy of dry Africa and the Near East

Table of contents

G.E. Wickens

with the collaboration of

A.G. Seif El Din
Guinko Sita
Ibrahim Nahal


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN 92-5-103651-9

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© FAO 1995




Introduction and acknowledgements


Part one: Acacia in the ecosystem

1.1 Acacia in Africa and the Near East
1.2 The ecosystems
1.3 Biomass production

Part two: The uses of Acacia in the rural economy

2.1 Wood products
2.2 Non-wood products
2.3 Services

Part three: The role of Acacia in the rural economy

3.1 Acacia species in the Sahel
3.2 Acacia species in the horn of Africa
3.3 Acacia species in East Africa
3.4 Acacia species in Southern Africa
3.5 Acacia species in North Africa
3.6 Acacia species in the Near and Middle East

Part four: Selected species of Acacia

4.1 Acacia Nilotica
4.2 Acacia Senegal
4.3 Acacia Tortilis
4.4 Faidherbia Albida
4.5 Exotic Species of Acacia

Part five: Multipurpose management of Acacia formations: A short review

5.1 Future prospects
5.2 Research requirements


Annex A: Accepted names (bold) of Acacia species mentioned in the text and their synonyms (italics) Cited in the Consulted Literature
Annex B: Vegetation map of Africa (White, 1983)
Annex C: Proximate analysis of browse, bark and pods of various Acacia species (Dougal et al., 1964; Ghöl, 1981)
Annex D: Important Acacia species, their distribution (lock, 1989, 1991) and reported uses (Tables in text)
Annex E: Illustrations

FAO technical papers